Premium Essay

Psychological Disorder Paper

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By bosslady0815
Words 2387
Pages 10
Please scroll all the way down for comments and graded rubric.

Psychological Disorder Paper
PSY/450-Diversity and Cultural Factors in Psychology
Kimberly L. Herrington
Due: Tuesday January 15, 2013

People decisions, attitudes, and beliefs are acquired from their cultural roots. Psychology has established social perception results from the individual’s cultural milieu. Social perception is a process that aids us to understanding others as well as ourselves. This paper will discuss anxiety disorder; examine the connection between human development and how this connection affects anxiety disorders. There are several types of anxiety disorders, some of the most common are; Specific Phobia, Panic Disorder, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder. A person who has anxiety disorder may experience feelings of excessive fear, worrying or discomfort in situations where majority of others do not share those emotions. Left untreated, anxiety disorders may become severely damaging and may affect his or her relationships, work performance, and or study ability. As more research and studies are performed it has been concluded from severe cases that even simple tasks such as cleaning, shopping or leaving the house is a major challenge. In addition to inability to perform daily activities, anxiety may also cause decrease in self-esteem, drug abuse, and separation from loved ones ( Shiraev & Levy 2010) In the United States of America, the most common mental ailments are anxiety disorders. Statistics show nearly 20 percent of the American population is affected at any particular moment. The good news is there are great treatments available for those who suffer and willing to seek help and better themselves. Regrettably, most do not look for help because they are either embarrassed or just unaware how serious and…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Psychological Disorder Paper

...Psychological Disorder Paper Erica Vazquez PSY 450 University of Phoenix Abstract This paper will examine the psychological disorder Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and the relationship it has between human development and socialization as well as how human development and socialization affect people with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Psychological Disorder Paper The U.S. National Library of Medicine describes Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) as, “ an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions).” Essentially, the obsessions are the spontaneous and tedious contemplations, while the compulsions are the actions that result from the disorder. Even though OCD is exhibited as recurrent and persistent thoughts and impulses, would it be just to consider every type of compulsive behavior or obsessive thought as OCD? (Shiraev &Levy, 2010) According to Shiraev & Levy, “ Specific repetitive behavior – praying, for example –– should be judged in accordance with the norms of the individual’s culture and should clearly interfere with social role functioning to be diagnosed as OCD (DSM-IV, P. 420) “ (2010, p. 231). With this in mind a more concrete explanation of the relationship between OCD and human development and socialization. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) OCD......

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Psychological Disorder Paper

...Psychological Disorder Paper “Subjective experience, idioms of distress, and outcomes of treatment necessary for diagnosis of psychopathological symptoms can be assessed by judgments about at least three types of symptoms: physical, behavioral, and psychological” (2010, p. 223). This paper will examine a psychological disorder and discuss the relationship between human development and socialization of this psychological disorder. People tend to be reluctant or afraid of behaviors that do not look familiar or fit into their cultural norms. Symptoms are reported and diagnostics according what is accepted in that cultural and for people who practice particular religions. Different cultures have their own set of behavioral norms that they follow to maintain structure. Therefore, understanding behavior from other cultures may be significantly difficult to relate too. The text refers to this type of view as the relativist perspective on psychopathology because it gives a comparison to unique cultural perspective of psychological disorders. Another perspective is called the universalist perspective on psychopathology because it suggests the absolute continual of ideas and attitudes that people share despite cultural differences. It is common in some cultures to treat an illness as a disorder and label it as such. It is likely to consider normal behavior as abnormal and vice versa in different cultures. American clinicians use the DSM-IV to diagnose mental disorders. However,...

Words: 670 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Eating Disorders

...that eating disorders are difficult to treat because of causes such as genetics, psychological and emotional health or society. Annotated Bibliography Brownell, Kelly D; Fairburn, Christopher G (2005). Eating Disorders and Obesesity A Comprehensive Handbook. This article will provide a comprehensive study of eating disorders. Molecular genetics of eating disorders will show examples of how genetics is used to find causes of eating disorders. It will show how researchers in neurobiology have used eating behavior to try to find the different reasons why people have eating disorders. A variety of substances is believed to be involved in the complex process of integrating physiological and behavioral systems. Kelly D Brownell, PhD, is a credible source because of his knowledge. He is a Professor of Psychology at Yale University. Christopher G Fairburn is credible also because he specialize in research on nature and treatment of eating disorders. He has addressed different aspects of the eating disorder such as diagnostic status, epidemiology, etiology, assessment, course, and treatment. This article will provide comprehensive coverage of the main issues of relevance to the eating disorder for research paper. It will help with procedures used to determine the causes of eating disorders. Eating Disorders-Clinical Trials. Retrieved from http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Eating-disorders/Pages/clinical-trial.aspx This article focuses on what cause eating disorders. It......

Words: 1822 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Psychological Disorders

...Psychological Disorders & Treatment Paper Candace Ward PSY/203 Foundation of Psychology November 16, 2015 Kurtis Armstrong Psychological Disorders is a disorder of the mind involving thoughts, behaviors, and emotions that cause either self or others significant distress. Significant distress can mean the person is unable to function, meet personal needs on their own, or are a danger to themselves or others. There are many types of psychological disorders, this paper will focus on Dependent personality disorders, cyclothymic disorders and well as PTSD or Post Traumatic Stress Disorders. I will also include treatments and what each treatment option will entail. This paper will be concluded with my thoughts on how these disorders can affect our everyday lives and how important it is to be aware of these particular disorders. Dependent personality disorders or DPD is a psychological disorder that is characterized by a persuasive psychological dependence on other people. According to the Psych Central, Dependent personality disorders lead individuals to engage in dependent and submissive behaviors as well as sometimes being seen as “clingy” or “Clinging” to others. It also mentioned that people who suffer with dependent personality disorders tend to have self-doubt, they may belittle themselves a lot, and or repeatedly refer to themselves as “stupid.” Symptom may include having a difficult time making everyday decisions. For example, the individual may need extra......

Words: 1414 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Psychological Disorders

...Psychological Disorder July, 20, 2011 Psychological Disorder Paper Psychological disorders are stated to be abnormalities of the mind, known as mental disorders (Klasco, 2011). Abnormalities of the mind cause persistent behaviors that affect an individual’s daily function and life (Klasco, 2011). The different types of psychological disorders include mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders (Klasco, 2011). The causes of these disorders are unknown, but factors that contribute to these disorders include childhood experiences, chemical imbalances in the brain, illnesses, heredity, stress, and prenatal exposures (Klasco, 2011). Psychological disorders can be serious and can be life-threatening (Klasco, 2011). One psychological disorder that will be discussed in this paper is anxiety disorder, more specifically obsessive-compulsive disorder. This paper will discuss the relationship between human development and socialization, along with how this relationship affects obsessive-compulsive disorder. Anxiety Disorder Anxiety is something that each and every person experiences at some point in their life (Chakraburtty, 2009). An individual who has an anxiety disorder can have feelings of fears and worries that can cripple the individual (Chakraburtty, 2009). An anxiety disorder is stated to be a serious mental illness and can interfere with an individual living a normal life (Chakraburtty, 2009). Symptoms of anxiety disorder include......

Words: 1168 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Psych

...Psychological disorders are stated to be abnormalities of the mind, known as mental disorders (Klasco, 2011). Abnormalities of the mind cause persistent behaviors that affect an individual’s daily function and life (Klasco, 2011). The different types of psychological disorders include mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders (Klasco, 2011). The causes of these disorders are unknown, but factors that contribute to these disorders include childhood experiences, chemical imbalances in the brain, illnesses, heredity, stress, and prenatal exposures (Klasco, 2011). Psychological disorders can be serious and can be life-threatening (Klasco, 2011). One psychological disorder that will be discussed in this paper is anxiety disorder, more specifically obsessive-compulsive disorder. This paper will discuss the relationship between human development and socialization, along with how this relationship affects obsessive-compulsive disorder. Anxiety Disorder Anxiety is something that each and every person experiences at some point in their life (Chakraburtty, 2009). An individual who has an anxiety disorder can have feelings of fears and worries that can cripple the individual (Chakraburtty, 2009). An anxiety disorder is stated to be a serious mental illness and can interfere with an individual living a normal life (Chakraburtty, 2009). Symptoms of anxiety disorder include feelings of fear and panic, obsessive thoughts, nightmares, repeated......

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Psy Paper

...Psychological Disorder Paper Amanda Greco University of Phoenix Psychological Disorder Paper According to The SAGE Glossary of Social and Behavioral Sciences a psychological disorder is defined as “a condition in which a person's thoughts, feelings, or behavior are thought to be in some way dysfunctional.” Psychological disorders are sometimes complex and must meet a certain criteria before being official categorized as a psychological disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, also known as the DSM-IV, includes over 300 manifestations of mental illness also called psychological disorders. Seasonal Affective Disorder According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary, Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is: "A depressive mood disorder that occurs at approximately the same time year after year and spontaneously remits at the same time each year." Seasonal Affective Disorder is more prevalent in areas farther away from the equator where there is a lack of sunlight. Individuals who live where seasonal variations of sunlight intensity occur are more likely to develop SAD. Approximately six percent of the U.S. population is affected by SAD and another 14 percent suffer from a milder form of SAD called winter blues. Individuals with a family history of depression or who have family members who suffer from SAD are more likely to suffer from SAD themselves. Some symptoms of SAD include craving starchy food, weight gain, drop in......

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Biplor Disorder

...Syllabus Course Description This course provides an overview of basic psychological principles that underlie human behavior and reactions to everyday life. Students are provided an opportunity to apply critical-thinking skills to psychological problems and issues. The basic tenets of psychology are presented from a historical perspective, with attention to research-based behavioral science. Policies Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: · University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. · Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies are subject to change. Be sure to read the policies at the beginning of each class. Policies may be slightly different depending on the modality in which you attend class. If you have recently changed modalities, read the policies governing your current class modality. Course Materials Carpenter, S., & Huffman, K. (2010). Visualizing psychology (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. All electronic materials are available on the student website. Week One: Introduction to Psychology Details Due Points Objectives 1.1 Describe the development of the discipline of psychology. 1.2 Compare and contrast research methods used to examine psychological phenomena. 1.3 Explain biological influences on the human......

Words: 2233 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Anxiety

...Anxiety Disorder Dawn Murray Bryant & Stratton College PSYC101 Ms. Sara Bevilacqua 10/1/2014 Abstract Anxiety is a state of intense worrying. This disorder affects 6.8 million people in the United States each year. People who suffer from this disorder may face psychological and physical symptoms. Fortunately, there are many different treatment options available. Anxiety can happen for a specific reason or for no reason at all. There are many psychological and social situations that many cause a person to have anxiety. This paper will discuss the causes, symptoms, treatments and implications of anxiety disorders. Anxiety Disorder Anxiety is a state of intense worrying usually accompanied with physical and psychological symptoms. Anxiety can happen after a distressing situation or for no reason at all. 6.8 million people in the U.S. population are affected by anxiety in any given year. Women are twice as likely to be effected (General Anxiety Disorder, 2010). This paper reviews what anxiety is, it’s causes, the associated symptoms, current treatments, and workplace implications. We all experience anxiety but what causes it? The two main causes are psychological and social situations. Strong evidence supports the theory that genetic components are involved (Ghinassi, 2010). Anxiety is known to run in families. Studies show that certain anxiety disorders are inherited; a growing body of evidence suggests that there is genetic vulnerability to......

Words: 952 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorder Paper

...Disorder Paper - Anxiety Jonathan Dimitroff University of Phoenix Psych 575 March 23, 2015 Leah Mancuso PhD Disorder Paper - Anxiety The purpose of this paper is to discuss a neurological, psychological, or neurodevelopmental disorder. It is to compare and contrast three therapeutic interventions used to treat the chosen disorder; comparing measures of effectiveness, such as validity, efficacy, symptom and behavior management, and recidivism. One therapy should be cognitive in nature, one pharmacological in nature, and the third should be an alternative therapeutic treatment. This paper will identify common symptoms associated with the disorder, and rates of symptom reduction or management as reported with the three treatments. It will discuss what approach this author would use to treat this disorder based on the research used to develop this paper; and why. It will also analyze the neurophysiological underpinnings of disorders and diseases, as well as examine contemporary attitudes towards the three treatments selected. For the purposes of this paper, anxiety will be the chosen disorder. It is a psychological disorder with a variety of symptoms and specific types of anxiety. To list a few of the different types of anxiety, there is Panic disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety disorder, then there are the phobias which fall under the anxiety label, as well as......

Words: 2962 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Bipolar Disorder

...of a mood disorder. Although we all experience variations in our moods (normal fluctuations from sadness or stress or whatever may be the case), they are no comparison to the extremes experienced by individuals with bipolar disorder. Those who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder have experiences with both episodes of major depression and mania (Gazzaniga & Heatherton, 2005). Manic episodes are categorized as having elevated moods, increased activity, and diminished need for sleep, grandiose ideas, racing thoughts, and extreme distractibility. During these episodes, there are often excessive involvement in pleasurable but foolish activities such as sexual indiscretions, buying sprees, and risky business ventures. The individual usually regrets these situations once the mania is over. Not everyone necessarily experiences these extreme episodes, as others may suffer less extreme examples of mood elevations, known as hypomanic episodes. They are often categorized as heightened creativity, productivity, and can be extremely pleasurable and rewarding. People experiencing these symptoms are known as to have a Bipolar II diagnosis, whereas people with extreme depression and manic episodes, as mentioned before, are known to have a Bipolar I diagnosis. There is a third category, however, which is known as cyclothymia. The individual with this type of bipolar disorder experiences hypomania and mild depression (Gazzaniga & Heatherton, 2005). Bipolar disorder is much......

Words: 1153 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology Paper

...Psychology and Therapy Paper Brenda Foster PSY 300 General Psychology May 6, 2013 Laurel Taron Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper Society’s view on normal and abnormal behavior is constantly changing. What one person views as normal another will view it as abnormal. Normal or abnormal behavior may be determined by social or cultural context. What a person does in one country may be completely abnormal in another country. Society may have its own version of the standards of normal but the mental health professional has to determine and define abnormal behavior and determine if the abnormal behavior will constitute as a mental disorder. The study of psychopathology is, “the scientific study of the origins, symptoms, and development of psychological disorders” Hockenbury & Hockenbury, (2001). Psychological or mental disorders are defined as, “a pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that causes significant personal distress, impairs the ability to function in one or more important areas of life or both” Hockenbury & Hockenbury, (2001). The determination of behaviors or a pattern of symptoms that constitutes a psychological disorder can be diagnosed with a disorder only if the patient has specific criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-IV, which was published by the American Psychiatric Association (1994). The mental health professionals have a “common language for labeling mental disorders and comprehensive......

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper

...Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper David Brown, Charles Hodge PSY/300: General Psychology Susan Bonnell June 2, 2015 University of Phoenix Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper Abnormal psychology is the study of unusual behavior, thoughts, and emotion by members of a society (American Psychological Association, 2015). To meet the definition of abnormal, the behavior, actions, or thoughts must be atypical of the culture (Kowalski & Westen, 2011). Herein is where the challenge lies, due to the fact that our world encompasses many cultures and definitions of normal are significantly different from one region to the next. The paper will provide examples of abnormal psychology in the form of mental disorders and illnesses. Additionally, treatments for these disorders and illnesses will be discussed. Normal and Abnormal Psychology Normal and abnormal psychology can differ by culture. One’s normal behavior is that which allows for a society to maintain a productive and relationship driven life that does not differ drastically from the normalcy of said society (Kowalski & Westen, 2011). When an individual’s behavior is maladaptive to the culture he or she belongs, others will then classify said behavior as abnormal, and then will attempt to change that behavior. Wen-Sing Tseng, M.D. (2013), described a Latino man who hit his body and yelled very loudly, alone while in public, upon hearing of his wife’s death. The treating doctor was unsure if the man’s......

Words: 1450 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Anorexia Nervosa Intervention

...Application of Clinical Psychology Paper Becky Smart, Carina Codorean-Forniciov, Christy Velasco, Sara Kaminiski, Sheron Jenkins Psy 480 Augusta 18, 2014 Dr. Stephany Lewis Anorexia Nervosa Intervention Introduction This paper analyzes the serious disorder of anorexia nervosa which is among the highest of any disorders and has about 10 times the death rate for young women without anorexia. Anorexia Nervosa has been categorized as a serious disorder that occurs in approximately 1 in 200 women in developed countries such as North America and Europe. It usually starts in adolescence and as previously stated, mostly affects women. Those suffering from this eating disorder, have very low body weight and a distorted body image. Their dangerously low body weight leads to serious consequences creating other body ailments which in turn create the need for long term treatment. Factors of Anorexia Nervosa There are different factors that contribute in a person having an eating disorder. The factors vary from biological, psychological and social. A psychological factor that is very common is a lack of control which causes the sufferer to feel over analytical of their weight which gives them a sense of control. Another factor is having low self-esteem. Low self-esteem can have many contributors such as a person feeling out of control, lonely, angry and anxiety. Biological factors involved with anorexia nervosa which can and will severely affect the general health and...

Words: 1219 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Pooh

...Jeremy Gullett Dec 1, 2014 Psy 1100 The Many Disorders of Winnie I was originally going to do my paper on one of the many characters Johnny Depp has played over the years but I chose to go in a different direction. I was going through my movie library and I came across “The Winnie the Pooh Movie”, and it got me to thinking of how each character in the cartoon each have different psychological issues that would fit in this paper. This was one of my favorite cartoons when I was a child and would have never have guessed these characters had any issues but now after taking this class I am fully aware of their issues. This is a list of the characters and what I think each psychological trait they carry. Christopher Robin: Schizophrenia – this is when there is a malfunction in the perception of reality which is certainly evident in Christopher having hallucinations where he imagines his stuffed toys are alive Winnie The Pooh: Eating Disorder – though you may not think of this as a mental disorder, the cause of it is Pooh’s low self-esteem which is psychological resulting in his excessive need for honey. I also think Pooh has slight case of Narcissism the reason I come to this decision is Pooh never cares much about anyone else just his own agenda until he relizes he has hurt someone’s feeling Piglet: Omniphobia – a mental condition where he has a fear everything. Piglet also suffers from Anxiety Disorder which causes him to get overly-nervous several times and this......

Words: 545 - Pages: 3