Problems with Population Growth

In: Business and Management

Submitted By phealy418
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Problems with Population Growth
Population change is caused when the birth rate is higher than the death rate, the birth rate is defined as ‘the number of live births per thousand of the population’ and the death rate is defined as ‘the number of live births per thousand of the population’ (Brooks, 2011).
As of October 2010 the world’s population reached a total of 6.9 Billion people which is 1.6 Billion more than what it was in 1990 (Brooks, 2011). With the birth rate being much higher than the death rate the government must invest more money in caring for the larger number of elderly people, but they must also invest in catering for the increase number of birth each year.
Population growth can have a number of negative effects such as environmental problems, with population growth contributing to almost 7.9% of the world’s environmental problems (Wenner, 2005). Population growth also has effects such as reduction of the world’s resources, and overpopulation of certain areas.
In countries such as Tanzania, the economy is growing each year by 6.4 percent, as well as this the population is growing by 2.9 percent per year. The country’s government is concerned that they need to control this fast population growth in order for them to accelerate economic growth. Tanzania’s government have a 5 year plan in place in order for them to reduce the number of maternal deaths to 175 for every 100,000 births (Saiboko, 2012).
The huge increase in population growth means that there is huge pressure on the world’s resources, causing the resources to diminish, as every person that is born will need food, water, and energy to survive (Martin, 2011). With the world’s population at 7 billion 21% of these people are living in poverty, so as this figure increases so will the amount of people living in poverty. The worst statistic of all is that the countries suffering the most…...

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