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Policing in Us

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Andrea66
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Pages 4
Police Influence on Society

Andrea Cole

CJA 344

September 14, 2015
Professor Brian Bugge

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How the historical development of policing in the United States relates to the current relationship between police and different ethnic groups and social classes.

Policing in the United States has grown tremendously, so much so that it is the largest most visible portion of the criminal justice process. Throughout its history, this country’s law enforcement system continues to change and advance. However with change and growth comes conflict, distrust, brutality and animosity between law enforcement, the many different ethnic groups and social classes that make up society. Notably the most well know volatile relationship is between the police and African Americans. The aim of this paper is not only to recount the historical development of policing in the United States, but how it relates to the current relationship between law enforcement, different ethnic groups and social classes.

Sir Robert Peel of England founded the first modern police department, the Metropolitan Police of London. Before the Metropolitan Police became active every capable person was charged with the responsibility of contributing to the policing of their community. Because of this society was more trusting of the police. In essence it was community policing and neighbors looked out for one another. The relationship between the policing organization and the community was much more amicable. The United States Police borrowed selectively from the British system. It adopted the preventive patrol idea but is a highly decentralized system in order to be autonomous from external influences, like political parties.

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Major Conflict and Police Brutality Early in the 20th century formal police agencies were created in the United…...

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