Free Essay

Pollution in China

In: Science

Submitted By mattkicks23
Words 933
Pages 4
Section I:

* Summary * As the new years come, scientists are starting to look back at 2015. They claim that 2015 was the “hottest year in the historical record by far”. With the burst of heat that has continued into the new year, this could affect our whole environmental system leading to negative side effects. * The Issue * The issue at hand is that the global temperature is rising and it could lead to potential negative affects to our environment. Given a warmer atmosphere, it will hold more water vapor. Consequently, it will lead to greater and more intense rainstorms. This was predicted before, and can be seen through everywhere in the United States. * The 5 W’s (Who, what, when, where, why?) * Who: Recently, professor Stefan Norra and Dr. Nina Jasmin Schleicher from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, in cooperation with scientists of Bordeaux and Beijing, investigated temporal and special distributions and sources of particulate mercury (HgP) in the air of Beijing, China.

* What: They came to the conclusion that mercury can be harmful to man and the environment. According to their studies and results, mercury concentrations at Beijing were really high at the time, especially during heating periods. Also, the concentrations were said to be highest during winter, along the inner city of the 3rd ring road.

* When: The report was published on December 16th of 2015, however the pictures within the article refers to December 5th of 2015.

* Where: The study was done and tested in Beijing, China. Beijing is China’s capital and one of the world’s greatest megacities.

* Why: Smog and pollution has been an ongoing issue in Beijing. Almost everyday, the citizens of Beijing has to be worried about the smog levels of china and has to be concerned about whether or not to wear a mask just to step outside of their house. Not only is this an environmental issue, but has also caused copious amounts of health issues and diseases. That is why it is essential to learn more about the problem at hand, so we can hopefully prevent things from getting worse in the future. * This article was published on December 16th, 2015 on sciencedaily.com.

Section II:

* Discuss the impact of the environmental issue identified in Section One on the community and/or society. Recently, the smog in Beijing has reached its all time high. Although smog and pollution has been an ongoing issue, if we don’t try to stop it now, Beijing won’t have livable conditions anymore. Almost everyday, the citizens of Beijing have to wear a mask to help filter out the smog, they have poor visibility on the roads, and have to have use an air filter in each house. The Smog in Beijing has impacted millions of citizens and has altered their everyday life. Now, more and more people are getting sick and ill due to the air quality in Beijing. * Discuss the possible outcomes. There are actually many things that we can do as a whole to reduce the pollution in the air. For example, during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, China implanted measures to reduce pollution by a lot. At that time, only half of the vehicles were allowed to drive on the road at a particular time. Restaurants with coal stoves were required to change to soot filters. Moreover, large and heavy industrial production as partially stopped. All of these factors combined together indeed helped the pollution in China. * Why should we be aware of the situation? We should be aware of this situation because pollution is affecting hundreds and millions of people. We can’t just let pollution destroy mankind and the environment. With China having the world’s largest population, if something were to ever happen to China, our whole world would be affected. With this getting worst, there would potentially be even more disease, sickness, and environmental damage. A study in the past has showed that China’s pollution played a major part on the impact of the Ozone right now. We need to do more to protect our environment and the place that we live in. * Why should we be aware of the situation? The solution to pollution is consistency. As long as we did what we did in the 2008 Beijing Olympic, it could help reduce pollution drastically. The only challenge with this is, we need to continuously working together to fight this environmental problem and we can’t give up. * How did your opinion change as a result of this article? My opinion didn’t really change as a result of this article. This article mainly emphasized on the importance of working towards fighting pollution in Beijing. From going to Beijing in the summer, I can relate to this article and what it was saying first hand. The facts that the article gives is very accurate and is indeed a problem that needs to be fixed immediately.

* Do you recommend this article to others? I do recommend this articles to others because I feel as if many people don’t view pollution as a serious problem just because they haven’t witnessed it themselves. For example, living in Philadelphia, we don’t see too much smog or the great pollution that this article was talking about. However, just because we don’t see it, doesn’t mean that it isn’t a serious problem at hand. By reading this article, it can give more people a chance to understand how severe this environmental issue is, and it could bring more understanding to everyone.

Source(s): http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/21/science/earth/2015-hottest-year-global-warming.html?ref=earth&_r=0

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Pollution

...countries of the world. Often, these countries have extremely poor environmental situations. In many Third World nations, pollution is unrestricted. Countless other environmental problems are also not addressed by the government. Usually, creating and enforcing environmental regulations would be economically disastrous for a poor country. As a result, it is forced to choose between buying food and having a clean environment. Often, rich Western countries take advantage of the dilemma of Third World countries. They dump garbage and hazardous waste in developing countries. First World companies might also build plants, which emit considerable pollution, in Third World nations to avoid the regulations these companies would face at home. Some transnational corporations that produce chemicals deemed overly dangerous in the First World find a market in the Third World. There, governments cannot restrict usage of these chemicals because it would be too costly to citizens trying to make a living. Countries in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia are the greatest victims of this environmental inequality. In addition to problems created by development and industrialization, poorer nations also suffer environmental difficulties caused by poverty and war, among other causes. Many environmental problems arise in the Third World. Air pollution, water pollution , deforestation, desertification, soil erosion, and poisoning of the environment are among the largest of these.......

Words: 1688 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Pollution

...Air pollution is a major health risk concern globally. As industries and large developments continues, urban areas are subject to an increase of potential hazardous air pollution (BMC Public Health, Aug 2006) Reports has showed that carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide are just some of the reasons for hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases as well as ongoing health concerns. (BMC Public Health, Aug 2006) Respiratory symptoms in young children has become a major concern. Indoor pollution India has become a major concern for air pollution because they are exposed to some of the highest pollution levels in the world. Because of their cooking, using fuel, adult women and young children are the highest to be exposed to pollution causing acute respiratory infections (ARI) chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (CORP) and lung cancer. Improvements are being looked at for stoves with chimneys and other factors that may lower the risk of exposures. (Smith, Jun 2000)Epidemiological investigations has been used for at last 15 years in India to indicate pollutant. Outdoor pollution China, suffers from the most in outdoor pollution. Coal is a significant source of energy and constitutes for about 75% of all energy sources. (Kan, Chen, Hong, May 2009)Unfortunately, China primary consist of coal smoke, involving particulate matter (PM) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) as the predominantly air pollutants.(Kan, Chen, Hong, May 2009)Studies associated in......

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Pollution

...------------------------------------------------- Air pollution From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "Bad air quality" redirects here. For the obsolete medical theory, see Bad air. "Air quality" redirects here. For the measure of how polluted the air is, see Air quality index. Not to be confused with Qualities of air. Air pollution from a World War II wartime production plant Air pollution is the introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, particulates, or biological materials that cause discomfort, disease, or death to humans, damage other living organisms such as food crops, or damage the natural environment or built environment. The atmosphere is a complex dynamic natural gaseous system that is essential to support life on planet Earth. Stratospheric ozone depletion due to air pollution has long been recognized as a threat to human health as well as to the Earth's ecosystems. Indoor air pollution (see Airlog) and urban air quality are listed as two of the World’s Worst Toxic Pollution Problems in the 2008 Blacksmith InstituteWorld's Worst Polluted Places report.[1] ------------------------------------------------- Pollutants Main articles: Pollutant and Greenhouse gas Before flue-gas desulfurization was installed, the emissions from this power plant in New Mexico contained excessive amounts of sulfur dioxide. Schematic drawing, causes and effects of air pollution: (1) greenhouse effect, (2) particulate contamination, (3) increased UV radiation, (4)......

Words: 9233 - Pages: 37

Premium Essay

Pollution

...for Help Pollution is caused by many day to day activities that we don’t even notice. There are also different types of pollution, but they all result in the same thing, earth is slowly dying. Pollution is harmful to both the environment and the creatures that inhabit it, including humans. If you are wondering what the most harmful causes of pollution are, look no further, because you should consider the terrible causes of air pollution, sewage, and oil spills, as well as the effects that they have on the environment. Air pollution is one of the most common ways that the earth is polluted. Air pollution is caused by many things including exhaust fumes from cars, manufacturing factories and the household and farming chemicals. The fuel that is used in cars includes fossil fuels, which emit carbon dioxide into the air, causing global warming. Power plants also burn oil and coal, which releases poisonous gases into the air, which may result in acid rain. Air pollution effects many people across the world as well as the environment. “Health experts have known for years that air pollution increases the risk of a wide range of ailments, including respiratory problems and heart disease. Some compounds in the air we breathe, such as diesel exhaust, have already been deemed cancer-causing.” (Barboza). It is not only a major risk to health, it’s also a leading environmental cause of cancer death. There were 220,000 people that died of lung cancer due to air pollution in......

Words: 711 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Pollution

...Introduction Pollution in the Lachine Canal, Canada‎ Water pollution is a major global problem which requires ongoing evaluation and revision ‎of water resource policy at all levels (international down to individual aquifers and wells). ‎It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and ‎that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily. An estimated of 580 ‎people in India die of water pollution related illness every day. Around 90% the water in ‎the cities of China is polluted, and as of 2007, half a billion Chinese had no access to safe ‎drinking water. In addition to the acute problems of water pollution in developing ‎countries, developed countries continue to struggle with pollution problems as well. In the ‎most recent national report on water quality in the United States, 45 percent of assessed ‎stream miles, 47% of assessed lake acres, and 32 percent of assessed bays and estuarine ‎square miles were classified as polluted. The head of Chinas national development agency ‎in 2007 said 1/4th the length of China's seven main rivers were so poisoned the water ‎harmed the skin. ‎ Water is typically referred to as polluted when it is impaired by anthropogenic ‎contaminants and either does not support a human use, such as drinking water, or ‎undergoes a marked shift in its ability to support its constituent biotic communities, such ‎as fish. Natural phenomena such as volcanoes, algae blooms, storms, and earthquakes......

Words: 665 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Economic Impact of Industrial Pollution in China

...Economic impact of industrial pollution in China Outline I. Introduction Brief overview why China is the target country II. Overview of the problem a. Large population are suffering from the pollution b. Industrial growth based on coal uses; serious air pollution in most cities in China III. Economic effects c. Reduction of the labor force: high death rate to workers due to the pollution, especially air pollution; high risk for children to grow up in such environment. d. Fewer foreign investments: Foreign companies’ policy or culture require good environment for their employee; high rate of employee turnover because of pollution IV. Possible solutions e. Solution 1: Increased oversight on industrial operations f. Solution 2: Restrictions on development of new industries g. Solution 3: Use of change leadership to overhaul current policies tax subsidy/ mandates /cap and trade invest in new technology V. Conclusion/Recommendation The Chinese government needs to create new laws, borrow a leaf from The Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Introduction In an economically competitive world, most countries around the globe constantly compete to attain the top position in the international market in order to reap the benefits that come with such progress. For this reason, most countries insist on industrialization with some showing more zeal as compared to others through political......

Words: 3813 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Pollution

...Nowadays, Hong Kong pollution has become the city’s hot button issue and it’s something you need to be aware of. Ask the government where do the pollutions come from and they’ll tell you Guangzhou and the factories in the Guangdong area. This is true to an extent, however, it doesn’t really tell the full story. When looking at pollution problems in Hong Kong, it is important to pay attention to vehicular pollution. Hong Kong has the world’s highest traffic density. Gasoline vehicles are major sources of health-damaging pollutants and noise. Besides, the vehicles parts are common wastes found in landfill, and the mishandling of the parts would eventually lead to contamination of water bodies. Thus, in order to prevent further degeneration of our environment and improve our living standard, it is essential to tackle the above pollution problems and change to a more sustainable way of transportation. The green transportation that we would like to introduce here is electric vehicles. Electric vehicles are environmentally friendly: they reduce air pollution, benefit the landfill and provide a quiet environment. as well as coal burning power plants, which contribute an estimated 50% to the total level of pollution. Is the environment of the city similar to the past nowadays? Definitely not! First, Hong Kong has many types of pollution which are affecting our health negatively. The most serious one is the air pollution. If we go to Mongkok, Causeway Bay or even Jordan, we......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Pollution

...Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.[1] Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. Today, it is becoming a serious crime to pollute the air and water. ------------------------------------------------- Forms of pollution The major forms of pollution are listed below along with the particular contaminant relevant to each of them: * Air pollution:- the release of chemicals and particulates into the atmosphere. Common gaseous pollutants include carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and nitrogen oxides produced by industry and motor vehicles. Photochemical ozone and smog are created as nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons react to sunlight. Particulate matter, or fine dust is characterized by their micrometre size PM10 to PM2.5. * Light pollution:- includes light trespass, over-illumination and astronomical interference. * Littering:- the criminal throwing of inappropriate man-made objects, unremoved, onto public and private properties. * Noise pollution:- which encompasses roadway noise, aircraft noise, industrial noise as well as high-intensity sonar. * Soil contamination occurs when chemicals are released by spill or underground......

Words: 1328 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Pollution Problem in China : Suntainable Economic

...The Barrier to China sustainable economic growth: Pollution Problem China, the world’s second largest single-country economy, has achieved economic growth over the past 30 years, however, growing the GDP at any cost has created many environmental problems. China’s facing severe pollution and environmental degradation for many reasons such as rapid industrialization, reliance on coal as an energy source and manufacturing industry. One of the environment problems for China is pollution. The current air pollution has become a threat to Chinese people health. 33 shocking photographs were posted on social media under the caption ‘Pollution in China is out of control’ catching world’s attention. This problem has thus become serious problem which call for rethinking of government policies. The Chinese Prime Minister, Li Keqiang, also responded to this problem declaring war against pollution and fighting it with the same determination China battled poverty. From my point of view, it’s the big challenge for China to improve the environment quality while achieving rapid economic growth therefore I think one of the greatest barriers to sustainable economic growth for China is the pollution problem. The impact of China's economic development on the environment has become increasingly serious, China has been facing a growing imbalance between economic achievements and the quality of the environment. At present with economic growing, China's energy consumption and......

Words: 721 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Pollution

...It includes all living organisms that surround us. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into an environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem. Pollution leads to depletion of the ozone layer, global warming and climate change. Pollution can take many forms. The air we breathe, the water we drink, the ground where we grow our food, and even the increasing noise we hear every day—all contribute to health problems and a lower quality of life. TYPES OF POLLUTION WATER POLLUTION NOISE POLLUTION LAND POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION It is defined as the presence in the atmosphere of one or more contaminants in such quality and for such duration as is injurious, or tends to be injurious, to human health or welfare, animal or plant life. Industries, vehicles, increase in the population, and urbanization are some of the major factors responsible for air pollution. Major Air Carbon monoxide (CO) Carbon dioxide (CO2) Chloroflorocarbons (CFC) Ozone Nitrogen oxide (Nox) Sulphur dioxide (SO2) Suspended particulate matter (SPM) EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION Air pollution can cause health problems and it can also damage the environment and property. It has caused thinning of the protective ozone layer of the atmosphere, which is leading to climate change. WATER POLLUTION When toxic substances enter lakes, streams, rivers, oceans, and......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Pollution

...Markquice Carson 11-27-12 Portfolio Report Indu/Agri/Mun Pollution Dr. Buckner There are a bundle of problems in America today involving pollution in every from, and this bring about solutions to solving these problems. There are several technologies to manage waste pollution. These technologies include recycling, incineration, and sanitary landfills. This will strictly discuss the problem, Methods/Technology, and Beneficial aspects of Incineration. Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials. Incineration and other high temperature waste treatment systems are described as "thermal treatment". Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into ash, flue gas, and heat. The ash is mostly formed by the inorganic constituents of the waste, and may take the form of solid lumps or particulates carried by the flue gas. The flue gases must be cleaned of gaseous and particulate pollutants before they are dispersed into the atmosphere. In some cases, the heat generated by incineration can be used to generate electric power. There are several types of incineration technologies: Rotary-kiln, Burn Barrels, Fixed grates the typical amount of net energy that can be produced per ton municipal waste is about 2/3 MWh of electricity and 2 MWh of district heating. Thus, incinerating about 600 metric tons (660 short tons) per day of waste will produce about 400 MWh of electrical energy per day (17 MW of......

Words: 2059 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Pollution

...Environment pollution is the mixing of harmful pollutants into the environment causing disturbance to the natural processes and cycles. Various types of environmental pollution are categorized as the water pollution, air pollution, land pollution and noise pollution. Production of solid and liquid wastes on large scale from the industries, emissions of hazardous gases, deforestation, global warming, and many more problems originated by the human beings are the main reasons of increasing the environmental pollution. In the last one decade, there is a great increase in the level of environmental pollution and scenario has become worse than earlier. In the whole universe, there is only one planet named earth provides facility of all basic elements required for the life existence. It gives us life and what we give it, pollution. However, it was much better that if we give it nothing but we give it pollution and contamination regularly. As we all live on this planet, we all are highly responsible for the maintenance of the earth. However, we all forget our responsibility and busy in our daily routine and competitions to just fulfil our needs in anyways. Fresh air and clean water are two most basic needs to sustain life but nothing of both is possible in the modern time. It seems that, after some decades here would be no man, no plants, no animals and no life. All the natural gases in the environment make their balance by reacting each other. Some of them are used as a food by......

Words: 436 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Pollution

...companies. Even though the damage is done all they can do is go after compensatory damages as they cant replace someone health or make animals or land come back to life. They biggest two violations that come to mind have been in the united states in the past 26 years that I am aware of were the Exxon Valdez spill in March 1989 and BP spill in the Gulf of Mexico in April of 2010 resulting in Exxon paying 4 billion dollars in compensatory damages and BP paying 18.7 billion dollars in compensatory damages. Since pollution knows no boundaries these effects can have effects on other nations beyond our borders. The US only makes up 4.43% of the world population, with China having 18.9% and India having 17.6% of the world population. With the these three countries making up 40% of the population of the world these countries need to come together to establish or set the same standards in when it comes to Environmental Protection. We are the top three countries when it comes to pollution producing countries. The EPA is involved in the United Nations trying to unify the countries to come together to fix this problem globally. Until it is rectified it will be something that will be a problem in the future. The EPA is doing a great job in my opinion. After reading this web page on what the EPA is doing I think anymore would be to much money and time - http://www3.epa.gov/environmentaljustice/plan-ej/ce-initiatives.html In the USA the EPA could define and enforcing their......

Words: 493 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Primary Air Pollution Sources in China

...Course : Environmental Science The primary air pollutants in China Associate Professor : XU Bin Student: Dragan Cigoja Student number: 1593686 Mentor: Lecturer WU Bing The primary air pollutants in China API Air Pollution Index China State Environment protection Agency started with daily pollution monitoring from 2008 and it was covered 86 most important cities. Its purpouse is to check daily air quality by measuring the level of six atmospheric pollutants (table 1). Air pollutant Particle pollution Formula Source Health implication PM2.5 Particular matters of 2,5 micrometers or smaller. motor vehicles, power plants, residential wood burning, forest fires, agricultural burning Bring toxic chemicals and heavy metals into the body and with them risk of cancer as well as heart and lung diseases Particular matters larger than 2,5 micrometers and smaller tha 10 micrometers in diametar. Near roads and dusty industries irritation of the eyes, nose and throat coughing, chest tightness and shortness of breath,reduced lung function, irregular heartbeat, asthma attacks,heart attacks, premature death in people with heart or lung diseas. Short term exposures result with an multiplicity of harmful effects including bronchoconstriction and increased asthma symptoms. These effects are partialy important during the exercising or playing. long-term exposure to NO2 levels currently observed in Europe may decrease lung function and increase the risk of respiratory symptoms such......

Words: 3448 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Pollution

...Pollution prevention describes activities that reduce the amount of pollution generated by a process, whether it is consumer consumption, driving, or industrial production. Pollution control is a term used in environmental management. It means the control of emissions and effluents into air, water or soil. Without pollution control, the waste products from consumption, heating agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transportation, and other human activities, whether they accumulate or disperse, will degrade the environment. In the hierarchy of controls, pollution prevention and waste minimization are more desirable than pollution controls. In the field of land development, low impact development is a similar technique for the prevention of urban runoff. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. Air pollution, light pollution, noise pollution, soil contamination, radioactive contamination, thermal pollution, and visual pollution and water pollution. Pollution has been found to be widely in the environment. Research indicates that living in areas of high pollution has serious long term health effects. Living in these areas during childhood and adolescence can lead to diminished mental capacity and an increased risk of brain damage. People of all ages who live in high pollution areas for extended periods place themselves at......

Words: 1245 - Pages: 5