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Protein Maromolecules

In: Science

Submitted By rsage
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The study of Macromolecules in the body is significantly examined through Anatomy and physiology understanding the body at its most primary, fundamental level. Roles carried out by macromolecules are crucial to life contributing to functions throughout the entire body and by understanding these structures and methods, effective medicines to treat conditions can be developed successfully whilst the rest of the body can be grasped. In particular, I have decided to research Protein macromolecules. Proteins are unique in the way of their structures and found contributing to virtually all cells of the body. The following essay explains the distinctive structures of Protein, variant forms and proteins role toward almost all biological processes.
Body: Structure of Protein
The structure of a Protein Macromolecule consists of more than one hundred amino acids covalently bonded. A covalent bond is the result of shared electrons amongst atoms and in protein macromolecules; these bonds connect Amino acids to another ultimately creating a Polypeptide chain. A polypeptide chain includes three or more Amino acids linked together by this chemical bond. Amino acids ultimately determine the shape and three dimensional configurations of Protein, are organic compounds and have a two carbon bond comprising of one carboxyl group and one amino group. A carboxyl group (COOH) consists of a carbon atom, two oxygen atoms, Hydrogen atom and joins to an Amine group (NH2) Each amino acid possesses a variable R group differentiating each Amino acid. This R group, (or side chain) gives each protein specific characteristics, including size, polarity and pH according to Boundless Biology (Amino Acids), 01 Dec. 2014. Amino acids contain basic structures of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen atoms. Once polypeptides have formed, protein molecules are then exposed to four...

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