Proses Difusi Budaya

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By arabmohamad93
Words 400
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PROSES DIFUSI BUDAYA
Proses difusi budaya adalah satu proses menyerap budaya orang lain ke dalam budayanya sendiri. Melalui proses difusi budaya, budaya akan diperkayakan dengan elemen-elemen etnik yang tidak wujud sebelum ini dimana budaya tersebut adalah asing bagi sesetengah masyarakat dan merupakan sesuatu yang baru buat mereka.
Perlu dinyatakan bahawa proses difusi budaya ini adalah tidak merbahaya kerana kebiasaanya budaya asal masih lagi dikekalkan dan dipelihara oleh golongan masyarakat tersebut.
Sebagai contoh, proses difusi budaya yang berlaku dalam negara kita,adalah disebabkan tanah melayu mempunyai kedudukan yang strategik dalam hubungan perdagangan antara pelbagai negara seperti China dan India, turut mengalami perubahan yang pesat. Pusat-pusat pelabuhan yang dibina di rantau ini menjadi pusat persinggahan pedagang-pedagang dari timur dan barat.
Perkembangan pengaruh Hindu-Buddha ke alam Melayu dan kemudian munculnya kerajaan Melayu Hindu-Buddha telah berlaku proses difusi budaya. Proses difusi budaya ini mempercepatkan berlaku perubahan dan pembangunan budaya Melayu. Namun kekuatan asas budaya Melayu yang telah terbina sekian lama tidak membawa perubahan kepada struktur tradisi budaya. Perubahan yang berlaku itu merupakan penerimaan dan penyesuaian unsur-unsur budaya yang dibawa dari peradaban asing itu.
Penerimaan pengaruh peradaban asing itu berpusat di istana golongan memerintah. Golongan memerintah menerima perubahan itu bagi menyesuaikan dengan pernyataan peradaban yang lebih tinggi itu selalu dianggap berkedudukan tinggi, dan seterusnya meletakkan golongan memerintah itu mewarisi kedudukan sosial yang tinggi bersesuaian dengan kedudukan mereka. Walau bagaimanapun, proses difusi budaya itu melalui atau mengalami proses pemilihan dan penyesuaian. Hanya unsur-unsur budaya yang dianggap berkedudukan tinggi dan sesuai dapat diterima dengan…...

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