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Psychology Paper
Historical Roots of Psychology

Psychology as defined in the Merriam Webster dictionary is the science of mind and behavior. It has been around for 130 years in the realms of science. In the history of psychology, there are different people who studied different aspects under this topic. One of those people were Plato who was Aristotle’s teacher. He stated that the soul could exist even when away or separated from the body. This concept is known as “dualism”. “In dualism, ‘mind’ is contrasted with ‘body’” (http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2012/entries/dualism).
Another person is René Descartes. He agreed with Plato about the concept of dualism and he believed that the “pineal gland” which is the small organ at the base of the brain involved in sleep was the “seat of the soul” (Saundra K. Ciccarelli, 2012). “The pineal gland played an important role in Descartes' account because it was involved in sensation, imagination, memory, and the causation of bodily movements” (http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2011/entries/pineal-gland/). By this information we can connect the pineal gland being the seat of the soul by it being involved in sensation, imagination, memory, and the cause of bodily movements. It is said to be the seat of the soul because it is where the soul from being “individual”, becomes one with the body.
Gustav Fechneris who was a physician and a physicist, often credited with performing some of the first scientific experiments that would form a basis for experimentation in psychology with his studies of perception (Saundra K. Ciccarelli, 2012). Hermann von Helmholtz, another physician, performed experiments concerning visual and auditory awareness.

Psychology also has its African-American roots. One was Dr. Charles Henry Thompson. He received his doctorate in psychology in 1925 from the University of Chicago. Dr....

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