Psychological Foundation of Education

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PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT
 Psychology provides basis for the teaching and learning process. It unifies elements of the learning process and some of the questions which can be addressed by psychological foundations.
 It is the scientific study of mental functions and behavior including:
 Perception, cognition, behavior, emotion,personality, interpersonal relationship
 Unifying elements of learning process. It forms the basis for the methods materials and activity of learning serves for many curriculum decision.
 How we think and how we learn
THREE MAJOR GROUPS OF LEARNING THEORIES
 BEHAVIORISTS PSYCHOLOGY
 COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
 HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY
1. BEHAVIORISTS PSYCHOLOGY
 Consider that learning should be organized in order that students can experience success in the process of mastering the subject matter, and thus, methods of teaching should be introduced in a step by step manner with proper sequencing of task.
EDWARD LEE THORNDIKE
 Father of Modern Educational Psychology and Founder of Behavioral Psychology
 Connectionism theory of Edward Lee Thorndike believes that learning is the product of the connection between Stimulus-Response (S-R) or Association learning
THREE FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF LEARNING (Connectionism)
 LAW OF READINESS – when an individual is prepared to respond or act, allowing him to do so is satisfying, whereas preventing him would be annoying
 LAW OF EXERCISE – constant repitition of a response strengthens its connection with the stimulus, while disuse of response weakens it
 LAWS OF EFFECT - learning strengthened if it results in satisfaction, but it is weakened if it leads to vexation or annoyance
IVAN PAVLOV
 Russian Psychologist
 Classical Conditioning
Pavlov’s experiment on reaction of the dog,who postulated that conditioning consists of eliciting a response by…...

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