Free Essay

Psychoanalysis Case Study

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By joshchoi07
Words 578
Pages 3
Mary seems to have experienced inexplicable, horrendous experiences, which have undoubtedly led to some form of psychological impairment; her history is marked with uncommon happening—beginning with her father’s murder, to her marriage at the age of 16. Abnormal behavior is defined as follows: it deviates statistically from typical behavior; it interferes with a person’s ability to function in a particular situation; it is labeled as abnormal by the society in which it occurs; lastly, it is characterized by perceptual or cognitive dysfunction. In all these components, Mary’s current conditions are applicable. During Mary’s first session, she tore a tissue into shreds, never looked me in the eye during our discourse about her husband, and, at one point, stopped blinking for a period of time. All these strange activities may point to a type of anxiety disorder or possibly a multitude of these disorders. In my second opinion with Mary, I utilized a different method of psychoanalysis—free association. I made sure to exclude all my feelings from the conversation so that no countertransference existed. Highly connotative words like death, clean, and hurt were repeated multiple times, giving further credit to my suspicions of her having anxiety disorders. I believe she suffers from OCD, post-traumatic stress disorder, and certain phobias which she developed during childhood. In my viewpoint, Mary developed OCD from her grandmother. Her grandmother’s constant insistence that Mary kill all the “diseases” that she brought in from outside and the continuous ablutions she had to go through may have led to her belief that everything must be clean and that clean was necessary and good. Further reinforcing this notion was when she let her speech slip essentially a Freudian slip; she said suddenly that she had to “wash the floor, I mean sheets.” Post-traumatic disorder was most likely caused by the exposure to her father’s death followed by the unprecedented suicide by her mother that ensued soon afterwards. Her continual usage of the word death during our second session empowers this idea. She may still have thoughts about the occurrences of her childhood, even after all these years. Phobias, I believe, are apparent in Mary’s present condition. She probably developed fears of many things: fear of germs during her stay with her grandmother and unparalleled fear of hurt or death due to her parents’ deaths. All these anxiety disorders most likely led her to become anorexic due to her confusion and distortions about reality. Violence may be another driving force in Mary’s present, psychologically damaged state. She would not look at me when asked about her husband and was admitted to the emergency room for a myriad of injuries including a gash to her cheek. Her husband may be the source of this violence, however, it is scabrous to assume this idea without more evidence. Treatment will be simple. I will meet with Mary and continue the sessions using free association as my sole method. I will pinpoint the precise causations of her problems and attempt to slowly eliminate those deep, inner thoughts of the unconscious mind. After a while, however, I will ask her to consider family therapy. In this way, I could see the effects of her conditions on the rest of her family and possibly see the attitudes and feelings that the children and the husband have towards her. I will work with the family as a whole and put Mary on the road to a slow but definite recuperation.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Psychoanalysis Theory Case Study

...Case History Background Information John, a 19 years old male, in good health was enlisted to the army and posted to be a transport operator. There are no records of any family mental health history, drug and alcohol history. He is soft spoken and not very sociable. Current Status John display signs of fear when put behind the wheels of a vehicle. His legs are trembling, and he grips the steering wheel of the vehicle extremely tight. He gets into panic attack, suffer breathlessness and breaks down crying. It was later found out from interviewing him that he suffers from post-traumatic phobia. He was in a vehicle that met with a road accident driven by his father. His fear of driving is caused by and made worse by his obsessive, negative thoughts. These thoughts can be scary and irrational, such as the concern that he will drive off a road, in to pedestrians, and met with an accident like his father or he may be more focused on his physical feelings of anxiety such as a rapid heartbeat or trembling. These automatic thoughts are often described as the most bothersome symptom of driving phobia and they can be the actual triggers for panic attacks while driving. Desired Status Controlling John’s thoughts is critical to success in eliminating his driving phobia once and for all. The challenge is to eliminate John’s driving phobia within a 8 week time frame and for him to pass the military driving test. Psychoanalytic Theory Psychoanalytic Theory was founded by...

Words: 2102 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Psychoanalytic Models

...Psychoanalytic Models Amanda Hull PSY 310 August 17, 2015 Cheryl Fracasso Psychoanalytic Models “Without a doubt, Sigmund Freud was one of a handful of individuals pivotal in the history of civilization who altered the way humans think about themselves,” (Schultz, 2011, p. 287). These words reveal much about the father of psychoanalysis, and about those who built upon his original findings. The “official” introduction of psychoanalysis happened in 1895, when Freud had his first book published. Freud’s psychoanalysis was introduced while several other schools were in full swing, and before behaviorism or Gestalt psychology were even a twinkle in Watson or Wertheimer’s eyes. Because psychoanalysis was the first “school” of its kind – that which was neither purely scholarly nor purely scientific – it is still to this day not quite comparable to the other mainstream schools of thought. Because psychoanalysis deals with abnormal behavior and the unconscious, the other schools of thought simply brushed it aside. It is often wondered what influences helped to create the idea of psychoanalysis. There are three main components to the answer to this question: 1. Philosophical speculations about unconscious psychological phenomena 2. Early ideas about psychopathology 3. Evolutionary theory (Schultz, 2011, p.288) These three ideas sparked many questions and led Freud and others on their journey to understanding the unconscious mind of the human being. ......

Words: 1301 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...2014 -2015 ------------------------------------------------- Submitted by: Mary Joy P. Gasga BSSE IA Submitted to: Mr. Joseph Psychology (551) Instructor Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis is a highly specialized treatment based on the observation that people are often unaware of the many internal factors that determine their emotions and behavior. Because it addresses core problems as well as symptoms, psychoanalysis is a comprehensive treatment for many psychological and emotional difficulties in appropriate individuals. It enables people to become aware of inner forces that affect life and helps master those inner forces that are out of conscious control. Psychoanalysis opened up a new view on mental illness, suggesting that talking about problems with a professional could help relieve symptoms of psychological distress. Psychoanalysis was developed by psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) pioneered the psychoanalytic perspective. Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis and the psychodynamic approach to psychology. This school of thought emphasized the influence of the unconscious mind on behavior. Freud believed that the human mind was composed of three elements the id, the ego, and the superego. Many of Freud's observations and theories were based on clinical cases and case studies, making his findings difficult to generalize to a larger population. Regardless, Freud's theories changed how we think about the human mind and behavior and left a......

Words: 484 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Pschoanalytic Model Paper

...Psychoanalytic Model Paper The interpretation of dreams is the royal road to knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind (Freud, 2013). Psychoanalysis is a funny yet crazy type of word, putting Psycho and analysis together sounds like there is a psychotic person that needs to be analyzed. Psychoanalysis is a therapy that is based on what individuals may not know about themselves, mainly their behaviors and their emotions. What may happen with this is that the unconscious behaviors may cause unhappiness in those individuals. There was a method to Freud’s madness, if we should call it that, but the reason behind his psychoanalytic approach to therapy is to identify ones unconscious thoughts and bring them to the fore front, so those individuals that are seeking the therapy are made aware. The downside to this unhappiness is that one’s personality appears to change for the time being. Those behaviors tend to be things like self esteem issues, disturbing personality traits, and they may even have trouble relating to their peers and family members. Psychoanalysis is a technique that is used to treat and evaluate a patient’s behavior; this is performed by a psychotherapist. To which, Freud is one of the first names that many people think of when they think of psychology, and when discussions of psychoanalysis come up in a discussion, in many instances Freud will be the first name that will slip off the lips of various individuals and those in the field of......

Words: 1615 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Sigmund and Me

...a hobby. To be able to learn the thought process of a human being is very fascinating. Throughout this past summer quarter, I learned a great deal on psychoanalysis from lectures, videos and from the textbook. Of all the topics and interesting facts, I was most intrigued by the evolution of Psychoanalysis stemming from Sigmund Freud. Although, admittedly he is not my favorite psychologist, I do agree that he changed our perception of the human mind and personality. Sigmund Freud is labeled the founder/father of psychoanalysis. He believed that the human mind is composed of three elements: the id, the ego, and the superego. He also produced theories of psychosexual stages, the unconscious, and dream symbolism. These theories have become popular in today’s psychology field. Erik Erikson, another theorist associated with psychoanalysis, expanded on Freud’s theories thus stressing the importance of their growth. However, Freud’s critics believed his theories overemphasized the unconscious mind, sex, aggression and childhood experiences. They also believed that many of the concepts proposed by psychoanalytic theorists are difficult to measure and quantify. Also, most of Freud’s ideas were based on case studies and clinical observations rather than empirical, scientific research. Despite the criticism, there are the psychoanalysis field has strengths. While most of the psychodynamic theories did not relay on experimental research, the methods and theories of psychoanalytic......

Words: 1064 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Evaluating Psychodynamic Psychotherapy

...believes that the client’s psychological problems are a direct result of these experiences. They also emphasize the fact that the client more often than not is not aware of the real reasons behind her actions.   Freud is probably one of the most honoured and criticized psychotherapists in history. His ideas on sexual development and its relationship with the psychological development of the individual and the lack of empirical research in his works posed as firing points to his critics. His method of dream analysis, free association and transference were questioned in regards to its ability to efficiently handle and treat psychological distress.   Psychoanalysis is known to be much concerned with psychological processes than specific disorders. Interestingly, if we browse several volumes of the International Journal of Psychoanalysis we will not find a single reference to a psychiatric disorder (Bateman & Holmes, 1995). The psychodynamic approach to therapy has four strategies to tackle psychological abnormalities. They use free association as a way to allow the person to talk about the self without being influenced by defence mechanisms.  Thus, allowing the truth to come out. Psychodynamic therapy also uses dreams to walk to the unconscious of the mind. They believe that dreams allow a free flow of events and impulses that truly represent the repressed wishes of the individual. It is in dreams that a person expresses his or her desire to do something or have something.......

Words: 1894 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Psychology teacher. Her interest in children’s psychology made her get involved more in the field. But it wasn’t until 1910 that Anna became more involved in psychoanalysis thanks to her father, who began to psychoanalyze her. Thanks to this experience in her life is what had made her heavily influenced by her father’s work and ideas and became particularly interested in psychoanalysis especially in children and created the field of child psychoanalysis. In 1922 Anna presented a paper called “Beating Fantasies and Daydreams” to the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society and soon after that she became a member of the psychoanalytical society. Later on Anne soon became the director of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Training Institute where she had published many studies. Anna Freud created what we know today as the field of child psychoanalysis. The field of child psychoanalysis is a sub-field of psychology. In this sub-field Anna implemented her father’s work with some modifications, aiming to the needs of children creating a therapeutic technique for children and adolescents. Sigmund Freud marked a great time in the evolution of psychology, and his daughter Anna used this as a base for her studies, focusing mainly in children, though she did work on other projects she became well know, after creating the sub-field known as the child psychoanalysis. She continued her father’s legacy in the pursuit of psychotherapy along with her father’s theories as applied to children. But the......

Words: 1404 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Psychodynamic Approach • Freud’s psychoanalysis was the original psychodynamic theory, but the psychodynamic approach as a whole includes all theories that were based on his ideas. • The words psychodynamic and psychoanalytic are often confused. Remember that Freud’s theories were psychoanalytic, whereas the term ‘psychodynamic’ refers to both his theories and those of his followers. Freud’s psychoanalysis is both a theory and a therapy. • Sigmund Freud (writing between the 1890s and the 1930s) developed a collection of theories which have formed the basis of the psychodynamic approach to psychology. His theories are clinically derived - i.e. based on what his patients told him during therapy. The psychodynamic therapist would usually be treating the patient for depression or anxiety related disorders. Psychodynamic Approach Assumptions * Our behavior and feelings are powerfully affected by unconscious motives. * Our behavior and feelings as adults are rooted in our childhood experiences. * All behavior has cause even slips of the tongue. Therefore all behavior is determined. * Personality is made up of three parts: the id, ego and super-ego. * Behavior is motivated by two instinctual drives: Eros (the sex drive & life instinct) and Thanatos (the aggressive drive & death instinct). * Parts of the unconscious mind are in constant conflict with the conscious part of the mind. This conflict creates anxiety, which could be dealt with by the......

Words: 595 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Psychoanalytic Paper

...Psychoanalytic Paper Donald Jenkins PSY/310 October Saturday, 2014 Professor Sarah James-Felton Psychoanalytic Paper “Thought is action in rehearsal” – Sigmund Freud Psychoanalysis is the observations of individuals are unaware of factors that determine their behaviors and emotions. This paper will discuss the foundation and components of psychoanalysis. Also this paper will cover the contributions as well as criticism of the psychoanalytic models of explaining human behavior. Psychoanalysis focuses on the unconscious, which during the beginning was a subject ignored by other systems of thought. The foundation of psychoanalysis has many contributors and goes back as far as the eighteenth century. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz (1646-1716) was a German philosopher and mathematician that developed the idea called monadology. Leibnitz’s idea was the psychics are elements of reality and not made up of physical matter, which are mental in nature. Leibnitz believed that mental events which are composed if monads had a different degree of consciousness and were called petites perceptions (Schultz, 2011). Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776-1841) also a German philosopher had refined Leibnitz’s theory of the unconscious to the concept of the threshold of consciousness. Arguing that ideas in the mind rise to the conscious level of awareness. So in order for these ideas to rise to a conscious level of awareness it must be already relevant in the minds consciousness (Schultz,......

Words: 1769 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Behaviourist and Psychoanalytic Psychology

...evolution, it is important to note that Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism both share unique though substantively different intellectual as well as social contexts. Sigmund Freud is considered the pioneer of psychoanalysis which is considered to be quite influential as far as psychology is concerned. Amongst those who influenced Freud his early days include but are not limited to Chrobak Rudolf, Jean-Martin Charcot as well as Breuer, Josef. It can be noted that these three individuals had a lot in common and this included their view of neurotic disorders and the role sex played by sex in the same. On the other hand, behaviorism, tailored for purposes of behavioral control as well as prediction was largely a product o the utilitarian school of thought. According, to Leahey (2003) behaviorism owes much of its difference from Psychoanalysis due to its attempt to make psychology a science in the same rank with biology and physics. Further, in contrast to Psychoanalysis, behaviorism is not largely rooted in the study of consciousness. Though the development of Psychoanalysis was impacted in one way or the other by a number of issues including but not limited to the role of women in the society and anti-Semitism, the development of behaviorism was largely influenced by the dissatisfaction of John B. Watson with a number of theories which were in place at the time. Further, according to Waiten (2008) both behaviorism as well as Psychoanalysis use techniques of research as well......

Words: 920 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Psychoanalysis is a systematic construction of theories regarding the relation of conscious and unconscious psychological processes. It is a method of learning the mind, and treating emotional & mental disorders erected from investigating and revealing the role of the unconscious mind. This type of therapy was started by Sigmund Freud. This in which dream analysis, free association, and examination of opposition and transference are used to research blocked or unconscious urges, anxieties, and internal struggles. This is also called psychoanalytic therapy to others. In 1896, aged forty, Freud published Heredity and the Etiology of the Neuroses, in which the term “psychoanalysis” initially came about. After Freud’s father’s death in 1896, Freud began to pay certain attention to the abundant making of dreams and anxieties which came upon his mourning. In 1897 he devoted himself to an intense and rigorous self-analysis. When he was forty four years of age he described the mental apparatus, on the basis of a certain number of processes or systems, and the relationships between them. His publication of “The Interpretation of Dreams” increasingly conveyed him on to fame. Freud was then joined by equals in this field whom he trained in psychoanalysis. These followers of his explored, and tested in the farthest grasps of the human psyche. All of this allowed Freud to speed up the expansion & development of his psychoanalysis theories. Freud believed that the human mind was composed...

Words: 380 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Science of Psychology

...The Science of Psychology Chapter 1 Chapter 1 Learning Objective Menu • • • • • • • • • • • • • • LO 1.1 LO 1.2 LO 1.3 LO 1.4 LO 1.5 LO 1.6 LO 1.7 LO 1.8 LO 1.9 LO 1.10 LO 1.11 LO 1.12 LO 1.13 LO 1.14 Definition and goals of psychology Structuralism and functionalism Early Gestalt, psychoanalysis, and behaviorism Modern perspectives Skinner, Maslow and Rogers Psychiatrist, psychologist, and other professionals Psychology is a science; steps in scientific method Naturalistic and laboratory settings Case studies and surveys Correlational technique Experimental approach and terms Placebo and the experimenter effects Conducting a real experiment Ethical concerns in conducting research Principles of critical thinking LO 1.1 Definition and goals of psychology What is Psychology? • Psychology - scientific study of behavior and mental processes. • Behavior - outward or overt actions and reactions. • Mental processes - internal, covert activity of our minds. • Psychology is a science • Prevent possible biases from leading to faulty observations • Precise and careful measurement Menu LO 1.1 Definition and goals of psychology Psychology’s Four Goals 1. Description • • • What is happening? Why is it happening? Theory - general explanation of a set of observations or facts Will it happen again? How can it be changed? 2. Explanation 3. Prediction • • 4. Control Menu LO 1.2 Structuralism and functionalism Structuralism • Structuralism -......

Words: 2468 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...oriented with an additional 35% being eclectic, presumably accepting some of the tenets of psychoanalysis (Mahoney, 1991). Almost 60% of child therapists report that their orientation is psychodynamic (Weisz & Weiss, 1993). Similarly, exposure to the Oedipus complex is probably very common among univer- Correspondence regarding this article should be addressed to Joel Kupfersmid, 3076 Remsen Road, Medina, OH 44256. 535 Joel Kupfersmid baby. Gradually, the female child abandons her desire to have her father's child and the oedipal fantasy diminishes (Freud, 1925/1963a). Freud recognized that it is possible that both male and female children might not have witnessed the sexual organs of the opposite sex or have been (in the case of boys) threatened with castration. However, he (1917/1966a) contended that anatomical knowledge of the opposite sex, as well as a desire for sexual intercourse with the opposite sex parent, is genetically inherited. The Importance of the Oedipus Complex Freud (1905/1962; 1913/1950; 1925/1963a) frequently affirmed the importance of the Oedipus complex. Several times he stated that it is the genesis of all neurosis. He (1905/1962) also stressed that "with the progress of psycho-analytic studies the importance of the Oedipus complex has become more and more clearly evident; its recognition has become the shibboleth that distinguishes the adherents of psychoanalysis from its opponents" (p. 92). Fisher and Greenberg (1977) maintain that the......

Words: 10014 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Anna Freud: the Birth of Child Psychoanalysis

...Sophie and Martha and took to her father. Anna was continuously reading the works of Sigmund and became instantly interested in psychoanalysis. As Anna grew, she began to work with Sigmund exploring the idea of psychoanalysis and together they turned it into one of the most widely used methods of psychology. The mutual interest in psychoanalysis brought father and daughter together and formed a close bond between them. Sigmund stated in his book “The Interpretation of Dreams” that, “Annerl had a masculine appetite and aggression, and is beautiful with naughtiness” (Hernandaz, 2008). When Anna was around seventeen years old, she took a two year vacation in which she stayed in Vienna with her grandmother. At the time, Anna was suffering from an illness that was then called, “it”, but can be safely labeled as depression (Hernandaz, 2008). While on vacation, Sigmund wrote to his daughter often and offered advice on how to overcome the “it” she was suffering from. Half way through the vacation however, Anna received a letter from Sigmund stating she was not invited to her sister Sophie’s wedding and subsequently, Anna was once again overtaken with depression. After her two year stay in Vienna, Anna, "...worked as an elementary school teacher and began translating some of her father's works into German, increasing her interest in child psychology and psychoanalysis.” (Hernandaz, 2008). While she was teaching at the Cottage Lyceum, one of the students wrote, “This young lady had......

Words: 1789 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Case Studies

... Case Study: Are Fathers Essential for Children's Well-Being Mosi Russell University of Phoenix Abstract The case study was conducted to help patient Becky White with her drug and alcohol abuse that stemmed from growing up in an unstable home during childhood development. After extensive research Becky was diagnosed and offered psychoanalysis and humanistic therapy to understand and help Becky work through her problems and come up with reasonable solutions. The therapy session are not complete but off to a good start. The number one problem of growing up without a father in her life led to no structure has been established. Therefore, this statement from a young lady who grew up without a father confirms that fathers are essential in a child’s well- being. Are Fathers Essential for Children's Well-Being Case Study Research on the psychological consequences for children of growing up in a fatherless family has gone both ways. The studies conducted will show that a fathers’ absence can have a negative outcome with respect to the child’s cognitive, social, and emotional development. Many will disagree but the aim of the present case study is to observe the value of parent- child relations and the socio-emotional growth of children without a father. Becky White was the patient in the case study; her father was in and out of jail throughout her childhood years. One in four American children grows up without a father in the home. Statistics about single......

Words: 1073 - Pages: 5