Free Essay

Pseudoscientific Jargon

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By melldimacs
Words 464
Pages 2
2.1 Design Philosophy Maraming pagbabago ang naganap sa larangan ng makaagham at epektibong pagbuo ng mga gusali at naglalakihang istruktura matapos ang Pangalawang Digmaang Pandaigdig. Ang mga pangyayaring ito ay nagbukas pa ng pinto para sa mas marami pang posibilidad para sa mas epektibo at mas ligtas na gusali para sa lahat.

2.2 Loading Ang bawat istruktura ay nakabatay sa puwersang grabitasyunal, sa hugis at laki neto, kung saan ito itatayo, at ang bawat posibilidad sa bawat batayan ay dapat na isaalang-alang.

2.2.1 Sequential Loading Dahil may mga bagay na maaring makaapekto sa kabuuan ng isang istruktura na magiging kapansin-pansin lamang pagkatapos ito malikha, mas makakabuting isaisip ang mga bagay tulad ng direksyon ng hangin at tamang pagkakahiwa-hiwalay upang maging maayos ang istruktura.

2.3 Strength and Stability Ang bawat istruktura ay dapat na may kakayahang mapigilan o kung hindi naman ay maging matibay sa harap ng pinakamahihirap na sitwasyon. Maging ano pa man ang sitwasyon, dapat mapanatili ang kaligtasan ng kung sino man ang nasa loob ng gusali.

2.4 Stiffness and Drift Limitations Ang kakayahan ng anumang gusali na masangga at malabanan ang anumang puwersa, maging dahil sa kalikasan o tao, ay nakabatay sa mga materyales na gagamitin at sa ano mang gusali na nakatayo malipat sa katatayuan nito.
2.5 Human Comfort Criteria Hindi lang dapat isaalang-alang ang tibay at kaligtasan ng gusali, ang anumang istruktura ay dapat na may kaaya-ayang paningin, sa loob o labas man nito. Dapat hangarin ng mga nagpaplano ang kaginhawan ng mga taong nasa loob ng istruktura.

2.6 Creep, Shrinkage, and Temperature Effects Ang mga paglubog sa lupa o mas kilala sa tawag na “shrinkages” ay matuturing na natural sa anumang gusali pero dapat pa rin itong isaalang-alang dahil ang mga biyak na maaring idulot nito ay banta sa kaligtasan ng mga nasa loob ng anumang istruktura.

2.7 Fire Maraming disenyo para sa pagiwas sa sunog at pagkontrol nito, ang nararapat na pagtakas sa sunog at marami pang iba. Dahil ito nakakasira ng pinakamadaming istruktura, dapat isama ito sa mga prayoridad. Ang temperatura at bentilasyon sa loob ng gusali ang dapat pansinin para makaiwas sa sunog.

2.8 Foundation Settlement and Soil-Structure Interaction Dapat ay maiiging suriin ang katitirikan o katatayuan ng anumang gusali. Maging ang mga nakaraang gusaling itinayo bago ang bagong itatayo ay dapat na siyasatin. Makakaapekto ito sa buong istruktura dahil ito ang magsasaaad ng tibay ng pundasyon nito.

Summary Ang mga konseptong ito ay nakabase lamang sa probalidad. Ang probalidad na ang pagkakamali ay mababa at sa probabilidad na maitatayo ang anumang gusali at magagamit ito ayon sa kapakinabangan.

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