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Psy 270 Appendix D

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Psychological and Psychophysiological Stress Disorders

Respond to the following:
1. Stress can be the root cause of psychological disorders. Name four symptoms shared by acute and posttraumatic stress disorders.

4 symptoms that are shared by acute and posttraumatic stress disorders are fear, avoidance, reduced responsiveness, and increased arousal, anxiety and guilt.

2. What life events are most likely to trigger a stress disorder?

Combat trauma occurs when soldiers are exposed to combat. Civilian trauma can include natural or accidental disasters. Victimization which can happen when someone is sexually of physically assaulted. Acts of terror and torture may also lead to stress disorders.

3. Traumatic events do not always result in a diagnosable psychological disorder. What factors determine how a person may be affected by one such event?

Every individual reacts to trauma differently. Their personal resiliency, biological processes, childhood experiences, social support systems and cultural background can a play a part in whether or not they develop a diagnosable psychological disorder.

4. What is the link between personality styles and heart disease?
Type a personalities have certain characteristics that can lead to heart disease. Type A's tend to lean towards hostility and time urgency which increases the heart rate. Those with repressive coping styles also have a sharp rise in heart rate and blood pressure when in stressful situations. Both of these can contribute to heart disease due to the added effort required for the heart to compensate for the stress reactions.
Type B personalities are more relaxed and do not experience such rises in heart rate and blood pressure so their heart does not have to work as hard.

5. List and briefly describe four psychological treatments for physical disorders.

Four psychological treatments for…...

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