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Psychosocial Development Through the Play Years

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By joashleynes
Words 2966
Pages 12
Psychosocial Development Through the Play Years

Portland Community College

Table of Contents

Introduction 3
Stages of Psychosocial Development 3 The First Two Years 3 The Play Years 4
Psychosocial Developmental Challenges 6 Possible Causes: Maltreatment 6 Possible Causes: Family Structure 7 Possible Causes: Environmental Adversity 8
Influencers of Child Psychosocial Development 9 Teachers 9 Gender Roles 10 Child’s Play 11
Conclusion 11
References 13


Psychosocial development looks at the emotional and social development processes. There are many theories when it comes to how psychosocial development occurs, including the two most well-known theories by Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. For the purpose of this paper I will be focusing on Erikson’s psychoanalytic theory of development for children through the play years, or age six. In addition to theories of development I will take a look into developmental challenges and the factors that affect development and the possible effects they may have. I will do this by taking a look at applicable case studies presenting their findings. The possible causes of developmental challenges that I will focus on are maltreatment, family structure and environmental adversity. I will also look into the influencers of psychosocial development on children and the impact they have on a child’s psychosocial development, including care givers, gender roles, and child’s play.

Stages of Psychosocial Development

The First Two Years

According to the text Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development connects both biosocial and psychosocial development with an emphasis on responsive maternal care (Berger 2008). During the first two years the first stage that Erikson describes is what he calls the...

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