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Politics Essay

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To what extent is the Westminster Electoral system in need of reform?

In this essay I will discuss whether or not, Westminster should look to adopt a different type of voting system rather than continuing the use of the current voting system, First Past the Post (FPTP). I believe that first past the post is the best voting system for the UK as it prevents extremists getting into power and also creates a strong government; however I will assess this and take arguments which contradict my opinion into consideration.

First past the post is a way of voting in the general election, the UK is split into 650 constituencies and each constituent is asked to vote for a constituency representative. For example Tottenham last voted for Labour MP, David Lammy as the representative. In theory the party with the most winning representatives win. Voters select a single candidate and they do it by checking their name with an ‘X’ on the ballot. First past the post is also a plurality system, the candidate who is deemed as the winner only needs a plurality of votes. This is one of the fundamental rules of first past the post, for example if candidate A got 30,000 votes, candidate B got 22,000 and candidate C got 26,000 votes candidate A would still win although they didn’t get the 50% majority.

An advantage of first past the post is the fact that it is raises the likelihood of single member governments. Therefore cabinets do not have to deal and bargain with a minority coalition partner. Many people believe that this is good as cabinet can be strong and decisive and the fact that they won the election suggests people like the parties manifesto and therefore they should be able to set laws without having the bearing of a minority partner who the majority of the people did not even vote for also having coalition government creates much conflict between government as top...

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