Premium Essay

Promises Not Kept

In: Novels

Submitted By
Words 154314
Pages 618
Economic Possibilities for Our Time





Published by the Penguin Group Penguin Group (USA) Inc.. 375 Hudson Street. New York, New York 10014, U.S.A. Penguin Group (Canada), 10 Alcorn Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4V 3B2 (a division of Pearson Penguin Canada Inc.) Penguin Books Ltd, 80 Strand, London WC2R ORL, England Penguin Ireland, 25 St. Stephen's Green, Dublin 2, Ireland (a division of Penguin Books Ltd) Penguin Books Australia Ltd, 250 Camberwell Road, Camberwell, Victoria 3124, Australia (a division of Pearson Australia Group Pty Ltd) - Penguin Books India Pvt Ltd, 11 Community Centre, Panchsheel Park, New Delhi-110 017, India ' Penguin Group (NZ), Cnr Airborne and Rosedale Roads, Albany, Auckland 1310, NewZealand (a division of Pearson New Zealand Ltd) - Penguin Books (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd, 24 Sturdee Avenue, Rosebank, Johannesburg 2196, South Africa Penguin Books Ltd, Registered Offices: 80 Strand, London WC2R ORL, England First published in 2005 by The Penguin Press, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc. Copyright ©Jeffrey D. Sachs, 2005 All rights reserved Page 397 constitutes an extension of this copyright page, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING IN PUBLICATION DATA Sachs, Jeffrey. The e n d of poverty / Jeffrey Sachs. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 1-59420-045-9 1. Poverty—Developing countries. 2. Developing countries—Economic policy. 3. Developing countries—Economic conditions. 4. Economic assistance—Developing countries. I. title. HC59.72.P6S225 2005 339.4'6'091724—dc22 2004065942 This book is printed on acid-free paper. @ Printed in the United States of America 13 5 79


8 6 4 2


Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication maybe...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...My holiday with your company did not correspond to what the advertisement claims. Firstly, the advert states that five activities would be offered every day but in fact we were offered only two per day. Secondly, the advert promises one three-day camping expedition to introduce the joys of group-work. Unfortunately, we couldn’t even pitch the tents! Thirdly, it says that our “day off” would be full of the varied, remarkable and relaxing games cited in the leaflet at the residential centre. Actually, the centre was found full so they put us in a youth hostel, instead, some seven kilometres away with no buses and no taxis. For the relaxing games and the remarkable facilities, we were provided with a broken tennis table and used pack of cards. Besides, your company promises comfortable double rooms and memorable delicious meals for accommodation. To our astonishment, the only comfort we found was very dirty bed –clothes and disgusting meals. In general, our holiday was far from the one you had made us expect and the promises you had made us dream of. As a result of all these non-kept promises, I feel like I have been betrayed because I kept my promise of paying you and you did not. The only thing in your leaflet which is true is when you promise in the very introduction that the holiday with you will be an experience we will never forget !!! And it is so. Yours faithfully, Signature. Please find enclosed the facsimile of my...

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Covenant in the Old Testament Sense

...its simplest form is a promise. The Bible refers to covenants many times throughout, most often in the Old Testament. Different stories contain different covenants that God has made with various people in the Bible; each of these stories has an underlying theme that is consistent. The theme is simple; a covenant with God is a promise between God and the people of God that can never be broken. Three main covenants in the Old Testament are those between God and Noah, God and Abraham, and God and Moses. In each of these covenants, God is making a promise to a single person, for the good of all people who wish to listen and to follow Him. In each of these three covenants, there is also a new relationship formed, granting redemption to God’s people, a key element that is common among the covenants with Noah, Abraham, and Moses. There are a few different elements of a covenant and by understanding the different elements of covenants, we are then able to fully understand and appreciate the covenants that are found in the Old Testament. Covenant derives in the Old Testament from the Hebrew word be’rith. There are two different concepts of the meaning of be’rith. The first concept is that be’rith means to select or chose and the second concept of be’rith is a bond or joining together. (Ludlow) Upon looking at these two different meanings of one word, it puts the concept of creating a covenant into perspective. It is as if God chooses who he wants to make His promise with, and then......

Words: 1835 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Keeping the Faith

...Sunday Service (October 7, 2012) April Jade Bonoan How to Keep the Faith and Finish and Finish the Race. The Book of Hebrews is known for Its Hall of the Fame – the list is long in chapter 11 of the book of names of people of old who because of their faith made their way into God’s honor roll of the faithful. Reading the entire chapter, it made me wonder how they kept the faith. Today we are going to study the twelfth chapter of Hebrews. First thing we have to do is I. Have a Proper Start How we start determines how we end. Before we run the race, we have to let go of certain things. A lot Christians instead of having a proper start found themselves running yet stopping in the middle of the race. And once they stopped it was so hard to regain the track. Paul encourages his readers to lay aside every weight, and the sin that so easily ensnares. To finish the race is another way of saying that we have kept the faith. “I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. “ – 2 Timothy 4:7 A. Dead Works - The weight that Paul was referring to here that we should lay aside, is not a sin. These are what we call the dead works. The bible says in 1 Corinthians 10:23 that all things are permissible, but not all things are beneficial. These are things that we could live better without. Just like in a race, the athletes have a choice what kind of clothing they would wear, but if they wanted to win, they must choose the light fabric. There are......

Words: 2258 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

A Shot in the Light

... Just a joke. The story is set in the past, at least it’s told like it’s something that has happened in the past. The story ends with these lines: I kept my promise. I like to think Ray kept his. Again, this shows the narrators reliability, and his good nature. The last couple of lines are told in present time. Like the narrator is telling you the story right now. Over a cup of coffee, maybe? Or tea, if you don’t like coffee. The narrator could drink both, because he is a good person. He has his own small jewelry business; he is friendly, calm and unsuspecting. After Ray shoots him, he feels no need to take revenge and no anger. Ray on the other hand, is the complete opposite of the narrator. Of course it’s a big minus, walking around shooting people, but his behavior has its reasons. Ray comes from a background of drugs and crime and a violent father. Ray’s plan has always been to shoot the narrator, from the moment the narrator picked him up. But the narrator is “too damn nice” to Ray, so Ray couldn’t make himself do it from the start. Because of his background, he is unused to sympathetic people. The narrator is taken to the hospital by Ray, after serious discussions and negotiations. The narrator and Ray make a deal, that if the narrator is taken to the hospital, he won’t turn Ray in or report him to the police. Ray promises never to do anything like...

Words: 507 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Engineering Ethics

...ENGR 100 Exploring Engineering October 1, 2012 Engineering Ethics Case Study Assignment 2. What are the moral issues? The structural engineer has made a promise to the client to keep the report confidential. To break this promise would be immoral as an engineer. Also, the engineer is expected to stick to his own discipline and not work out solutions to problems that involve a field in which he is not an expert. However, the number one moral rule of being an engineer is to hold paramount the safety and well-being of fellow humans and society so it is important that he ensures the safety of the people living in this apparently unsuitable apartment building. 3. Who is affected by the decision you make? The client is directly affected by the decision made. The decision of the engineer to keep the report confidential could be crucial to whether or not he can sell this apartment building. Consequentially, if the client cannot sell this building at the fault of the engineer, the engineer will certainly lose his job or be turned away by future potential clients. Indirectly then, the engineer’s family could be affected if he were to lose his job. The client’s family could also be affected in a similar way if the client needs to sell this building to make a living. Of course, the inhabitants of the apartment will also be affected by the engineer’s decision because they are living in the potentially dangerous building. 4. What are your options? a. The engineer...

Words: 1133 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

All Contracts Are Agreements but All Agreements Are Not Contracts that branch of law which determines the circumstances in which promise made by the parties to a contract shall be legally binding on them. All of us enter into a number of contracts everyday knowingly or unknowingly. Each contract creates some right and duties upon the contracting parties. Indian contract deals with the enforcement of these rights and duties upon the parties. Indian Contract Act, 1872 came into effect from 1st September, 1872. It extends after independence to whole Pakistan and known as “Contract Act, 1872”. Contract law is based on the principles expressed in Latin phrase; “PACTA SUNT SERVANDA”. The meaning of this phrase is “agreements to be kept”, but more literary means “PACTA” is `must be kept`. "An agreement enforceable by law is a contract. It is clear these definitions that the there elements of a contract ore (a) Agreement Contractual Obligation (b) Enforceability by Law. For Example: X invites his friend to tea and the latter accepts the invitation. This is a social agreement not a contract because it does not imply any legal obligation. We can say that (a) All contracts are agreements, (b) But all agreements are not contracts. (A) All Contracts are Agreements Agreement Is an Essential of a Valid Contract Definition Section 2(h) of the Indian Contract Act defines the term contract as “any agreement enforceable by law” Section 2(e) defines agreement as “every promise and every...

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Bible in an Hour Summary Paper

...Bible in an Hour Summary The Bible in an Hour by Wade Butler splits the Bible up with four different charts. They all cover different parts of the bible. The first chart depicts the whole Bible from beginning to end. Charts two and three covers the themes of the Old Testament. Chart four covers the New Testament. In chart one, the narrator starts off with talking about the infinity sign. It is very important when talking about the Bible and God. Infinity means that God creates time and all who inhabits time out of infinity. The infinity image is there before the creation of the world. There is also three interlocking circles on the chart. They represent the three symbols of God; the father, the son, and the Holy Spirit. The narrator covers the creation of earth. God created the Heavens and earth and all the living creatures found here. He then created humankind in his image. God put the man in charge of all the creatures. Man got to name all the animals and he was named Adam. Man wanted a companion so God created a partner for Adam and her name was Eve. God told Adam and Eve that they are not to eat the fruit on the tree of knowledge in the garden in Eden. A serpent, who is perceived as the devil, convinced Eve that the fruit will allow them to live forever and be as great as God. Adam and Eve ate from the tree and the world became cursed. Sin was created and plagued the earth. Cain and Abel were the sons of Adam and Eve. They made offerings to God and only Abel’s was......

Words: 1403 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...21. Importance of discipline While uneducated birds and beasts Know how to lead regulated lives, Alas! Man endowed with intelligence Does not lead a disciplined life. EMBODIMENTS of love! Discipline is vital to every living being. For man it is even more important like the spinal column. Without discipline mankind will be ruined. Discipline means the observance of certain well-defined rules. Without such regulation it is not possible to maintain humanness. Such regulation contributes to the glory of human existence. Discipline cannot be acquired from books. Nor can it be learnt from teachers. It has to be as natural component of one's daily life in the discharge of one's duties. Discipline is essential from the moment of waking to the time of going to sleep. Discipline is essential in everyday life Discipline is essential for every group, for every society and for every political institution. Without discipline there can be no society or Government. No nation can exist without discipline. It is discipline that unites man to man, and one society to another. Hence discipline is one of the basic insignia of social life. Discipline has to be observed in speech, in sport and in every kind of relationship. For instance, during bhajans, all those singing in chorus have to maintain the same tune. Discordant singing will jar on the ears. Singing in unison in bhajans is a form of discipline. In games, you have an umpire to enforce the rules of the game. Every......

Words: 1462 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Service Relation Promises

...Building Service Relationships: It's All About Promises Mary Jo Bitner Arizona State University There is no one better qualified to write a comprehensive paper on service relationships than Leonard Berry-the first person to use the term relationship marketing in the services literature (Berry 1983). Not unexpectedly, he has delivered a carefully researched and motivating discussion that provides broad coverage of the field and directs us forward to new research. He has clearly laid out the convergent influences that are bringing to fruition the seeds of relationship marketing planted over the last 15 years. The heart of the contribution is in his identification of emerging perspectives and trends in the field of service relationship marketing: targeting profitable customers, multiple levels of relationship marketing, marketing to employees and other stakeholders, and trust as a marketing tool. Further development of each of these emerging themes should propel us to a deeper understanding of service relationships. Berry's vivid use of examples provides strong grounding and clear, understanding of the relevancy of the issues he raises. Being a commentator on a thought-provoking piece such as Leonard Berry's is a privilege. First, because the article is so well done and complete, I do not feel compelled to disagree or criticize. Second, because he has done the hard part of covering the full range of topics, I have the luxury of selectively building on his contribution. I will...

Words: 4769 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Law Cases

...Facts D & C Builders Ltd was a two man building firm run by Mr Donaldson and Mr Casey. They had done work for Mr Rees at 218 Brick Lane, London E1, coming to £732. Mr Rees had only paid £250. £482 was owing. D&C were facing bankruptcy if they were not paid. Mrs Rees phoned up to complain that the work was bad, and refused to pay more than £300. D&C reluctantly accepted and took a receipt marked ‘in completion of account’. After that, they consulted their solicitors and sued for the balance. [edit] Judgment Lord Denning MR held that the doctrine of part payment of a debt not discharging the whole ‘has come under heavy fire’ but noted that estoppel, deriving from the principle laid down in Hughes v Metropolitan Railway Co. could give relief in equity. Although in his opinion part payment of debt could satisfy a whole debt, he found that Mrs Rees had effectively held the builders to ransom. Therefore any variation of the original agreement was voidable at the instance of the debtors for duress. “ In point of law payment of a lesser sum, whether by cash or by cheque, is no discharge of a greater sum. This doctrine of the common law came under heavy fire. It was ridiculed by Sir George Jessel in Couldery v Bartram.[1] It was said to be mistaken by Lord Blackburn in Foakes v Beer.[2] It was condemned by the Law Revision Committee (1945 Cmd 5449), paras. 20 and 21 . But a remedy has been found. The harshness of the common law has been relieved. Equity has stretched out a......

Words: 1885 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Math 133

...unilateral and bilateral contract and a contract that is void and voidable. I will analyze the key elements that must be taken place for formation of a contract and give three examples of a valid consideration. Government Laws In dealing with contracts there are several different explanation when it comes to contracts, the first one is an express contract, and express contract is a contract that consists of agreements that is represented by both parties. There statements can be by word of mouth or in writing, when writing in contract; it must be between the two parties in which they agree. When the express contracts is made, a contract embracing the identical subject can’t be implied in fact, as the law will not normally imply a substituent promise or contract for an express contract of the parties. Implied contract’s is a legally enforceable agreement that arises from conduct, from assumed intentions, from some relationship among intermediate parties. Contracts that are implied contracts are based on the facts and the circumstances of the case or other evidence of the parties. Most contracts are not stated in words. The law has nothing to do with the distinction between contracts that is said b words and conduct. An implied contract is just as binding as an express contracts that raises from the parties declared intentions, with the only difference being that for contracts implied in fact courts will offer the parties intentions from their relations with business and......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

...Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And our duty as Americans By: David Beach Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is something that you and your friends may not know much about. The truth is unless you have direct experience with soldiers who have participated in combat, or a situation of great tragedy, you may not have even heard of PTSD. Unfortunately PTSD is something that is overlooked by more than just the general population. The problem lies in the government and those responsible for the care of PTSD victims, specifically soldiers, because the funding and care needed simply isn’t there. PTSD is a fairly recent mental disease. Diagnosed and accepted officially in 1980s, it’s known that PTSD has been around for centuries. PTSD is an emotional illness that develops when a person is exposed to a highly dangerous, very terrifying, possibly life-threatening event. Obviously this disease tends to affect soldiers much more than the general population. Before recognized as a disease PTSD was looked down upon and soldiers were shunned for showing symptoms. This brought about a negative stereotype to PTSD that is still seen today. As Americans, shouldn’t we know better than that? Seriously, are we shunning the defenders of our country that are willing to make the ultimate sacrifice everyday they wake up? The American people can do better than that, and we owe it to our soldiers to eliminate this public negative stereotype. It will not be acceptable to see a similar......

Words: 882 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Woolworths Case Study

...1. By dropping the prices and increasing the product range, is Woolworths diluting its vales proposition? Value proposition is a promise to be delivered by the company to the customer, a statement that summarises why a customer should buy their products. The CEO of Woolworths has stated clearly that their products will add more value on the basis of “quality, innovation, freshness and unique placements”. This value proposition is in line with the company’s strategic plan of providing good quality products, superior packaging and excellent customer relations. Woolworths has adopted a differentiation strategy, whereby it is out-competing its competitors based on these qualities. Thus in order for this company to continue having a sustainable competitive advantage over its rivals and continue to serve its niche high income and the newly discovered middle-income (Black diamonds) target markets, this strategy needs to also be maintained. For a company and its strategy to successfully compete, the company must continually scan the environment it operates in, ensure that its strategy is aligned with that environment, and ensure that the company has the capabilities to execute the strategy. Woolworths scanned the environment and acknowledged that the global economic recession was severely affecting its target market spending power and were as a result, loosing business to competitors like Pick ‘n Pay and achieving lower profit margins. Thus by lowering its product prices and adding...

Words: 572 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Treacherously Inspiring Lights of Los Angeles find their luck and fate in the city only to be betrayed in the end. People of varying age, gender, ethnicity or class are all heading to Los Angeles in the hope of making a better life for themselves and their families. The city of angels has at some point been considered as the foremost sensational destination for juvenile runaways. While all light show signs of promising hope of a better future, not all light turns out to be decent or upright. Many have achieved success in exchange of losing their morals. The lights of Los Angeles are treacherously inspiring. It entices people to do everything for wealth, success and fame sometimes at the expense of selling their soul to city. It light however remains dramatically nostalgic that kept people to stay or come back to home. Such was the case of the protagonist in William Faulkner’s short story, “Golden Land,” Ira unconsciously traded his morals, family and soul for worldly success in Hollywood. While he exhibited a sense of repulsion on the materialistic culture of Los Angeles, he was nevertheless a progeny of its mores. In this story, Faulkner showed how a man, who hailed from the conformist place like Nebraska, was altered by the “Golden Land” to become a decadent person. Like many Americans seeking for their fortune in the big city, Ira decided to go to Los Angeles in search of success. He felt rapt in Nebraska, which held him back from pursuing the “American Dream”. However, Los Angeles is an alienating place......

Words: 1009 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

How to Be a Good Parent

...ʘ In the Pacific Ocean there is an island composed by two mountains. It is as if someone had placed together two big handfuls of earth and stones in the heart of the sea. The bigger one is called Sadness and the smaller one Joy. ʘ Mythology tells us that many centuries ago Joy was larger and higher than Sadness, but, due to an earthquake, part of it fell in the sea, shaping the mountain the way we find it today. No one knows if that is really the truth. ʘ ʘ The fact is that where those two geological accidents meet live a girl named Aletheia and her grandmother. Aletheia and her grandma are like the mountains: two persons who are always together. ʘ Today the girl is shorter and smaller than her grandmother; but some day, nobody knows when, Aletheia will wake and she will be taller than her grandma. Aletheia is going to grow up and I think that when this day comes, they will still be together, just like the mountains of the island. One day this girl asked: “Grandma, who made the world?”. To what her grandmother replied, “God”. - “All of it?”. - “Yes, all of it”. - “By himself?”. - “Yes”. ʘ Aletheia left the room with that conversation on her mind. She was not convinced. She thought about this for a few days. In order to digest her thoughts she went for a walk through the island. Alone she thought. Aloud she though and she began to share her thoughts with whatever crossed her way: leaves, trees, stones, ants, crickets, etc. Had God created......

Words: 1298 - Pages: 6