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Policing in America

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Policing In America

In this paper I am going to identify and define the US government and policing organizations throughout the US and how they both impact of this relationship on the American Society as a whole. The government of the United States is the national government of the constitutional republic of fifty states that is the United States of America. This government comprises three distinct branches of government: a legislative, an executive and a judiciary. These branches and their various powers are delineated in the U.S. Constitution; the powers are specified in greater detail in laws enacted by Congress. Self-policing, a form of self-regulation, is the process whereby an organization is asked, or volunteers, to monitor its own adherence to legal, ethical, or safety standards, rather than have an outside, independent agency such as a governmental entity monitor and enforce those standards. Self-policing attempts may fail, due to the conflict of interest in asking any organization to police itself. If the public becomes aware of this failure, independent organization is often given the duty of policing them, sometimes with highly punitive measures taken against the organization. The results can be disastrous, such as a military with no external, independent oversight, which may commit human rights violations against the public. Not all businesses will voluntarily meet best practice standards, leaving some users exposed. Example: Self-regulation for online child pornography. There are two levels of police in the United States: Federal and State. The Federal Level includes organizations like the Federal Bureau of Investigations, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Drug Enforcement Administration and etc. The FBI for example pursues criminals who have or are likely to cross state and country boundaries. The DEA enforces laws on substances that have a tax ban on them.
The State level has three Sub-levels of police: State Trooper, County Sheriff and Local/City Police. State Troopers, also known as State Police and Highway Patrol, have Jurisdiction (policing authority) across the entire state but mainly patrol areas and projects that are maintained and operated by other State Level agencies, such as the Highways and State Government Buildings. County Sheriffs maintain and operate the county Jails and Patrol the unincorporated areas (areas not within city limits) within a county and provide policing services to Cities who contract the Sheriff's department as local police. In conclusion to this paper I identified and defined what the US government is and what it is entitled to. I also defined what policing organization consists of, broke down the levels of policing, and explained how the two coincide with each other. References
•United States Secret Service Protective Mission". United States Secret Service.
•Policing in the United States #Local policing
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_enforcement_in_the_United_Kingdom#Jurisdictions_and_territories

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