Premium Essay

Primary and Secondary Sources

In: Other Topics

Submitted By toradoll
Words 512
Pages 3
Primary source is a document of a period-of-time being studied. It includes diary, books, music, photographs, paintings, etc. They are created by witnesses who had experienced events during the period. I have looked into several sources, and music from the great depression interests me the most.
The lyrics, melody, and tempo expressed the musicians’ subtext profoundly. By looking at the lyrics from the great depression, I have identified the most frequent topic, which was money. Even though the lyrics came with cheerful tones of melody, but the words deeply strikes my heart. Money can’t buy happiness but you can’t survive without money; people during that time were so desperate for a better life, thus they think about fortune all the time. Desperate lyrics along with ‘happy go lucky’ melody made up the music culture of 1930s American history.
Primary sources are very interesting to investigate because they contain real historical evidences that bring people back to the old times. One of the strength of using primary source to understand American history is that unlike secondary source, primary source prevents deformation from the original source. It is a first person point of view from that time and place. The music delivers a strong emotion towards the great depression. Music is already an influential art; music from that period could express the feeling much greater than other primary sources. The purpose of communication is very clear in music, it combine words that described the experiences of being poor and helpless; it also indicates the economic and social status of the musicians.
There are also several weaknesses along with all the strengths of primary source. The music might only represent a small group of people’s point of view; other individuals’ experiences might not be included in all the music during the great depression. Since the event has had...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Discuss the Primary, Secondary and Source of Information

...Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary source of information Sources of information are often considered primary, secondary, or tertiary depending on their originality and proximity of when it was created. Consider if it is an original work, or whether it evaluates or comments on the works of others. Also consider the proximity, or how close the information is to a first-hand account or if it is after the fact. Sources of information are often considered primary, secondary, or tertiary depending on their originality and proximity of when it was created. Consider if it is an original work, or whether it evaluates or comments on the works of others. Also consider the proximity, or how close the information is to a first-hand account or if it is after the fact. PRIMARY SOURCES DEFINED Primary sources are first-hand accounts or individual representations and creative works. It can also be said to be information that has been stated but not interpreted. They are created by those who have directly witnessed what they are describing, and bring us as close to the original event or thought as possible without being filtered, influenced or analyzed through interpretation. They tend to be original documents that don't usually describe or analyze work by others. Primary information is in its raw state Primary sources may be published or unpublished works. Primary source means it is original article or book created by individual or sometimes a group of people. It may be surprising...

Words: 380 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Define the Distinctions Between Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Sources in a Secondary Search

...2 Define the distinctions between primary, secondary, and tertiary sources in a secondary search. The best way to distinct between the sources of secondary research is to define each. Primary sources are those that are direct and un-interpreted records of a subject that you are researching. A primary source can be just about anything such as books, artifacts, or even patents. Secondary sources are ones that build on primary sources. Analyzing, interpreting, and assessing primary information are examples of secondary. Tertiary sources are ones which present summaries of the current state of research topics. Some examples are dictionaries, web sites, or almanacs. The distinction between these can differ between subjects of research. If the subject for research was humanities then an example of a primary source would be letters by Martin Luther King. A secondary source could be a web site of his writings and finally the tertiary source could be an encyclopedia on the civil rights movement. 3 What problems of secondary data quality must researchers face? How can they deal with them? Using secondary data can sometimes cause problems. Although it can be quicker and sometimes cost effective there is always a chance of running in to these issues. The most cautious of these issues the researcher must be aware of is the reliability of the source. If the researcher were to sit in a meeting and take notes of a subject then they would be completely sure of the content of the......

Words: 762 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

How Primary and Secondary Sources Shape History’s View of the Imperialist Age

...Two Sides to A Coin: How Primary and Secondary Sources Shape History’s View of the Imperialist Age Compare and Contrast Essay on two reading; Differentiate between primary and secondary sources, Discuss the subject of both essays, Provide dates and authors, Mention the time period in which they were written, and Summarize the writing. There are always two sides to a story, two opinions to be heard, and during the late 19th Century, there were definitely two sides to the issue of Imperialist Expansion. From Messages and Papers of the President, in 1898 President William McKinley addressed Congress with a call to war against Spain, in an effort to expand American influence in Cuba. Conversely, the 1899 Platform of the American Anti-Imperialist League was published to dissuade not only the public, but the Senate as well, from supporting American Imperialism. Primary sources are vital historical resources that provide a real look into a situation. When analyzed, primary sources can show an author’s motivation to action, or explain an awful circumstance. However, primary resources fail to see the big picture. Secondary sources can provide clues that enable the reader to piece the big picture together more easily. These secondary sources may not provide the exact account of an event, however they remove the emotional bias that can be found in primary sources, and can sometimes link historical events, as they are written after-the-fact. President McKinley’s address wanted to......

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Evaluate and Explain the Limitations of a Range of Sources of Information Both Primary and Secondary, for Small Scale Public Services Projects.

...limitations of a range of sources of information both primary and secondary, for small scale public services projects. The source's used in the collection of data for a research project or investigation are of vital importance. Characterised as primary and secondary, a good range will provide more information needed to aid decision making. However it is important to note that it can some time's be difficult to distinguish whether the information is primary or secondary. In this essay point's will be made regarding the advantage's and disadvantage's of a number of sources both primary and secondary. Their limitations will be addressed, and an explanation of how data collected during research can help in the decision making process and help organisation's meet their objective's. Ethics will be considered throughout. The actual, origanal or physical materials used in the study of an object, person or particular event in time are known as sources. They are paramount to investigation and are commonly known as primary and secondary sources. A primary source is a physical object or first hand testimony created during the time under-study, an example could be a diary, a piece of writing or photograph. These sources are unique and one of a kind, and could be a copy of the original if they existed during the time of creation. ''Primary research involves the study of a subject through first hand observation and investigation.'' Dawson, (2007,47). Primary sources are great for......

Words: 1491 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

More Girls Are Finishing Primary School, but They Are Facing Challenges in Accessing and Completing Secondary Education, a Critical Source of Skills in Changing Economies. From my point of view, the proper education is defined as a good combination of primary and second education. The girls’ secondary education is a quite problematic topic, especially when they finish primary school and are on the threshold of starting their secondary education or suffering from life full of bad surprises. The reason why secondary education of girls is of crucial importance is associated with its dramatic effect on the economy and a wider society. Thus, referring to the idea that girls’ education is advantageous not only for individuals but also for the whole society, I would like to express my thoughts about its economic and social impacts, the benefits and costs of both educated and uneducated girls, the barriers girls face in accessing secondary education and to give recommendations on how to improve this critical situation. In today’s modern world, it is not surprising to encounter women who work in the top level positions with high salaries, run their own businesses or drive cars. There is no doubt that they can substitute men in many circumstances. However, this state can be quite different and adverse depending on the country even within the regions of the same country. One of the apparent reasons which leads to such differences is secondary education. Despite the fact that many girls graduate from primary schools,...

Words: 2109 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...very beginning of week 5. The purpose of the outline is to give students an opportunity to organize their research in a useful manner and to provide the blueprint for the final research paper. Further, outlining your paper will help you gain a better understanding of your ideas by arranging them according to their interrelationships. If, in this planning stage, you carefully arrange your ideas, it will provide a basic structure for the body of your paper, and make the job of writing your paper much easier. Submitting an Outline Students are expected to accomplish four tasks in the Final Draft: * draw on the Topic Page to state your thesis * analyze the primary evidence in three paragraphs; * compare the information you provide in your analysis of the primary sources with the secondary sources; and * offer a thoughtful conclusion. Narrowing the Topic After you have selected a topic of interest to you, an important task will be to narrow that topic. Probably the most common mistake in writing a review paper (besides procrastination) is to try to write about a topic that is too broad. For example, the topic of discrimination has generated a multitude of court cases and articles. These studies cover a range of issues such as male, female and national origin. To try to write a 10-page review paper about any one of these areas, let alone all of them, would be next to impossible. It would be better to narrow this topic to make it...

Words: 1632 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...* 1. PRIMARY ANDSECONDARY DATA We explore the availability and use of data (primary and secondary) in the field of business research.Specifically, we examine an international sample of doctoral dissertations since 1998, categorizingresearch topics, data collection, and availability of data. Findings suggest that use of only primarydata pervades the discipline, despite strong methodological reasons to augment with secondary data.IBRAHIM NAVEENReg. No. IPHRM 5001Diploma in Human Resource Management Batch 01INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT * 2. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY DATA CONTENTSINTRODUCTION --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 02IMPORTANCE OF DATA AND DATA COLLECTION --------------------------------- 02DATA COLLECTION TECHNIQUES ------------------------------------------------------- 02PRIMARY DATA ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 03IMPORTANCE OF PRIMARY DATA ------------------------------------------------------- 03SOURCES OF PRIMARY DATA -------------------------------------------------------------- 04ADVANTAGES OF PRIMARY RESEARCH ----------------------------------------------- 05DISADVANTAGES OF PRIMARY RESEARCH ------------------------------------------ 07SECONDARY DATA ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 08IMPORTANCE OF SECONDARY DATA --------------------------------------------------- 08SOURCES OF SECONDARY DATA ...

Words: 3598 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Organisation Behaviour

...TABLES OF CONTENT 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 INRODUCTION OF ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR 1.2 INTRODUCTION OF COMPANY 2 SERVICE OFFERD BY ORGANISATION 3 TYPES OF RESEARCH 3.1 PRIMARY AND SECONDARY RESEARCH 3.2 DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY RESEARCH 3.3 TYPES OF RESEARCH USED IN OUR PROJECT 4 QUESTIONARE ANAYLISES 5 FINDING AND CONCLUSION 6 REFRENCED   1 INTRODUCTION PROJECT of organizational behavior contains the research in organization i.e PVR world wide cenimas best quality screen this project deals with the behavior of the working management in the PVR and how maneger controls the working of the other class people related to food service till the demand and rates of the seats. Now let us know first what is basically O.B and company is all about. What kinds of research are there and what we used in are project.   1.1 INTRODUCTION ABOUT ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR DEFINITIONS “Organizational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups and organizational structure have on behavior within the organization, for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organizational effectiveness” The study of the way people interact within groups. Normally this study is applied in an attempt to create more efficient business organizations. The central idea of the study of organizational behavior is that a scientific approach can be applied to the......

Words: 2407 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Evaluation of Secondary and Primary Research

...Report “Evaluation of Secondary and Primary Research” Student Name: Rana Ahmed Saeed Khan Student Number: ST20027073 Course Title: Module Title: MBA Marketing Module number: MBA 7003 Module tutor: Katherine Mutter Submission details: To be submitted on 18th April 2013 Marketing Report Assignment 1 MBA7003 Table of Contents S no. Topics Page 01 1. Introduction………………………………………………………………………... 2. Primary Research…………………………………………………………………. 01 3. Secondary Research……………………………………………………………… 01 4. Value and weaknesses of Secondary research carried out…………………… 03 5. How primary research may be used to supplement the secondary research…03 6. Research report on UK mobile market…………………..…………………..……..03 7. Conclusion…………………..…………………..…………………..……………….. 04 8. References…………………..…………………..…………………..……………….. 04 Marketing Report Assignment 1 MBA7003 1. Introduction: The report analyzes various aspects of primary research and offers an understanding of how secondary research can be used to supplement it. Merits and demerits of primary and secondary research are discussed in academic and marketing terms. 2. Primary Research: Primary research is developed by researchers by witnessing first hand sources without using their own analysis, interpretation and opinions. It usually includes diaries, speeches, autobiographies, interviews and newspapers or magazines (University of Pittsburgh 2003). Further explanation of primary sources is given by Blythe......

Words: 1155 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Dq Week5

...gathered from primary or secondary sources? Have you been involved with any product test-marketing project? Explain. How did the resulting statistics affect the product’s marketing strategy? How can organizations skew the statistical outcomes of their business research? When searching for information on a topic, it is important to understand the value of primary, secondary, and tertiary sources. Primary sources allow researchers to get as close as possible to original ideas, events, and empirical research as possible. Such sources may include creative works, first hand or contemporary accounts of events, and the publication of the results of empirical observations or research. Secondary sources analyze, review, or summarize information in primary resources or other secondary resources. Even sources presenting facts or descriptions about events are secondary unless they are based on direct participation or observation. Moreover, secondary sources often rely on other secondary sources and standard disciplinary methods to reach results, and they provide the principle sources of analysis about primary sources. Tertiary sources provide overviews of topics by synthesizing information gathered from other resources. Tertiary resources often provide data in a convenient form or provide information with context by which to interpret it. The distinctions between primary, secondary, and tertiary sources can be ambiguous. An individual document may be a primary source in......

Words: 455 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Data for Research

...words, figures, facts or ideas. Data in itself cannot be understood and to get information from the data one must interpret it into meaningful information. There are various methods of interpreting data. Data sources are broadly classified into primary and secondary data. Importance of Data and Data Collection: Data is one of the most important and vital aspect of any research studies. Researchers conducted in different fields of study can be different in methodology but every research is based on data which is analyzed and interpreted to get information. Data is the basic unit in statistical studies. Statistical information like census, population variables, health statistics, and road accidents records are all developed from data. Data is important in computer science. Numbers, images and figures in computer are all data. Types of Data There are two types- Primary Data and Secondary Data. Primary Data: Sources of Primary Data: Sources for primary data are limited and at times it becomes difficult to obtain data from primary source because of either scarcity of population or lack of cooperation. Regardless of any difficulty one can face in collecting primary data; it is the most authentic and reliable data source. Following are some of the sources of primary data. Experiments: Experiments require an artificial or natural setting in which to perform logical study to collect data. Experiments are more suitable for medicine, psychological studies, nutrition and......

Words: 2052 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Res 320 Week 2 Business Research Methods

...#2 - Define the distinctions between primary, secondary, and tertiary sources in a secondary search. Primary sources are original pieces of information. It is raw data without any input or hypothesis from outside sources. Secondary sources are interpretations of a primary data source, or anything that is derived from a primary source. Tertiary sources are in turn interpretations of any secondary resources, or any data that is derived from a secondary resource. Question #5 - Some researchers find that their sole sources are secondary data. Why might this be? Name some management questions for which secondary data sources are probably the only ones feasible. There are certain researchers who find secondary data as their sole source of data because; by using secondary data much of the original research has already been completed. Using secondary data is useful in saving time and resources while gathering information. It can also be the only source of information when the only primary information which exists is proprietary information which is not accessible to the public. Historical data can also play a factor if the data being researched is of historical nature, and there is not any original primary data that exists anymore. Question #7 - What problems of secondary data quality must researchers face? How can they deal with them? There can be multiple problems with secondary data quality. One of the challenges with secondary data would be trusting the......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Marketing Research Tools

...Marketers engage the use of primary and secondary research tools to determine results of current and past information. The information acquired from the results of the inquiries defines the data in two different terms. Marketers dissect the information and categorize it in qualitative or quantitative terms. For marketing it is important to differentiate between primary and secondary research when using qualitative and quantitative approaches to use each one effectively and determine why. Primary Research Part of the marketing strategy implements research to determine results for the final goal. In a perfect world the information would be filed away and broken down in descriptive categories. When no established information has been provided researchers must turn to new collection processes. “When the researcher collects fresh data to meet the needs of research it is primary research. The tools of primary research include surveys, interviews, and observations. This is a direct method of carrying out research and so its tools are entirely different from that of secondary research” (Stewart, 1993, p.67). Primary research collects information from a variety of sources. Marketers use surveys, videos, laboratory testing, organizations records, and observations to gather information and relate it to data. Observations tend to be collected from focus groups, usually from the moderator. The moderator will conduct the group discussions on behalf of the organization and......

Words: 862 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Res320 Week 2 Individual Hw

...Chapter 5 Discussion Questions 2 and 3 Question 2 - Define the distinctions between primary, secondary, and tertiary sources in a secondary search. Primary sources are data that has not been interpreted and are the original research performed. These sources are from the source of the information. The data given from a primary source has not been translated into information by another person. Primary sources are the source of the data given. Many books of law are primary sources. A court transcript would be a primary source for an appealed case. Secondary sources have been interpreted from primary data. School textbooks are an example of a secondary source because the authors gathered the information from many primary sources. They translated that data too this secondary source. Almost all research found falls into secondary sources category. Most information on the Internet has been translated from a primary source. Tertiary sources take secondary sources and interpret them. These can be guides, timelines, and almanacs. They have condensed primary and secondary sources to create an index. Bibliographies are also an example of a tertiary source. Question 3 - What problems of secondary data quality must researchers face? How can they deal with them? There are five problems of secondary data quality: Purpose, scope, authority, audience, and format. When evaluating purpose of a secondary source a research must discover why this data exist. The researcher must also......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Historical Sources

...University of Phoenix Material Historical Sources Historians study records of the past to understand and explain the stories of the people and events of earlier times. These records, or historical sources, form the core of the scholarly practice of history. There are two types of sources on which historians generally rely: primary and secondary. Primary Sources Primary sources are firsthand accounts or records. Primary sources provide a view of historical events or people as witnessed by people who were actually there. Primary sources have not been interpreted by others, but use the words, sounds, or images of those present during a historical period. Primary sources often incorporate the interpretation or attitude of the individual who recorded the experience; different people may often record different impressions of a single event. Examples of primary sources include the following: • A letter written by Otto von Bismarck • A recording or libretto of a portion of Wilhelm Richard Wagner’s The Valkyrie • The recording or transcript of a speech given by Jacques Chirac • The transcript of an interview with an 18th-century factory worker • Property tax registers from Languedoc • A photograph of German troops moving through a devastated Polish town during the Nazi invasion • A reprint of a propaganda poster • The last will and testament of a Norwegian merchant • A print of Paul Nash’s We Are Making a New World • A translation of the diary Anne Frank kept......

Words: 386 - Pages: 2