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Preoperational Stage

In: Miscellaneous

Submitted By blaine
Words 515
Pages 3
The preoperational stage is the second of the Piaget’s four stages, it occurs between the ages of two and seven. Children in this stage begin developing their language skills and start symbolically representing objects using words and images. They are able to separate objects and group them by shape or color. Also in this stage of development children are known to have difficultly taking on the viewpoints of others, to them everyone thinks just like they do, this is called egocentric thinking. Another common attribute of the preoperational stage is that a child may show animistic thought and will give inanimate objects living attributes, for example if a teddy bear’s seam ripped the child might think it felt pain and cry or rush for you to make it better. Another important thought attribute children in this stage of development begin to display is the beginnings of logical thought and problem solving. Children can solve simple problems but not know how they did it and with some problems children may still intuitively answer. For example if you showed a child in this stage 2 yellow and 4 blue flowers, and asked if there were more blue or yellow flowers, they may respond by saying more blue. Yet if you asked them if there were more blue flowers than flowers they would respond by saying more blue again. The child would see the color blue but not count all of the flowers as a whole because they are different.

If children in this age group played a board game like Candyland, they should be able to name the colors of their playing piece and recognize the shapes on the cards they draw. If they are in the early preoperational stage a child may not be able to count the numbers (1-2-3-) to move on the board, and may not be able to move their playing piece in the correct direction on the board. They will most likely show excitement every time they get a turn to play regardless of the outcome, and remember player order. They may display egocentric thoughts also like get angry when the game is over and you want to put it away because they didn’t think it was over and if they get bored with the game they may quit playing and assume everyone is bored with it also. A child later in the preoperational stage should be able to count and know which direction the game board flows. They may get upset and cry if they lose or get sent back to the beginning of the game, they may also feel bad for another child if they got sent back to the beginning of the game. A child in this stage may also want to quit if they fall out of the lead in the game, but will insist on playing if they return to the lead. Children in the later part of this stage may or may not care if they win, but they may still get easily distracted from the game and stop playing.

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