Psy 300 Foundation of Psychology

In: Psychology

Submitted By fudge669
Words 998
Pages 4
Foundations of Psychology
Larry Eckel
PSY 300
December 5, 2011
Liz West

Foundations of Psychology

According to “Foundations of Psychology” (1948), “psychology is the study of human nature. It is the study of man, man as a living being, acting in an ever-changing world, responding to things and events and other people. If you know what man is, if you know the full answer to the question about the nature of man, then you know what human nature is and what psychology comprises” (Chapter 1, Para. 1). Many varying thoughts have changed over time to the study of psychology. These thoughts include functionalism, behaviorism, structuralism, psychoanalysis, and humanistic.
According to Kowalski, R., & Westen, D. (2009), structuralism was introduced by Edward Titchener because of his interest in the study of structure in consciousness. He believed that with experimenting in psychology to be the best attempt for science to understand psychology. Titchener states that “attention implied too much free will” to be an accurate and useful. Later, psychologists continued to study the consciousness with feelings and sensations that could only be told by only the person reporting them. This was one of the thoughts that were most prominent in the early years of psychology.
The other thought that was also prominent was functionalism. Unlike structuralism that focused on the mind, the work of functionalism looked at the function, or role, that psychological actions can help people adjust to the environment. A functionalist would react to what is learned, but not to say the idea of an action. They would tend to focus on the behavior and purpose of their reactions. One of the initial founders is William James, who wrote a textbook of psychology in 1890. The work of Charles Darwin was also instrumental a century later, to this psychological thought. The works of functionalism…...

Similar Documents

Psy 300 Foundation of Psychology

...Foundations of Psychology Larry Eckel PSY 300 December 5, 2011 Liz West Foundations of Psychology According to “Foundations of Psychology” (1948), “psychology is the study of human nature. It is the study of man, man as a living being, acting in an ever-changing world, responding to things and events and other people. If you know what man is, if you know the full answer to the question about the nature of man, then you know what human nature is and what psychology comprises” (Chapter 1, Para. 1). Many varying thoughts have changed over time to the study of psychology. These thoughts include functionalism, behaviorism, structuralism, psychoanalysis, and humanistic. According to Kowalski, R., & Westen, D. (2009), structuralism was introduced by Edward Titchener because of his interest in the study of structure in consciousness. He believed that with experimenting in psychology to be the best attempt for science to understand psychology. Titchener states that “attention implied too much free will” to be an accurate and useful. Later, psychologists continued to study the consciousness with feelings and sensations that could only be told by only the person reporting them. This was one of the thoughts that were most prominent in the early years of psychology. The other thought that was also prominent was functionalism. Unlike structuralism that focused on the mind, the work of functionalism looked at the function, or role, that psychological actions can help...

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Foundation of Psychology

...The Science of Psychology Foundations of Psychology Suzette Lee [ Monday, April 02, 2012 ] PSY300 Psychology is a scientific study that investigates the main components of the brain, the mind and the body in different fields of psychology in order to understand and conduct observations of the mental process of the human mind, and observable behavior. Psychology is often used to understand the unknown of human behavior, and their potential patterns that observe the actions of self expression on how people feel and store memory. The study of the mind is an observation of a person’s mental awareness of both the conscious and unconscious mentality. Structuralism was the dominant school of psychology in Germany and the U. S. between1890-1920, and was the school of thought based on the notion that the object of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related. Structuralism explores areas of the mind, focus mainly with sensation and perception in vision, hearing and, touch through introspection, or the systematic observation of one’s own conscious experiences, although Functionalism was the protest against structuralism and had the assumption that functionalism was more practical and concerned with commonsense issues, structuralism believed that mental functions were not subject to introspective analysis which it was the shaping of the mind that could be analyzed. Another school of thought is behaviorism, in...

Words: 848 - Pages: 4

Foundation of Psychology

...Foundation of Psychology Name PSY/300 Date Instructor Foundation of Psychology There are many ideas regarding why humans think, have the feelings, or behave in the way that they do. According to Kowalski and Westen (2009), psychology is “the scientific investigation of mental processes (thinking, remembering, feeling, ect.) and behavior” (Chapter 1). This paper will work to identify the major schools of thought in psychology and examine their major underlying assumptions. This paper will also work to identify the primary biological foundations of psychology linked to behavior. Psychology first came to be in the 1800’s. Doctors found it interesting that people suffering from severe head trauma were affected by memory and language difficulty. This showed there is a connection between one’s brain and his or her behavior. According to Kowalski and Westen (2009), William Wundt, often described as the "father of psychology" opened the first psychological laboratory in 1879, in Leipzig, Germany (Chapter 1). One of Wundt’s most common methods was introspection. Introspection is “the method in which trained subjects verbally reported everything that went through their minds when presented with a stimulus or task” (Kowalski & Westen, 2009, Chapter 1). Edward Titchener, a student of Wundt, began the first school of thought known as structuralism. Structuralism “attempted to use introspection as a method for uncovering the basic elements of consciousness and the way they...

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Foundation of Psychology

...Foundations of Psychology Paper xxx PSY/300 October 24, 2011 Dr. Wilson Foundations of Psychology Paper Since, “psychology was born from the womb of philosophy” (Kowalski & Westen, 2009), any philosophical questions about behavior thought, and feelings, came from using logic and argumentation. As the late ninetieth century came along, a new alternative approach in trying to understand the mind and behavior emerged. This new approach was to study the mind and behavior scientifically. William Wundt, “who founded the first psychological laboratory in Germany, and was also described as the father of psychology, use scientific methods to uncover the elementary units of human consciousness that combine to form more complex ideas” (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). The method Wundt and his students used was called introspection, where observers reported verbally what goes on in their minds when presented with a task to do. After recording his observers responses, Wundt conclusion was that “the basic elements of consciousness are sensations and feelings” (Kowalski & Westen, 2009), and can become a more complex idea if a person focuses attention, and mentally manipulates them. Wundt considered experimentation essential for studying the basic elements of the mind, while other methods, such as, the study of myths and religion requires higher mental process. However it was the next generation, (Wundt’s student) who took a different view of psychology. The student...

Words: 1027 - Pages: 5

Psy/300

...Notes for Week 2 classical conditioning n (Psychology) Psychol the alteration in responding that occurs when two stimuli are regularly paired in close succession: the response originally given to the second stimulus comes to be given to the first See also conditioned response Paradigm-one that serves as a pattern or model. Stimuli may acquire their capacity to elicit sexual motivational responses through basic associative learning processes such as classical conditioning Read electronic reading on classical conditioning Read physiotherapy-provided operant conditioning . Film on broken brain experimental psychology, how far researcher prepared to go to get answers the last 100 years experimental psychology has endeavored to reveal the workings of the human mind. It's methods have been sometimes brutal. The study of individuals who through unfortunate events have suffered damage to their brains has implications for us all. The cognitive approaches that emphasizes the role of thought and social experience in learning what unites these two approaches is a common philosophical ancestor: the concept of association Aristotle proposed a set of laws of association to account for learning and memory the most important is the law of contiguity which propes that two events will become connected in the mind if they are experienced close together in time (Such as thunder and lightning). Law of similarity which states that objects that resemble each other such as two...

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Foundation of Psychology

... foundations. While researching through information I found this definition of psychology “Psychology is a science of behavior and mental functioning that uses both quantitative and qualitative research studies to develop and test hypotheses and put forward theories and models that explain human behavior” (kowalski & western, p. , 2011). To keep finding and researching information about psychology and the human mind without causing more harm than good a foundation for psychology was placed The first major thought I want to discuss is, Evolutionary psychology. This is an approach to psychology which takes knowledge and principles from biology and uses those to research the structure of the mind. The trick to this is the thought process; remember it is a way of thinking about psychology not a way of doing an action with or on the patient. The second major thought of psychology is the Psychodynamic school of thought. Psychodynamic is, the interaction of various conscious and unconscious mental or emotional processes, especially as they influence personality, behavior, and attitudes. An example of Psychodynamics at play is; when a loved one dies “do they feel pain, guilt or sadness.” Personally I find psychodynamics difficult to deal with because there so many things at play in that kind of situation. The third major thought is cognitive, cognitive thought deals with how thoughts, perceptions, and “problem solving” strategies are affective.......

Words: 915 - Pages: 4

Foundation of Psychology

...Foundations of Psychology Psychology 300 Rosarminda Aguilar Abstract Psychology is a scientific study that all investigate of the human mind, body and over matter in many different fields of psychology to understand and conduct observations on the mental process of the human mind and behavior. It is used to define the mysteries of the human behavior, such as expressions on how people feel and observe actions. The study of the mind is to observe both conscious and unconscious states. Every day we live, breathe, walk, talk, think, and experience in our lives. All of us have so many thoughts and ideas that build up with time which can create issues within ourselves if we don’t vent it out. Psychology studies the brain and mental behaviors. “If we want to understand the mind and behavior, we should investigate it scientifically, just as physicists study the nature of light or gravity, through systematic observation and experimentation” (Kowalski & Westen, 2011). There are theories within psychology that have influenced our knowledge such as structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, cognitive, and evolutionary. The first school of psychology was Structuralism which focused in studying down the mental process and its basic components. There were two major structuralist thinkers include Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener. They used techniques such as introspection to analyze the inner process of the human mind...

Words: 672 - Pages: 3

Foundation of Psychology

...Foundation of Psychology Psychology is the study of human behavior and mind. According to Psychology: The Study of Mental Processes and Behavior defined psychology as the scientific investigation of mental processes (thinking, remembering, feeling, etc.) and behavior. Psychology alone has more than one basic foundation. Psychology can be as broad as biology and as detailed as philosophy, because it includes humans who are very complex in nature. Psychology involves more than how people act; it includes their thought process, emotions, memories, and analysis of events. When psychology was first introduced people weren’t sure if it was a science separated from biology and philosophy. The major school of thought in psychology exemplifies the major theories within psychology. Over the years there are many schools of thoughts in psychology that has developed, that are in addition to the main eight which are structuralism, functionalism, rationalism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, Gestalt psychology, and Cognitive Psychology. . The first school of thought, structuralism was endorsed by Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Bradford Titchner between 1890-1920 in Germany and the US. This school of thought analyzes the mental processes and broke in down into the most basic component. Techniques such as introspection was use to examine how the human mind processed information. Due to the concept of structuralism, John Dewey was credited as the founder of...

Words: 773 - Pages: 4

Foundation of Psychology

...Foundation of Psychology Psychology Foundation of Psychology Debbie Rodgers Colorado Technical University Online PSYC120-1301B-02 Professor Susan Sandman March 18, 2013 Biography of Diana Princess of Wales Diana was born on July 1, 1961, a direct descendent of King Charles II, she became Lady Diana Spencer in 1975 when her father became eighth Earl of Spencer. She lived with her father and three siblings after her parent divorced in 1969, father Edward John Spencer, Viscount Althorpe, and mother Francis Ruth Burke Roche, Viscountess Althorpe, and later Honorable Francis Shand Kydd. Diana was a shy child loved music, ballet, and had a fondness for children, although she was a poor student she became a teacher and taught kindergarten at Young England School. As a child, she played with Prince Andrew and Prince Edward she was no stranger to royalty they rented Park House. Later she went on to marry Prince Charles, twelve years her senior on July 29, 1981 with a much publicized wedding, a year later Prince William Arthur Philip Louis was born on June 21, 1982, two years later Prince (Harry) Henry Charles Albert David was born September 15, 1984 and was a very devoted mother. Diana gave up her title of Her Royal Highness after divorcing Prince Charles in 1996. Extreme pressure of wife, mother, and princes left her depressed, she often cut herself on the arms and legs and several suicide attempts, and she became a model for depression and...

Words: 5686 - Pages: 23

Psy 300 Complete Course

...PSY 300 Complete Course http://hwminute.com/downloads/psy-300-complete-course/ Please use a valid e-mail address while placing your order, the link to download products will be sent to this address. Check your Junk/Spam folder as well. After downloading, unzip the files. If you don't have WINZIP software, you can download it for free at www.winzip.com . If you don't receive any download link within a minute. Please contact us immediately. ( hwminute@gmail.com ) Visit Website: http://hwminute.com/ PSY 300 Entire Course PSY 300 Complete Course Material PSY 300 Week 1 DQ 1 How obedient do you consider yourself, and under what circumstances would you refuse to obey something that you were ordered to do by another person? Provide the necessary information and resources used to support your summary. Please post your responses in the DQ threads. Then comment on other’s responses in the Main forum. Responses to each question should be at least 200-300 words. PSY 300 Week 1 DQ 2 In what ways do you see psychology used in the environment where you work? PSY 300 Week 1 Individual Foundations of Psychology Paper PSY 300 Week 2 DQs PSY 300 Week 2 DQ 1 How do classical conditioning procedures differ from operant conditioning procedures? How are they similar? In your opinion, which learning process is more effective? Why? PSY 300 Week 2 DQ 2 How do we see observational learning used in the workplace? How do we see observational learning being used in our everyday life? Is...

Words: 559 - Pages: 3

Foundation of Psychology Paper

...Foundation of Psychology Paper Psychology is the deep study of the human mind and their behavior. The roots of psychology can be traced to both philosophy and physiology. Philosophy provides how interesting the study oft the mine is. Physiology refers to the scientific method or the tools used to explain mind and behavior. Psychology is used for the following; understanding the behavior of people, their thoughts, and feelings. In the world of psychology there are several schools that make up psychology, they are referring to the theories or thoughts of psychology. In this paper, the author will address the most important schools of psychology and their importance. These include structuralism/functionalism, Gestalt psychology, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, human psychology, and cognitive psychology. In addition, the author will briefly discuss primary biological foundations of psychology linked to behavior and what drives people. In order to understand the different schools of psychology, it is important to consider analyzing the brain and understand its terms that it serves as a function. The first school of psychology is structuralism. Structuralism is a theory came from the ideas of Edward Titchner, “his theory that the mind's functions -- action, affection, association, attention, imagination, memory, perception, recognition, sensation, and thought -- could be categorized as systematically as an elemental chart in chemistry.” ("NNDB Edward Titchner", 2014) This...

Words: 983 - Pages: 4

Foundation of Psychology

...Foundations of Psychology Psychology first developed as a formal discipline in the late 19th century, even though its origins actually date back to ancient Greece (Wright, 2011, p.407). As philosophers began to probe the nature of the human mind, the theory of psychology and its overall acceptance in society began to evolve. As we look back at psychology’s early beginnings, evidence of the emergence of several different schools of thought are revealed and their differences clearly delineated. One of the first schools of thought to emerge was that of functionalism. Proponents of this school felt that the role of psychology was to investigate the function of consciousness, or the purpose of human thought (Wright, 2011, p.407). The functionalists wanted to understand how the mind worked rather than merely describing its contents and they focused on the motivations of mental processes and behavior (Hergenhahn, 2009, p.336). The functionalist school of thought was in direct contrast to structuralism. Structuralists believed that psychology should describe the basic elements of consciousness (Wright, 2011, p.407). The focus of structuralism inevitably became the structure of the mind and the observation of conscious events, hence the name structuralism (Hergenhahn, 2009, p.275). Surely the most famous of all schools of thought was that of psychoanalysis, which was founded by the most famous practitioner of psychology, Sigmund Freud. Freud believed...

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

Psy/300 Entire Course

...PSY 300 Complete Course Material All Weeks DQS A+material To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://homeworklance.com/downloads/73/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://homeworklance.com Email Us : lancehomework@gmail.com PSY 300 Complete Course Material A+ PSY 300 Complete Course Material All Weeks DQS A+material To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://homeworklance.com/downloads/73/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://homeworklance.com Email Us : lancehomework@gmail.com PSY 300 Complete Course Material A+ PSY 300 Complete Course Material All Weeks DQS A+material To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://homeworklance.com/downloads/73/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://homeworklance.com Email Us : lancehomework@gmail.com PSY 300 Complete Course Material A+ PSY 300 Complete Course Material All Weeks DQS A+material To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://homeworklance.com/downloads/73/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://homeworklance.com Email Us : lancehomework@gmail.com PSY 300 Complete Course Material A+ PSY 300 Complete Course Material All Weeks DQS A+material To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://homeworklance.com/downloads/73/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://homeworklance.com Email Us : lancehomework@gmail.com PSY 300 Complete Course Material A+ PSY 300 Complete Course Material All...

Words: 1351 - Pages: 6

Psychology 300

...History “Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior” (Apa, 2014). Contemporary psychology studies a wide range of topics that focus on human behavior and mental process on different levels such as cultural and neural. The discipline of psychology emerges in the late 1800s, however, it can be traced all the way back to the Greeks. It was during the 17th century that Rene Descartes, a French philosopher introduced the idea of dualism. This idea stated that the mind and the human body are two separate entities and by working together they form the human experience (About Psychology, 2014). Psychology starts to emerge as a separate discipline around the mid-1800s, during this time Wilhelm Wundt starts analyzing reaction times by utilizing the scientific research as his method to obtain his results. He was the founder of the first psychology lab in 1879 at the University of Leipzig. This event is considered by many as the official start of psychology as its own discipline. Around this time, William James publishes his book “The Principles of Psychology, and with this publication he is established as the father of American psychology. Furthermore, his books sets the foundations for a new school of thought; this new school focuses on how behavior helps people to adapt to their environment. This new school is functionalism; students of this school used the method of direct observation. One of Wundt’s students, Edward Titchener, went on to found Structuralism, this was...

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Psy 300 Uop, Psy 300 Phoenix, Psy 300 Uophelp, Psy 300 Week 3, Psy 300 Individual Assignment , Psy 300 Learning Team Assignment, Psy 300 Product, Psy 300 a Graded , Psy 300 Summary, Psy 300 Study Guide, Psy 300

...PSY 300 Complete Course Material A+Work Purchase here http://homeworkonestop.com/psy-300-complete-course-material-awork Product Description PSY 300 Complete Course Material A+Work PSY 300 Complete Course Material PSY 300 Week 1 DQ 1 How obedient do you consider yourself, and under what circumstances would you refuse to obey something that you were ordered to do by another person? Provide the necessary information and resources used to support your summary. Please post your responses in the DQ threads. Then comment on other’s responses in the Main forum. Responses to each question should be at least 200-300 words. PSY 300 Week 1 DQ 2 In what ways do you see psychology used in the environment where you work? PSY 300 Week 1 Individual Foundations of Psychology Paper PSY 300 Week 2 DQs PSY 300 Week 2 DQ 1 How do classical conditioning procedures differ from operant conditioning procedures? How are they similar? In your opinion, which learning process is more effective? Why? PSY 300 Week 2 DQ 2 How do we see observational learning used in the workplace? How do we see observational learning being used in our everyday life? Is observational learning effective? Why or why not? PSY 300 Week 2 Individual Phobias and Addictions Paper PSY 300 Week 3 DQs PSY 300 Week 3 DQ 1 How limited is short-term memory when compared to long-term memory? How does this affect our overall consciousness? Is the retention of information conscious or semi-conscious? Explain...

Words: 498 - Pages: 2