Free Essay

Process Analysis (“How to”)

In: Other Topics

Submitted By amirahalshehri
Words 1630
Pages 7
7. Process Analysis (“How To”)
NOTE: The following is general information about the rhetorical mode. It is not meant to take the place of any specific instructions given by your instructor for this assignment. If your instructor wants you to write your paper in a different manner, then by all means do it the way your instructor requires you to do it.

Processing the Process Essay
Here is some detailed information about writing your process (“How to”) essay. 1. The “big idea” behind the paper: Practically everyone knows how to do something very well. In fact, many people know how to do something so well that they could actually teach someone else to do it. That is the main purpose behind the process essay. You are to select something (a process) that you know how to do very well and then write a regular essay which “teaches” the reader how to do that same thing. 2. Here are some important specifics and details. Follow all of them very closely. The formal name of the mode is process analysis. Process = a step-by-step movement from a beginning point to an ending point. Analysis = a careful examination; a close, detailed look at something 3. How do I select a topic? a. b. c. d. Something you know how to do very well Maybe something you do as a hobby Something you do as part of your job Perhaps something you learned how to do in school (but do not use any textbook to copy from or to get steps from). All ideas should come from only one source: your own experience.

4. What kind of topic should I select? a. First of all, select something that is very practical, down-to-earth, and easily visualized by your reader. b. Accordingly, you should not select a topic that is general, wishy-washy, and much too philosophical, such as “how to change your attitude about life.” Leave that stuff to Dr. Phil and Oprah. c. To be on the safe side, limit your choices to one of two categories: 1. Making something (a bird house, a swing, a hamburger, etc.) 2. Performing a service (waiting tables, washing a car, etc.)

d. Select something easily manageable, not something too big. For example, how to build an entire house would be much too big and complicated for this essay; however, how to repave the driveway would be more manageable. 5. One of the most important purposes of this whole assignment is your ability to look at the process critically (analyze) and to divide the whole thing into several concrete steps. a. Have at least three steps. Obviously, the more complex the process, the more steps you will have. b. Each step should be easy to visualize as you explain it to the reader. c. Each step must be distinct and different from the previous step. d. Write one whole paragraph to explain each step. When a new paragraph begins, the reader of your paper should correctly assume that a new step in the process is also beginning. 6. The process itself should have a definite beginning point, a middle point, and an ending point. (See transitional words and phrases below.) Your paper should seem to be always moving forward through the process to get to the end. Don’t dawdle around or get bogged down in the middle of the process. 7. Your introductory paragraph contains no steps; instead, it simply prepares the reader for the topic of your paper. You might try including such information as the following: When did you first try this process? Why is this process important? Why should the reader care about this process or be interested in it? NOTE: By the time the introductory paragraph ends, the reader should know clearly what the process is and that you are about to explain to him how to do it. Don’t make your reader have to “guess” what you’re going to talk about. 8. By the same token, the concluding paragraph of your essay also contains no steps. The purpose of the concluding paragraph is to “ease out” of the topic by talking somewhat generally about the product or the service and then ending on a nice, warm, positive note about the topic in general. 9. Even though you are dealing with several steps in this essay, do not literally list and label the steps as steps. For example, do not write anything like this: Step I: Step II: Get two pieces of 2 by 4 plywood. Sand them down until both are very smooth.

Instead, explain each step in a regular, normal paragraph using regular, normal words and sentences. In short, this essay is not any different in appearance and style from any of the other essays you have already written for this course. You are to write a regular, normal essay that has the purpose of explaining to the reader in great detail the various steps involved in how to make a product or how to perform a service. That’s it!

10. Do not use the two words “How to…” in your title. This is very unnecessary. By the time the reader finishes your introduction, it should be crystal clear to him what your topic is and that you are about to explain to him how to make it or how to perform it. (It is all right, however, to use the words how to in your introductory paragraph if you wish.) 11. Just this one time for this one assignment, you may use the words you, your, and yours if you feel you must. In a way, you are talking directly to the reader, so the use of these pronouns might be considered necessary. However, do not overuse them. 12. Here are some important transitional words you might need to use as you take the reader through the forward journey of explaining your process: At the start of the process At first,…….. In the beginning,…. As you start,….. To begin with,….. The first step,…. When you begin,….. In the middle of the process Next,.…. After that,….. Continuing with,…. The next step is…. When this step is finished,…. As you continue,……

At or near the end of the process Finally,…. As you finish,….. Toward the end,…. The last step,…..

07-08-08-1b

NOTE: The following is general information about the rhetorical mode. It is not meant to take the place of any specific instructions given by your instructor for this assignment. If your instructor wants you to write your paper in a different manner, then by all means do it the way your instructor requires you to do it.

Tips on Doing a Cooking Process Essay
If you choose to tell “how to” cook some dish with which you are familiar, that is all right. However, you must be careful not to make your essay sound like a recipe. Your essay should use regular, flowing, smooth sentences, not little short choppy phrases and sentences like those commonly used in recipes. Nowhere in your essay should you make a “list” of anything--no listing of necessary utensils or ingredients. You will need to say everything in normal, regular, full-length sentences. Here are two paragraphs. The first shows how you should NOT phrase your cooking how-to paper. The second talks about the same dish but uses more acceptable sentence structuring. NOTE: Because in a certain sense you are talking directly to the person who is reading your how-to paper, it will be all right in this one essay for you to use the word you when giving your information and instructions. However, do not overuse it. Unacceptable (this paragraph sounds exactly like a recipe): It is fairly easy to cook a delicious apple cobbler. Here are the things you need: two cups apples (peeled and sliced); 1 ½ cup of sugar; two sticks of butter or margarine; two cups of flour. Pour apples into a large howl. Add sugar slowly. Blend in butter or margarine. Pre-heat oven to 525 degrees. Place bowl on center rack of oven. Cook for 30 minutes or until brown on the top. Acceptable (this one uses regular sentences and phrases to say the same thing): It is fairly easy to cook a delicious apple cobbler. First, you will need to have at least two cups of apples on hand, and they should be peeled and sliced into thin crescent shapes. Almost any type of apple will do--either red delicious or granny style or whatever your local grocery store offers. Next, you will need about one half cup of sugar for extra added sweetness. Either white granulated sugar or brown refined will work equally well. (I have used both kinds with the same success.) Finally, about two sticks of butter or two pounds of margarine will be necessary to give the cobbler that lip-smacking smoothness that my family just loves. The actual making of the cobbler is also fairly simple. You’ll need a very large mixing bowl, into which you will pour all the carefully cut apple slices as well as the sugar and the butter. Now you’ll need a rather large fork or spatula to mix and “mush up” all the ingredients together until they are all fairly well blended. While you have been doing all this, the oven has been pre-heating to a toasty 425 degrees Fahrenheit. When you think the mixture is well blended, then place the bowl carefully near the back of the center oven rack and leave it there for about thirty minutes. After about half that time, you will begin to smell the enchanting aroma of baked apples filling your home, thus telling everyone that the wonderful time of fall is definitely here.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Process Analysis

...Process Analysis I believe this article will tell me how to write a proper, process analysis essay while also providing examples and other tools needed to start off the essay on the right foot. Process analysis is an operation that is composed of processes designed to add value by transforming inputs into useful outputs. The author compares the term process analysis to cause and effect and narration the author says that all of these three ideas break down into three different categories. Narration talks mainly about what happens, while cause and effect talk about why it's happening, and process analysis talks about how it is happening. The examples the author gives for process analysis are things like giving directions, or how to make ice cream. The author provides us with two different types of process analysis. One of them is directional, which provides instructions on how to do something. The purpose of directional process analysis is to provide the reader instructions to follow in order to achieve a particular task. Then, there is the informational type of process analysis which explains how something works, how something is made, or how something happens. The author says that you would normally use an informational type process analysis if you wanted to explain how the human heart functions. While reading the text, I thought it was very informative on how to write a proper process analysis paper. The author provided many useful examples for both......

Words: 271 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Isfm 300 Case Study, Stage 1 Business Environment Analysis

...ISFM 300 Case Study, Stage 1 Business Environment Analysis Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwaid.com/shop/isfm-300-case-study-stage-1-business-environment-analysis/ Before you begin this assignment, be sure you have read the “UMUC Haircuts Case Study” and be sure to take a look at the “Walmart Example.” Overview of Business Environment Analysis for UMUC Haircuts UMUC Haircuts has been in business since 1995 and has seen an increase in competition from a variety of competitors, as described in the Case Study. With the news that a Hair Cuttery is likely to open only five miles away, Myra, the owner of UMUC Haircuts, is concerned and has begun analyzing her situation and what could be done to remain competitive in this changing environment. She has recognized that scheduling her employees and her customers is causing her problems, and she thinks she should focus on that first, as it is fundamental to her business. Myra also believes that there must be a technology solution that could help her run her salon, but she has no idea where to start. You are a Systems Analyst, and Myra has asked you to help her with determining how she can improve her business. Myra has requested, specifically, that youverify and provide added support to her own analysis that has resulted in the identification of a Strategy for Competitive Advantage and a Business Process for Improvement. This will be the basis for defining business and systems requirements for an IT solution.This......

Words: 2447 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Project Management

...OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAM SPRING, 2005 BUS. MGT. 739 PROCESS ANALYSIS AND IMPROVEMENT Professor Bill Berry Office: Fisher Hall 660A Telephone: 292-3173 Office Hours: Tuesday/Thursday 3:30 - 5:18 PM (or by appointment) Class: Schoenbaum Hall 210 Tuesday/Thursday 1:30 - 3:18 PM Course Description Table of Contents Page I. Perspective of the Course 2 II. Content of the Course 2 III. Objectives of the Course 2 IV. Teaching Approach 2 V. Course Material 2 VI. Grading 3 VII. Instructor's Expectation 3 VIII. Sequence of Topics 4 IX. Assignment Questions 6 I. Perspective of the Course This course will present a management perspective on the analysis and improvement of processes in both manufacturing and service operations. The improvement of processes to reduce cost and time is a critical activity in business today in order to be competitive in the market place. U.S. firms are under severe pressure to be competitive against......

Words: 1436 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Training Plan

...Environmental Analysis “Environmental analysis is the evaluation of the possible or probable effects of external forces and conditions on an organization’s survival and growth strategies” (Business Dictionary, 2014). Stonefield should consider all external effects toward the company when training employees. Anything that can happen most likely will happen when it comes to environmental effects. For example, the stock market crashing and millions of jobs lost would be the result of an environmental effect. Organizational Analysis “Organizational analysis is the process of reviewing the development, work environment, personnel, and operation of a business or another type of association” (Business Dictionary, 2014). When management periodically performs a detailed organizational analysis, the company can identify problems that have arisen, but have not been addressed yet. According to Cascio, W.F., 2013, organizational analysis focuses on identifying whether training supports the company’s strategic direction (Cascio, 2013). Demographic Analysis According to Business Dictionary 2014, demographic factors are socioeconomic characteristics of a population expressed statistically, such as education level, age, income level, marital status, religion, birth rate, sex, occupation, death rate, average age at marriage, and average size of a family. A census is a collection of the demographic factors associated with every member of a population. The demographic analysis......

Words: 2709 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Job Analysis

...The process of job analysis helps in identifying the worth of specific job, utilizing the human talent in the best possible manner, eliminating unneeded jobs and setting realistic performance measurement standards. Where to place the employees in order to best utilize their skills and talent? How to determine the need of new employees in the organization? How to eliminate unneeded jobs? How to set realistic performance measurement standards? How to identify the jobs and prepare a plan to fill them? One of the main purposes of conducting job analysis is to prepare job description and job specification which in turn helps to hire the right quality of workforce into the organization (analysis process, 2012). An effective analysis of a particular job helps human resources maintain the right quality of employees, measure their performance on realistic standards, assess their training and development needs and increase their productivity. The first step in the job analysis process is to determine its need and desired and output (personal manager, 11/10). Second step is who will conduct the job analysis: The second most important step in the process of job analysis is to decide who will conduct it and for most companies they prefer having it performed by their own human resource department while other companies tend to hire job analysis consultants. The next step is to decide the way in which job analysis process needs to be conducted and having a planned approach of how to carry......

Words: 603 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Strategic Management

...selected strategy. Strategy analysis can take a longer time before coming to the decision-making process. The intention is that an organization will be on the effective condition and position in attempting created goals and objectives in various influences from internal as well as external factors. Sometimes internal and external factors change the level of intensity and urgency in conducting certain kinds of strategic decisions completely. The orientation of such specific strategies based on various assumptions is related to the assumption which has been used by the planner, in this case, a manager or leader in an organization to produce a decisive strategy. Managers or leaders have to fully aware that all consequences from the implementation of the strategy are being measured and estimated appropriately. After an organization formulating their strategy, then the working units in the organization can set some technical ways in conducting the strategy. The next step is an organization needs to implement their created strategies to gain the best results. Implementation of the strategy, which has been made and written, has aimed to reach a direction has been determined. People, who have also embodied the strategy, will be able to benefit and work successfully. The discussion in the strategic management includes how to manage the organization during the implementation of the strategy. They will think how to put together these plans in a timely manner, and how to create a range......

Words: 3445 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Spend Analysis

...Spend Analysis Lisa Fitzsimons BUS 307 Instructor Peter Thuleen 02/23/2015 Spend analysis is a process that an organization can perform that will allow them to identify wasteful spending and increase company profits. A spend analysis will also show spending patterns and bottlenecks that occur, which will increase company long-term savings (Sharfaei, 2013). This process may be difficult and time consuming, however, with cooperation with each department and proper data analysis and presentation, a spend analysis will be extremely beneficial in the long run. The following information describes what a spend analysis is, skills and tools needed for the data analysis, how a Six Sigma methodology will help with a spend analysis, and what makes up the analysis team who will work to create the spend analysis. What is a Spend Analysis Spend analysis is the application of quantitative techniques to purchasing data in an effort to better understand spending patterns and identify opportunities for improvement. This process involve collecting, cleansing, classifying, and analyzing the expenditures within an organization with the purpose of reducing procurement costs, improving organizational efficiency, and monitoring organizational compliance (Bozarth & Handfield, 2012). A spend analysis can be used to identify a number of different questions regarding where is the bulk of company spending, how much is the organization spending with their suppliers, and does the......

Words: 1298 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Demoo

...Business Analysis Body of Knowledge® (BABOK® Guide) Version 2.0 www.theiiba.org Order ID: IIBA-200911231134-455082 Licensed to Gustavo Simues International Institute of Business Analysis, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ©2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, International Institute of Business Analysis. All rights reserved. Portions of Appendix A: Glossary are from The Software Requirements Memory Jogger, by Ellen Gottesdiener, ©2005 GOAL/QPC and are used with permission. Cover Image ©2006 iStockphoto.com/Damkier Media Group. Version 1.0 and 1.4 published 2005. Version 1.6 Draft published 2006. Version 1.6 Final published 2008. Version 2.0 published 2009. Second Printing. ISBN-13: 978-0-9811292-1-1 (print) ISBN-13: 978-0-9811292-2-8 (PDF and EBook) Permisson is granted to reproduce this document for your own personal, professional, or educational use. If you have purchased a license to use this document from IIBA®, you may transfer ownership to a third party. IIBA® Members may not transfer ownership of their complimentary copy. This document is provided to the business analysis community for educational purposes. IIBA® does not warrant that it is suitable for any other purpose and makes no expressed or implied warranty of any kind and assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions. No liability is assumed for incidental or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of the use of the information contained herein. IIBA®, the IIBA® logo, BABOK® and Business Analysis Body......

Words: 96708 - Pages: 387

Premium Essay

Swot

...Assignment Describe SWOT analysis as a way to guide internal environment. How does this approach reflect the basic strategic management? Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION 3 1.1 Overall description of SWOT analysis 3 1.2 Overview of the elements of the SWOT analysis 3 2.0 SWOT analysis as a way to guide the internal environment 4 2.1 How SWOT analysis prevents weaknesses and maintains strength 4 3.0 How SWOT analysis reflects the basic strategic management 5 Conclusion 7 References 7 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Overall description of SWOT analysis SWOT analysis is an analytical method which is used to identify and categories significant internal (Strengths and Weaknesses) and external (Opportunities and Threats) factors faced either in a particular arena, such as an organization, or a territory, such as a region, nation, or city. It provides information that is helpful in matching the firms' resources and capabilities to the competitive environment in which it operates and is therefore an important contribution to the strategic planning process. It should not be viewed as a static method with emphasis solely on its output, but should be used as a dynamic part of the management and business development process. Strategic planning depends on a clear understanding of your organization’s resources and Capabilities, as well as critical ingredients that are lacking. The assessment of organizational Strengths and weaknesses and opportunities and threats must...

Words: 1259 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

System Analysis

...SYSTEMS SOLUTIONS The Systems Development Cycle: The systems approach can be applied to the solution of many types of problems. When this involves the development of information system solutions to business problems, it is called information systems development or application development. Most computer-based information systems are conceived, designed, and implemented using some form of systematic development process. In this process, end users and information specialists design information systems based on an analysis of the information requirements of an organization. Thus, a major part of this process is known as systems analysis and design. When the systems approach is applied to the development of information system solutions, a multistep process or cycle emerges. This is frequently called the information systems development cycle, also known as the systems development life cycle (SDLC). Steps involved and products produced in the traditional information systems development cycle: 1. Systems investigation - Product: Feasibility Study 2. Systems analysis - Product: Functional Requirements 3. Systems design - Product: Systems Specifications 4. Systems implementation - Product: Operational System 5. Systems maintenance - Product: Improved System 1. All the activities involved are highly related and interdependent. 2. Several developmental activities can occur at the same time. 3. Different parts of a development project can be at different stages......

Words: 2490 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Strategic Management Process

...Business600: Strategic Management Process Literature Review Keyona Henderson Liberty University July 04, 2014 Strategic Management Process Introduction The strategic management process is more than just simple rules. It is a rational approach used in businesses. It starts with management thinking strategically, then applying steps and thought to a process. This process should be understood by everyone in the business. Although it starts with upper management, it should be implemented throughout the entire business and everyone should be included. According to Popescu, in the International Conference on Management and Industrial Engineering “The process of strategic management consists of an ongoing analysis, decisions, and actions activities to create and sustain competitive advantages in order to obtain desired competitive position and achieve strategic objectives”(Popescu,2013). This process is not one simple step and can be complex. It is not a onetime occurrence and can happen multiple times. The ongoing analysis, decisions, and actions that are performed should include all people involved. Everyone should be on the same page throughout the strategic management process. Goal Setting It is important for any business to set goals. Goals give businesses a purpose. It helps to organize the direction in which a business should take. Businesses should always have goals and let the goals be clear. Goals should be clear to both managers and employees. Short term......

Words: 6360 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Job Analysis and the Three Components of Recruitment

...BUS ADM 440 4/11/14 Job Analysis, job descriptions, resumes, cover letters, and applications are all part of an important process in business—Recruitment. Hiring/recruitment is an essential key to every successful business. Without the recruitment process, small companies would not have developed into the large corporations they are today. But in order for this to happen there are other important factors that make it possible. Businesses need to have specific components to make the job structure process easier including job analysis, job description, and job evaluation. Throughout this paper, I will be defining and discussing about job analysis, job description, and job evaluation, the importance of the three, the steps of the job analysis process, and how they all apply in the business world. To get a better understanding of the internally consistencies I will go in depth of what they are and how they work. This helps you understand the value of each job and how HR professionals determine who will be getting paid more due to the responsibility aspect being higher. There are two processes that make it easier are Job Analysis and Job Evaluation. Job Analysis is a Systematic process for gathering, documenting, and analyzing information in order to describe jobs. While job evaluation systematically recognizes differences in the relative worth among a set of jobs and establishes pay differentials accordingly. Generally speaking job analysis is to help managers......

Words: 2254 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Investment Methodology

...html Choosing Approach to Business Process Modeling - Practical Perspective Ilia Bider Want to know more about business processes? Visit http://processplatsen.ibissoft.se/en/node/29 Research Report, IbisSoft (www.ibissoft.se), 2002, Revision 2003, 2007 Abstract: One of the essential parts of a business process modeling project is choosing an approach to modeling and/or modeling notation/tool. The selection of a “right for the task” approach can substantially increase chances for success. To ensure the “right” choice, the following three sets of factors should be considered: (a) properties of modeling objects, i.e. business processes, (b) characteristics of the modeling environment, (c) intended use of the model. The paper is devoted to the analysis of these factors. It presents a simplified classification of the approaches to business process modeling. It lists the most essential properties of various business processes, it classifies modeling environments, and it discusses some practical tasks where the business process model can be used. Based on the analysis, practical recommendations on what approach to choose are given. Keywords: business process, modeling tool, modeling notation, tools analysis Foreword Business process description is a map that helps us to navigate through our business activities. In particular, it helps us to understand: • • • • where we are right now, where we need to go to, where we have come from, and how we have got to where we......

Words: 7646 - Pages: 31

Premium Essay

Enterprise Integration

...development. In looking at the need to address this making use of information-gathering methods are a must when analyzing and determining possible requirements. What we will be doing is looking at some of the information-gathering techniques that would be available to assist in this process of gathering information. In the following we will also look at how useful business processing mapping methods can be and which one is more applicable during the analysis process. This will be an overall review of the methods an analyst can use to confirm an effective understanding of the project requirements and how best to determine for the project. In looking at the possible information-gathering methods that are available there are quite a few to select from. The first one we look at is a possible review of some of the current documentation or Standard Operating Procedures of the business. This allows you to view some of the current and historical information on the business while actually having very little impact on the daily running of the business and so is less likely to interfere. When looking at the flip side it can be very time consuming and costly depending on how many people are involved in the review process. This is also limited in the fact that many processes really may not be documented. Another method is to observe and document activities that are performed by a system or individual to gather the necessary information. This is a very reliable method but can be quite......

Words: 1317 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Productivity Measurement

...Productivity measurement Productivity is a measure of output from a production process per unit of input. Productivity is a measure of the effective use of resources, usually expressed as the ratio of output to input. Productivity is the value of outputs produced (Goods & Services) divided y the value of input resources. It is the quantitative relationship between what we produced and the resources used. So in shortly we can say: Productivity = In general sense productivity is an economic measure of efficiency that summarizes the value of outputs relative to the value of inputs used to create them. In economic sense, productivity is a measure of production output per unit of production input. This refers, to the ratio of output and input in the production process. Importance of Productivity 1. Productivity is an important device for comparison of performance for various organizations. 2. Productivity increases the rate of low cost per unit and results in lower price. 3. Education, Research and Development, technology are positively correlated to productivity 4. reduction of poverty 5. It helps companies in measuring their strength and weakness. 6. it helps to know the contribution of different input factor used in conversion process 7. it is an indicator of how well the factors the production are utilized 8. it is an indicator of competitive position of an organization 9. it partially determines the peoples standard of living within a......

Words: 3053 - Pages: 13