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Principles of Child Development

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By LisaLopes23
Words 2017
Pages 9
Running Heads: Middle Childhood Case Study 1

Middle Childhood Case Study

Child Psychology

Middle Childhood Case Study 2
According to Angela Oswalt, cognitive development in Piaget’s concrete operations are the mental (cognitive) changes children undergo during the middle childhood era often more pronounced and noticeable than their physical changes. Children’s ability to consciously, thoughtful and pro-actively choose to pursue goals (instead of simply to the environment) appears during this developmental period. In addition, children’s thinking style gradually becomes more logical, organized, and flexible as they enter Piaget’s “Concrete Operational” thinking stage. Berk (2011) states, in Piaget theory as the brain develops and children’s experiences expand, they move through four stages each characterized by qualitatively distract ways of thinking. These stages are classified as the sensorimotor during the age of birth-2 years, pre operational 2-7, concrete operational age 7-4 and formal operational 11 years on of these four stages . According to Carol Gilligan in her article Introduction to the theorist and Theory Behind Human behavior, the concrete operational stage age 7-11 is where the ability to think logically about concrete objects and events) takes place. Thinking becomes more but outwardly focused and the child gains the understanding of conversation of number, mass, and weight. Can sort objects according to several features and order them according to a single parameter. Oswalt states in her article, a mental operation, in the Piagetian way of thinking, is the ability to accurately imagine the consequences of something happening without it actually needing to happen. During a mental operation, children imagine “what if” scenarios which involve the imaginal transformation of mental representations of thing they have...

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