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Psychologist from Portugal

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Submitted By Maria505
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Self-concept and Relationship between Sexual self-concept perceived by Finnish population: Comparison between gender, sexual orientation, age and civil status.

Abstract
This study intends to find out if the self-concept and the sexual self-concept are related. It was conducted among Finnish people, and comparisons of the relations between gender, sexual orientation, civil status and age were made. Positive correlation was found between self-concept and sexual self-concept, emphasizing the importance of self-concept. Five of the four aspects of the Self-Concept Questionnaire were correlated with many aspects of the Multidimensional Sexual Self-Concept Questionnaire. The men present higher positive score than women in self-concept questionnaire, and women more tendencies to feel motivation to avoid risky sex. Additionally, no differences between age, sexual orientation and civil status in any aspect of either questionnaire were found.

Key words: self-concept, sexual self-concept.

Self-concept is an aspect of psychology which has become a subject of considerable research and applications to a wide variety of practical problems (Lynch, Norem-Hebeisen & Gergen, 1981). This area of research gives the contribution to understand the importance of the experiences in each chapter of life. The construction process of self or the self-concept, begins in infancy, is something of extreme importance for the balance and harmony in the future development, that will express in an adequacy the individual in the inter and intra personal contexts. Self-concept is the cognitive appraisal integrated across various dimensions that individuals attribute to themselves. To think about self-concept is to reflect about the question of being/feeling (who I am? How do I feel?). It is the proper identity, the symbols and meanings that all people have. (http://www.emory.edu/EDUCATION/mfp/effpage.html#bandura) Attitudes formed from experiences allow the individual to make an evaluation of him/her self, influencing the way how the individual manages aspects of his/her life, such as sexual life. Indeed, for each sexual episode the individual brings his/hers attitudes and values, likes and dislikes and the personal history. (Luria, Friedman & Rose 1987). However, the experiences and the contexts of the experiences differ between, culture, society, family, gender, and person. The self-concept is one aspect that does not determine the life directly, but influences its details; apparently its effect on behaviour is so pervasive that it can be related even from fairly small samples of behaviour (Lynch et al. 1981). Adolescence is the stage for excellence, where consolidation of one’s self occurs. This not only involves the integration of the multiple functions, but also the formation of the personal identity. This identity is also formed by the group of friends, which will constitute one of the sources of values, feedback and a term of comparison for the individual. Adolescence bring the context for discovery indications about sexuality,

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