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Population

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Submitted By mahesh007
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Population: population refers to organisms that both belong to the same group or species and live in the same geographical area. Population growth, population control …etc are the hot matters of debate these days. Population explosion is causing severe climatic changes, food and sanitation problems and in one or the other way affecting the health of the people. Globally population is erupting thus by making the life on the green planet miserable. Here we should see the world as two different poles one as more developed countries and the other as less developed countries. former eating away the resources of the later. Looking at the point that population growth affecting the health of the people. Different countries have different strategies regarding the health care system provided to their citizens.
Population explosion is affecting health of the people in many different ways such as
Inadequate health care resources
Inefficient Management of the available resources due huge population
Lack of education on importance of the sanitation, sexual health care etc.
These problems can be seen majorly in less developed countries. <stats>
If we take India in this case, we have gdp of more than 30% of the Australia’s. But their population is just about 10% of ours. By this they can provide good health care to their people. Population rise also increases the poverty. In India the saddest part is govt is reluctant to recognize the poor as poor. This can be clearly seen by the income level set by the govt to be recognized as poor. If population rises at this rate by 2050 India would be the most populous country in the world running past china. So we should take preventive measures to decrease the population growth at this alarming rate. Our neighboring country china had already taken measures for this. They are giving incentives for the parents with one child and imposing extra taxes on those who have more than one child. Huge population also hinders the nation’s economic growth.
And coming to the health sector in India, It’s one of most neglected ones. In the country like India it should be the one given more importance. The percentage of gdp dedicated to the health sector is far more less when compared to defense sector. As I mentioned earlier, in developing countries it is very difficult to maintain this particular sector due to high population densities. For this we need good ground level infrastructures like phc’s in remote areas where risk of affecting diseases is high.

Sexual and reproductive health:
Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. For sexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled.
Everyone has the right to enjoy reproductive health, which is a basis for having healthy children, intimate relationships and happy families. Reproductive health encompasses key areas such as every child is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect.
Reproductive health problems remain the leading cause of ill health and death for women of childbearing age worldwide. Impoverished women, especially those living in developing countries, suffer disproportionately from unintended pregnancies, maternal death and disability, sexually transmitted infections including HIV, gender-based violence and other problems related to their reproductive system and sexual behavior. Because young people often face barriers in trying to get the information or care they need, adolescent reproductive health is another important focus on.
Reproductive health problems are mainly dreadful in case of women than in men. The reason might be the women are reluctant to approach a doctor if problem arises. To avoid this situation more hospitals dedicated to women have to be built. Gov. should run Campaigns to bring awareness among women regarding sexual and reproductive health. Many sexual and reproductive problems like breast cancer in women can be recognized in early stages if women are given required training for self-diagnosis. Generally sexual diseases arises in women whose age is more than 50. So women who are 50+ should get diagnosed completely for every possible sexual disease.
Pregnancy, the most precious period for any woman in her life, so it’s Gov. Responsibility to give her a safe and healthy child. Women should be provided all facilities during her pregnancy and during her delivery. Today in India there are many cases where still the delivery is happening the hands of:”witches:” in an unhealthy way. Recent survey states that in India there are 24 infant deaths per 1000 children born is fairly high when compared to us where there are 12 deaths per 1000. This can be reduced if pregnant women undergo regular checkups in nearby health care center.
HIV AIDS, one of the most feared diseases. Now it’s fairly under control due to awareness created among the people. It’s affecting mainly due to unsafe sex. Preventive measures such as using condoms should be taken to prevent this. Gov should Support legal and policy reform to remove barriers for young people’s access to all forms of HIV testing and counselling.

Sexual abuse also comes under this section. It is the forcing of undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another. When the victim’s age is under 16 then it is called child sexual abuse. To prevent this from happening the molesters should be punished severely so that the others should be afraid of doing it.
Mental health:
It is a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.
In this present stressful world one has to take care of their mental health equally as their physical health. Causes for mental disorders may vary from individual to individual. They mainly arise due to tensions at work, relationship problems, poor performance in academic career etc. If these problems not attended properly may lead the victim to commit suicide. Suicide is among the top ten causes for the deaths among the population of the world. Majority of population suffering from the mental depression are in 15-50 age categories. The most common forms of mental illness are panic disorders, anxiety disorders, phobias etc. There are various ways people with mental health problems might receive treatment. It is important to know that what works for one person may not work for another; this is especially the case with mental health. Sometimes people suffering from some sort of mental illness try to self-medicate by taking alcohol, drugs and other forms of addictions. Proper counselling is necessary for them to propel in their life.gov should provide helplines to attend the problems of the victims suffering from mental illlness. They should work and exercise their body to relive from mental pressures. Coming to the victims suffering from permanent mental disorders, they should be kept under keen observation and should be treated with love.
Indigenous health: Indigenous people are those who identify themselves and are recognized and accepted by their community as indigenous. Demonstrate historical continuity with pre-colonial and/or pre-settler societies. Have strong links to territories and surrounding natural resources. Have distinct social, economic or political systems.

Indigenous people or often referred as “adivasis” are far from the civilized world. they are the one who gets affected from the diseases more often. They approach the person in their tribe who practices unhygienic and unhealthy ways to treat the diseases. This way they were often fallen to death even for a minor disease which can be cured in any phc. The children born in these tribes are not healthy and have high chances of getting many diseases because they are not given the essential vaccines required for the good health. the infant mortality rate is also high because of lack of reproductive education and precautions to taken during pregnancy are not known to them. Life expectancy is also very low when compared to the civilized part of the country because of their unhygienic living conditions. To improve their condition they must be educated on various aspects of the health care. Gov. should establish a phc for every 15- 20 km range. It should be moderately equipped so that the delivery of a pregnant woman can be done. Campaigns should be held for vaccinating the children in the tribe. Mode of transport affects in emergency case so an ambulance should be at ready for the service. Women health care should be given importance as they are more vulnerable. Women talks should be held to create more awareness among them about sexual health. As these tribes have their own \language often it is difficult to communicate with them. So they should be educated so that they can convey their problems.

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