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Proposal for Registering and Operating Ngo in Africa

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Project title: Health promotions NGO in Africa Type of project: Health Education Project beneficiaries: rural households and schools Location of beneficiaries: Africa Duration: 10 years Area of project implementation: Arid and Semi- arid Africa Budget requirement: $ 550,000

Project summary This proposal outlines a project aimed at helping the rural community in Africa deal with problems related to good hygiene practices, sanitation and healthy eating through various programs carried out by an NGO. The scope of this proposal is to outline how to register and operate an NGO dealing in health promotion in Africa. Based on existing statistics, the region is shown to require help in terms of education to facilitate change of behavior to promote good health. This project aims to enhance awareness of the dangers of practicing bad health habits and the advantages that come with changing to better habits. Problem statement Diarrhea, cholera, dysentery and other health related illnesses are top in the list of the most killer diseases in most developing countries, claiming more than three million children per year. For instance, Kenya, a country located in the eastern region of Africa is one of the countries with the highest rate of child mortality, with research findings pointing to the causes of this as poor sanitation, lack of an adequate water supply and poor access to health facilities. A recent survey by Unicef (2013) shows that 80 percent of hospital attendance in Kenya is due to preventable diseases that are related to sanitation and hygiene.50 percent of kenyans have no access to adequate sanitation, with 90 percent of these being from the rural areas. 50 percent of rural households were also found to have no sanitation system such as latrines and schools have on average one latrine per 100 students. These findings show that Kenya is prone to outbreaks caused by bad or lack of sanitation. Other developing countries in the continent are also prone to the same. Most of the region to be covered is semi-arid. The communities here are nomadic pastrolists, hence most of their food is obtained from the animals they keep such as goats, cattle and camels. These ensure an adequate supply of milk, meat and blood. However, they have no access to other forms of nutrition, as transportation to these areas is also a problem. They rely on aid from various international organizations such as the World Health Organization, UN, US-AID and well wishers. The global Acute Malnutrition in this area is estimated to be at 30 percent, two times that set by the World Health Organization. The rate of Severe Acute Malnutrition is also 5 percent above the WHO’s set level (Nyaga, 2009).
Goals of the NGO
The purpose of this organization is to ensure that people all over the world, despite cultural, religious, racial and socioeconomic status have access to information regarding hygiene, sanitation and proper health practices. The main target for this organization is the people in the arid and semi-arid regions in Africa. Our long term goal is to ensure that all target areas have access to this information by 2030, and are able to practice these health behaviours, hence reducing the mortality rates in these areas.
Project objectives
In respect to the goals of the organization, our main goals for this project will be: 1. To successfully register and operate our NGO in africa. 2. To develop and disseminate procedural guidelines on how to handle educating the community on hygiene and healthy eating. 3. To establish strategies for delivery of education on health promotions and healthy eating in schools and at home in africa.
Results
1. To help reduce the mortality rate caused bad hygiene and improper health practices in the region. 2. To increase awareness of the effects of unhygienic practices and poor eating habits on health
Challenges
There are a number of challenges we expect to come across during the implementation of this project. Language barriers may be present as most of the people in the target area are uneducated. Most of the populations in the target area are nomads; hence this may work to our disadvantage due to their movement. It might be difficult to do follow-up evaluations. School going children might also not be able to access schools due to the need to move constantly.
Cultural factors may also be a barrier in educating these people. For instance, some communities do not practice proper sanitary hygiene such as proper excreta disposal because in their culture open air excretion is not a big deal.
Lack of necessary resources such as clean water and alternative sources of food may not allow the people to practice healthier behaviors.
Access to these areas may be a problem as in most cases there is no infrastructure in these regions.
Project implementation and management plan The main activities this project will involve itself in are education of the community on health promotion behavior and healthy eating habits. The main strategies that will be used to achieve this are through conducting educational sessions in households, groups and also schools. Door to door visits will be conducted in the area to ensure all families, especially mothers and the elderly get access to this information. Collaborating with other existing groups in the area such as self help groups will help us reach a larger number of people. Collaboration with the schools in the area will also be another strategy used. This will ensure that children learn the importance of health behaviors and hence develop eating and health behaviors that are likely to last a whole life time. Education will be provided by trained teams from the target regions. Our organization will facilitate a one week training program for qualified individuals who will then act as educators for the rest of the population.
We are looking to partner with the major health organizations, both local and international such as the Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of environment, UN, WHO, Ministry of Water and US-AID among other local groups.
Target group
The target population as specified in the organization’s goal is people living in the arid and semi-arid areas in Africa. Statistics show that hygiene, sanitation and malnutrition are major problems in these areas. The beneficiaries will be the residents of arid and semi-arid Africa, mostly mothers and school going children.
Target population The project will be carried out mainly in sub-Saharan African countries. These are developing nations struggling with health issues related to hygiene, sanitation and bad eating habits due to a variety of factors such as culture, lack of information, and lack of access to clean water and food and poor standards of living.
Project duration This project will be implemented in four phases, each covering a region, to ensure we achieve the goal of covering the whole of Africa. It is expected to be implemented in two years per phase, after which the NGO will hand over the program to a local program. We will however continue to offer necessary support and monitor the progress of the project to ensure we achieve the overall goal.
Work plan Phases | Area | Duration (years) | I | East and central Africa | 2 | II | South Africa | 2 | III | West Africa | 2 | IV | North Africa | 3 |

Budget We intend to get funds from donations from well wishers and partnering with international and local organizations. We will also be holding fundraisers occasionally to be able to finance our activities.

Budget plan Phases | Estimated amount ($) | I | 100000 | II | 140000 | III | 105000 | IV | 205000 |

References
Nyaga, D. (2009). Lessons learnt from implementation of community health groups:an expereince of 2 districts in north eastern province, kenya. Action against hunger, kenya mission, public health promotion department .
Unicef. (2013). water and sanatation hygiene. Retrieved October 18, 2013, from Unicef: http://www.unicef.org/kenya/wes.html

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