Premium Essay

Psychological Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By hmlballa99
Words 1800
Pages 8
PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

Psychological Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect
Freddy Cabrera
General Psychology 1012

4 April 2012
Florida National College

Abstract
Child abuse and neglect is a growing issue that threatens the health of its victims not only physically but psychologically as well. Some of these psychological effects include difficulties during infancy, poor mental and emotional health, cognitive difficulties, and social difficulties.

Psychological Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect

The year is 2012 and in this day in age, society is still faced with issues such as child abuse and neglect. “An estimated 905,000 children were victims of child abuse or neglect in 2006” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008). Child abuse and neglect is a growing dilemma not only in the United States but also worldwide. Child abuse and neglect is an issue that must be studied to see the significant effects it has on its victims. These effects can be great, the most prominent being physical, psychological, and societal consequences. The following will focus on the psychological effects, and these can be summarized with difficulties during infancy, poor mental and emotional health, cognitive difficulties, and social difficulties. When taking a look at child abuse and neglect one must start at the earliest point in which such can occur. This first point is infancy. During infancy, the child is most vulnerable due to its dependency on the mother and those surrounding the child. During this stage, infants require for their basic needs to be met. As an infant, many things can fall under child abuse and neglect, some of which include, as described by Waldman, Cannella, and Perlman;
“Child abuse can take many forms:
-Neglect, in which the responsible adult fails to adequately provide for various needs, including physical, emotional, and...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Phsycology Paper

...| Child Abuse and Neglect | Daymar InstituteInstructor: Mona Hoyle | Lauren Kiddoo | 9/7/2014 | PSY202 – Principles of Psychology SU14FS – Section M1 | Lauren Kiddoo Kiddoo 1 Mona Hoyle PSY 202;Section M1 September 7, 2014 Development Across Life Span: Child Abuse and Neglect While studying the chapter in our book, Development Across Life Span, I found myself wondering what the impact of abuse and neglect had on children when they grew older. My goal for this paper is to discuss what abuse and neglect is and what psychological impact it may take on an individual when they become older. What kind of behaviors may manifest after years of abuse and/or neglect and what can be done to prevent future generations of children from experiencing trauma? WHAT IS CHILD ABUSE/NEGLECT? There are four (4) types of child abuse: emotional abuse, sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect. The CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) defines child abuse as "child maltreatment as any act of series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child". Physical abuse is an act by a parent or caregiver in which non-accidental injury is inflicted, such as hitting, burning, drowning, shaking, suffocating or poisoning. Sexual abuse refers to sexual activity with a child where the child is......

Words: 1296 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Child Abuse

...What is Child Abuse? Child abuse is broadly defined as any type of cruelty inflicted upon a child, including mental abuse, physical harm, neglect, and sexual abuse or exploitation. Types of Child Abuse There are four (4) major types of child abuse,these include · Physical abuse · Sexual abuse · Emotional abuse · Neglect PHYSICAL ABUSE This is the non-accidental infliction or physical injury to a child. The abuser is usually a family member or a caregiver and is most likely to be a male. One quarter of the confirmed cases of child abuse involve physical abuse. A rare form of physical abuse is Munchhausen Syndrome by Proxy in which the caregiver (most likely the mother) seeks attention by making the child sick or appear to be sick. SEXUAL ABUSE Psychologists define child sexual abuse as an activity with a child before the legal age of consent (in Jamaica age 16) that is for sexual gratification of an adult or a significantly older child. It includes among other things sexual touching penetration persuading a child to expose his/her sexual organs and allowing a child to view pornography. In most cases the child is related to or knows the the abuser and about one in five abusers are themselves underage. Sexual abuse accounts for twelve to fifteen percent of confirmed abuse cases. In multiple surveys twenty to twenty-five percent of females and ten to fifteen percent of males report that they were sexually abused by age 18. EMOTIONAL......

Words: 1047 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Child Abuse

...CHILD ABUSE Definition: Child abuse is the physical, sexual or emotional mistreatment of children. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define child maltreatment as any act or series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child. Most child abuse occurs in a child's home, with a smaller amount occurring in the organizations, schools or communities the child interacts with. There are four major categories of child abuse: neglect, physical abuse, psychological/emotional abuse and child sexual abuse. Different jurisdictions have developed their own definitions of what constitutes child abuse for the purposes of removing a child from his/her family and/or prosecuting a criminal charge. According to the Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect, child abuse is "any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm". Causes Child abuse is a complex phenomenon with multiple causes. Understanding the causes of abuse is crucial to addressing the problem of child abuse. Parents who physically abuse their spouses are more likely than others to physically abuse their......

Words: 6361 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Cm107 Child Abuse Paper-Unit 9

...Child Abuse and Investigation Janna-kae Morrison Kaplan University Unit 9 Project CM 107 I. Introduction a) The impact of child abuse b) Child abuse is on the rise but there are different ways in which social workers can investigate child abuse in order to protect children. II. Child abuse is a problem in the human services field that is affecting many families. a) There are different types of child abuse b) Different types of abuse can scare children c) It can cause children to be separated from their families III. What can social workers and other authorities do to protect children and family in child abuse cases? a) Parenting class b) Counseling c) Anger management class Child abuse has been affecting tens and thousands of children and their families around the world for years now, leading to physical, intellectual and psychological repercussions. Majority of parents and caregivers do not intend to hurt children; they may think they are punishing a child but the effect it has on the child is what constitutes the abuse. There are different types of child abuse (see Figure 1, showing the types of child abuse) that can cause social workers and other government officials to enter a family’s house and separate the child or children from their family. The aim of this paper is to examine the various types...

Words: 1906 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Child Abuse

...2012 What happens after a child is abused? Child abuse is defined as any form of physical, sexual, or emotional mistreatment or neglect of children and therefore resulting in a child suffering from various detrimental effects. Child abuse includes four major categories: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect. Physical abuse is the most easily detected form of abuse and involves injuries located on the outside of a child’s body. A form of abuse that many people are unaware of is child neglect. However, in 2009 78.3% of child abuse comes from child neglect. This makes child neglect the most common form of abuse Child neglect occurs when a parent/guardian has failed at providing a child with the basic necessities of life, such as shelter, food, clothing, and supervision of an extended period. The consequences if child abuse varies according to the situation, individual, and the form of abuse suffered from. Some of the most common consequences of child abuse and neglect are physical, behavioral, and psychological (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2008). Victims of child abuse and neglect can suffer from one consequence or a combination of them all. First, physical consequence is one of the many consequences of child abuse. The physical consequences of child abuse can range from minor injuries (bruises or cuts) to near death experiences (broken bones, hemorrhage, or even death). According to the National Survey of Child and Adolescent......

Words: 913 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Abuse

...Child Neglect 1 Running Head: CHILD NEGLECT Child Neglect Sahar Taki American University of Culture and Education Eng 260 Child Neglect 2 Abstract Study results found evidence that the apparent negative effects of maltreatment on children’s tendency to engage in crime were real. Being maltreated was found to almost double the probability of engaging in many types of crime and the effects were worst for children. Sexual abuse appeared to have the largest effects on crime. This paper focuses on the effect of child maltreatment and neglect. The study examined the effects of different types of abuse and the effect of child neglect. For many decades, the act of child abuse has been a major problem in or society. While most people take the issue lightly, there are more leading cases as the year's progress. This paper review examines child neglect as whole as well as a briefing of each type. The paper includes the effect child abuse has on a society and hope to cope with the abuse. Predicated on these premises, the research question eventually emerged: "What are the causes of child neglect and in what way it affects on children behavior?" I propose to show the causes of child neglect and I will be showing the maltreatment of children by adults in daily life. In attempt to unravel the research question, the method of analysis that would be eventually employed is discourse analysis and observational techniques. Child Neglect 3 Child......

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Long-Term Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect

...victims of child abuse or neglect in 2006 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008). While physical injuries may or may not be immediately visible, abuse and neglect can have consequences for children, families, and society that last lifetimes, if not generations. The impact of child abuse and neglect is often discussed in terms of physical, psychological, behavioral, and societal consequences. In reality, however, it is impossible to separate them completely. Physical consequences, such as damage to a child's growing brain, can have psychological implications such as cognitive delays or emotional difficulties. Psychological problems often manifest as high-risk behaviors. Depression and anxiety, for example, may make a person more likely to smoke, abuse alcohol or illicit drugs, or overeat. High-risk behaviors, in turn, can lead to long-term physical health problems such as sexually transmitted diseases, cancer, and obesity. This factsheet provides an overview of some of the most common physical, psychological, behavioral, and societal consequences of child abuse and neglect, while acknowledging that much crossover among categories exists. Factors Affecting the Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect Physical Health Consequences Psychological Consequences Behavioral Consequences Societal Consequences Summary References The Federal Government has made a considerable investment in research regarding the causes and long-term consequences of child abuse......

Words: 2765 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

The Affects of Abuse and Neglect Later in Life

...The Affects of Abuse and Neglect Later in Life Word Count: 2,036 Literature Review The purpose of this study is to determine if child abuse and neglect affect social status, grade point averages (GPA), or psychological imbalances of individuals later in life. This study is important to address to the public of the long-term affects of abuse and neglect in relation to such topics. The subjects surveyed are college-aged students ranging from ages 18 to 25. This survey is based on abuse or neglect from the subject’s parents or guardians at any point from birth to age 16 or 18. The cut off age group is dependant upon how old the subject was once they moved out of the household. This study defines abuse as any form of intense ongoing verbal battery, unnecessary physical harm, or illegal sexual encounters directed to the subject via the parent or guardian. “The official federal definition of child abuse, state in the Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974, states, ‘…the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of eighteen by a person who is responsible for the child’s welfare under circumstances which would indicate that the child’s health or welfare is harmed or threatened thereby’” (Gelles 1985). This study defines neglect as any form of lack of physical, cognitive, or affective care and support for the subject via parent or guardian. Physical care and support is based on the......

Words: 2329 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Neglect

...Neglect in Childhood Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D.* Kevin Colwell, M.A.** Stephanie Schick, M.Ed.*** For: Encyclopedia of Crime & Punishment Project Director, D. Levinson Berkshire Publishing Group Great Barrington, MA * ChildTrauma Academy, Houston, TX and Children’s Mental Health Programs, Alberta Mental Health Board, Calgary, CA ** ChildTrauma Academy, Houston, TX *** ChildTrauma Academy, Houston, TX Official Citation: Perry, B.D., Colwell, K. and Schick, S. Child Neglect in: Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment Vol 1.(David Levinson, Ed.) Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks pp 192-196, 2002 Introduction Child neglect is the most common form of child maltreatment (a broad category of behavior that also includes sexual, physical and emotional abuse). The National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS), a review of abuse and neglect data from all states, reported over 1,000,000 substantiated cases of abuse in its last review (annual year 1994). Fifty two percent of these cases were from neglect. The majority of the 2000 or more documented abuserelated deaths each year are due to neglect. These statistics are likely an underestimate of the actual occurrence of neglect. Neglect is the least studied and most poorly characterized form of child maltreatment. This is due to multiple factors including the difficulty in defining and documenting neglect in children. Definitions Neglect can occur in several forms. A broad definition of neglect is any failure to provide for the......

Words: 3448 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

The Silent Killer Child Abuse

...Killer Child Abuse Rhonda Swazer SOC203 Instructor James Knapp April 14, 2012 The Silent Killer Child Abuse Child abuse is the physical, sexual or emotional mistreatment or neglect of a child (Britannica). In the United States, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and he Department for Children and Families (DCF) define child maltreatment as any act or series of acts commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child (Leeb , Paulozzi, Melanson, Simon, Arias, 2008). The abuse of children has come to be a major social problem and a main cause of many people suffering and personal problems. Child abuse is a social problem that affects millions of children each year. Not only does child abuse have multiple society effects, but it also effect has individual effects that can create lifelong scars. There are many forms of child abuse, sexual, physical, verbal, and emotional. The most widespread form of child is sexual child abuse also known as incest. A study showed that about 27% of the women in every state of the union, and 16% of the men said they been sexually abuse as children. Child abuse is not always obvious, but the earlier it is caught the better the changes of recovery and appropriate treatment for the child. Knowing some of the warning signs of child abuse and neglect, a person can catch the problem as early as possible and get both the child......

Words: 2823 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Child Abuse

...Psy of Personality Child Abuse Child abuse is the physical, psychological, or sexual abuse, or neglect of a child by a caregiver responsible for the child’s welfare (Fryer 80). Although it is easy to see the harms child abuse causes to a child physically, many fail to realize the social and emotional damages that are triggered in early childhood development and continued throughout adolescence and adulthood. Victims of child abuse mature into troubled adults with lasting emotional and psychological problems, along with a sense of rejection and frustration which is passed on to future generations. Child abuse victims need to be treated to prevent not only the possible permanent physical or psychological scarring, but to also break the violence breeding generation cycle (Fontana 9). Children have been beaten, violated, and murdered, and sadly these cases have been increasing during past decades (Fontana 3). This maltreatment occurs among all types of families and is not limited to any particular racial, religious, economic, intellectual, or social group (Fryer 15). There are various forms of child abuse; though the four most prevalent types include physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional/psychological abuse, and neglect, all of which place very damaging effects upon its victims (Fryer 14). Over the past several decades, however, major concern has shifted from the physical damages of child abuse to the permanent psychological damages that affect the child for the remainder......

Words: 1152 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mandatory Reporting of Child Abuse and Neglect

...Mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect Last updated July 2013 Contents What is mandatory reporting? Who is mandated to make a notification? What types of abuse are mandated reporters required to report? Commonwealth law What protections are given to reporters? About whom can notifications be made? What type of concerns must be reported, and what may be reported? In what cases can child protection and welfare agencies respond? What are the benefits of mandatory reporting requirements? Are there challenges with the introduction of mandatory reporting? Further reading Authors / Acknowledgements Share or comment 
Email 
Facebook 
Twitter 
Digg 
reddit 
del.icio.us 
StumbleUpon Leave a comment This sheet examines legal provisions requiring specified people to report suspected abuse and neglect to government child protection services in Australia.1 This document is provided as a guide only. Individuals are encouraged to contact the relevant department or organisation to clarify requirements in their states or territories, or in relation to legislation. For more information, see Reporting Abuse and Neglect: State and Territory Departments Responsible for Protecting Children. What is mandatory reporting? Mandatory reporting is a term used to describe the legislative requirement imposed on selected classes of people to report suspected cases of child abuse and neglect to government authorities.......

Words: 3646 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Child Abuse and Its Long Term Effects

...Child Abuse and its Long Term Effects Franklin Mosley Christian Counseling 301 B02-LUO Abstract Child abuse is present in our society, in the United States and throughout the world. This paper briefly examines various issues surrounding child abuse and its long term effect upon the development of the abused. The goal of this paper is to underscore the fact that child abuse is prevalent and that help and treatment can be administered to both the abused and the abuser to end the crippling cycle of abuse in homes. Child Abuse and its Long Term Effects Child abuse is present in our society, in the United States and throughout the world. This paper briefly examines various issues surrounding child abuse and its long term effect upon the development of the abused. The goal of this paper is to underscore the fact that child abuse is prevalent and that help and treatment can be administered to both the abused and the abuser to end the crippling cycle of abuse in homes. The categorizing of types of abuse varies from country to country and therefore empirical statistics are very hard to establish. Definitions of child abuse also vary greatly, not only world-wide but also between states. The Federal government offers guidelines for states. Federal legislation provides guidance to States by identifying a minimum set of acts or behaviors that define child abuse and neglect. Note that these guidelines are classified as minimum standards. The Department of Health......

Words: 2965 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

10c - Child Maltreatment P3

...10C - Child Maltreatment P3: Explain the factors that would lead to suspicion of child maltreatment or abuse. Child maltreatment, also referred to as child maltreatment and neglect, includes all the various forms of abuse ranging from physical, emotional and sexual abuse to neglect and exploitation. This type of abuse can result in the potential or actual harm to a child's health, there development and dignity. Physical Abuse: Physical abuse also defined as non-accidental trauma or physical injury, of which can be caused by punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning or harming the child. Physical abuse is the most visible and second most common form of child maltreatment. In most cases, physical abuse is the result of inappropriate or excessive physical discipline. The child's parent or caregiver may strike out in anger, unaware of the magnitude of the force in which they strike the child. There are other various factors which can contribute to child abuse; this includes the immaturity of the parent(s), lack of parenting skills, poor childhood experiences and social isolation, as well as drug or alcohol problems and domestic violence. Other signs that would lead to suspicion of child maltreatment or abuse include: ● Unexplained bruises ● Unexplained burns – this would include cigarette burns or immersion burns ● Unexplained fractures, lacerations or abrasions ● Swollen areas ● Evidence of delayed or inappropriate treatment for injuries ●......

Words: 3255 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Software

...Child abuse Child abuse is the physical, sexual or emotional mistreatment or neglect of a child or children. Child maltreatment as any act or series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child. Child abuse can occur in a child's home, or in the organizations, schools or communities the child interacts with. There are four major categories of child abuse: neglect, physical abuse, psychological/emotional abuse, and child sexual abuse. Different jurisdictions have developed their own definitions of what constitutes child abuse for the purposes of removing a child from his/her family and/or prosecuting a criminal charge. According to the Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect, child abuse is "any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm". Types Child abuse can take several forms: The four main types are physical, sexual, psychological, and neglect. There are many effects of child neglect, such as children not being able to interact with other children around them. The continuous refusal of a child's basic needs is considered chronic neglect. Physical abuse Physical abuse involves physical aggression directed at a child by an adult. Most nations with child-abuse laws consider the deliberate infliction......

Words: 3339 - Pages: 14