Premium Essay

Printing Press

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By fonejor
Words 2229
Pages 9
The Printing Press

Introduction: The Advancement The advancement in question is the printing press, a technological innovation that profoundly altered human culture. It may be argued, in fact, that this advancement revolutionized humanity and society in a manner rivaled only by the modern advent of the Internet. Moreover, as will be discussed, these were impacts with both varied and far-reaching consequences: “Paper and printing paved the way for religious reformation and made possible popular education” (Thompson, 1978, p. 167). It is then all the more astonishing that such consequences could arise from so simple a mechanism, or that its development would be realized as late as the 15th century. What is generally considered the original version of the modern printing press is a machine consisting of several key components. A long wooden table provides the surface for setting out the paper and ink, and these are then placed under the upright frame of the press itself. Before this step, however, every stage requires exacting work. First, the type is needed, which are metal blocks with raised letters, numbers, and punctuation marks on one end. This type is then arranged to spell out the document, smeared with ink, and lowered by the frame onto the paper by means of a large and adjustable screw, supported by a cross beam (Hook, 2009, p. 46). The press is, again, hardly an impressive-looking feat of engineering. Essentially, it looks like what is believed to have inspired its creation, a wine press, in that a simple apparatus, manipulated by hand, creates sufficient pressure to create an imprint of the ink onto the paper. This basic model, however, would serve as a template for many years. In time, technology would advance the invention to stages Gutenberg could not have imagined, as metals and electrical advancements...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Printing Press

...The Printing Press What’s so important about the Printing Press? It had numerous reasons as to why it was so important, but this essay will just name a few. This will tell the reader who invented it and what inspired him to do so. It will explain the importance the printing press had at the time it was invented. Along with explaining how important the machine was at the time of its invention, this will also explain how the machine is still important today. It is important because it enabled books such as the bible to be produced and helped the spread of ideas. Johan Gutenberg lived in Strasberg, Germany in 1450 when he invented the Printing Press Movable. Information concerning Gutenberg’s life is minimal since history has little knowledge about him. One thing we do know is that he was born in Mainz, Germany, where he moved to and set up a printing shop and completed the first true book in the West produced by his movable printing press: The Bible, completed between 1455 -1456. Unfortunately, he lost his shop to a creditor. Gutenberg died at the age of seventy-one in the year 1468. Printing became one of the largest industries in the western world. It had an enormous impact on the intellectual society. New religious ideas would have never been able to spread with such speed and ease throughout Europe without the aid of printing press. The Bible commentaries, books of devotion, and sermons made up more than 50% of the publication printed and spread throughout......

Words: 444 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Printing Press

...inventions that changed lives. One invention that really changed every person’s life for the good was the printing press. Before the printing press, everything was handwritten and most books were mostly copied and handwritten by monks. The monks would copy and write the bible the most but they would also copy things such as philosophical views and other types of scholarly documents. The spread of knowledge has been easier to spread due to the printing press. The printing press allowed books, articles, newspapers, pamphlets, and documents to be reproduced and printed on a much larger scale and in much quicker time. Also, it made communication a lot simpler by giving people an easy and quick way to communicate. When the printing press came out, it allowed anything to be printed in other common languages such as English, French, Latin, German, and other European languages that were common at the time. The printing press also helped creating a standardized language by making up and printing a dictionary. The dictionary was able to give people the knowledge to understand each other better and know the same meaning of every word. It was less costly for people to learn how to write and read, making it easier to communicate more effectively. The spread of knowledge through the printing press was getting many more people interested in the written word other than believing myths. The printing press has been involved and influenced in the Reformation, the Renaissance and the Scientific......

Words: 357 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Introduction of the Printing Press and Its Effects on Humanity”

...Although the Chinese experimented with block printing by the 11th century, Johannes Gutenberg created movable type in the 15th century and invented a machine that is widely known as the printing press (History of the Printing Press, 2007, The Story section, para. 2). This significant discovery led to the publication of books that promoted literacy and expanded knowledge. This paper provides a background and analysis of the social, economic, and political factors that influenced this important discovery. As a result of this invention, the expansion of knowledge challenged many traditional beliefs and created a paradigm shift in human relationships among different regions of the world. There were Social, Economic, and Political Factors that played a huge role in the printing press as well. During the late medieval times, society was making a change into the coming years. Occurring was a pickup in social factors that lead to emerging capitalism, this sparked off more literacy among the wealthy and upper, middle-class. With new interest of literacy and knowledge, the printing press did not satisfy the demand. Manuscripts, prior to the discovery of the printing press, took years to develop. Thereafter, pages were published using time-consuming wood graving techniques with limited reusability. Pages were compromised of a number of blocks jointed together to raise the words off the page and were then pressed and copied onto another (Ament, 2007). Gutenberg first......

Words: 2144 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Printing Press and How It Shaped Our Modern World

...The Printing Press and how it shaped our modern world To center a line in Microsoft Word, select Format | Paragraph from the main toolbar, and then on the Indents and Spacing tab beside the word Alignment choose Center from the drop-down list. Introduction to the Humanities Professor You can insert the date in Microsoft Word by selecting Insert | Date and Time… from the main toolbar and selecting a style. Date 05/14/2011 Prior to 1440 everything read in Europe was copied by hand or copied from wooden blocks carved by hand. This was very expensive and time consuming. The only people who were literate were those of the church and a small percentage of nobility. That all changed with Johanes Gutenber’s creation of the printing press. Johann Gutenberg managed to bring together technologies known for centuries before him, adding the idea for movable metal type. This led to the mass production of books, being them more available to the general public. The invention of the printing press helped ideas spread quickly making things easier for the reform of the Church and the development of modern sciences. "Renaissance" means "rebirth" in French and stands for the cultural, intellectual and economic changes that occurred in Europe from the fourteenth century and lasted through the sixteenth century. However, the Renaissance was not the first rebirth of learning during the Middle Ages since many beautiful cathedrals had previously been built using classical styles:......

Words: 2948 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

From Manuscript to Bound Book: How the Printing Press Revolutionized 15th Century Literature

...From Manuscript to Bound Book: How the Printing Press Revolutionized 15th Century Literature “The invention of printing broadcast the printed language and gave to print a degree of authority that it has never lost.”- A. Lloyd James Before the days of automated printers and wireless communication, manuscripts represented the primary but inefficient and costly way to record, obtain and share knowledge. It was not until the 15th century when Johannes Gutenberg’s printing press revolutionized the way information was stored and disseminated. The printing press quickly changed the way in which written works were manufactured and which works could be produced by allowing private citizens to publish books and other written texts at a marketable rate. Illustrated through the invention of Gutenberg’s machine, society as a whole was impacted by the way in which information was produced, and through the press’ impact on academia and on the political and religious groups of the 15th and 16th centuries. Exemplified by the restricted writing methods at the time and the constraints transcription raised on the production of manuscripts, the printing press had a significant impact on universities and the methods of medieval education. Through readily available literature, the resulting increase of literacy had a large effect on the scientific community and a shift in power for the ruling parties of the time. Ultimately, the easy dissemination of political ideas in medieval Europe led to......

Words: 1878 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Caxton's Printing Press

...about the next phase of language change. *Diachronic means studying the language as it changes through history. Synchronic means studying the language at a particular point, without considering the historical context. Introducing William Caxton There were a number of catalysts, but arguably the single most important of these was technological - the development of the printing press, which enabled mass reproduction and circulation of cheap printed material. This was in many ways a revolution - books would previously have been hand-written manuscripts which only the very wealthy could afford to buy and have produced. In England, William Caxton was a major player in the development of printing. Go to http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/caxton_william.shtml and read this short description of William Caxton’s life. Then make brief notes on the following points: 1. His birth place, his education, what trade he chose to follow before becoming a printer, and the status he gained in his initial career. 2. His relationship with the aristocracy, his literary taste, his choice of location for his printing business, and his output as a printer. Now consider carefully how you think these factors might have influenced his attitude to the English language. © 2009...

Words: 2128 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

How Important Was Religion in the Development of the Renaissance

...church would be the center of all community life, especially because the clergymen were often the only people in a town who were literate. Before the Renaissance, the church was the undisputed dominant force of order. As the Renaissance started to blossom, the church was still the center of life and a refuge from the horrors of war and plague. However, by this time various factors had begun to act against the church's influence. As the Renaissance was re-awakening, it was also a rebirth of thought. So various people began taking up their own views and opinions of the world and began questioning the church and the Pope. The major facts that were weakening the church's influence included the Rise of Humanism, the invention of the Printing Press, the awareness of corruption in the church, and the work of individual Reformers. Humanism The rediscovery of Humanism in probably the most influential force that powered the Renaissance. The basic concept of Humanism is the belief that all human concept of Humanism is the belief that all human beings have a capacity to reason. Humanism shows a reverend respect for the beauty of the human body and power of an individual's mind. It saw the awesome potential in each person to achieve great things, and the potential to develop his mind and body. This belief originated in ancient Greek times, in the Golden Ages when personal development and broadening of the self was seen as imperative. When, before the Renaissance,......

Words: 1740 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Information Systems Have Revolutionised the Way We Work’

...learning. The change in social life is inseparable from the endeavours of technology and social science. Information system as a dominating force created by Technology and Information science are precisely the leading factors in the advancement of such systems. Most of modern Information systems banks on the technical side of IT and information contents such as peoples activities including management, decision making and support operations. Thus, the information system provides an incentive to promote efficiency at work and improve the overall quality of life. The aim of this essay is to address the information systems that have changed the way we work and collaborate in significant ways from two aspects: the virtual organisation and the printing press. The main body will consists an analysis with examples on the impact of these two technologies and the power of Information that has quickly transformed societies by influencing the way people work and live. Main Body Considering the new paradigm of work-anywhere, anytime, in cyberspace or real space. The virtual workplace in which workers function remotely from each other and managers, is becoming a reality now and all indications are that it will become more widespread in the future. Thus a Virtual organisation signifies a new organisational form that facilitates technological demands (Black & Edwards, 2000). Therefore the virtual organisation can be defined as an information-intensive organisation form (Child &......

Words: 2403 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Why Is the Renaissance Significant?

...influence to the way we live our lives today. The Renaissance was remarkable because it changed people’s way of thinking (Humanism). Before the Dark Ages, common people did not have any freedom. They were like birds trapped in a cage. People who were at the lower level of society were oppressed & constantly pushed down. For the oppressed people it was like being in a pitch black cave. The Renaissance brought change in the minds of the common population. People now were able to paint what they want, write what they want & create what they wanted. If the Renaissance had not occurred we would still be thinking the earth was the middle of the solar system & Earth was still flat. We would not have been able to read, if the printing press was not invented. People who did not know how to read were taught and the price of reading materials were brought down which made buying books easier for the poor. How the Renaissance resulted in change? Art changed, songs changed & the people changed. Art in the Dark Ages were always about religion, if a picture was created that had nothing to do about religion, the picture would be destroyed & the owner might even be put in house arrest (only in the most serious case). The same applies to music, if music was made but was not connected to religion, you know what happens. The common people were able to read & write thanks to the renaissance. No Renaissance= no Olly Murs, Bruno Mars or Adele. All the famous pictures......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

History of Renaissance

...27 January 2011 History 10A 10B Name: ______mohamed abdelrahman________ Date: ___26/2/2011____________ The Northern Renaissance The Northern Renaissance Begins 1. What changes were occurring in northern Europe around 1450 which helped the Renaissance begin? The population of northern Europe which has been shattered by the bubonic plague, the destructive hundred year war between France and England cities grow rapidly, urban merchants became wealthy to sponsor artists. 2. How was the focus of the Northern Renaissance different from the focus of the Southern Renaissance? Northern renaissance was focus on religious ideas than secular themes popular in Italy, the renaissance idea of human dignity inspired some northern humanists to develop plans for social reform based on Christian values.. Artistic Ideas Spread 1. How did the war in Italy spread the Renaissance? As the war dragged on many Italian artists and writers left to a more safer life in northern Europe, with them they brought the styles and techniques of the renaissance, I addition artists who studied in Italy also carried renaissance ideas north. 2. How was the development and spread of oil painting different from many other Renaissance developments? Oil paint does not dry quickly and it can be blended more easily than other paints by applying layer upon layer of paint, oil painting became popular and spread to Italy and was influenced by many artists n the renaissance. 3.......

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Language and Literature

...The End of Europe's Middle Ages Language and Literature -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Until the sixteenth century, Latin was the official language of law, government, business, education and religion in Western Europe. The Latin of written communication was generally considered learned, or high, Latin and composition of documents followed standard guidelines regardless of where the document was written. On the other hand, the common, or Vulgar, Latin was a living language, mingling with and borrowing from regional dialects to suit the needs of local populations. As Vulgar Latin adapted more and more to the native language of a region, it became less recognizable to people outside that area. This process of individualization occurred relatively quickly for oral Latin and the many vernacular languages of Europe that we recognize today were already forming at the beginning of the Middle Ages. The official nature of writing and the predominance of an oral culture meant that written Latin accepted these regional variations at a much slower pace and excerpts from the Vulgate Bible and other patristic writings remained the standard grammatical texts until the Renaissance revived an insistence on classical Latin. Learning Latin in the Middle Ages During the fourteenth century in Italy, there appeared renewed interest in all things classical. This same interest, applied to classical Latin, spelled the end......

Words: 815 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Analysis Report

...PART TWO: ANALYSIS REPORT Education becomes more effective when there is a combination of theory and practical knowledge. Theoretical knowledge achieved perfection with the implication of practical knowledge. The internship program can combine theoretical knowledge with practical situation. A practical orientation program is really essential for a student as our educational system is mostly text based. Professional experience is very important to be established. In this situation I got a bit practical experience by analyzing financial performance of Medez – Galanto & Associates. A. SECTIONS IN THE MEDEZ- GALANTO & ASSOCIATES 1. Accounts Payable and Receivable The accounts payable section of an accounting department records goods and services that it receives and the payments it owes, such as inventory from a supplier or other expenses. The department records each accounts payable as a liability and accounts receivable as assets. Assets such as revenue and customers’ obligations pay for goods and services. 2. Payroll The payroll function of an accounting department ensures that the organization pays its employees accurately, including bonuses, commissions and benefits. The department monitors employees' time off, vacation and sick days. It pays the government taxes as well as union dues and other withholding from an employee's paycheck. The department reimburses employees for expenses and makes payments to vendor. 3. Inventory A company's......

Words: 5035 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Student

...Assess the significance of the role of individuals in the development of reformation, protest and rebellion, in Late Medieval Europe. Conversely, it can also be implied that the influence of such individuals is less important than certain other factors. This includes the invention of Gutenberg’s printing press in 1440, which resulted in the rapid spread of humanist ideas throughout the state. Bibles could now be freely distributed, meaning they were no longer owned only by the Church. Combined with the founding of many universities, it was clear that the educational rate of Germany was on the rise. This meant that an increasing population was becoming progressively inspired to place pressure on the upper-classes to make concessions of equality. Additionally, ifLuther not had access to the printing press, it is unlikely that he would have had as profound an influence upon Europe, and the Protestant religion would not have been created. However, the creation of Guttenberg’s letterpress came too late for both England and Bohemia. The fact that two revolts of similar nature had taken place beforehand indicates that the stimulus of Gutenberg’s invention is negligible, and therefore an incrucial factor in developing reformation, protest and rebellion in Late Medieval Europe. An issue in England, Germany and Bohemia, Taxation Arguably, the frequency of such risings within Europe, and the ease with which such prophets inflamed the common people, demonstrates the......

Words: 527 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Evolution of Mass Media

...This information is in the form of Morse code, various languages, movies, art, and computer codes or mass media. There have been great developments in mass media over the last century. These are the advancement of the print, electronic, and digital eras, which now comprise our modern day media. These three eras have influenced American culture and its business, while introducing groundbreaking forms of mass communication (Campbell, 2015, p. 6). The Print Era Before the creation of the printing press, the production and reproduction of books and other reading materials, was by hand, making the item scarce and high priced. Considered a luxury due to its price, reading material was mostly owned by the privileged. In the early 1900’s newspapers, magazines, books, and word of mouth were the main source for obtaining the news or any informative piece of informative material. During the Civil War, people relied on newspapers for information. The emergence of the printing press allowed for many people to have access to printed materials at an affordable price. It also merged the three elements for mass-market innovation. First, the use of machine duplication substituted the tiresome technique in which clerk’s hand-copied scripts. Second, the quick and simple reproduction of the identical book could occur in vast quantities. Third, the cost of each unit was decreased due to the faster production of multiple copies, which made books more affordable to less wealthy people......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Understanding Media and Culture

...and maintained means of broadcasting different types of media across the globe. Each new and updated development has played a significant role in the reshaping of America over the past 100 years. Furthermore, the term media convergence and how it has affected everyday life is important to understand as it has contributed its own piece to why and how Americans act the way they do. In the last century, American culture has evolved in accordance with its influence of the major developments of mass media and with media convergence. One major development that has evolved in the last century is the printing press. In the mid-fifteenth century media was hand written in books. Soon after the printing press was created, media was produced more quickly, was less expensive, and each copy was printed the same as the original. Later, Friedrich Koenig connected the printing press to a steam engine that duplicated printable media faster than ever before (19). The telegraph was the first means of sending and receiving messages electronically. No matter the distance, Americans had been presented with a much quicker and simpler form of sending and receiving messages. Little did America know the electrical telegraph was just the beginning. Once the transatlantic cable had been developed more wireless forms of communication and broadcasting were created such 26) In the early 1900s radio technology became the most popular form of media consumption. However, before......

Words: 818 - Pages: 4