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Psy 202 Motivation and Emotion

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By amandap1
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ABSTRACT

Motivation is a concept used to explain why behavior changes over time, why behaviors are persistent or not persistent, and why behavior is directed toward different goals at different times. In this paper I will define the approaches that motivate us and how emotions drive us intrinsically and extrinsically. Motivation and Emotion

Motivation can be described as goal directed behavior and according to the reading material Psychology and Your Life (2012) the five approaches to motivation are instinct, drive- reduction, arousal, incentive and cognitive.
The first approach is instinct this approach upholds instincts or “inborn patterns of behavior that are biologically predetermined” as the factors that influence behavior (University of Phoenix, 2010, pp. 244-248). The instinct approach explains why we have food and mate- seeking behaviors viewed by all humans as, hunger and sex, they are primary instincts.
According to the instinct theory organisms are motivated to behave in certain ways because, they are evolutionarily programmed to do so. An example would be how in the animal world there is seasonal migration. These animals do not learn this roaming behavior, moving periodically from one region or climate to another; it is instead, an inborn pattern of behavior.
Drive-reduction is the second approach which states that a lack of some requirement drives us to obtain that need. Homeostasis, the steady internal state with in our body, is included with this approach (University of Phoenix, 2012, pp. 244-248). If your stomach churns and growls this is your drive, your response would be to seek out food to subside your hunger pangs, this is the reduction. With homeostasis your body wants to stay at an ideal function (University of Phoenix, 2012, pp. 244-248); much like your furnace, if the temperature drops in your...

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