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Psychology and Management of Stress

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By gingerjac
Words 3177
Pages 13
Julie Psychology Assignment Psychology and Management of stress

Task 1
Outline and evaluate (i) Selye’s (1956) General Adaption Syndrome of stress.

The General Adaption Syndrome (GAS) is Selye’s belief that that the body has physiological ways in which to deal with long term and short term stress and its and that prolonged exposure to stress can result in illness. He started this in the 1930’s and based this on researching hormones of rats and found that the rats had stress response to his research. He believed that regardless of the type of stressor, the reaction of the stressor was always the same. (Rice et al 2010p100)
Selye’s model has three stages:
Alarm stage – This is where the environmental stimuli is viewed as a stressor and the ‘fight or flight’ instinct is aroused and the first reactions are aroused. This is where the automatic nervous system (ANS) is activated and the sympathetic branch of the nervous system to release adrenaline and noradrenaline, which in turn raises the heart rate, blood pressure, perspiration and digestion, slows.
This stage is usually disappears quickly through the parasympathetic branch which returns everything to normal. If it continues we then move to the next stage
Resistance stage – This is where the environmental stressors are still there, and the body physiologically starts to adapt and adjust. Arousal is still high and the high level of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) is still in the body. ACTH will try to resist stress by conserving glucose.
The body will quickly return to normal if the stressors leave, if the stressors continue the body it can interfere with the immune system and will be less likely to fight infection or disease. If the stressor continues, we then move to the exhaustion stage.
Exhaustion stage – This is where the body’s resources and energy starts to deplete and is...

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