Psychodynamic Personality Theories Matrix

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University of Phoenix Material
Psychodynamic Personality Theories Matrix
Using the text for this course, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, complete the following table.
Theory | Assumptions | Reliability | Validity | Application |
Psychoanalytic Theory | -First developed by Sigmund Freud.-Negates influenced by free will.-Influenced by genetics as well as the environment.-behavior occurs as a result of internal conflict unresolved from childhood.-behavior is motivated by unconscious motives and desires.-these unconscious motives sometime resulted in what were termed Freudian slips.-occurred as a result of childhood experiences.-proposed that personality is driven by sex and aggression.-states that the mind influences one’s personality.-personality includes the id, ego, and superego. Id- holds aggressive energy, driven by one’s unconscious impulses and desires, seeks immediate gratification. Ego- caught between the id and the superego, works to balance the two and uses defense mechanisms to resolve conflicts and solve problems. Superego- conscious, includes morals, self control and values.Psychosexual stages :-Oral- 0-18 mths-Anal- 2-3 yrs-Phalic- 4-6 yrs-Latency- 7-11 yrs-Genital- 12+ yrs | -Based merely on clinical observations, Freud had no scientific evidence to prove his theory.-Theory was based off of Freud’s background, his personal philosophy, experiences and observations. -No experiments were used to prove his theory, no one could test to prove or disprove his hypothesis.-Findings were not consistent for all individuals and could not be verified, and were too general in nature and biased.-Studies did not involve the female gender whose personalities Freud did not understand. | -Theory cannot be tested by others following Freud’s guidelines or data.-No scientific data was provided or classified; research was based on…...

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