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Prepositions for Time, Place, and Introducing Objects
Summary: This section deals with prepositions and their standard uses.
Contributors:Chris Berry, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli
Last Edited: 2011-03-23 03:07:43
One point in time
On is used with days: * I will see you on Monday. * The week begins on Sunday.
At is used with noon, night, midnight, and with the time of day: * My plane leaves at noon. * The movie starts at 6 p.m.
In is used with other parts of the day, with months, with years, with seasons: * He likes to read in the afternoon. * The days are long in August. * The book was published in 1999. * The flowers will bloom in spring.
Extended time
To express extended time, English uses the following prepositions: since, for, by, from—to, from-until, during,(with)in * She has been gone since yesterday. (She left yesterday and has not returned.) * I'm going to Paris for two weeks. (I will spend two weeks there.) * The movie showed from August to October. (Beginning in August and ending in October.) * The decorations were up from spring until fall. (Beginning in spring and ending in fall.) * I watch TV during the evening. (For some period of time in the evening.) * We must finish the project within a year. (No longer than a year.)
To express notions of place, English uses the following prepositions: to talk about the point itself: in, to express something contained: inside, to talk about the surface: on, to talk about a general vicinity, at. * There is a wasp in the room. * Put the present inside the box. * I left your keys on the table. * She was waiting at the corner.
Higher than a point
To express notions of an object being higher than a point, English uses the following prepositions: over, above. * He threw the ball over the roof. * Hang that picture above the couch.
Lower than a point
To express notions of an object being lower than a point, English uses the following prepositions: under, underneath, beneath, below. * The rabbit burrowed under the ground. * The child hid underneath the blanket. * We relaxed in the shade beneath the branches. * The valley is below sea-level.
Close to a point
To express notions of an object being close to a point, English uses the following prepositions: near, by, next to, between, among, opposite. * She lives near the school. * There is an ice cream shop by the store. * An oak tree grows next to my house * The house is between Elm Street and Maple Street. * I found my pen lying among the books. * The bathroom is opposite that room.
To introduce objects of verbs
English uses the following prepositions to introduce objects of the following verbs.
At: glance, laugh, look, rejoice, smile, stare * She glanced at her reflection.
(exception with mirror: She glanced in the mirror.) * You didn't laugh at his joke. * I'm looking at the computer monitor. * We rejoiced at his safe rescue. * That pretty girl smiled at you. * Stop staring at me.
Of: approve, consist, smell * I don't approve of his speech. * My contribution to the article consists of many pages. * He came home smelling of alcohol.
Of (or about): dream, think * I dream of finishing college in four years. * Can you think of a number between one and ten? * I am thinking about this problem.
For: call, hope, look, wait, watch, wish * Did someone call for a taxi? * He hopes for a raise in salary next year. * I'm looking for my keys. * We'll wait for her here. * You go buy the tickets and I'll watch for the train. * If you wish for an "A" in this class, you must work hard.

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