Free Essay

Pop Music

In: Historical Events

Submitted By AWYEAH101
Words 1201
Pages 5
Film Glossary
Bird's eye view. A shot in which the camera photographs a scene from directly overhead.
Close-up, Close shot. A detailed view of a person or object, usually without much context provided.
Continuity. The kind of logic implied in the association of ideas between edited shots. "Cutting to continuity" emphasizes smooth transitions between shots, in which space and time are unobtrusively condensed. "Classical cutting" emphasizes dramatic or emotional logic between shots rather than one based strictly on considerations of time and space. In "thematic montage" the continuity is based entirely on ideas, irrespective of literal time and space. In some instances, "continuity" refers to the space-time continuum of reality before it is photographed.
Crane shot. A shot taken from a special device called a crane, which resembles a huge mechanical arm. The crane carries the camera and cameraman, and can move in virtually any direction.
Cross cutting. The alternating of shots from two sequences, often in different locales, to suggest the sequences are taking place simultaneously.
Deep focus. A technique of photography which permits all distance planes to remain clearly in focus, from close-up range to infinity.
Dissolve, lap dissolve. These terms refer to the slow fading out of one shot and the gradual fading in of its successor, with a superimposition of images, usually at the midpoint.
Dolly shot, tracking shot, trucking shot. A shot taken from a moving vehicle. Originally tracks were laid on the set to permit a smoother movement of the camera. Today even a smooth hand-held traveling shot is considered a variation of the dolly shot.
Editing. The joining of one shot (strip of film) with another. The shots can picture events and objects in different places at different times. Editing is also called montage.
Establishing shot. Usually an extreme long or long shot offered at the beginning of a scene or sequence providing the viewer with the context of the subsequent closer shots.
Extreme close-up. A minutely detailed view of an object or a person. An extreme close-up of an actor generally includes only his eyes, or his mouth.
Extreme long shot. A panoramic view of an exterior location, photographed from a great distance, often as far as a quarter-mile away.
Eye-level shot. The placement of the camera approximately 5 to 6 feet from the ground corresponding to the height of an observer on the scene.
Fish-eye lens. An extreme wide angle lens, which distorts the image so radically that the edges seem wrapped into a sphere.
Flash-editing, flash-cutting. Editing sequences so that the durations of the shots are very brief.
Full shot. A type of long shot which includes the human body in full, with the head near the top of the frame and the feet near the bottom.
High angle shot. A shot in which the subject is photographed from above.

Long shot. Includes an amount of picture within the frame which roughly corresponds to the audience's view of the area within the proscenium arch of the legitimate theater.
Long take. A shot of lengthy duration.
Loose framing. Usually in longer shots. The mise-en-scène is so spaciously distributed that the subject photographed has considerable latitude of movement.
Low angle shot. A shot in which the subject is photographed from below.
Master shot. A single uninterrupted shot, usually taken from a long or full shot range, which contains an entire scene. Later, the closer shots are photographed, and an edited sequence, composed of a variety of different shots, is subsequently constructed on the editor's bench.
Medium shot. A relatively close shot, revealing a moderate amount of detail. A medium shot of a figure generally includes the body from the knees or waist up.
Mise-en-scène. The arrangement of volumes and movements within a given space. In the cinema, the space is defined by the frame; in the legitimate theater, usually by the proscenium arch.
Montage. Transitional sequences of rapidly edited images, used to suggest the lapse of time or the passing of events. Often employs dissolves and multiple exposures. In Europe "montage" means editing.
Oblique angle. A shot which is photographed by a tilted camera. When the image is projected on the screen, the subject itself seems to be tilted on its side.
Open forms. Used primarily by realist film directors, these techniques are likely to be subtle and unobtrusive, with an emphasis on informal compositions and apparently haphazard designs. The frame generally is exploited to suggest a temporary masking which arbitrarily cuts off part of the action.
Over-the-shoulder shot. A medium shot, useful in dialogue scenes, in which one actor is photographed head-on from over the shoulder of another actor.
Point-of-view shot. Any shot which is taken from the vantage point of a character in the film. Also known as the first person camera.
Pull-back dolly. A technique used to surprise the viewer by withdrawing from a scene to reveal an object or character that was previously out of the frame.
Rack focusing, selective focusing. The blurring of focal planes in sequence, forcing the viewer's eye to "travel" with those areas of an image that remain in sharp focus.
Reaction shot. A cut to a shot of a character's reaction to the contents of the preceding shot.
Reverse angle shot. A shot taken from an angle 180° opposed to the previous shot -- that is, the camera is placed opposite its previous position.
Scene. A unit of film composed of a number of interrelated shots, unified usually by a central concern -- a location, an incident, or a minor dramatic climax.
Set-up. The positioning of the camera and lights for a specific shot.

Shot. Those images which are recorded continuously from the time the camera starts to the time it stops. That is, an unedited, uncut strip of film.
Sub-text. A term used in drama and film to signify the dramatic implications beneath the language of a play or movie. Often the sub-text concerns ideas and emotions that are totally independent of the language of a text.
Telephoto lens, long lens. A lens which acts as a telescope, magnifying the size of objects at a great distance. A significant side effect is tendency to flatten perspective.
Three-shot. A medium shot, featuring three actors.
Tight framing. Usually in close shots. The mise-en-scène is so carefully balanced and harmonized that the subject photographed has little or no freedom of movement.
Two-shot. A medium shot, featuring two actors.
Wide angle lens, short lens. A lens which permits the camera to photograph a wider area than a normal lens. A significant side effect is its tendency to exaggerate perspective. Also used for deep-focus photography.
Wipe. And editing device, usually a line which travels across the screen, "pushing off" one image and revealing another.
Zoom lens. A lens of variable focal length which permits the cameraman to change from wide angle to telephoto shots (and vice versa) in one continuous movement.
Zoom shot. A shot taken with the aid of a zoom lens. The lens changes focal length during the shot so that a dolly or crane shot is suggested.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Rock and Pop Music

...styles of music or new artists could make it on the radio, since the charts were now based on jukeboxes and what audience wanted. Canada was not the same as the US, so people started tuning in to American radio stations. CHUM AM in Toronto adopted the Storz format in 1957. Sounds of cities RnR was an urban sound All elements of RnR came together in Mew Orleans New Orleans was a city of people of diverse backgrounds Cosimo Matassa – an Italian American jukebox operator. He was a co-owner and chief engineer of J&M studios. His production style was simple yet powerful, he created the classic RnR – heavy on bass and drums, light on horns and piano, with strong vocal lead. De Luxe studio from New Jersey first used Matassa’s studio in 1947 Roy Brown was a significance influence on the vocal styles. “Good rockin’ tonight” Bartholomew and his organization found steady work at the Dew Drop Inn and club Tijuana Antoine “Fats” Domino – born in New Orleans in 1928. First language is French. Quit school to work in a bedspring factory and to play in local clubs. Domino began recording at Matassa’s studio in 1949. Never a sex symbol or musical iconoclast, he managed to transcend to a great degree the racism that cheated so many Af Am artists. Most of Domino’s songs were recorded in Matassa’s studio and produced by Dave Batholomew Matassa went bankrupt in 1966, who also tried to a producer of Ace Records. Jimmy Clanton managed by Matassa too produced a string of pop......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Pop Culture

...Social Media i Pop Culture Eric Richardson English Composition Ashley Inguanta August 27, 2012 My absolute favorite musical album is D’Angelo’s album entitled Voodoo, released in 2000. As a musician and vocalist myself, I’d say that I’m usually a bit more critical of music projects than I would be of any other form of art. It’s usually an easy task for me to appreciate the creativity of other art forms because I don’t have any type of bias. With music, however, it has been my lifelong passion. Since I was a child, I’ve been a student and a fan. As a fan, I’ve always looked for an album that could hold my interest throughout the entire list of tracks. I think even the most casual listener wants the best album possible. I can’t imagine anyone would want to spend their hard earned money on a mediocre album, with only a few songs standing out as favorites. Unfortunately, this has likely been the case since the Eight Track Tape was phased out. There was no rewind or fast forward option, so the albums simply had to be good. It’s a lot harder found what I’d consider a good album, present day. In my opinion, a good album evokes just as much emotion as it does provoke those and give the desire to dance, particularly when speaking of R&B and Soul genres. By these standards, most albums fail. Most albums have one ore the other, but very seldom have all of these characteristics. D’Angelo’s Voodoo was a progressive work that had a retro feel. I think......

Words: 1286 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Rock and Pop

...trying to control the popular music. -Was this practice racist? -Allan Freid white disc jockey played black music on white radio in 1951 – white kids listening to black music, transculturation Arc –         1948 black radio -          Music becomes increasingly more popular over the next 10 years, Allan Freid (read the text) starts to help with the popularity. -          Big enough in 1952 that record companies start to notice and the cover phenomena starts. -          White covers sanitized lyrics to remove any sexual connotation. -          By 58 the cross overs were no longer working “Sh- boom” 1954 * details on Moodle -          B side of a record by The Chords who were doing an R&B cover of a Patty Page song. -          Crew Cuts #1 for 9 weeks total 20 wks -          The Chords – 1st R&B record to make Pop Top 10 in the 1950’s hit #5 charts 16 wks -          Both versions played on the radio at the same time. Put out in direct competition with each other. Rock and Roll is a sociological term originally referring to white interest in black pop music, not a musicological term Only 20 spots on the R&B charts at the time Crew Cuts -          No base voice in the chorus -          Sax removed, replaced ya dadadadada -          Slightly higher, softer, a little faster -          Triplets -          Key change -          Cheezy drum -          Instrumentation changes, studio orchestra, brass section, arranged on sheet music, much more TPA......

Words: 1719 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Turkish Pop Music

...Turkish pop music For nearly 50 years, pop music has been one of the most popular branches of music in Turkey. This is in the broad musical spectrum, of music in Turkey. Popular music because of the fact that, primitive music could not be related to either the traditional ottoman music or from the western form of music. Popular music were sung by chiefly the non-Muslim women. In the 1960s, there was fusions of the pop music and the Ottoman psyche which was particularly common in Turkey. In the 1970s, Sezen Aksu a female song writer and singer became popular and changed the scene of the music scene (Richard, T. 1999). In the 1990 pop music began to find its true meaning, this is because, it is not merely a type of music as it may be considered, but as a culture, it became part of everyday city-life that cannot be separated with the lifestyle and sentiments of city life. During the Ozall administration, in the 1980s, the free market economy which became a state policy, brought new acceleration to the Turkish music industry. World class studios and consumer ideology to the youth, this brought a new, fast rhythmic urban life and pulse (Simon, B. 1999). After 1990s, the most influential form of sentimental style and perception was pop music. It affected the mode of dressing to trends of entertainment. Unbelievable variety sprung up each and every day. Momentary incidents of joy, disappointment and the relationship were based on the sensibility of pop music......

Words: 976 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Australian and American Pop Music

...“Is Australian Popular Music of the 20th Century a mere imitation of American Popular Music of the 20th Century?” Validate your viewpoint by referencing specific music styles, characteristic features of music styles (instrumentation, performance style, rhythm, melody, intervals/scales/blue notes, harmony, texture, and form), bands, vocalists and specific songs. The 20th century has provided music that was the soundtrack for a generation. During this period there was a rise of pop music and its demand. American bands and artists were monopolizing the market, pumping out band after band. Record labels that were prominent at the time were Atlantic, EMI and Warner Bro’s records. The rise of the Billboard charts and magazine also played a significant role in the success of pop music. Australia was also producing bands that were ranking very high on the charts with smash hits. This phenomenon of pop music and pop culture has defiantly defined the generations that it came from. By analyzing and discussing the popular music of the 20th century, we can see that Australia is not just a mere imitation of American popular music. Musical Roots The cultural music of Australia can be traced beck through to the Aborigines. They practiced music not as an art form or means of entertainment but rather as a spiritual ritual or a method of story telling. Their influence on Australian mainstream music can be heard today through their instruments the didgeridoo and the clap sticks. In the...

Words: 1822 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Pop Language

...in the 21st Century. She gets in her car and immediately turns on her favorite pop radio station on the way to work. Her friends from college invite her to a party after her shift ends, and she invites a few friends as well. In the car on the way to the party, while chit chatting over upbeat background music, one of them exclaims, “Oh! I love this song!” One of them turns the volume up and they all sing together to the catchy tune and the easy words of “Young, Wild, and Free” by Wiz Khalifah, “Roll one. Smoke one. When you live like this you’re supposed to party…” This line in the song is extremely easy to learn because it has been repeated several times in less than three minutes, and is set to the sound of a catchy tune. Perhaps pop music has been designed to fit into this modern lifestyle, where one is always on the go, and wants to stay active and energetic. Who has time to really listen to what the song is saying if it has rhythm and is easy to sing along to? Without listening, we tune out the important form of expression that is musical lyrics, and this drop in emphasis encourages a lack of investment in song composition. American Pop music’s language is digressing to the point where it is more offensive, repetitive, and shallower than ever. Offensive language in modern pop music is becoming more normal. The modern American parent can be easily deceived by the “happy” nature of a pop song and think nothing of their eight year old listening to it, but after......

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

“Pop Music” or Junk Food for the Soul

...You may call it Pop Music but it makes me sick! P-Diddy, J-Lo, Britney Spears, Vanilla Ice, ABBA; it's all the same to me. Just some cheap music written by an Accountant, performed by a moron and packaged for an all too naïve pre-teen audience. Perhaps you like Pop Music, I don't. It's music that tastes great, easily digested, but only to become tomorrow's shit. One week it's J-Lo and her new hit single, the clothes she's wearing, her unstable relationships. Week after she's clichéd, blasé, the butt of jokes...old-school. Now here comes (insert any name here) who is fresh, a driving force in a new artistic form, cool, hip, dressing flashy, everyone and their sister is singing their tunes. J-LO is out, (insert any name here) is in. This is the life of a Pop phenom. I hate this music because it's cheap: the melody's are too simple, the lyrics too predictable and juvenile, it's life is short-lived. One week the nation is dancing to the tune, in the next everyone denies even liking the song. Something else is in... hip. This music is created by venture capitalists who hire professional song writers or who write the material themselves. Next they hire some unknown talent and sign them to an unreasonable contract. They book time in a studio, record the song and heavily promote their “new wonder kind” to every 12-year old in the country who wouldn't know any better. They plaster their “wonder kind” on backpacks, lunch boxes, sell their 50-page biographies, and film them for an......

Words: 654 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

K-Pop

...Good morning to Miss Liana and fellow classmates, my name is Chua Wen Yee and the topic I’m going to talk about today is K-Pop. First of all, I’ll start off with some basic facts. K-Pop is a musical genre originated from South Korea. The pioneer of K-Pop is Seo Taeji and The Boys, which one of the member is the CEO of YG Entertainment, home of Big Bang and 2NE1 now. K-Pop was strongly criticized by a lot of people, including me. However it has been rising day by day and not only conquered the Asia music market but it is also globalized in the sense that there are K-Pop fans all over the world. According to my research, in year 2012, 68 K-Pop groups made their debut compared to 12 in year 2008. From hate to love, from critics to praise, how does this happened? I think everyone of you definitely has a friend who is a hardcore K-Pop fan. Most of you must have suffered a lot because they like to share their K-Pop information and ask you to watch funny videos very much. Thanks to them, you’ll slowly found out that you are starting to love K-Pop and soon you’ll become one of them. Seriously, some of you may wonder why people love K-Pop so much? The reasons are simple. First of all, the songs are really nice. There are three main components in a song, melody, choreography and visual. Catchy and repeated chorus is one of the reasons why K-Pop songs can be viral and popular. For example, “Wow, fantastic baby”, “because I’m shadow, shadow, shadow”, “bwara Mr. simple simple” or......

Words: 1361 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Pop Music

...[22:02:48] simas: Goal 1 [22:02:51] simas: Goal 2 [22:02:55] simas: and Goal 3 [22:02:59] simas: :) by eli goldratt [22:03:13] simas: than [22:03:17] simas: The choice [22:03:20] simas: by the same author [22:03:25] simas: :) a bit much harder [22:03:26] simas: read [22:03:35] simas: actually not an easy [22:03:36] simas: way [22:03:43] simas: read [22:03:47] simas: not way [22:03:56] simas: but still interesting [22:04:15] simas: Funky business [22:04:21] simas: i think there are 2 books [22:04:23] simas: funky business [22:04:26] simas: and funky business 2 [22:04:27] simas: :D [22:04:40] simas: han how to clone a blonde i think its called this way [22:04:45] simas: tipping oint [22:04:47] simas: point [22:05:05] Lusya: oki doki, these all sounds grrrreat! [22:05:22] simas: Who moved my chease [22:05:25] simas: ? [22:05:41] simas: Than [22:06:02] simas: Purple cow [22:06:03] Lusya: you read all of the above?! [22:06:07] simas: yeah [22:06:13] simas: maybe 1 or 2 books i havent [22:06:22] simas: dont remmber need to re read [22:06:24] simas: :D [22:06:29] Lusya: wow [22:06:45] Lusya: book possessed u r lol [22:06:54] simas: I read them during the years [22:06:55] simas: :)) [22:06:59] simas: soo not all now [22:07:00] simas: :)) [22:07:02] simas: but yeah [22:07:05] simas: let me se there are more [22:07:15] Lusya: very well done man, no seriously [22:11:41] simas: Now [22:11:42] simas: a [22:11:46] simas: list of books i did not......

Words: 700 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Globalization of Pop Music

...American Pop music has been and will continue to be one of the versatile genres in music. Pop music can be defined as a combination of country, rock and roll, hip hop, as well as other elements from an assortment of musical styles that has grown over the decades and will continue to change as more countries are exposed musically to one another. According to Lane Crothers, author of “Globalization & American Popular Culture”, popular culture such as movies, music, and television has become one of the top exporting businesses in the United States. The end of the Cold War played a major contributing factor in exposing other countries to American culture due to the increase of technology, such as the internet, cell phones and satellites for example, which allowed other countries to be exposed to the growing music industry in the United States. Even though the American Pop Music is composed of a variety of styles and elements, three of the biggest contributors are Country, Rock and Roll, and Hip Hop. Each genre focuses on different subjects, however it’s popularity in different countries have increased due to how easy it is for individuals to relate to the lyrics. For example, Country music emphasizes on day-to-day struggles, such as an unhappy relationship, career, substance abuse addiction. Rock and Roll emphasizes on individual desires such as sex, and on human emotion. Lastly, Hip Hop emphasizes on the anger and frustration caused in oppressed environments. In......

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Korean Pop Music

...Korean Pop Recently, Korean artists have become more and more popular in America. Rain, a Korean singer, recently held a concert at the Madison Square Garden, which was sold out. SNSD was on the David Letterman Show. A song by Wonder Girls was included in the Billboard Hot 100 Songs. A Korean-Pop chart was even added to the Billboard charts. But why is Korean music becoming so popular in America? Korean music is different from the music in America. In my opinion, the Korean artists have unique musical and performance styles, which are new and fresh compared to some American styles. For example, a famous Korean band named 2AM will just stand on the stage and sing slow and emotional songs, while American artists such as Lady Gaga, Rihanna, and Katy Perry all sing and dance. The reason 2AM performs this way is because they focused on their actual ability to sing and understand the song more than on performance. Another group from Korea is a group called f(x). They sing about things that don’t really make sense together – they will sing about a ‘Pinocchio’, and go straight into saying they are in danger. 2AM and f(x) are two of the many examples of how Korean music is different from American music. The other artists all have unique styles and they are different from each other. The Korean artists are ‘perfect’ at what they do. The Korean artists are groomed by their companies to look, sing and dance extremely well. The entertainment companies will plan every step needed......

Words: 393 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Negative Effects of Pop Music to Children

...this research is to state the effects of pop music (and music videos) to overall well being of children and teens. This paper will focus on the negative side, on two major fields: Behavior (including health) and Interpersonal relations. I picked 10 current Pinoy music videos of varied genres. I formulated a mini questionnaire and let random children and teens answer it. It took me almost 3 weeks to gather information and make conclusions. I chose to do a research on the effects of listening and watching pop music/music videos because me, myself is an avid listener and viewer of pop music. It will be much easier for me to do a research if I choose a topic, which is very relatable/close to my heart and to my being. And also, the reading assigned to me in the class, which is an experiment to pop music video viewers and its effects to gender and sexuality of teenagers, influenced me to do this paper. Below is the actual survey questionnaire that I gave to 8-20 year old children and teens, to be followed by an explanation of why I chose those kinds of questions. Questionnaire 1. State your gender: _____M _____F 2. Age range: _____5-12 _____13-25 _____26-30 3. Do you watch music videos? _____Yes _____No 4. How often do you watch music videos? _________Hours 5. Where do you watch music videos? _____TV _____Phone/iPod _____Youtube 6. Do you like to see dance routines within a music video? _____Yes _____No Why?......

Words: 2796 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

The Power of the Cultural Globalization: Taiwanese Pop Music in China

...The Power of the Cultural Globalization: Taiwanese Pop Music in China In recent years, much of the most popular music and artists in China and throughout the Chinese-speaking world (Singapore, Hong Kong, overseas Chinese, and, to a certain extent, Malaysia) have come from Taiwan. Even in non-Chinese-speaking countries throughout the Asia-Pacific region (such as Japan, Korea, and Indonesia), Taiwanese pop culture is becoming increasingly trendy and fashionable. This has happened despite significant challenges that Taiwan faces due to its unique political situation and is a testament that the pillar of cultural globalization has to the power to transcend national boundaries. In fact, Taiwan’s success in media and entertainment is bringing Taiwan and China far closer together than political and economic means have over the past six decades. Since China began opening up to the world in the 1980s, mainland Chinese have been more receptive to music from other parts of the Chinese-speaking world, in spite of cultural and political differences. Nowhere is this more obvious than the vociferous consumption of Taiwanese pop culture, particularly its music. According to Baidu, China’s top search engine, 12 of the Top 25 singles in China in December 2007 were from Taiwan, including seven songs in the Top 10. Another seven were by artists from Hong Kong and Singapore. Only eight songs on the list were from mainland artists. One potential reason for this success is Taiwan’s......

Words: 1708 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Pop Culture

...that reaches a huge audience. Things that are popular today, like the iPod, the twilight series, trendy fashion, reality TV and celebrity obsession are pop culture. No matter how much you say you don’t follow pop culture it is still a active presense in your life. It reaches all audiences of life as long as they are a part of society. Three major trends that are popular in America today are among those mentioned above. The iPod is in everyone’s pocket these days. It has become more of a pocket pc and less of a music device. You can get the latest news, social networking updates and email all on the iPod. Reality TV is also popular in America. Americans enjoy watching “real” people deal with the drama in their everyday lives. Jersey Shore is a (arguably) popular reality series. The Twilight series, much like the Harry Potter series 10 years ago, has taken American youth by storm. In pop culture trends you either love it or hate it, with majority of the people loving it. Popular culture affects the clothes I wear, the things I watch on TV, and the music I listen to. Now that I think about it, popular culture has probably influenced every aspect of my life. I’m a horse person, and the clothes a wear reflect a “trendy” cowgirl style. For Halloween this year I was The popular American singer “Ke$ha” because I like her wild style and music. I enjoy comedy series like Family Guy and South Park, shows that usually make fun at popular American culture and events. I’ve also been......

Words: 578 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Pop Music Worksheet

...POP MUSIC WORKSHEET Song: 1999 Artist: Prince Name:_________________ 30 questions |10 |9 |10 |6 |3 | |x7 |x8 |x4 |x5 |x3 | |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] | | | |3 |3 |9 |2 |3 | |x7 |x10 |x3 |x4 |x10 | |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] | | | |2 |10 |9 |6 |8 | |x8 |x2 |x5 |x11 |x9 | |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] | | | |10 |9 |9 |10 |9 ...

Words: 308 - Pages: 2