Premium Essay

Prudential Regulation Analysis

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rabbia123
Words 25889
Pages 104
PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS FOR CORPORATE / COMMERCIAL BANKING

(Updated on January 31, 2011)

BANKING POLICY & REGULATIONS DEPARTMENT

STATE BANK OF PAKISTAN

Disclaimer: State Bank of Pakistan compiles a booklet of Prudential Regulations from time to time for convenience of users. Updated version of such a booklet containing amendments in the regulations made through circulars/Circular letters to date is being issued. Due care has been taken while incorporating amendments, however, errors and omission may be expected. In case of any ambiguity, users are advised to refer to the original circulars/circular letters on the relevant subject(s), which are available on SBP’s website (www.sbp.org.pk).

THE TEAM

NAME

DESIGNATION

Inayat Hussain

Executive Director (BPRG)

Syed Irfan Ali

Director (BPRD)

Muhammad Saleem

Additional Director (BPRD)

Kazi Sarfraz

Joint Director (BPRD)

Amjad Ali

Joint Director (BPRD)

Ishrat Hussain

Deputy Director (BPRD)

Rao Ahmed Mukhtar

Deputy Director (BPRD)

Mahvish Naeem

Assistant Director (BPRD)

Nazia Tahir Bodla

Assistant Director (BPRD)

Website Address: www.sbp.org.pk

CONTENTS PART-A PART-B Definitions. Regulations. RISK MANAGEMENT (R) Regulation R-1 Regulation R-2 Regulation R-3 Regulation R-4 Limit on exposure to a single person. Limit on exposure against contingent liabilities. Minimum conditions for taking exposure. Limit on exposure against unsecured financing facilities. Linkage between financial indicators of the borrower and total exposure from financial institutions. Exposure against shares/TFCs and acquisition of shares. Guarantees. Classification and provisioning for assets. Assuming obligations on behalf of NBFCs. Facilities to private limited company. Payment of dividend. Monitoring. Margin requirements. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE (G) Regulation G-1 Corporate...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Banking

...Banking Research & Writing Table of content Introduction 3 Structure and functioning of UK banking system: 3 Performance measurement system 5 Trading revenues and Value-at-Risk 7 Evaluation of Regulatory Challenges of UK Universal Banking Model 9 Micro and macro prudential regulation 9 Basel II, III regulation 10 Global Financial Crises in UK 12 Conclusion 13 References 14 Introduction The UK managing an account has experienced considerable change in the course of the most recent 20 years, essentially determined by local deregulation and different strengths that have changed supply and interest qualities of the money related administrations industry. Elaboration of structure and functioning of the UK banking industry, Evaluation of Regulatory Challenges of UK Universal Banking Model and Global Financial Crises in UK is discussed further in this paper. Structure and functioning of UK banking system: The UK banking system is regularly said to be very focused and subsequently deficiently aggressive. The UK banking sector contains one market and not many markets. The UK banking system is indeed a mix of numerous separate product markets with rivalry originating from distinctive regions and diverse contenders. The High Street banks are all sizeable members in each of the business sector fragments and giving administrations to the overall population, the leading bank in each one fragment has a tendency to appear as something else. Business......

Words: 2870 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Fins Bank

...Chapter 1 The Financial Services Industry: Depository Institutions Overview • In this chapter, we explore two major depository institution (DI) groups: – Banks, and – Non-bank depository institutions. • We focus on the major characteristics of each group: – Size, structure and composition of industry group, – Balance sheets and recent trends, – Regulation. • In Australia, the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) authorises financial institutions to carry out financial intermediation. Copyright  2007 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Financial Institutions Management 2e, by Lange, Saunders, Anderson ,Thomson and Cornett Slides prepared by Maike Sundmacher 1-2 Products Sold by the Financial Services Industry • Comparing the products of DIs in 1950 and 2006: – Much greater distinction between types of DIs in terms of products in 1950 than in 2006. – Blurring of product lines and services over time. – Wider array of services offered by all DI types. – Refer to Tables 1.1A and 1.1B in the text. Copyright  2007 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Financial Institutions Management 2e, by Lange, Saunders, Anderson ,Thomson and Cornett Slides prepared by Maike Sundmacher 1-3 Banks • Banks are the largest depository institutions in terms of size. • Major difference between banks and credit unions/savings institutions: banks have more varied assets and liabilities. • Differences in operating characteristics......

Words: 2435 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Microfinance

...people and MSMEs. This puts emphasis on the sound development of MFIs as vital ingredients for investment, employment and economic growth. There is therefore, need for new, innovative, and pro-poor modes of financing low-income households and MSMEs based on sound operating principles. Implying that, an appropriate policy, legal and regulatory framework to promote viable and sustainable systems of microfinance in a country must be developed (Omino, 2005). The existing microfinance regulation in Kenya, (Microfinance Act 2006), while putting regulation and supervision of Deposit Taking Microfinance Institutions (DTIs) under Central Bank of Kenya (CBK), has, through Section 3(2) of the Act, empowered the Minister for Finance to make regulations specifying the Non-deposit taking microfinance business and prescribe measures for the conduct of the specified business (MF Act, 2006). Economic Rationale for Financial Regulation Preserving Financial Sector Soundness The core objectives of financial regulation are to preserve the stability and soundness of the financial system and to protect...

Words: 2232 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Fslrc

...An Analysis of FSLRC Report – Did it deliver what it promised? Even if India can be called a forever young nation, surely its laws are pretty old. Specially in a sector like Finance, where the last few decades has seen umpteen changes, Reserve Bank of India Act, Insurance Act etc dates back to the 1930s. Though there has been moderations of the laws over the years, Indian Financial Sector and its underlying foundation is in need of holistic restructuring. Keeping this in mind, in March 2011, the Government of India, Ministry of Finance established the Financial Sector Legislative Reform Commission or FSLRC to mend the legal and institutional structure of the Indian Financial Market. The Commission was chaired by B. N. Srikrishna, former judge of the Supreme Court and the other board members consisted of virtuoso of various fields like Finance, Economics, Laws and Public Administration. The Commission took up a intense two year process starting from April, 2011 and submitted its “text of the findings and recommendations” in March,2013. For better and effective functionality in finance sector and avoid conflicts of interest among different regulatory, the Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission (FSLRC) recommended to have well structured Government agencies. The Commission has pitched for specialized and consolidated set of provisions on regulatory governance by bringing a bill, called Indian Financial Code Bill. Government agencies are required to perform......

Words: 1556 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Credit Management

...different phases of Credit management. |Reference Books |Author / Publication | |Credit Management |ICFAI | |Practical Banking Advances |H.L.Bedi and V.K. Hardikar/ UBS Publishers | |The Bank Credit Analysis |Jonathan Golin/John Wiley & Sons | |Frontiers in Credit Risk |Gordian Gaeta/ John Wiley & Sons | |Money, Credit and Capital |James Tobin/McGraw | |Credit Risk |Michael Hanke/Springer | |Credit and Banking |K.C.Nanda/Response | |Credit Appraisal, Risk Analysis & Decision making |Mukherjee/Snow White | Detailed Curriculum Overview: Lending Activity – Basic Requirements for Lending....

Words: 446 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

How Did Financial Reporting Contribute to the Financial Crisis?

...Rob Bloomfield, Elicia Cowins, Hilary Eastman, Gavin Francis, Christian Kusi-Yeboah, Jim Leisenring, Martien Lubberink, Richard Rendleman, David Tweedie, and an anonymous reviewer. We acknowledge funding from the Center for Finance and Accounting Research at UNC-Chapel Hill and the Stanford Graduate School of Business Center for Global Business and the Economy. Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1601519 How did Financial Reporting Contribute to the Financial Crisis? Abstract We scrutinize the role financial reporting for fair values, asset securitizations, derivatives, and loan loss provisioning played in the Financial Crisis. Because banks were at the center of the Financial Crisis, we focus our discussion and analysis on the effects of financial reporting by banks. We conclude fair value accounting played little or no role in the Financial Crisis. However, transparency of information associated with asset securitizations and derivatives likely was insufficient for investors to assess properly the values and riskiness of bank assets and liabilities. Although the FASB and IASB have taken laudable steps to improve disclosures relating to asset securitizations, in our view, the approach for accounting for securitizations in the IASB’s Exposure Draft that would require banks to recognize whatever assets and liabilities they have after the securitization is executed better...

Words: 12577 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

Post Gfc Reforms and Regulations

...Post Crises reforms and regulations The global financial crises displayed various weaknesses in the financial system. Ever since the crises, there have been sincere efforts in trying to eliminate or reduce the chances and impact of a future crisis. Four main areas of reform were identified by the international policy makers and sufficient work has been done to implement them (The Regulatory Response to the Global Financial Crises, 2014). Although Australia has not been affected as much as the north Atlantic countries, it still operates in the global environment. A part of regulatory reforms includes managing and monitoring systemic risk. Australia has been trying to do that through various entities such as the RBA, APRA and ASIC. Australia has also implemented reforms related to derivative trading, which are being traded more and more despite their high level of risk. Even though the reforms and regulations that were and going to be implemented, improved the safety of the financial system, there will never be a one hundred percent guarantee that there will be no future crisis. The G20 summit in 2008 was different from the prior summits in that it constituted of the leaders of the countries instead of Finance Ministers and Bank Governors (RBA, 2012). The leaders agreed on four areas of reforms which are: Strengthening Prudential Regulatory Standards (Basel III), addressing too big to fail institutions, reforms to OTC derivatives market and shadow banking. The......

Words: 1206 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Commercial Banks and New Capital Regulation

...COMMERCIAL BANKS AND NEW CAPITAL REGULATION MAF 202 Prepared By: Simardeep Sran - 211689444 Due: September 12, 2013 Table of Contents 1. Introduction 4 2. Findings 5 3.1. Move from Basel II to Basel III 5 3.2.1. The Global Financial Crisis and Basel II Shortcomings 5 3.2. Basel III 6 3.3.2. Main Features 6 3.3.3. Basel II and Basel III Difference 8 3.3. Implications of Basel III 9 3.4.4. Global Banking System 9 3.4.5. Banking System in Australia 9 3.4.6. Banking System in Japan 10 3. Conclusions 11 4. Reference List 12 1. Introduction The financial system is beyond indispensable in the global economy, with commercial banks playing a vital role as the main form of a financial institution. Within the financial system it is crucial to have regulations and guidelines for financial......

Words: 3326 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Economics

...The pursuit of financial stability* It gives me great pleasure to address this gathering at the 7th Annual Conference on Money and Finance in the Indian economy organised by the Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR). Issues related to monetary policy and financial sector continue to attract a lot of research interest all over the world and this is all the more true for emerging economies like India which are gradually integrating with the rest of the world. Accordingly, the initiatives taken by the IGIDR to hold annual conferences on the topic of Money and Finance to bring together researchers and policymakers are indeed welcome. 2. With growing financial openness, globalisation and liberalisation, financial stability issues have come to the forefront. These issues have ranged from discussions on basic issues of the definition of financial stability itself to issues of measurement, issues of choice of instruments to achieve the objective of financial stability and even issues on the degree of activism that central banks should adopt in pursuing this objective. 3. Traditionally, it has been believed that monetary stability leads to financial stability. However, as the events of the 1990s show, it need not necessarily be the case. While there are complementarities between these two objectives, especially in the long run, the same need not hold in the short-run. A stable macroeconomic environment - low and stable inflation, sustained growth and low......

Words: 3379 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

How Did Financial Reporting Contribute to Financial Crisis

...How did Financial Reporting Contribute to the Financial Crisis? Mary E. Barth & Wayne R. Landsman a a b Graduate School of Business , Stanford University , Stanford, CA, USA b Kenan–Flagler Business School , University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill, NC, USA Published online: 07 Jul 2010. To cite this article: Mary E. Barth & Wayne R. Landsman (2010) How did Financial Reporting Contribute to the Financial Crisis?, European Accounting Review, 19:3, 399-423, DOI: 10.1080/09638180.2010.498619 To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638180.2010.498619 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Taylor & Francis makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the “Content”) contained in the publications on our platform. However, Taylor & Francis, our agents, and our licensors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the Content. Any opinions and views expressed in this publication are the opinions and views of the authors, and are not the views of or endorsed by Taylor & Francis. The accuracy of the Content should not be relied upon and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shall not be liable for any losses, actions, claims, proceedings, demands, costs, expenses, damages, and other liabilities whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with, in relation to or arising out of......

Words: 13452 - Pages: 54

Premium Essay

Reuniao

...Review of consumer protection measures in the travel and travel related services market in Australia including the role of the Travel Compensation Fund Submission by Australian Federation of Travel Agents April 2010 Contact Mr Jayson Westbury Chief Executive Officer, AFTA 309 Pitt Street Sydney NSW 2000 T: 02 9287 9900 E: afta@afta.com.au Without a travel agent, you are on your own AFTA submission to Ministerial Council on Consumer Affairs Review of consumer protection measures in the travel and travel-related services market including the role of the Travel Compensation Fund Page 2 AFTA submission to Ministerial Council on Consumer Affairs Review of consumer protection measures in the travel and travel-related services market including the role of the Travel Compensation Fund Who is AFTA? The Australian Federation of Travel Agents Ltd (AFTA) was founded in 1957 to: establish professional standards for travel agents; stimulate, encourage and promote travel; bring together those acting as intermediaries in the distribution of travel services; and build strong working relationships with suppliers and consumers of travel related services. AFTA represents approximately 70% of Australia’s travel intermediaries that control more than 90% of travel intermediary turnover. It also has a substantial base of associate members, representing non-intermediary sectors of the travel related services industry. Members are bound by AFTA’s Code of Ethics. AFTA......

Words: 22133 - Pages: 89

Free Essay

Financial Crisis - Ideal Outcome

...ministers by January 1, 2019. The question is, however, whether this is the right path to choose and whether these regulations will be able to prevent the world from any future financial markets crisis. So far, the proposed numbers themselves could hardly be described as tough, as the bounce in bank shares testified. Also, it seems that many important issues are not being addressed at all. (Plenty) But what are the issues that should be addressed? What would be the ideal regulatory state and is it possible to ever achieve it? Let us, first, start with our idea of the “ideal” international financial regulatory plan. After having researched various proposals for the international financial markets regulations, we reached a conclusion that finding the ideal path is going to represent a very difficult task and that none proposed regulation will be able to fit all the states. As mentioned in the article “Financial regulation: More questions than answers” which was posted in Businessline in the end of July, due to the variations in institutional legacies, traditions and systems in individual countries over the world, no one size can fit all. Also, however, we believe that as far as financial stability is concerned within any kind of arrangement that is deemed fit in a particular country, there is no need for a central bank to have a lead role. (Opinion) Any regulations will then require a dispassionate assessment of the reasons for the current system’s failure. The complicated......

Words: 2698 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Internship Report of Corporate Credit in Bank

...CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Basel Capital accord is a capital adequacy framework developed by the Basel committee. In 1988, the Basel Committee decided to introduce a capital measurement system commonly referred to as the Basel Capital Accord. This system provided for the implementation of a credit risk measurement framework with a minimum capital requirement of 8% on banks Risk Weighted Assets (RWA). The 1988 framework is also known as "Basel – I". Since 1988, this framework has been progressively introduced not only in member countries but also virtually in all other countries. The "international convergence on capital measurement and capital standard -2004" is popularly known as Basel-II. It is a capital adequacy related standard framed by Basel committee. After the successful implementation of 1988 accord in more than 100 countries, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision reached an agreement on a number of important issues for promoting best and uniform banking practices as well as setting standards and guidelines for supervisory function. Following extensive interaction with banks, industry groups and supervisory authorities that are not members of the Committee, the revised framework was issued on 26 June 2004, which is being regularly revised and updated. The Basel-II aims to replace Basel I and to make the capital framework more risk sensitive. Basel II has recommended major revision......

Words: 2395 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Recruitment and Selection

...also becoming increasingly important, as the Company evolves and changes, that new recruits show a willingness to learn, adaptability and ability to work as part of a team. The Recruitment & Selection procedure ensures that these criteria are addressed   In this project I have studied Recruitment and Selection process of ICICI Prudential Life Insurance and attempted to provide some ways so as to make recruitment more effective and to reduce the cost of hiring an employee. I am privileged to be one of the students who got an opportunity to do my training with ICICI Prudential Life Insurance.  My involvement in the project has been very challenging and has provided me a platform to leverage my potential in the most constructive way. ICICI Prudential Life insurance is one of India's leading financial institutions offering complete financial solutions that encompass every sphere of life. In a short span of time,ICICI has set an example by having a steady and confident journey to growth and success. During the training period I have studied deeply the process of hiring in ICICI Prudential Life insurance and did a SWOT analysis of ICICI Prudential Life Insurance to find out the existing shortcomings and potential threats and thereby recommended suggestions. This project however is an attempt to share as best as possible my experience in corporate world...

Words: 4345 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Strategic Plan

...FIN ANCI AL SERVICES BO ARD S T R AT E G I C P L A N 2010/11 – 2012/13 INDEX PAGE DEFINITIONS ............................................................................................................................. 3 1 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 5 5.1 5.2 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 4 FSB VISION AND MISSION .......................................................................................... 5 Vision .............................................................................................................................. 5 Mission ............................................................................................................................ 5 Values ............................................................................................................................. 5 OVERVIEW OF FSB OPERATIONS ............................................................................... 6 FSB Governance Structure.............................................................................................. 6 FSB Operational Structure............................................................................................... 7 Line Departments ............................................................................................................ 8 Line Support Departments .........................................................

Words: 7083 - Pages: 29