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Psychoanalysis

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Chapter 2-3-Module 2 Sigmund Freud and the Development of Psychoanalysis
The Psychoanalytic Approach to Psychology
Ashley Zajac
Metropolitan Community College

Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist who was very well known for his study of the body and the mind. Freud became known as the founding father of Psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Freud worked to develop techniques such as the use of free association, the process in which a patient recites their thoughts without reservation spontaneously. He also discovered transference, the process to which patients speak of feelings to their analysts derived from their childhood attachments. Freud’s work with Psychoanalysis helped him further develop other theories or explanations for the way humans are the way they are including his redefinition of sexuality which formulated the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of the psychoanalytical theory. Freud focused his work mostly on the mind and received many critiques and criticism of his accomplishments. Psychoanalysis emphasized the influence of the unconscious mind on behavior and the main idea that eventually evolved from the development of psychoanalysis is that neurotic symptoms are the result of conflicts within the patient. Neurotic symptoms for example could be phobias, obsessions or compulsions. In Freud’s study of psychoanalysis, he also determined that the mind was composed of three elements: the id, the ego and the superego. The id is the part of the personality of an individual that wants what it wants now and is the seat of natural, primitive instincts such as aggressive and sexual desires. The ego is the more reasonable and rather more developed section of the personality. With the ego, the mind is able to attain reality and understand reason and logic with the...

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