Lake Huron is the third largest of the Great Lakes by volume containing 850 cubic miles of water and it measures 206 miles from east to west and 183 miles north to south. In addition, Lake Huron has 3,827 miles of coastline (Human Health and the Great Lakes n.d.). Lake Huron, much like most lakes, contains a large variety of fish and wildlife and there is always the chance of pollution occurring in lakes due to illegal dumping and waste disposal, discharge of pollutants from vessels on the lake, human waste sewage, and faulty infrastructure which can accidently cause pollution. However pollution may occur, it is harmful to not only the ecology and the fish and wildlife in the area but also to humans who reside near the lake. According to a University of Michigan (U of M) report, Pollution’s Effects on the Great Lakes Ecosystems, over 20% of the world’s fresh water supply is in the Great Lakes region (U of M, n.d.) and with the world water reserves diminishing, it is essential to protect the integrity of the water to the maximum extent possible.
Major Causes of Pollution in Lake Huron
While there are many factors which contribute to the pollution of Lake Huron, the main source sources of pollution which cause the most damage is direct dumping of hazardous and toxic materials in the lake such as industrial waste, discharges from ships on the lake and also raw human sewage which is dumped in the lake. According to the Lake Huron Center for Coastal Conservation (LHCCC) this type of pollution is known as “Point Source Pollution”.
A Leading Second Cause of Pollution in Lake Huron
Another major factor of pollution in Lake Huron is “Nonpoint Source Pollution” which is the result of water runoff that eventually finds its way into the lake through natural processes. Nonpoint Source Pollution comes from all walks of life from farms, cities, factories…...