Premium Essay

Political Corruption

In: Social Issues

Submitted By amirizzat
Words 879
Pages 4
Political corruption, as been defined by the World Banks, is the abuse of public office for personal or private gain (worldbank.org 1). This is definition is both objective and sufficiently enough to describe and to summarize all types of political corruptions that are happening all around the world. The keyword is private gain which include monetary or non-monetary benefits that the officer will receive whenever he or she misuse his or her power to disturb the competitive advantage of the free market system. Political corruption exists in various ways such as bribery, theft, bureaucratic corruption, system corruption and many more, which often executes in the most profound but complex ways. The causes of corruption is hard to simplify since political corruption always have deeply rooted in a region’s policies, bureaucracies, systems and not surprisingly history. However, the costs of it can be easily identify by looking at the most of the time below-par performance of both public and private sector. This happens when government interfere when they do not need to, therefore undermine implementation of both public policies and free market system. By the standard of irrefutable of a great nation, who can believe that the great nation of United States of America is corrupt? There sure have been couples of financial scandal in the past but there have never been a time where United States senator or other political officers to be involved in side dealing, vote-trading, log rolling and any kind of special favors between the rich and the officer that result in greater monetary or non monetary gains. Therefore, some might be wondering, why political corruption now is threatening the liberalism and capitalism of this great nation? The answer is the destructive system that involve enormous campaign costs, political contributions or donations, influence of lobbying firms or...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Political and Religious Corruption

...Political and Religious Corruption Knowing the fact that Nawal El Saadawi was a revolutionary woman in the Arab word, an Arabian reader like me or any other reader from any other part of the world won’t be so surprised of her exposing the corruption of the political and religious system in Arab’s societies. First, from the very beginning and through her female protagonist Firdaus , Nawal tries to pave the way for us as readers to be ready for the exposition of the political scene in Egypt, especially when Firdaus first starts to develop her love for reading and state the following: “I got to know about the Persians, the Turks and the Arabs. I read about the crimes committed by kings and rulers.” And there are other hints that she pointed out through the novel like when she used to spit on the pictures of those kings, princes and presidents who have their pictures published on magazines and newspapers. It is like Nawal, through Firdaus, is trying to deliver the idea of how the relation between women and the Egyptian authorities was taking place in that society, and how dangerous it will be to misunderstand the mechanism of how this corrupted political system works. Actually, there is that instant where Firdaus saw the pictures of the rulers who were sitting in mosques, surrounded by the congregation being present at the Friday ceremony and praying for the souls of martyrs and she comment on these pictures especially about the ruler when she says “Like a man stricken......

Words: 518 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Political Corruption In The Gilded Age

...as Andrew Carnegie and Cornelius Vanderbilt. These individuals introduced large companies that essentially changed life as it once was. The Progressive Movement, which took place during the same time period, consisted of key reformers who strived to repair American society which became corrupt following the recent flare of industrialization. Political corruption was a consequential issue during the Gilded Age that was addressed by two key reformers, Lincoln Steffen and Robert La Follette. Political corruption was a critical issue that greatly hindered...

Words: 1209 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Corruption In The United States Political System

...In recent years, the United States political system has become more and more of a running joke on the world stage. When we compare our leaders and elections to what the founding fathers envisioned, we find that almost every safe guard they put into place has been overturned or a loophole has been found allowing corruption to bypass it. It’s hard to think that the founding father could have imagined the tools big money politicians use today: Media that reaches billions of people a day and can completely shape the opinion a viewer has on a candidate in seconds, lobbyists that use corporate funds to gain the support of a politician through forms of legal bribery, and giant temples of bureaucracy where nobody can do anything and nobody is responsible. To end this tirade of rulers that don’t represent the people, to end the fact that the candidate with the most money wins the most campaigns, we must seek a political system that does not allow for the corrupting force of greed. If we are to be governed by our fellow men, those few should be a noble few, uncorrupt and willing to put aside personal interests for the national good....

Words: 1376 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

J.S Mill on Political Corruption in Australia

...J.S. Mill’s Economic Philosophy and Political Corruption in 21st Century Australia Carly Sandler Z5088638 University of New South Wales Introduction John Stuart Mill was an influential economic thinker and reformer, whose novel ideals of economic social proved to have a lasting impact on future reformative programs endowed in moral value. Mill’s economic contributions has been characterized into the classical system of economics: production, the distribution of goods, rents and wages, and the economic role of government, which leaves many to critique its practical implications to modern day issues like political corruption in Australia. Today’s political environment in Australia is pigeonholed by a lack of transparency in government contracting and enforcement of regulations, greedy politicians extorting taxpayer money, and power of lobbyists on influencing government policy. Though these concepts were of no concern during Mill’s life, the fundamental theme of institutional power and constraints on societal development can be utilized to weave abstract thinking into realistic interpretations. Thus, the aim of this paper is to ascertain the extent to which Mill’s 19th century economic ideas can be applied to issues of political corruption in 21st century Australia and possible reform. The Economic Philosophy of John Stuart Mill J.S. Mill was born in 1806 in Pentonville, France. He was the eldest son of James Mill, who was a major constituent of Jeremy Bentham’s......

Words: 2460 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Politics and Security in Southeast Asia: Terrorists, Gangsters and the State

...Politics and Security in Southeast Asia: Terrorists, Gangsters and the State Name Course Date The issue of security and corruption are related because of how they influence each other. Over the passage of time, the security forces in various countries have compromised their ethical behavior to try and gain wealth. As such, they end up compromising the safety of a country and putting the welfare of the citizens at stake. It is imperative to note that the success of any nation or society depends on the security situation prevailing at any given time. However, the current situation in most of the countries is that of political corruption. Thus, the individuals in charge of security take bribes thus influencing the safety status of a state (Magazzino 2014). According to the constitution of any state, the primary role of the government is to offer security to their citizens at all times. Besides, they are charged with the responsibility of appointing the security personnel that will be in charge of those operations . Therefore, the government acts according to the mandate bestowed upon them by the constitution of the country to protect their citizens in the right manner. If they fail in such duties, the citizens have the power to ask for changes in the leadership at that time. Based on the previous analysis, it is evident that the government plays a significant role in the security situation in any given country......

Words: 3087 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Corruption in Nigeria:

...Corruption in Nigeria: A New Paradigm for Effective Control Written by Victor E. Dike Published on 30 November -0001 Created on 18 November 2003 • Print • Email Posted by Victor E. Dike in Guest Articles on November 18, 20030 Comments | inShare Causes of Corruption The causes of corruption are myriad, and they have political and cultural variables. Some studies point to a link between ‘corruption and social diversity, ethno-linguistic fractionalization, and the proportions of country’s population adhering to different religious traditions’ (Lipset and Lenz, 2000). Yet, other studies note that corruption is widespread in most non-democratic countries and particularly in countries that have been branded ‘neo-patrimonial,’ ‘kleptocratic’ and ‘prebendal’ (Hope, et. al (eds.) 2000; Lewis, 1996; also see NORAD 2000). Thus the political system and the culture of a society could make the citizens more prone to corrupt activities. Recently, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) had to relieve some of its officials of their posts recently because they were corrupt. And it was not too long ago that all the commissioners of the European Union (EU) resigned because they, too, were found to be corrupt beyond acceptable limits. And quite recently, the Enron Corporation (energy giant) and World-Com (a telecommunication company) in the United States were perceived corrupt because they ‘manipulated their balanced sheets, profit and loss account and tax......

Words: 10015 - Pages: 41

Free Essay

Critically Examine the Peformance of Icpc, Efcc in the Fight Against Corrpution in Nigeria

...PEFORMANCE OF ICPC, EFCC IN THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRPUTION IN NIGERIA WRITTEN BY AKPANG, MERCY EBOKPO MATRIC NUMBER-10/BPA-5/014 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR CALABAR SUMBMITTED TO MR. CHRIS N. (LECTURER) DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR CALABAR IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE COURSE REQIREMENT (NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT & AND POLITICS 2 OCTOBER, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION 1.0 CONCEPTUALIZATION; CORRUPTION 1.1 A BRIEF HISTORY ON EFCC AND ICPC 1.2 CORRPUTION IN NIGERIA AND PROPELLING FACTORS THAT LEAD TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF EFCC AND ICPC 2.0 ACHIEVEMENT AND FAILURES OF EFCC AND ICPC CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY INTRODUCTION Corruption in Nigeria is an endemic, pervasive and systematic problem, which over time has been perceived as capable of threatening the very existence of the nation. Combating corruption involves rebuilding Nigeria’s Sovereign National wealth. The Natural Capital made up in particular non-renewable energy resources and materials have been severely depleted and sold off, with most of the proceeds either looted or wasted through h mismanagement and ineffective use. Moreso, the overdependence on Natural Capital has led to the neglect of her Produced capital consisting of Infrastructure and value-Added Goods. Where resources were allocated towards the development of produced capital, the country......

Words: 5241 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Corruption

...Corruption: Good or Evil Corruption in developing countries perpetuates to be one of the greatest factors of poverty, development and internecine conflicts. Although many developing nations are endowed with priced natural resources, yet they struggle and scramble for position in the lower rungs of the United Nations Development Index. Most developing countries perpetuate to grapple with the ever transmuting trends in global politics, economic and technological advancements having little or nothing to do due to the weakening effects of corruption on their very subsistence. From the USA to the Philippines, corruption perpetuates to have an adverse effect on the lives of the vast majority of the population. Understanding the concept of corruption presupposes that one should have a clear dichotomy of what it entails and what constitutes it in the simplest term. There is no single accepted definition for the term ‘corruption’ because what may seem corrupt in one society may not indispensably be perceived as such in another. Though there have been different endeavors to define it, there is no precise, clear definition that can be applied to all forms, types and degrees. According to Friedrich (1972), “Corruption is a kind of behavior which deviates from the norm actually prevalent or behaved to prevail in a given context, such as the political. It is deviant behavior associated with a particular motivation, namely that of private gain at public expense.” The Oxford......

Words: 1036 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Corruption Effect in Economics Development

...Assignment Endemic Corruption Cases in Indonesia’s Economics Development [pic] International Undergraduate Program Poppy Puspita Rini 1006718624 Statement of Authorship I certify that the attached material is my original work. I declare that no other person’s work has been used without due acknowledgement. Except where I have clearly stated that I have used some of material elsewhere, it has not been presented by me, for examination in any other course or unit at this or any other institution. I understand that the work submitted may be reproduced and/or communicated by the University or third party authorized by the University for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. Name : Poppy Puspita Rini Student Register Number : 1006718624 Depok, June 11 2013 Poppy Puspita Rini Introduction Corruption in Indonesia is widespread and costly. Recently, corruption cases become a major on-going economics development sector issue. Indonesia’s Corruption Eradication Commission (Indonesian: Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi) (abbreviated KPK) shows there has been a sharp increase in all enforcement activity, relating to the sector. Political organizations in economic sector continue to face significant corruption risks. How far the current corruption and bribery case in Indonesia’s economic development? • Corruption and......

Words: 8080 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

Corruption

...Introduction Corruption is a symptom of weakness in the political, social, legal and economic systems of a country. An effective litmus test to assist in determining the difference between corrupt and non-corrupt actions is whether activities are carried out in an open, transparent, and accountable manner for, even where corruption is widespread; its practitioners strive to keep it hidden from public view. Forms of Corruption Corruption takes a variety of forms including bribery, nepotism, patronage, theft of state assets, evasion of taxes, diversion of revenues and electoral fraud. Below are the forms of corruption. Bribery and Grease Payments Bribery refers to payments sought by public officials or used by private agents in return for the supplying of favors such as government contracts, benefits, lower taxes, licenses or legal outcomes. Many observers make a distinction between ‘grease’ corruption where money is paid to officials in order to get things done faster, and payments made to or sought for illegal actions. This handbook defines grease payments is money that is paid to officials to do the work which they are already being paid to do, and to provide routine services to which one is legally entitled, e.g. obtaining a driver’s license. Petty and Grand Corruption ‘Petty corruption’ refers to relatively small transactions between lower level government officials and the public. This level of corruption often affects the provision of goods and government......

Words: 1176 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Poverty in Small Countries in Africa and the Roll of Corruption

...in Africa and the Roll of Corruption The major cause and reason for poverty around the globe is corruption. Unfortunately corruption occurs at all levels of every society, from national to local governments, judiciary functions, civil society military, small and large businesses and other services and so on (www.globalissues.org). The poorest countries are mostly affected by corruption despite it being in almost all nations. Political development is undermined by corruption since all aspects of society are somewhat affected (www.globalissues.org). It is not fundamentally useful to make collective differences between corruptions in several parts of the globe. In the end it all comes down to the same thing the abuse or use of public office and resources for private gain. However, corruption can be split into grand corruption, petty corruption and looting (unpan1.un.org). Petty corruption is a situation where small gifts and small amounts of money change hands. The parties involved are relatively minor officials within an organization where the transaction took place. An example is paying a policeman a dollar to look the other way after doing a minor infraction (unpan1.un.org). Grand corruption is a situation whereby a businessman and a senior ranking government official, and the figures exchanging hand are significant. A good example is the kickback received after government tenders or contracts are awarded. Looting is the third type of corruption. It has recently been......

Words: 1554 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Corruption in Nigeria

...CHAPTER THREE CONCEPT OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT 1. MEANING AND NATURE OF DEVELOPMENT Development is a multi-dimensional process. Development according to international encyclopedia of social science "is a rapid sustained rise in real output per head and attendant shift in technological, economical and demographic characteristic of a society together with the more concept of social development and political development". Walter Rodney opined that "Development in human society is a many sided process. At the individual level it implies increased skill and capability, greater freedom, creativity, self discipline, responsibility and material well being". Amaucheaz, in his submission stated that, development is a multi-dimensional process involving the totality of man in his political,, economical, psychological, social relations among others. Development as a concept is multi-dimensional phenomenon that embraces economics, political and socio-cultural aspect of a nation. When the political, social and economic conditions of a state are in good shape, that state qualifies to be termed developed or developing state. 3.2 NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES, NEED AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. The national development strategy is a means, way, and plan in which the government formulates and implements its policies in order to accelerate the rate of development in the policy. Obasanjo administration made series of efforts to lay a solid foundation for the socio-economic......

Words: 4660 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Violation: Grand Corruption In The United States

...According to Webster’s dictionary, corruption is defined as “dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery” or “the abuse of entrusted power for private gain”. There are many ways which one may define corruption, as it is a very broad topic open to interpretation. Corruption is different from state to state, country to country. Corruption can be split into separate categories including grand, petty, and political. These categories vary greatly depending on the amounts of money lost and the sector where it occurs (Shah 4). Grand corruption generally refers to acts committed at the highest level of government that usually distort policies and the general functioning of the state. This enables leaders to benefit greatly at the expense of the public good. On the other hand, petty corruption refers to everyday abuse of entrusted power by lower...

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Corruption and Indian Politics

...Corruption and Indian Politics. Prime Minister in his Independence Day speech said, that there is no magic wand to erase corruption from our country. President, a day earlier to him, through the medium of Doordarshan said that there is no single remedy to fight against corruption. Well I live in an India where the two most supreme authorities in Indian Polity seem to have given up or are helpless on the issue of corruption. Well I also live in an India where a 74 year old man like Shri.Anna Hazare dares to raise his voice against corruption,but is being called uncivil and undemocratic. A very good morning to respected judges, honourable dignitaries and my fellow colleagues,I Viren Vesuwala would like to address the issue Corruption and Indian Politics. I introduce myself as one of the youth of India who is proud to say that, 1. I am one among the youth who hail from a country which has a glorious heritage of thousands of years. 2. I am one among the youth who is proud of people like JRD Tata, Narayan Murthy, Ambani  etc who have crossed the oceans and marked their presence globally. 3. I am one among the youth who is proud of great intellectuals and political leaders of past like Mahatma Gandhi,Dr.B.R.Ambedkar,Sardar Vallabhai Patel,Swami Vivekanand etc. At the same time, 1. I am one among the youth who knows that 41% of people of India live in poverty. 2. I am one among the youth who has to keep my head down in front of a foreigner when......

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Integrity; Panacea for Socio-Economic and Political Challenges in Nigeria

...“Integrity: Panacea for Socio-Economic and Political Challenges in Nigeria” Nigeria is a nation blessed with vast human and mineral resources. Ironically, her economy is struggling to leverage the country’s vast wealth to displace the economic and political challenges that affects its population.1 Beyond the recent impressive financial projections, a good number of Nigerians still live on less than $1.00 (One dollar) a day, which is about N160.00 (One Hundred and Sixty Naira), and more Nigerians have resorted to a life of crime with some becoming ready tools in the hands of some politicians. Poverty reduction and job creation, as promised by our political leaders, have not kept pace with population growth, implying social distress for an increasing number of Nigerians. Integrity and moral values have been jettisoned to few people, who have little or no impact in the system of government and corruption has been embraced as a tool of inordinate wealth accumulation. Social vices are committed with high level of impunity and the epidemic of the ‘get rich at all cost syndrome’ has infiltrated all age levels in our society, most especially the youths; future leaders of tomorrow. Undermining, “As a partridge that broods but does not hatch, so is he who gets riches, but not by right; it will leave him in the midst of his days, and at the end he will be a fool” (Jeremiah 17:11 NKJV). In ascribing reasons for these socio-economic imbalance and political instabilities in......

Words: 3555 - Pages: 15