PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF
Psychology provides basis for the teaching and learning process. It unifies elements of the learning process and some of the questions which can be addressed by psychological foundations.
It is the scientific study of mental functions and behavior including:
Perception, cognition, behavior, emotion,personality, interpersonal relationship
Unifying elements of learning process. It forms the basis for the methods materials and activity of learning serves for many curriculum decision.
How we think and how we learn
THREE MAJOR GROUPS OF LEARNING THEORIES
1. BEHAVIORISTS PSYCHOLOGY
Consider that learning should be organized in order that students can experience success in the process of mastering the subject matter, and thus, methods of teaching should be introduced in a step by step manner with proper sequencing of task.
EDWARD LEE THORNDIKE
Father of Modern Educational Psychology and Founder of Behavioral Psychology
Connectionism theory of Edward Lee Thorndike believes that learning is the product of the connection between Stimulus-Response (S-R) or Association learning
THREE FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF LEARNING (Connectionism)
LAW OF READINESS – when an individual is prepared to respond or act, allowing him to do so is satisfying, whereas preventing him would be annoying
LAW OF EXERCISE – constant repitition of a response strengthens its connection with the stimulus, while disuse of response weakens it
LAWS OF EFFECT - learning strengthened if it results in satisfaction, but it is weakened if it leads to vexation or annoyance
Pavlov’s experiment on reaction of the dog,who postulated that conditioning consists of eliciting a response by…...