Premium Essay

Politics Essay

In: Social Issues

Submitted By abdullah1uk
Words 2392
Pages 10
Democracy and participation:
Democracy = a political system based on the idea that government should serve the interests of the people.
Legitimacy = the extent to which a government has the right to rule and exercise power.
Power vs. Authority: * Power= the ability to make someone do something that they would not do of their own free will * E.g - Coercion – the use of force to achieve ends – the military * Authority = the right to exercise power (based on the consent of those being ruled) * E.g - Legal/rational – HOC * E.g – Traditional – HOL
Modern democracies have:
Political tolerance
Peaceful transition of power
Free, fair and regular elections
The government is accountable to the people
The rule of law
Freedom of the media
Modern democracies have:
Political tolerance
Peaceful transition of power
Free, fair and regular elections
The government is accountable to the people
The rule of law
Freedom of the media

What makes a government legitimate? * Referendums (‘Yes’ answers) * High turnout * Free, fair and regular elections * Lack of dissent * Displays of public support
How legitimate is the UK? Legitimate | Not legitimate | * House of Commons is elected | * Electoral system unfair and distorts political representation (FPTP) | * Government elected with mandate to govern | * Every government elected has only achieved the minority of the popular vote | * House of Lords has traditional authority and political influence is widely recognised | * House of Lords members are not elected and so do not have the people’s consent |
Direct democracy: * The people themselves directly make the important decisions which affect them * The people are directly consulted on political decisions * Action taken by the people shapes political decisions (via protests, e-petitions,...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

George Orwell Politic Essay

...Orwell's "Politics and the English Language" - Writing Prompt In George Orwell's essay, "Politics and the English Language", he discusses how good writing "has nothing to do with correct grammar and syntax, which are of no importance so long as one makes one's meaning clear." In many ways, Orwell is exactly right. The purpose of writing is often times to convey an idea, to relay information, or to make a point. "Correct grammar and syntax" are of much less importance when the purpose of writing is simply to tell of an idea or defend a point/main purpose. I agree with Orwell in which he has stated writing is not all about the wording and strong use of grammar. What makes good writing is the idea behind it and the detailing put into it. In his essay "Politics in the English Language", he explains how dying metaphors, operators or verbal false limbs, pretentious diction, and meaningless words are all just space fillers and are unimportant to the essay itself. He believes they are just a way for the writer to stall and drag on their work. There is a "half-conscious belief that language is a natural growth and not an instrument which we shape for our own purposes.” Words are meant to flow “naturally” and at ease. Instead, modern-day writers, and past writers as well, have made the mistake of forcing words and jumbling them together defeating their purpose in the process. Now, although it is true that the way it is worded doesn't really make up the point of the essay, the......

Words: 442 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Politics Essay

...Government & Politics Essay The UK needs a codified constitution: A constitution is a set of laws, rules and practices that authorize the state to govern, also specifying the powers of the governing institution and the formal relationships between them, civilian and the state. There are numerous types of constitution. Constitutions could be codified and uncodified, unitary (Centralized government makes legislation, and passes it down through local authorities) or federal (Power travels up through regional bodies to the centralized state.) The United Kingdom is unique in other words there are just 4 nations around the globe that have a written constitution and the UK is one of them. The others being Israel, Canada and New Zealand. On the other hand the USA is an example of a codified constitution. A codified constitution is a constitution in which key written documents are gathered inside a single document, it is generally known as a written constitution. Additionally they are entrenched, enjoying the protection of higher court. Moreover in a codified constitution laws can only be amended by special provisions. Therefore making it rigid, in other words it is extremely difficult to pass laws in a codified constitution. Alongside this, an uncodifed constitution relies on various sources meaning it is not written down in a single document, this is in contrast to a codified constitution where all the laws are to be found in one single document. In addition an......

Words: 968 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Politics Essay

...To what extent is the Westminster Electoral system in need of reform?  In this essay I will discuss whether or not, Westminster should look to adopt a different type of voting system rather than continuing the use of the current voting system, First Past the Post (FPTP). I believe that first past the post is the best voting system for the UK as it prevents extremists getting into power and also creates a strong government; however I will assess this and take arguments which contradict my opinion into consideration. First past the post is a way of voting in the general election, the UK is split into 650 constituencies and each constituent is asked to vote for a constituency representative. For example Tottenham last voted for Labour MP, David Lammy as the representative. In theory the party with the most winning representatives win. Voters select a single candidate and they do it by checking their name with an ‘X’ on the ballot. First past the post is also a plurality system, the candidate who is deemed as the winner only needs a plurality of votes. This is one of the fundamental rules of first past the post, for example if candidate A got 30,000 votes, candidate B got 22,000 and candidate C got 26,000 votes candidate A would still win although they didn’t get the 50% majority. An advantage of first past the post is the fact that it is raises the likelihood of single member governments. Therefore cabinets do not have to deal and bargain with a minority coalition......

Words: 1223 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Politics Essay

...Results Day: Walking towards the School knowing your fate lays just steps away, your hands’ trembling, and your whole body feels like a portion of jelly from all the shaking. The feeling of nervousness mixed with excitement starts to come, you start getting butterflies in your stomach - the time is near. You walk to the hall, your heart in your hands, and then you see the Teachers there trying to comfort you. You start to feel at ease for a little while, then... You see the envelopes there, looking at you, laughing with an evil smirk on there face. Imagine opening that envelope - knowing that all your School life, all those revision hours are contained in that A5 white rectangle. That piece of paper is the start of your life. Finally, you open the envelope! You have the results you always wanted, your heart flutters with happiness, and your face lights up with sheer joy. Then that after feeling comes, the feeling of all your work paying off is just amazing! If you want that exact tremendous feeling then read the remainder of this leaflet to be the best you can be. Do you know how to revise? I bet you’re all having trouble with revising before one or loads of vital exams. I can remember when I had an English exam, all the teachers throwing websites at me, throwing all the different books at me; thesauruses, dictionaries, revision guides. It’s too much! Let me tell you the websites that really......

Words: 845 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Politics Essay

...With reference to the source, outline two features of the UK constitution (5 marks) One feature would be that the UK constitution is uncodified which is a unwritten document where as in the majority of countries there is a codified constitution which is a single document an example of this would be the American constitution, drafted around 200 years ago, which is written down on a piece of paper and lays down the rights of American citizens and also the powers of her government. Another feature would be that the UK constitution derives from a number of sources one of them being statute law, law passed by government. The fact that our constitution is unwritten means that there is no system of formal checks and balances on the government but in reality there a number of powerful forces which means that a government is restricted in what they wish to do Assess the strengths of the UK constitution (25 marks) The UK constitution has many advantages too it but can also weigh our government down and doesn’t always benefit our society. One strength would be that the balance of power lies mostly in the executive branch. The Prime Minister can be very decisive and is able to make essential decisions this moves power to centralization, which is the movement of power to Westminster. An example of this would be when Thatcher refused to engage with growing cause for the devolution of powers to Scotland and Northern Ireland. This benefits...

Words: 1158 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Politics Essay

...Coalition government can possibly have a greater influence on the position of prime minister than any other factor or event. As prime ministers have always had to be mindful about what could pass in the Commons, prime ministers in single party government had important knob to maintain the party in check (patronage powers, institutional (agenda setting) powers, information powers). In a coalition government there is a more formal need to get the approval of the other party. The experience of coalition government has strengthened the prime ministerial power as it has given the prime minister more power from both parties. The prime minister has a minority party that he can run as well as his own party, which makes him have an advantage of making any amendments, he will have the approval if his party ministers and the Liberal democrats ministers. This increases the level of legitimacy because it enables the coalition to have simple agreements with no disagreements (often some disagreements occurs). An example of this is the pupil premium. This is when support is given to some schools that are in dept. This support is given by the Conservatives which appeals to the Liberal democrats and they support it. Another similar factor that has strengthened the prime ministerial power is that once policies have been agreed by the coalition partners, they have additional authority because they are supported by two parties and so represent a consensus view. The coalition also has a strong......

Words: 680 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Politics Essay

...Politics: Luke flower 1. Democratic Legitimacy means that a government has been given by the voters a Democratic Mandate in an election to govern and therefore legally exercises power in the interests of all the people. At a British General Election, for example, a government is held accountable for its policies and the party, or parties, that wins the most seats may be said to have the democratic consent or legitimacy to govern on behalf of the public. 2. A Referendum can be held on Constitutional issues/changes if any changes alter the relationship between different parts of the state (e.g. devolution), or between citizens and the state such as the devolution referendum in 1979 where most Scots voted “yes” but 40% needed was not reached and it was unfavourable in Wales. Also, when there is a history of conflict and an agreement is to be made. Furthermore, If our representatives are unable to come to a decision about an issue or ff the govt feel that there will be much discontentment amongst the public if a decision is made without their consent, i.e. an issue that the people have strong opinions on, such as the EU referendum that is going to take place by the end of 2017. 3. The principle of Parliamentary Sovereignty in the UK means that referendums cannot be binding although it would be very difficult for governments to ignore the results of official referendums. Several important arguments have been raised in support of the increased use of......

Words: 1032 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Politics Essays - World Politics

...president Bush formally declared a “war on terror”. Overnight America’s relationships with Russia, China and India improved. Britain and Australia were also seen as close allies. President Bush and his supporters stressed the need to go on the offensive against terrorists, to deploy the U.S. military, and to promote democracy in the Middle East. (Gordon 07). The U.S is fighting a war on terror and must remain on the offensive. The Bush administration feel, that U.S. power is the foundation of global order, and the spread of democracy and freedom is the key to a safer and more peaceful world. (Gordon 06). Therefore I feel that neo-conservatism and Realism are the theories of International Relations that are most useful in understanding world politics today. Terrorism is a multi-faced problem and requires an aggressive and long-term solution. Any...

Words: 2090 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Politics and Film Essay

...The Vietnam War was the longest lasting military conflict in American History. What was originally fear of communist expansion became one of America’s most expensive and strenuous efforts, consuming over fifty eight thousand American lives. As casualties increased throughout the 1960’s, so did the domestic opposition to the war. In turn, large-scale protests and a lack of trust between government and its people rose. Today many of the war’s details remain unclear; however, Hollywood has had its hand at depicting what occurred. This paper provides an analysis of the Vietnam War, as well as its depiction in the 21st century film industry. “The Deer Hunter,” “Born on the 4th of July” and “Casualties of War” are three different interpretations of the war in both foreign and domestic settings. Each film offers a different point of view, varying from social, political, and military perspectives. Following the Second World War, the French set forth an effort to regain their former colonial possession of Indo-China, which had been occupied by the Japanese throughout the war. After nearly a decade, the French were unable to establish a presence in what they called their “inheritance”, and as a result withdrew under the Geneva Accord in 1954. Meanwhile conflict within the regions of Vietnam created instability. A communist regime called the Peoples Army of Vietnam (PAVN), headed by Ho Chi Minh obtained power of the North. In contrast Ngo Dinh Diem established an interim government......

Words: 2039 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Sparroew

...POG 100 First Draft Marking Template Research Paper First Draft | Marker’s Alias: Leonhart | | Author’s Alias: Spearow | I. STRUCTURE/ORGANIZATION | Comments | Introduction: HookDoes the essay begin with a hook/brief introduction that situates the topic more broadly? The hook should make it evident why the topic is interesting and important to generalist and specialist audiences.Does it draw the reader’s interest? How could it be improved? | Positive * Hook introduces the topic in a great way, by analyzing a healthy government, and introducing the topic of how, to succeed it needs the help of the people who vote them in. Improvements * The author could give an example of a regime that turned on its people, (Syria) and thus lead to the overthrowing of the government (Arab spring) to further relate to the reader and gain its interest. | Introduction: Thesis StatementIs the thesis statement easy to identify? E.g. “This essay argues…” Is it clear? Does it make sense? How could it be made clearer and more easily identifiable? | Positive * The thesis is clear and makes sense “this essay will argue that societal politics are derived from the motivations of the middle class as it pertains to the state flourishing” Improvements * The factors that relate to this topic could be further addressed in a few words. What are these economic needs? Etc.… | Introduction: RoadmapDoes the roadmap state how the paper will prove the thesis statement in several parts? E.g....

Words: 1502 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Purpose of Argument

...manipulate true statement against false statement. Key focus on Arguments is evidence stating the true statement or false statement on the situation. Stating the situation on the first essay its argument deals with the lifestyle on which we live in. “The argument on which cars will be an uproar to our communities, disrupting sleep, terrifying animals, destroying public and private property, and placing members of our emergency services in life threatening situations”. Fairfax, M. (2005, Nov 11). Everybody has their opinions on different situations that evolve around the world, some may be true statements, some may be false statements regardless which is the right statement. We will make an argument to prove who is right are who is wrong. The second essay talks about woman with cancer who died in 1989. The woman named was Bronwen Wallace who went to Queen’s University and Marxist politics. The essay talks about how Wallace who died at the age of 44 wrote a book about knowing your damage about anything wrong with your body.” The power of feminism is the power of the victim who has recognized a way to use her damage.” “When you get in touch with your damage, recognized it and care for it, you also discover the source of your power.” Wallace, B., Page, J., & Robertson, H. (1993, Feb). The third essay talks about arguments between one another going through debates, while expressing your opinions with reasons to support it without arguing with any particular person or group......

Words: 926 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Vietnam

...brainstorm ideas for an essay using comparison/ contrast organization. You have two choices: * Write an essay that compares and/or contrasts certain aspects of culture in the United States and in your native country. Limit your discussion to the aspects of everyday life listed in the chart (or one you discuss with me). Write from your own experience as an observer of life. * Alternatively, you can compare your native country today to the way it was in your parents or grandparents time. Also, if there is a recent event in your or your parents’ lifetime that revolutionized life in your country, you can compare life before and after the event. You can also write about difference and similarities in rural and urban life in your county. (Don’t’ write about government or politics.) * If you choose the first option, choose one category from the chart to write about. Name the category in the thesis statement. Then divide that category into 3 subtopics. (It is possible to combine categories from the chart in your subtopics, but be sure the three subcategories are closely related. They must both belong to the topic of the thesis statement.) * In other words, the thesis can’t say that there are three differences between country X and the United States. Name the category of differences such as three differences in how people raise children, or three differences in how elders are treated. * For both options, do not write about government or politics. Keep......

Words: 765 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Textual Sublimations: Textual Precultural Theory in the Works of Fellini

...Textual Sublimations: Textual precultural theory in the works of Fellini Thomas Dietrich Department of Politics, University of Michigan 1. Expressions of genre If one examines the neodialectic paradigm of reality, one is faced with a choice: either accept textual precultural theory or conclude that the collective is capable of truth. Thus, an abundance of deconstructions concerning not materialism, but postmaterialism may be found. The subject is contextualised into a textual capitalism that includes sexuality as a reality. Therefore, the characteristic theme of the works of Fellini is the dialectic, and eventually the meaninglessness, of predialectic class. The subject is interpolated into a constructivist discourse that includes art as a whole. In a sense, Derrida uses the term ‘rationalism’ to denote the bridge between narrativity and society. Bataille suggests the use of neotextual rationalism to deconstruct sexist perceptions of class. 2. Rationalism and the material paradigm of discourse “Consciousness is intrinsically responsible for hierarchy,” says Derrida. It could be said that the primary theme of Prinn’s[1] analysis of the patriarchial paradigm of narrative is the role of the writer as artist. If textual precultural theory holds, we have to choose between rationalism and Lacanist obscurity. But the subject is contextualised into a textual precultural theory that includes reality as a reality. Rationalism implies that consensus is created by the......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Title: What Do Kaldor and Selchow Mean by ‘Subterranean Politics’ in Europe, and What Are the Implications of Their Four Findings? Do You Think Their Study Has Really Demonstrated the Usefulness and Credibility of Their Approach?

...Title: What do Kaldor and Selchow mean by ‘subterranean politics’ in Europe, and what are the implications of their four findings? Do you think their study has really demonstrated the usefulness and credibility of their approach? From the title of this essay, it allows the reader to understand that this assignment will be associated with Subterranean Politics. It will also inform the reader on a research project carried out to examine a new range of Political phenomena called Subterranean Politics (Kaldor & Selchow 2013: 78). Four findings will then be discussed on what is meant by subterranean politics. This essay will also show the context, methodology and literature of Kaldor and Selchows discoveries of the ‘bubbling up’ of subterranean politics. It will explain the striking affects that this new type of politics on Europe. This substantive content will give information that entices one to discover the currents of opinions or new political inventiveness that have the capability to stop Europe from falling apart (Kaldor & Selchow 2012: 1). It will then look deep into the study to see whether or not it has demonstrated an image of the usefulness and credibility of their approach towards this type of politics. Europe today is seen to be going through a Financial and Socio-Economic Crisis. “At this point in subterranean politics, grassroots activism protests and multiple ‘new’ types of political phenomena with research was carried out by seven field teams from each......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

I Like Stuff

...prizes awarded for the best essays and such awards could help to support your University Application as evidence of outstanding academic work and independent effort. How long and of what nature should my essay be? Your essay should be between 2,000 and 2,500 words (excluding notes and bibliography) and represent original and independent work. There may be a case for writing a slightly shorter essay if one of your universities requires a shorter sample essay. Supplying an accurate word count is in any case crucial. Your essay should aim to be quite a focused piece and be a work of analysis and interpretation rather than just description. You may need to seek advice on the planning, structuring and the title of your essay. Some modifications may be necessary for scientific submissions. Where will inspiration for my essay come from? Your essay may, or may not be, a further development of normal subject work (e.g. Physics Research and Analysis, English Phillimore, History Gibbon Prize etc); it may be on subjects which have no existing prizes; it may be on a subject which is not on the curriculum (e.g. Anthropology) or which is cross-curricular (e.g. English and History of Art); or it may have emerged from Cultural perspectives lessons, the Cultural Perspectives timed essay which you take at the end of this term, be inspired by Critical Thinking work or be a ‘further developed’ praebendum essay. You should state in a covering note how and why the essay came about. Of......

Words: 1271 - Pages: 6