Premium Essay

Prison Downsizing

In: Social Issues

Submitted By darlemull
Words 1167
Pages 5
Prison Downsizing Implementation in New York State

Darlene R. Muller

Policy Implementation: Spring 2013

New York State has been in financial crisis for a long time. Numerous plans, policies and budget cuts have been proposed and enacted to attempt to save money, and no public service or government agency has been overlooked. One of areas where most attention is drawn is to the corrections system. A large portion of New York’s budget is spent on housing, supervising, and rehabilitating inmates. There are many who believe this is wasteful, but what is the solution to the dilemma? Public safety must be ensured, as well as the rights the inmates and accused are entitled to. There are two sides to this problem. There are vast amounts of money spent upon this system, however it also is one of the main sources of employment for those located in the areas that contain these facilities. The loss of jobs and revenue within these areas must be comparable to the savings involved. There is no question policy changes must be made, as the prison population continues to grow and budget constraints are an issue in every state. As policies are enacted to become tougher on crime, the need for corrections services increases. Legislation and policy change has had some success in other states. Kansas had an overwhelming problem with prison population and budget restraints throughout the last few decades. (Rengifo, 2010) At first, with increased prison capacity, in the 1980’s, Kansas simply created more prisons. As financial concerns and restraints increased changes were addressed. Some policies were directed as cost savings through personnel. Limited salary increases and shift limitations save money, but do not effectively solve the end problem. Bills were passed to change the way prisoners were punished. Probation and treatment programs were enacted to keep minor...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Correctional System Budget

...this path by reducing personnel costs, reducing beds and eliminating certain programs. The specific strategies that were adopted for such savings however differed. For example, Maine changed the way it provided medication to inmates and renegotiated its health contract with its healthcare provider. Even more controversial, some states reduced the amount of food given to inmates. An example is Georgia which reduced the meals given to inmates, but still provided the same calories. Other states including New York and Kansas stopped their planned technology upgrades and postponed their expenditure plans. However, the cost-cut measures that were employed by different states correction facilities included downsizing programs, closing facilities and reducing personnel costs. Downsizing programs Before the fiscal crisis, different states invested heavily on community supervision services through the expansion of treatment and other programs. However, the budget deficits made the states make cuts on those programs. Over 20 states reduced or eliminated programs, renegotiated or discontinued contracts (Mears, 2010). An example are Louisiana that consolidates some of its...

Words: 1364 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Correctional System Budget

...this path by reducing personnel costs, reducing beds and eliminating certain programs. The specific strategies that were adopted for such savings however differed. For example, Maine changed the way it provided medication to inmates and renegotiated its health contract with its healthcare provider. Even more controversial, some states reduced the amount of food given to inmates. An example is Georgia which reduced the meals given to inmates, but still provided the same calories. Other states including New York and Kansas stopped their planned technology upgrades and postponed their expenditure plans. However, the cost-cut measures that were employed by different states correction facilities included downsizing programs, closing facilities and reducing personnel costs. Downsizing programs Before the fiscal crisis, different states invested heavily on community supervision services through the expansion of treatment and other programs. However, the budget deficits made the states make cuts on those programs. Over 20 states reduced or eliminated programs, renegotiated or discontinued contracts (Mears, 2010). An example are Louisiana that consolidates some of its...

Words: 1364 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Correctional System Budget

...this path by reducing personnel costs, reducing beds and eliminating certain programs. The specific strategies that were adopted for such savings however differed. For example, Maine changed the way it provided medication to inmates and renegotiated its health contract with its healthcare provider. Even more controversial, some states reduced the amount of food given to inmates. An example is Georgia which reduced the meals given to inmates, but still provided the same calories. Other states including New York and Kansas stopped their planned technology upgrades and postponed their expenditure plans. However, the cost-cut measures that were employed by different states correction facilities included downsizing programs, closing facilities and reducing personnel costs. Downsizing programs Before the fiscal crisis, different states invested heavily on community supervision services through the expansion of treatment and other programs. However, the budget deficits made the states make cuts on those programs. Over 20 states reduced or eliminated programs, renegotiated or discontinued contracts (Mears, 2010). An example are Louisiana that consolidates some of its...

Words: 1364 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Over Crowding of Prisons

...reduction that allows an individual to come down from a mandatory minimum and be eligible for a sentence along the federal guidelines. This is only one of many suggestions that would help save taxpayers money, reduce the federal prison population, and result in fairer sentences for non-violent first time offenders. There are three main categories that can trigger a mandatory minimum. The most common penalty for mandatory minimums applies to drug trafficking. Under this statute the minimum must be met if there is a particular type of drug that exceeds a certain amount, a sale to someone under the age of 21, the employment of an individual under the age of 21, and/or occurring within 1,000 feet of a school zone. The second most common is a consecutive mandatory minimum sentence when there is possession or use of a firearm in connection with certain underlying offenses. The third and most frequently applied mandatory minimum is triggered by a defendant’s prior criminal history (18 U.S.C .924 (c)). There are two possible ways to avoid a mandatory minimum sentence; one is “substantial assistance” and two is the “safety valve”. These relief mechanisms bring defendants under the mandatory minimum and therefore are sentenced under the guidelines. Overcrowding of prisons in America is an ongoing problem that continues to...

Words: 1636 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Prison Overcrowding in the Us

...Prison Overcrowding in the US Name: Institutional Affiliation: Prison Overcrowding in the US Introduction Prison overcrowding in the US is a serious problem that has remained elusive for many decades. The problem of prison overcrowding emerged since the invention of prison as correctional facilities in the 19th century and until now; it is still troubling the authorities. Overcrowding in modern prisons is multidimensional problem. Various reasons are blamed for the challenge but they significantly differ from one nation to the other. Causes of prison overcrowding are not limited to the bounds of criminal justice but stretch to other facets of authorities including social welfare plans, availability and ease of access to health services, formal education and job opportunities. Debates on how to handle this issue on political platforms is an enough illustration of the problems political leaders undergo in looking for a lasting solution challenged by increased pressure from court orders and rigorous financial crisis. It is therefore evident that it is much easier to have overcrowded prisons than it is to develop and implement effective and efficient ways to manage overcrowding in prisons. Overcrowding in prisons is a broad problem that is centered on issues of policies and crime research. These issues involve criminal sentencing, the role of correctional facilities and sentences, accommodation of prisoners with access to health care and rehabilitation services and causes of......

Words: 2427 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Law Report

...Criminal law report REGINA V. SORRELL [2003] NSWSC 30 (7TH February 2003) 1.0 Introduction This report is about Michael Furlong who was shopping for an electronic part at a shop in Smithfield. As he left the store, Sorrell approached him and fatally stabbed Michael Furlong with a hunting knife. Sorrell was found to be not guilty of murder on the grounds that he was mentally ill when he committed the crime. Sorrell suffered from paranoid schizophrenia. 2.0 Procedures of the case This Act is the Crimes Act 1900. PARTIES INVOLVED: Regina v. Sorrell, Michael Peter At about 4pm on 3rd June 2002, Michael Furlong, the victim and his brother Glen went to R.S. Components, an electrical retailer, at Smithfield to purchase electrical components. The accused was then present. He left the store shortly after. The victim and his brother had left the store and went to another electrical store in Smithfield. They were followed by the accused. When they returned to their vehicle having entered the store, the accused approached them, and, after speaking to the victim, killed the victim with a knife and chased the victim’s brother. The following day at about 3:20am the accused was apprehended asleep in his vehicle with a large hunting knife present with him, presumably the knife with which the offence was committed. He was in possession of the victim’s wallet which enabled the police to link the accused to the offence. 3.0 Court Proceedings In the......

Words: 1592 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Mr.Rokon

... and meet rigorous physical and personal qualifications * Most police officer must graduate from their agency’s training academy before getting on-the-job training. Work environment– Work environment: * Police officer work can be physically demanding, stressful, and dangerous * Police officers have one of the highest rates of on-the-job injuries and fatalities Compensation (salary) Earnings: * The median annual wage of police and detectives was $55,010 in May 2010. RELATED OCCUPATION: Job Title: Correctional Officer Nature of work: * Correctional officers are responsible for overseeing individuals who have been arrested and are awaiting trial or who have been sentenced to serve time in a jail, reformatory, or prison. * Inspect conditions within facilities to ensure that they meet established standards * Aid in rehabilitation and counseling of offenders Qualifications: * Correctional officers must have at least a high school diploma or equivalent. * Some state and local corrections agencies require some college credits, but law enforcement or military experience may be substituted for this requirement. * For...

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Prison

...Today, prisons all over the world is overpopulated and most of the expenses are paid in account on the taxpayers’ behalf. Some inmates are not necessarily criminals, but prison seems to be the solution to anybody that slightly troubled the law. In Julia Sudbury’s Maroon Abolitionists, anti-prison groups strongly discouraged the Prison-Industrial Complex and worked against it to prevent private corporations from making profits and focused to imply a correctional facility to better the individual. With significant increases in population of inmates yearly, it is crucial to seek improvement in correcting the system and treated with fair access. Prison-Industrial Complex (PIC) is an interaction that shares interest of all who helps expand the prison system for personal profits, from monetary profits, political power, control of resources, ownership of properties, etc… It is a system where the private corporate put their self before others and for personal benefits. Inmates are often discriminated based on their race, gender, or culture so the private prison companies can reach their potential power. In Julia Sudbury, Maroon Abolitionists, she showed that the U.S. currently incarcerates approx. 2.3 million people, similarly 762 per 100,000. There are 167,000 prisoners in all of California. 60% of those incarcerated in prison are an ethnic minority. Statistics showed that three quarters of all inmates for drug related offenses are people of color. 1 in every 8 black males in......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Judgement Call

...doing so either. Of course the problem with altering evidence is that the attorney could possibly be caught. If that were to happen, the attorney would be the one who ended up in prison. Because of Double Jeopardy, Jane wouldn’t be retried for murder, but the attorney could end up with several years to serve. Would it have been worth it then? Possibly, for knowing that he/she did the right thing, but then their life, children’s lives, family and loved ones would end up suffering. It may be worth it though knowing he/she had saved someone’s life. Egoism – The attorney could look at their actions for forging Jane’s signature as a definite way to free her, thereby enhancing their own career as an attorney. Probably a high profile case, getting Jane off without the worry of getting a guilty criminal off would ease their conscience and build their career at the same time. Conversely, if they get caught, they get disbarred and jailed. Utilitarianism – By forging Jane’s signature and getting her off, she’s one less innocent person who has been jailed unfairly thereby lessening the issue of jail over-crowding. One less prisoner also means less tax payer dollars for local tax payers. Deontology – Jane didn’t do anything wrong and only the wrong circumstances are preventing her from staying out of prison. Especially for paying in cash she was foolish for not have gotten a receipt. She was also irresponsible...

Words: 590 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sdfew

...comparable to those associated with the imprisonment of an adult. ” –Justice Marshall for the minority in Schall v. Martin, 1984. “Detention: A form of locked custody of youth pre-trial who are arrested— juvenile detention centers are the juvenile justice system’s version of “jail, in which most young people are being held before the court has ” judged them delinquent. Some youth in detention are there because they fail the conditions of their probation or parole, or they may be waiting in detention before their final disposition (i.e. sentence to a community program, or juvenile correctional facility). 3 ” The increased and unnecessary use of secure detention exposes troubled young people to an environment that more closely resembles adult prisons and jails than the kinds of community and family-based interventions proven to be...

Words: 2245 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Soc 120

...questions? Is ethical treatment of prisoners related to profitability in our country?"It is argued that Plato was right in claiming that justice is more profitable, more rational, and more intrinsically valuable than injustice (Velasquez 1996). Certainly mistreatment of the least among us is injustice. If so then the question may then become, "What is justice?" To be sure, it seems that there may well be more questions regarding the ethics surrounding treatment of prisoners than solid answers. For these reasons, it is necessary that the ethical treatment of prisoners be examined. I submit that we, as a society, are only as good as the treatment that we mete out to the lowest of our population. Do certain sectors of society like having a "prison-class" of criminals so that perhaps their transgressions against society may go unnoticed In order to successfully analyze the treatment of our prisoners, we must first establish a criteria or yardstick against which to measure. This is not an easy task. There are various schools of thought in our society. Basically, there are two majorly different schools of thought. One prominent school of thought on the subject is that we must attempt to rehabilitate or retrain prisoners as to how to function...

Words: 1814 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Criminal Justice

...does seem to be evolving with the focus and understanding of the dangers when it comes to overcrowding. The Dangers of overcrowding: Prison Murders, Rapes, Suicides, (Offenders and Correctional Staff), are increasing within the prison setting. There appears to be fewer officers, nurses, and psychologist to meet the needs of the prisoner. Too few staff members not only promote violence, but also place the community in harm’s way. Prison escapes seem to be a special concern when it comes to the safety to victims and families involved. Mental Patients: In many cases mentally challenged offenders are misdiagnosed or simply housed with the regular population due to overcrowding and lack of staff. This lessens the likelihood of rehabilitation prevailing, without proper medical care and counseling. In these cases violence could present or incite riots, escapes and death. In California, there have been several mental patients who were found dead due to suicide incidents. In these cases it would seem to be easy for a prisoner, who has a mental challenge to be misdiagnosed and not given medications that could assist with rehabilitation. For a newly released offender, this could continue his or her path to criminal behavior. An innocent life may be lost for no good reason except the real life issues of overcrowding of jails and prisons. Youth Offenders: Youth offenders make up a large number of the prisoner population. If...

Words: 518 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Effectiveness and Efficiency Mobile-Based Applications Provide to Capture Geolocation Data

...Pennsylvania Correctional System Network Project Daniel Stanley Strayer University Pennsylvania Correctional System Network Project This proposal is for a data communication network to serve the Pennsylvania Correctional system. The Pennsylvania legislature recently approved funding sufficient to pay for the development of this proposal. Pending proposal acceptance by the Pennsylvania State Correctional Office of Technology (a department within the state Office of Corrections), funding will be sought to implement the proposal. The proposed network is designed to serve the state Office of Corrections and two of its local district offices. The state office, located in Pennsylvania, contains five departments to be served by this network. Each correctional office contains four departments to be served. The Correctional facilities located in York, 50 miles from the state office. The Correctional facilities located in Harrisburg, about 75 miles from the state office. This network is for administrative purposes and is specifically designed to be independent of officers computing facilities. Objectives of the Network The network is designed to achieve several specific business/operational objectives: 1. Secure Service: The main objective of this network is to provide secure administrative computing service to the State Office and two districts. It is designed to be functionally and physically isolated from access by people not employed by Pennsylvania Correctional...

Words: 1672 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hiv/Aids in Prison

...Issues in Corrections Final Essay February 18, 2013 In prisons across the country there are multiple challenges faced, one being HIV and AIDS. Inmates are often held in unsanitary conditions in which the HIV virus is spread through the use of non-sterile drug injection equipment, sexual contacts, tattooing and sharing of razors. America has the highest rate of HIV positive inmates in the world at about 1.5., and this is at the lowest it’s been. In previous years it was about 194 cases per 10,000 inmates. These issues are not just present in male prisons either. Drug-related crimes constitute the largest percentage of arrests, and most of these crimes involve possession rather than sales or manufacture. Given the large number of drug users incarcerated in the U.S., it’s an issue in both female and male prisons. Some inmates can be HIV or AIDS positive at the time they are incarcerated. By already being infected they are imposing a risk for the rest of the population, so it’s important that prisons test new inmates and are able to place them in protective custody in order not to spread the illness to more inmates. Unfortunately, this is not the only way inmates catch the disease, its common they become infected after being incarcerated. This is where the real challenge of prevention in prisons presents itself. Injecting drug use, sexual behavior, tattooing, and violence are all contributors in prisons. Within prisons it is difficult to obtain clean injecting......

Words: 1017 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Criminal Justice Ethics

...Ethics in Criminal Justice Ethical Dilemma 1: Gun Rally After receiving a tip regarding a possible unlawful rally being planned, you must decide what the proper course of action is, taking into account your personal support of the mission of the rally, and your duties and obligations to uphold the law. The proper course of action in this scenario is to assign a subordinate officer to identify the leader or the organizers of the event, and inform them of all of the permit requirements, local ordinances, and laws of the municipality which pertain to public gatherings. Ethical Dilemma 2: Chief’s Orders A decision was made to advise other police officers about the anonymous tip. The chief officer on duty advises you to take certain actions which you believe are improper and biased; you are faced with the dilemma of obeying what appears to be an unlawful order. This scenario requires you to balance between following the order of a superior officer, and performing your own duties in accordance with the oath you took upon being sworn as a police officer. The proper course of action is to do both; follow the orders to the extent that the rally is not allowed, and perform your duty as a public servant. Ethical Dilemma 3 : Accepting Favors You discover that an officer from a neighboring police agency you are assigned to work with accepts gratuities on a regular basis; the officer justifies his actions, citing an “agreement” with members of the public. You are......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2