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Policing

In: Social Issues

Submitted By steveu
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The police are a group of people that are employed by the city, police officers, or state, State Patrol and Correction Officers. A police officer enforces prevailing laws, attempts to prevent crime, and generally looks out for the health and safety of a community. The exact job requirements for a police officer are actually quite diverse, depending on the region in which he or she works and the exact position in which the police officer is employed. Some are beat cops, for example, patrolling a regular route to look out for infractions of the law, while others specialize in dog handling, bomb disposal, and various other fields of law enforcement. Police practices vary from one area to another and variations have been seen in the different styles of policing, structure, patterns of crime, and the demands of local communities. Most variations in police behavior have been seen in urban settings while rural and small-town policing has been relatively neglected. Variations from one area to the next frequently focus on comparisons among urban areas, occasionally make rural-urban comparisons, but rarely examine differences among rural areas (Warner, 1974).
Crime prevention is often based on understanding the causes of crime, in order to find a way to reduce ‘risk factors’ within a community. One way to help with crime prevention is to try to tackle the social causes of crime, through cooperation with other departments within the community such as employment generation, poverty reduction, housing and education. Other approaches may include having the police try new methods such as community policing by helping with the rehabilitation of offenders and community projects to reduce the opportunities for crime in the community.
When a police manager wants to have a positive police force that deals well with its community and wants to provide its officer and community with...

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