Prison Life and Recidivism

In: Other Topics

Submitted By klc0853
Words 2641
Pages 11
Prison Life and Recidivism
Karen Cavanagh
CRJ303: Corrections
Instructor: Gary Gonzales
September 19, 2011

Prison Life and Recidivism

Prison recidivism is a problem in the United States, resulting in prison overcrowding. As the government struggles to address the conditions in prisons, researchers have begun to look at alternatives to incarceration. These alternatives can result in lowering crime, recidivism and the prison population. The numbers of people in the United States spending time in prison and the amount of time people are spending is an enormous problem and cost for every state (Langan & Levin, 2002).
Prisons correctional role is mainly formed from the special strict environment where sentenced people are placed for a certain period of time. The difference in life conditions, that are stricter, more formal as well as restricted, forces on the sentenced person and has a correctional and educational function on his consciousness of a person. Prisoners have less freedoms and rights than those who are out of prison. They are forced to obey the rules of the correctional facility that includes a strict scheduled daily life, limit time for outside activities out of the cells, limited access to visitors and limited time of the visits. Prisoners in the United States have a shorter period of time for visitors to visit prisoners compared to other countries.
The life of prisoners in the correctional institutions is based on the authoritarian regime of the prison’s authorities that are in charge of regulations. Victories for prisoners seeking relief from abusive prison conditions are all too rare. US courts are often as hate to condemn the mistreatment of inmates and wretched prisons as the public is willing to condone - if not encourage - them. Sometimes, however, inmates win. One case involving a cross gender strip search in jail. The other involved…...

Similar Documents

Recidivism

... directly to job sited or aftercare programs sponsored by nonprofits. Now some nonprofits that serve the small population of young inmates at Rikers are also offering this option. Experts in the field say aftercare programs are crucial to prevent recidivism. The question that must be asked is if these programs work so well and experts state that there crucial to prevent recidivism why aren’t there more programs to help these individuals reintegrate in to society to become productive human beings? There are hundreds of programs that are available to help those in need but many of them are loosing government funding making, it difficult to offer these kinds of programs in places were the crime offenders are sent back to the same situation that got them in jail the frist time with out the skills that are needed to start a productive life and reintegration, means that even if the person wanted to do well chances are that he/she would end up in jail in a years time. Prison rehabilitation programs also open the door to other out side facilities to give a hand in the prevention of recidivism. In The Watcher and the Watched Dr. Bruno Cormier M.D states Faculty from the State University of New York College of arts and science at Plattsburg took an active part in supervising activities and instructing inmates… We were involve because we wanted to improve inmates ’ knowledge of themselves, their understanding of other individuals and of society in general, their adoption of......

Words: 828 - Pages: 4

Recidivism

... showed that seven out of ten male prisoners that were released will return to prison. (Viser) The question of how does incarceration effect recidivism seems to be obvious. It doesn’t have an impact on those who serve there sentences in prisons or jails. However there are factors that could influence those who serve time and thereby have an impact on recidivism. The dependant variable of the articles reviewed is recidivism itself in the reincarceration of those who were released. The independent variables found were substance addiction, mental illness, and readjustment to society after release. One problem in an inmate’s rehabilitation is dealing with addiction. In 2002 half of jail inmates were held for drug as well as violent offenses. Drug offender population was up by 37% and more than two thirds of the population growth in local jails was due to the increase of those charged with drug law violations. (4) In a personal interview with a federal inmate I was told that most of those who are in violation of drug laws of possession and trafficking do so to support their own drug addiction. This inmate had been in and out of the judicial system since 1972 stating that “every time I get out I end up on the dope again”. Because of this problem substance abuse treatment has become implemented into the recovery mind set of incarceration. A qualitative study over a five year period tracked a cohort of nonviolent inmates participating in an alcohol and drug treatment program in...

Words: 1514 - Pages: 7

Prison Work Release Does It Help in Recidivism?

...Prison Work Release Does it help in recidivism? The reason I choose to write on this topic is to explain the work release program in prison for recidivism. In addition, while working in corrections I worked at a work release center. While these issues among the general public is somewhat complex, the program itself is fairly straightforward. Prison work release allows an inmate in custody with the Department of Corrections to live at a prison work release center and to go out in the community independently and find employment. The Department of Corrections does not find jobs for the inmates. The inmate must search for jobs and interview like anyone else looking for a job. Inmates walk, ride a bicycle, or use public transportation to look for a job. Once they obtain a job they use the same methods to get to their job. The Department of Corrections also does not pay for the use of public transportation. In order to find employment some centers require inmates to buy a bus pass that is valid for at least one month. However, since most inmates do not have any money to buy a bus pass they rely on family or anybody they can convince to send them money. The general public is somewhat leery about allowing inmates to be free to work with the general public. Sometimes when a person of the general public learns that an inmate is working at a restaurant they patronize they won’t return to the establishment. Some people might wonder what the purpose of it is. Will it prevent the...

Words: 2285 - Pages: 10

Life in Prison

...Life in Prison Cody Cotten CJA/383 December 21, 2010 Chet Madison Jr. Life in Prison When an individual is introduced to the prison life, after violating rules and laws, he or she must come to terms about the journey he or she are about to take behind bars in prison. No one can save them, or do their time for them, and a majority of their freedom has been stripped from them either temporarily or permanently. Prison life deals with all walks of life and is not discriminative toward any race. In this paper I will discuss my perspective on prison life, policies I would enforce an inmate’s need for respect, changes on correctional policy, and why people commit crimes.   I have learned many things about prison life. I have in fact changed my perception of what I thought prison life was like. Prison is in fact a fight for survival where the stronger inmates will abuse the weaker inmates. Not only survival from inmates, but from a few corrupted correctional officials as well. When entering prison, one must be perceived as a tough individual to avoid being abused or bullied by other inmates. In addition to other inmates, there are some correctional officers that bully and abuse certain inmates for many reasons. This also gives reason for inmates to hold a sturdy ground while incarcerated. S.D. (2003), currently, prison administrator’s house inmates together based on their desire for violence, misconduct, and escape. The idea behind this is that grouping...

Words: 1847 - Pages: 8

Prison Life and Recidivism

...Prison Life and Recidivism Karen Cavanagh CRJ303: Corrections Instructor: Gary Gonzales September 19, 2011 Prison Life and Recidivism Prison recidivism is a problem in the United States, resulting in prison overcrowding. As the government struggles to address the conditions in prisons, researchers have begun to look at alternatives to incarceration. These alternatives can result in lowering crime, recidivism and the prison population. The numbers of people in the United States spending time in prison and the amount of time people are spending is an enormous problem and cost for every state (Langan & Levin, 2002). Prisons correctional role is mainly formed from the special strict environment where sentenced people are placed for a certain period of time. The difference in life conditions, that are stricter, more formal as well as restricted, forces on the sentenced person and has a correctional and educational function on his consciousness of a person. Prisoners have less freedoms and rights than those who are out of prison. They are forced to obey the rules of the correctional facility that includes a strict scheduled daily life, limit time for outside activities out of the cells, limited access to visitors and limited time of the visits. Prisoners in the United States have a shorter period of time for visitors to visit prisoners compared to other countries. The life of prisoners in the correctional institutions is based on the authoritarian regime of the...

Words: 2641 - Pages: 11

Recidivism

...High rates of recidivisim are evident in incarcerated, drug offenders after they are released.  What exactly is recidivism?  What do you believe accounts for the high rate of recidivism? Recidivism is a person relapses into the same criminal behavior over and over again. High rates of recidivism stem from drug use, lack of education, poor family structures, mental illnesses, peer pressures, homelessness, inability for convicted persons to obtain jobs after release, unemployment, and poverty. How do you help adolescent drug offenders desiring to be clean if their parents are abusers with no desire to stop using drugs? It is hard to help adolescent drug offenders who have parents that use drugs also. One sure thing is that education plays an important role because it would allow young people with a drug history to see other opportunities that are available. Community programs that train adolescents in vocational areas are important. I have also seen programs that offer life coaches which is someone who will assist adolescents thru everything from budgeting to buying a house, to going to the market, interview skills, how to network, basically teaching them how to care for themselves. However, with anything the adolescent is going to want to make staying clean a priority and utilize this type of service to stay clean for a lifetime. I also believe that mentoring programs play an important role in adolescent drug offenders because it allows them to have someone that...

Words: 689 - Pages: 3

Recidivism

...Akber Ansar Jefferey Chan Research Paper 11-29-2012 Recidivism Crime in America is a problem not easily solved. Study and research throughout the years have shown different statistics and outcomes when it comes to how the penal system works. My first hand experience with being an inmate of the prison system and the five years I spent there, there was little help I received in trying to change my life around. What was lacking in my experience was the actual ability to expand on my education or even some sort of trade to ensure job acquisition upon my release. Programs should be better implemented for higher education for the inmates in the prison system so as to reduce what is termed recidivism. Recidivism: Questions arise for those first timers who have never heard of of this term. Recidivism is one of the most fundamental concepts in criminal justice, it refers to a person's relapse into criminal behavior. The majority of the U.S. populous are unaware of this growing epidemic with the prison system, as well as the growing population of convicted felons in American prisons both in the system and those striving in the free world to stay out. In many ways we have to ask ourselves as a society what can we do for those looking to be contributing citizens again, how can we help in the process of their rehabilitation, and where should we step in to get there education back on track? Having a better understanding of the process those having to rehabilitate we can better...

Words: 430 - Pages: 2

Life in Prison

...How would you describe life in prison? Just imagine being surrounded by a thousand other men who have been convicted of a felonious crime by the state attorney’s office. It is not the Holiday Inn, and it is not meant to be. Many people do not see the true colors behind a life in prison because they do not experience it themselves to make that judgment. In the following paragraphs, I would like to illustrate the stressful and depressive emotions the incarcerated experience while in custody. These individuals dwell on freedom and strive to survive. I will reveal the repetitious routines in which some are mandatory for the inmates to follow, the prison community as a whole, inmate job assignments, the numerous rehabilitation programs the Department of Corrections offers, and the very few responsibilities the inmates have to follow. To begin with, revealing the repetitious routines of the prison population is very important. Their routine may consist of attending mandatory callouts, reporting to work, being present for school, or assisting other staff members who are roaming at the institution. Inmates are required by the state to report to any “callout” issued to them. For example, an inmate cannot refuse a PPD (Tuberculosis injection) which tests for the highly severe disease Tuberculosis. “A callout is a mandatory order issued by a staff member of the department for the inmate to report to” (Florida Department of Corrections, 2012). Inmates not only have to report to...

Words: 1634 - Pages: 7

Recidivism

... and mental health issues. Poverty Poverty, as defined by MSN Encarta, states that poverty is the condition in which on does not have enough money to provide basic needs such as food, clothing, and housing. According to the U. S. Census Bureau (2005-2009) 102,366 families earned less than $10,000 annual income for the year 2005 and for the years 2005-2009 7.4% of all house holds earned less than $10,000 annually. Research indicates that children from low-income families are more likely to have chronic illnesses, mental health issues and suffer from other disabilities more than their peers, according to Gyamfi (1129). Poverty also contributes to the increase in violence, lower education, increased health problems, bad relationships with parents and peers. Poverty is one of the leading factors in juvenile recidivism (77). Poverty includes financial impact to the family, but also includes the environment that surrounds the family. According to Evans, low-income communities have a significant higher rate of crime. They are filled with poverty, high unemployment rates, and less than adequate schooling all factors that increases the rate of crime (Evans 84). Mental Health Mental health is how and individual looks at themselves and their life and others in their lives, how they evaluate their challenges and problems, makes decisions which includes handling stress related to other people. Several factors that are relevant to mental health service received and...

Words: 1643 - Pages: 7

Recidivism

... offender’s character. It is a way of treating offenders via various psychological techniques, counseling, and training. This form of correction model is very effective. To increase its effectiveness the criminal justice should consider implementing measures in prisons so as to reduce rates of recidivism after release. According to experts, twenty percent of inmates have been found to commit crimes because of substance abuse. (Cullen, 1982) Drug abuse in prison and corrective facilities is very rampant. For these cases to reduce there should be rampant screening of inmates to verify their health. Measures should be taken to check on their mental health and addiction to substance abuse. (Marieke, 2013) After verification of the root causes of crime, rehabilitation come in hand. It is the best way to reduce recidivism because offenders say drug addicts would go through the process of training and counseling to manage their urge for drugs and in the long run the results are satisfactory as their reliance on drugs ceases. (Rainer, 2013) Thus, the twenty percent of individuals who commit crimes for money to buy drugs will be saved from recidivism since they will have learnt the negative impacts of substance abuse. Furthermore, rehabilitation for inmate addicts has proved to be effective according to scientific studies carried out in the last two decades. This calls for adoption of rehabilitation model as compared to other form of correction models which do not focus on changing...

Words: 717 - Pages: 3

Recidivism

...One of the main problems with our criminal justice system is the issue of recidivism. More often than not, criminals who are released from jail will be arrested again. Leading to a constant flow of criminals coming in and out of prisons and jails. According to a report by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, recidivism rates for particular offenders can be greater than 70% (Langan & Levlin 2002) with an overall rate between 43-46% (Pew Center 2011). The problem with the recidivism rate in the United States is that while criminals are being incarcerated, they are not being treated or rehabilitated to get away from the life of crime. Without treatment the recidivism rates will continue to grow, until change is made in the justice system. Recidivism is an important issue due to the concern of public safety, the stress it puts on law enforcement, and cost of the revolving door trend in today's correctional facilities. Once recidivism starts it is harder for a person to stop criminal acts, and they tend to multiply and can get worse as time passes. The issue of recidivism in the United States is a problem that grows bigger every day. Many offenders in the criminal justice system are becoming repeat offenders. This leads to higher crime rates, higher expenses for police, courts, prisons, and jails. The research that has been conducted isn't just focused on what the rates of recidivism are; they also focus on who is more likely to be a repeat offender as well as offering......

Words: 367 - Pages: 2

Recidivism

...ABSTRACT Lowering Recidivism by Easing One’s Transition Back into Society focuses on key factors in the lives of ex-offenders that may cause or prevent their rearrest. Using disguised field observation, I was able to examine the lives of 11 men who have served time in prison. I compared their ages, education level, marital statuses, number of children, and jobs to the number of times that they have each been rearrested. Initially, I used secondary data analysis to find out what factors have had an effect on ex-offenders. What lacked in previous studies are the long-term effects of these offenders’ family lives, values, socioeconomic status, prison programs/schooling, and their transitions. Therefore, while most research done on the impact consists of one factor alone, I incorporated all of these in to my study. By using existing data and disguised field observation, I was able to compare the data to real people who have experienced having to reenter society after serving time in prison. Of the 11 men that I observed, 5 of them have been rearrested at least once. Although my sample size was small, I was able to see similarities when comparing my results with other studies’ statistics. My findings suggest that the older a person is and the more time that he served, the less likely he is to recidivate. However, my research also suggests that the pursuit of an education, having a responsibility such as a child, or being married, provides enough structure to......

Words: 258 - Pages: 2

Life in Prison

...Midterm Paper Life in prison is something that many people do not know how to even understand or imagine because they have never experienced something like this. Statistically, one of every 5 people will know what it is like to be in prison. According to the U.S Bureau of Justice Statistics, there are 2,266,800 adults in the prison system throughout the United States which is about .94% of the U.S population. The United States does have the highest incarceration rate in the world. The rate of crime has increased in many cities/parts throughout the United States which has resulted in an increase in persons incarcerated. The fortunate thing is that there is a place where criminals are kept for their wrongdoings however, the United States population is paying to house every single one of them with our tax dollars. Prison has a life of its own which is something totally different from what is shown/portrayed on television, films and movies. In this paper, I will be writing about what life in prison really is like. In an Arizona state prison, the system has four levels of security which are: minimum, medium, closed and maximum. These levels are designated to encarcerate prisoners at a different level due to chance of escape, harming other inmates or in other cases to protect them from other inmates. As an inmate goes up in custody level, the less freedom they are allowed. Minimum security housing is described as living in a dorm style housing unit which includes an open...

Words: 446 - Pages: 2

Life After Prison

... Life After Prison Pamela Nichols Everest Online Jennifer Dunn Composition II - 6 J. Katarzyna Woronowicz  /  for msnbc.com J. Katarzyna Woronowicz  /  for msnbc.com Randall Countryman, 40, applied for 90 positions before getting a five-week temporary assignment Do you know someone that has been in jail or prison for a long time? Do they have a plan when they get released? Do they have a job waiting on them? Do they have a place to live? Find a place to live, a job to support themselves and their families is one of the biggest things that an ex-offender will have to face when they are released. This is the problem that most inmates have to think about upon release. Some may not have someone in the family that they can turn to. There are those that don’t have a safe place to go to, so they have to worry about can I go there and not get back into the same trouble that got me put into jail in the first place. Ex-offenders should have more opportunities to have jobs, housings, and to more places to get habilitation service if needed. Finding work is hard work in the reentry process for many reason. There are many places that programs that are made to help them to come back into society and also help with finding jobs. But some of these work programs do not make finding a job easy. So the problem is that some overcrowded prisons currently house...

Words: 1399 - Pages: 6

Life in Prison

...When an individual is introduced to the prison life, after violating rules and laws, he or she must come to terms about the journey he or she are about to take behind bars in prison. No one can save them, or do their time for them, and a majority of their freedom has been stripped from them either temporarily or permanently. Prison life deals with all walks of life and is not discriminative toward any race. In this paper I will discuss my perspective on prison life, policies I would enforce an inmate’s need for respect, changes on correctional policy, and why people commit crimes. I have learned many things about prison life. I have in fact changed my perception of what I thought prison life was like. Prison is in fact a fight for survival where the stronger inmates will abuse the weaker inmates. Not only survival from inmates, but from a few corrupted correctional officials as well. When entering prison, one must be perceived as a tough individual to avoid being abused or bullied by other inmates. In addition to other inmates, there are some correctional officers that bully and abuse certain inmates for many reasons. This also gives reason for inmates to hold a sturdy ground while incarcerated. S.D. (2003), currently, prison administrator’s house inmates together based on their desire for violence, misconduct, and escape. The idea behind this is that grouping dangerous inmates together allows prison administrators to concentrate surveillance resources on those most in......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2