Premium Essay

Prod

In: Business and Management

Submitted By beeandflower
Words 2005
Pages 9
Brief Historical Background of psychology

Psychology has brief history as a scientific discipline though it has been studied since ancient time under the faculty of philosophy. The word psychology was derived from Greek word 'psyche' and 'logos' literal meaning of which was 'soul' and 'study' respectively. The definition of psychology had ever been in the process of change since then. The development of psychology can broadly be traced into four periods: Ancient Greek period, per-modern period, modern period and current status

1. Greek period: Greek philosophers had contributed much for the development of psychology. Some of the key contributors were Socrates was interested in studying the reincarnation of soul. Soul or mind was considered as the representation of individuals. Plato, a bright student of Socrates expanded Socrates concepts in philosophy about life and soul. It was Aristotle who wrote first book in psychology called Para Psyche; about the mind or soul. In the book, he introduced the basic ideas in psychology today, like law of association. However, the notion of psychology was primarily related to study of soul or mind at that stage. Later on it was found that physical existence of soul was doubtful. Also, there was controversy in defining soul and mind among the philosopher. The contributors of the period never focused on the behavior of individual. That is why the attention was diverted from the study of soul or mind

2. Pre-modern period it was during 1800's that psychology was established as an independent discipline. It was the work of Wilhelm Wundt and William James that contributed much in the field of psychology.

Wilhelm Wundt established first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany and studied different conscious experiences in t the laboratory. Wundt defined psychology as a science of consciousness or conscious experience. He...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Prod

...Product and Services chad University of Phoenix Ken Orgill Product and services They changed the way we communicate with the world, the way we gather information and the way we see entertainment. This company has made millions and will continue to surprise us each year. Apple’s success has changed the world and many companies to follow. Technology helps shape this company into what they are today. They are the technology. How technology has shaped Apple Apple doesn’t need technology it is the technology. They have produced some of the best personal computers. They started out big in 2001 when they introduced the apple ipod. This was the cutting edge music. The Ipod allowed us to step out of the box and play and load much more music than ever before. Technology has allowed them to take a small chip and load dozens of songs onto it and get rid of the old cd players or radios. Apple has become famous for the iPads and iPhones and the Mac. Apple has become one of the most admired companies on the market. Apple has changed the way we view cellphones and other companies are following in their footsteps. Because of technological advances, the company is able to keep improving on their technology. They sell one of a kind product. How has technology changed the product line? Apple is continuously changing their product line to focus on new technology that is coming about. They are one of the leading companies for cellphones and computers. Today’s......

Words: 1343 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Elektra Prod

...John Ferry Bilaos, CPA May 10, 2015 S130145 PRIMAN Elektra Products, Inc. I. Definition of the Problem Elektra Products, Inc. is an old company that has been around for 80 years. It had once been a top leading company in the industry but those years are long gone. Over the years, it has been encountering the following problems that lead to a great concern for its top management. These problems are as follows: a. Declining market share due to increased foreign and domestic competition b. Few and far in between new product ideas c. Poor staff relationship – Departments such as manufacturing and sales barely spoke to each other d. Employee morale is in all time low – Many employees are actively seeking other jobs Top management is already aware of the company’s shortcomings and problems. This led to the hiring of new CEO, Martin Griffin, who is pushing for the new empowerment campaign. Management is aiming to foster a new era of employee involvement and empowerment amongst the employees of Elektra Products. With the increasing competition, Martin emphasized on the need for new ideas that will come from the employees. The new CEO believes that the new empowerment campaign is the best way to address the problem. This new empowerment will promote innovation and improvement of working relationship among the employee. However, throughout the case, there are additional problems that were...

Words: 1390 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

P$a- Afghan Kush Prod. Skywlkr

...We’ve all been in that situation before at a party; your outside, and you smell a strange smell. You see a group of kids talking and laughing as they take turns “hitting” or “passing” a bowl or joint. Then they turn around and ask you that dreaded question, “Do you want a hit?” Do you said yes, maybe you should said no, who knows you may smoke every day, or maybe you never will. The purpose of this essay is not to convince you to smoke marijuana , but to educate you more about Marijuana because it is everywhere in society and it’s about time everybody knows the history and truth about Cannabis. Question if marijuana is bad for you, then why do we hear about more accidents and fatalities due to alcohol intoxication. Alcohol is a legal drug that can directly kill you with too much consumption. How many cases have you heard of someone losing their life from alcohol poisoning. Approximately 80,000 deaths are caused by alcohol per year. How many cases have you heard of someone overdosing on marijuana; Alcohol is an addictive drug that can cause a person to not only ruin their life, but could end it as well. To most people Marijuana isn’t an addictive drug. The harmful effects of marijuana aren’t as harmful as the effects of alcohol is. Initially according to Rawson, cannabis was only used to make industrial goods; its recreational use in America didn’t become popular until the early 20th century. Recreational use of cannabis was pushed up in the ranks with drugs......

Words: 1293 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Tec 537 Strgs &Intrg Prod. Software

...Software Evaluation Science Software Evaluation Lindsey Young Grand Canyon University TEC 537 Strgs &Intrg Prod. Software August 18, 2010 Science Software Evaluation Educational software is an important component integrated into most current curriculums. However, as an educational facilitator it is important to evaluate the software being incorporated and utilized by the students. Because instructional time is limited, it is imperative that each educational piece be relevant to the students learning and the overall educational goal. A great way to rate, or evaluate, is through the careful creation of a rubric. A rubric not only organizes the key elements, but it also breaks down these key elements and arranges them by relevance. The attached rubric allows the rater to evaluate technical and educational aspects of educational software. It checks the significance of the software’s content, the accuracy of the content, active or inactive links embedded in the software, graphics, layout, material that students are expected to know to be able to utilize the software effectively, age and grade appropriateness, and curriculum connections. Using the rubric, one can evaluate the overall effectiveness of two online educational software tools. For example, Sheppard Software was created by Brad Sheppard, to provide an educational tool for students in all subjects. Using the rubric, lets evaluate Sheppard’s Chemistry games on the periodic table. ......

Words: 1290 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Mgt625 Prod/Ops Mgmt Assignment 1

...MGT625 Prod/Ops Mgmt Assignment 11. a. Boeing building a plane First thoughts are that Boeing fits almost all of the requirements for continuous flow; low flexibility, one product, very high capital investment, and low skilled labor with skilled overseers. Work would proceed in a fixed sequence of assembly steps, and the process connects all activities in an inflexible process. This process has high capital investment and only produces a minimum amount of product, one. The only reservation I have about this is that the production volume is low. Job Tasks Salaries: Aerospace Engineers Design Aircraft $100-$130K DOE Mechanical Engineers Design mechanical systems $80, $100k DOE Electrical Engineer design electrical systems $80, $100k DOE Software Engineer design software used in computer controls $80, $100k DOE Avionics Engineer design instruments to fly the aircraft $80, $100k DOE Fabricators assemble the plane and machine specialized parts $55-$75K DOE Welders weld aluminum for super-structure of the aircraft $55-$75K DOE Team Member Assembly general labor $35-$55K DOE Assembly Managers oversees team members in the assembly stage $65k-75K b. Toyota building an SUV Toyota would utilize the flow process. Unlike the batch process, this process is performed with a fixed sequence of steps and a fixed number of assembly stations. This process has a very high capital requirement. This process produces quality at a very high volume. The labor is mostly unskilled with......

Words: 1815 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Abc Analysis

...the 3 products Machine Valve Pump Flow Controller Total Machine hours 3750.00 6250.00 1200.00 11200.00 Machine hrs / unit 0.50 0.50 0.30 machine related exp. 336000.00 Cost / machine hrs 30.00 $ Machine / unit 15.00 15.00 9.00 Engineering Valve Pump Flow Controller Total Hrs Engg Work hrs 250.00 375.00 625.00 1250.00 Engg Work hrs / unit 0.03 0.03 0.16 Engineering Cost 100000.00 Cost / engg work hr 80.00 $ engg hrs / unit 2.67 2.40 12.50 Receiving & Prod.Control Valve Pump Flow Controller Total No. of Prod. Runs 10.00 50.00 100.00 160.00 No. of components 4.00 5.00 10.00 Receiving & Prod. Control Cost 180000.00 Cost / Prod. Run 1125.00 Total Cost for all components of a prod. 11250.00 56250.00 112500.00 $ Receiving Cost / unit 1.50 4.50 28.13 Setup cost Valve Pump Flow Controller Total No. of Prod. Runs 10.00 50.00 100.00 160.00 Set up labor cost 40000.00 Cost / Prod. Run 250.00 Total Cost 2500.00 12500.00 25000.00 $ Setup cost / unit 0.33 1.00 6.25 Packaging & Shipping Valve Pump Flow Controller Total No. of shipments 10.00 70.00 220.00 300.00 Shipping Cost 150000.00 Cost / shipment 500.00 Total Cost 5000.00 35000.00...

Words: 340 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Porter's Six Forces Analysis General Retail: Merchandise/Department Stores

...February 25, 2010 Assignment 2 Porter’s Six Forces Analysis General Retail: Merchandise/Department Stores Prepared by: Yulia Petukhova ID# A30 The department store industry will be analyzed taking department stores as players, individual consumers as buyers, and manufacturers and distributors as the key suppliers. The Rivalry among existing firms High The period from the end of the 20th century up until now has been marked by the consolidation trend in the department store industry, characterized by major acquisitions by a few larger, powerful competitors, greatly intensifying the rivalry among them.9, 13 Since there are only a few of them in the industry, they tend to match each other’s steps in some way or another. After JC Penny introduced itself to Manhattan just a block away from Macy’s, it is only a matter of short time before Kohl’s will finally announce its move into Manhattan as well.10 Slowdown in the industry growth coupled with reduced consumer spending and low switching costs intensifies rivalry even further prompting the market players to differentiate their products by introducing exclusive brands and increasing innovation.3, 15, 17, 19, JC Penny contracted Cindy Crawford to extend her jewelry brand exclusively at their stores, while Macy’s has signed a strategic alliance agreement to become an exclusive retailer of Ellen Tracy branded women’s sportswear in spring......

Words: 2385 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Accountant

...PROD 2100 - 2110 Production and Operations Management 2004-2005 Pierre Semal Prod 2100/2110 Introduction 0 Rules of the Game Tutorials Readings • • • Morgan, “Mechanization Takes Command” in “Images of Organizations”, Sage Press, 1986. Meal, “Putting production decisions where they belong”, HBR, 1984. Zeithaml, Berry, Parasuraman, “Communication and control processes in the delivery of service quality”, Journal of marketing, 1988. Working Sessions: • Individual • Computerized • Classical Manuals: • commented transparencies (Culb IAG, web) • exercise manual (Culb IAG, web) • readings (Culb IAG) • personal notes • Chase and Aquilano, Production and Operations Management, Irwin (Edt). • McLain, Thomas and Mazzola, Operations Management: Production of goods and services, Prentice Hall (Edt). Objectives / Exam ... Winnie the Pooh spent the rest of the day by walking and happily humming a new hum, all about the common sense approach and what The Stranger has been teaching them and the hum went like this: Select the problem of the day Finding one that’s right to do, You can choose it either way, You pick it ot it picks you. Observe it very carefully, “Where do I start? Where am I going?” And don’t forget about the bee, “What’s in the way of doing or knowing?” Prod 2100/2110 Introduction 1 Introduction What is POM ? What kind of problems are studied in POM ? 1. DEFINITIONS...............................................................

Words: 3161 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Accounting

...HARVARD BUSINESS I SCHOOL 9 - 10 1-09 2 REV: AUGUST S, 2003 ROBERT S. KAPL AN Wilkerson Cotnpany The decline in our profits has become intolerable. The severe p rice cutting in pumps has dropped ou r pre-tax margin to less than 3%, far below our historicallO margins. Fortunately, % our competitors are overlooking the opportunities for profit in flow controllers. Our recent 10% price increase in tha t line has been implemented without losing any business. Robert Parker, presiden t of the Wilkerson Company, was discussing operating results in the la test month with Peggy Knight, his controller, and John Scott, his manufacturing manager. The meeting among the three was taking place in an atmosphere tinged with apprehension because competitors had been reducing prices on pumps, Wilkerson's major product line. Since pumps were a commodity product, Parker had seen no al ternative but to match the reduced prices to maintain volume. But the price cuts had led to declining company profits, especially in the pump line (stmunary operating results for the previous month, March 2000, are shown in Exhibits 1 and 2). Wilkerson supplied products to manufacturers of wa ter purification equipmen t. The company had started with a tuuque design for va lves thatt it could produce to tolerances that were better than any in the ind ustry. Parker quickly establis hed a loyal customer base because of the high quality of its manufactured val ves. He and Scott......

Words: 1668 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Vba Research Paper

...How to access VBA in excel 2013: Excel option—quickaccess toolbar—customized ribbonr—developer or just alt+F11 How to access VBA in excel 2013: Excel option—quickaccess toolbar—customized ribbonr—developer or just alt+F11 VBA 1. VBA format: a. upper left corner: project: * Automatically created when create a new workbook * Only one project per workbook * Can contain on or more modules; modules are VBA codes, which is separated into macros or procedure; macro is a set of instructions for the computer written in VBA, which is text readable. 2. Reason why create macros is to manipulate data in workbook environment 3. Programming language: Sub myfirstmacro() Commentary will automatically be green Commentary will automatically be green ‘my first macro ‘This is commentary Sheets(”Sheet 1”). Select Range (“A3”).Select ActiveCell. Value = 5 Sheets(“Sheet 1”). Select Range (“B2). Select ActiveCell. Value=62 End Sub 4. Variables: Ex1: a=a+1, if a = 5, a now is 6. Previous value of a is not existed any more. Ex2: c= “hi all!”. Words must be included in quotation mark. Ex3: d=c&”Bye!” comes to hi all!bye! a. variable names: * Must begin with a letter * Only can be letters, numbers and underscores * <=255 characters * Cannot be special reserved word like print or save 5.programming language2 Sub mathfun() Sheets("sheet1").Select Range("B3").Select a = ActiveCell.Value Range("B4").Select Summy is variable of sum...

Words: 1906 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

An Analysis of Gender Roles in Disney Princess Films

...An Analysis of Gender Roles in Disney Princess Films Jasmit Singh 213749361 Traditional and Popular Culture – 1900 9.0 Susan Niazi – Tutorial 6 Whether it’s the colours they wear, the activities they engage in or how they behave, men and women are known to play different roles in society. These established gender roles “are not innate or natural but a product of society”. Children, adolescents and adults all learn gender roles through the environment they’re surrendered by. One of the many huge influencers that help shape gender roles is media. Although “there has been a lot of change over the years in terms of what is considered appropriate societal roles for men and women, this change is not reflected in contemporary film”. The ideology of mainstream media continues to focus on the males being the heads of society, which in result, shows an unequal representation of the females. From an early age, media puts an image into young minds, informing them how males and females should think, act, behave and appear. In many television shows and films, one can easily see the distinct difference between the role of a male and a female. Often films are enforcing stereotypical gender roles where the male is seen to holds more importance in society than the female. Amongst many film producing companies, Walt Disney Pictures for decades have been enforcing stereotypical gender roles in their princess films. Though it may not be outright obvious, Disney productions play a huge......

Words: 4008 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Reviewer in Marketing

...of high-turnover convenience goods 10. Culture – most basic cause of person’s wants/behavior 11. Demand – relationship bet price and no. of units 12. demographic – div. market into segments based on age, educ, income, race, etc 13. differentiated mktg Large segments with specific marketing mixes. 14. Discount - straight reduction 15. economic situation - Affects real spending and consumer confidence in borrowing. 16. Esteem – recog, status 17. Experience - a type of product that combines a service or physical product with a memorable experience 18. family – most impt cust buying org 19. Industrial – prod bought by indiv for further processing 20. Innovators – 1st adopters 21. labeling – printed info 22. learning – permanent changes 23. lifestyle – person’s pattern of living 24. line filling- adding prod w/in current range 25. line stretching – adding prod outside of current range 26. logistics/supply chain - Planning, implementing and controlling the physical flow of goods, services and related information from points of origin to points of consumption to meet customer requirements at a profit. 27. mass marketing - No segments and single marketing mix. 28. motivation – strength of the drive toward an action 29. optional-product - separate options available for the main product 30. packaging –...

Words: 444 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sales & Opn Mrp

...Decision Support System (DSS) – Model 3 Like the other models proposed above, this model is designed to carry inventory to avoid delay in customers. Methodology: Forecasting: Weekly forecast is done on the basis of previous 20 weeks demand using linear regression method. Master Production Scheduling For main products alpha and beta, MPS for a given week have been designed taken into account the MPS (week t) = Forecast demand (week t) – Projects in hand (week t-1) - Scheduled Receipts + Safety stock. Thus, Planned Order Release (week t-1) = MPS (week t) For example, planned order Release (POR) for week 21 is equate to the MPS calculated for week 22. This gives a fair idea on the number of components and therefore sub-component required for fulfilling the respective MPS requirements. For MRP explosion, the gross requirement are linked to parent to Planned order release for that concerned week. We are also following the lot for lot order policy (assuming a lead time of one week) However for full-fledged production of components like Delta & Epsilon, and order requirements of components Delta, Epsilon and Gamma, we have assumed that scheduled receipt for a given week in reflected in the opening inventory of the preceding week. Thus for a given week t, Planned Order Receipt (t) = Maximum (Gross Requirements (t) – Projects in hand (t-1) + Safety Stock The rationale is the inappropriate accounting of schedule receipts for calculation of MPS and to ensure......

Words: 570 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Research Paper

...Valerie Hernandez 12/5/14 Prof. Scott Brown Research Paper The Hollywood entertainment industry has typically treated as well as portrayed homosexuals as subject of negative stereotypes.  When Gay representation was introduced to popular culture, the gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender community was oppressed from the start. Later, film and television attempted to create well-rounded homosexual characters but focused in depicting gay stereotypes and how they shaped the public's impression of the gay community. These stereotypes created a non-threatening sissy gay and a warrior lesbian. Throughout history, heterosexual men are seen to be strong and proud of their masculinity and homosexuals have been perceived as lacking masculinity and feminine. Gay characters started to emerge in the 1990’s in both television and movies. Ellen DeGeneres and her character Ellen Morgan coming out under much scrutiny on the TV show ‘Ellen,’ which eventually led to her own talk show. The movie The Birdcage, with Robin Williams was about a gay cabaret owner and his drag queen companion. Gays and lesbians have been around for a long time, especially in Hollywood, but more people started to come out in the 90’s. With the popularity of shows like Will and Grace, which feature leading gay characters, as well as the show Friends, Ross Gellar’s lesbian ex-wife Carol, marries her partner and happily co-parents her son with Ross. Over a period of time we are slowly seeing gay, lesbian, and......

Words: 2664 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Describe and Evaluate the Milgran Study (12 Marks)

...that this was false, they thought that the learner was the actual participant being experimented on and that the shock generator would actually give them a real shock. Each participant were told to read out pairs of words that the learner had to remember. However, if the learner got one word wrong or failed to answer a question, the teacher would be required to shock them, whilst increasing the voltage each time they get one wrong. It was set that at 180 volts, the learner shouted that he could not stand the pain, at 300 volts he began to beg to be released and after 315 volts there was no reply, just silence. Milgram had levelled the participant’s reactions in ‘prods’. Each time the participant had said something like ‘should I continue shocking him’ or ‘I do not want to continue’, Milgram counted it as one prod. After prod 4, the experiment was cancelled. The...

Words: 652 - Pages: 3