Premium Essay

Public Health

In: Social Issues

Submitted By djniya09
Words 12713
Pages 51
#1…Public health
IN THE United States, primary care remains a medical model. This is in contrast to much of the world, where the 1978 Declaration of Alma-At a which recognized that attaining health for all also requires interaction from social and economic sectors - is considered standard. Today, there is much buzz about patient-centered medical homes, a concept that promises to transform the practice of American medicine.
There is much to praise about this most recent iteration of the medical home. But the missing ingrethent in all these definitions and models remains public health. A population focus that addresses the social determinants of health is an essential component of primary health care. In the United States, such a comprehensive approach has been labeled community-oriented primary care. This model is built firmly on the Alma-Ata principles and incorporates a public health approach to health services.
Community-oriented primary care organizes the delivery of health services, around a population, not simply a collection of individuals. It identifies a population - most frequently a geographically defined community - and uses epidemiology and interventions to improve community and individual health and well-being. In this model, both individual patients and the community are the foci of the delivery of health services.
Primary health care stands at the intersection of personal and population health services. It requires integrating medical models of primary care that are centered on the individual with public health models of community health that are organized around the needs of the population. There is no way to separate these two components.
For example, medical practices that wish to address increases in Type 2 diabetes cannot be successful without addressing the built environment of communities, food access in neighborhoods or the impact of...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Public Health

...Qualification | Unit number and title | BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma in Health and Social Care (QCF) | Unit 12: Public Health | Learner name | Assessor name | | Karen Paish | Duration | 6 hours | | Date issued | Hand in deadline | Marked work returned | Resubmission deadline | 23.5.16 | 6.6.16 | 14.6.16 | 28.6.16 | All resubmissions must be authorised by the Lead Internal Verifier. Only one resubmission is possible per assignment, providing: * The learner has met initial deadlines set in the assignment, or has met an agreed deadline extension. * The tutor considers that the learner will be able to provide improved evidence without further guidance....

Words: 880 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Public Health

...Public Health: Sexual Activity Concerns with Adolescence Capella University Abstract Sexual activity is a risky behavior that many individuals take part in, especially adolescence. Sexual activity is a part of everyday life. In the paper it will be discussed about how the public health local, state, and federal compare and work with each other, to educate and make adolescence aware, of the dangers associated with risky behaviors and sexual activity. The basic structure and functions of the public health system and sexual activity will be examined. Most importantly the paper will show the human development and behaviors towards sexual activity. Last but not least the public health agencies have to look at the best way to educate and get the delivery of the message out to the public. The paper will show how adolescence behavioral theories can affect the programs. Keywords: sexual activity, risky behavior, public health, structure, functions Sexual activity is a part of like whether you are young, middle age, and old. Sexual activity cannot always be prevented with adolescences, that is why it is important for parents, the communities, and public health to educate the teens. Many teens are not properly knowledgeable about sexual risk behaviors; they are taking by indulging in the activities....

Words: 1748 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Public Health

...Change 4 Life Change4Life is a public health programme in England which began in January 2009, run by the Department of Health. It is the country's first national social marketing campaign to tackle the causes of obesity. Change4Life aims to help families and middle-aged adults make small, sustainable yet significant improvements to their diet, activity levels...

Words: 762 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Public Health

...Appendix C FUNCTIONAL COMMUNITY HEALTH ASSESSMENT PATTERN #1 Health perception – health management pattern * | Strength | PotentialNeed | Problem | Comments | 1. Environment 2. Residential space 3. Commercial space 4. Industrial space 5. Health Agencies and personnel 6. Methods of health care financing (Private pay, health insurance, HMO, Medicaid, Medicare, Worker’s compensation 7. Prevalent diseases and conditions 8. Welfare | | XXX | XXXXX | XX Valley is located in northwest XX. The environment consists of scrub desert. There is a potential for problems associated with dehydration while indoors and outdoors year round due to the climate, and many community members not having enough income to maintain essential utilities, such as air conditioning. The area has multiple open spaces and one public park. XX Valley has many rural roads with no street lights, or sidewalks. The school has one crosswalk. Two major roads connect the rural community of XX Valley to interstate 10. The interstate is approximately 10-20 miles away depending on route. The interstate is the main access to the city of Tucson, and the closest hospital of Northwest Hospital.XX Valley is an area that consists of a variety of manufactured homes and site built homes on acreage, varying in age and condition. The area has no apartments, condominiums, or public housing. No high rise buildings have been noted....

Words: 3541 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Public Health

...Good leadership will help improve the health status of not only Georgia's youth but the entire nation through opportunities and programs developed in collaboration with families, communities, schools and other public and private organizations throughout. But it can only work through proper communication and new programs that should: Consider identifying a person to serve as “youth liaison” to prevention partners and to help develop and improve youth services. Reason:...

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Public Health

...DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH PROFILE NORTH SOUTH UNIVERSITY (Centre of Excellence for Higher Education) JULY 2009 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH AT A GLANCE Chairman, Department of Public Health Dr. GU Ahsan, PhD Teaching Staff FULL TIME : Professor – 1 Associate Professor – 1 Assistant Professor –1 Senior Lecturer – 1 Lecturers – 1 Junior Lecturers – 2 PART-TIME : Professor – 4 Associate Professor – 1 Assistant Professor –3 Senior Lecturer – 2 Lecturers – 2 Non-Teaching and Support Staff Program Officer Office Secretary Teaching: Graduate Assistants (TAs/ GAs) Office Support Service Staff (OSS) Masters of Public Health Program: Started in 2006 Students are mostly doctors and health planners (e.g., High and mid label Officials from DG Health, DG Family Planning and others), health managers, public health workers and researchers, etc. Number students enrolled till date: 550 Number of students graduated: 50 Introduction and Background of the Department of Public Health This is our intense gratification to introduce North South University (NSU), Dhaka, Bangladesh as “The Center of Excellence for Higher Education” which is committed to provide high quality education and training in public health and in various emerging and reemerging health issues. In addition NSU is providing education in Business, Computer Science, Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Microbiology, Economics, English and others which is highly recognized at home and abroad....

Words: 3215 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Public Health

...SOLOMON SMART KALUBA ID: UB28902SPU37458 PUBLIC HEALTH ASSIGNMENT: DEFINATION OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, ITS USE AND EXAMPLES OF SUCCESS DATE OF SUBMISSION: 5/02/2014. ANTLANTIC INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY HONOLULU, HAWAII Contents Introduction 2 The Historical Context 2 Recent developments in Epidemiology 2 Definition, scope and use of epidemiology 4 Distribution 5 Determinants 5 Health- related states or events 6 Specified populations 6 Application 7 Scope 7 Epidemiology versus Public Health 7 Causation of diseases 8 Achievements in Epidemiology 9 Small pox 9 Methyl Mercury Poisoning 10 Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease 11 Iodine Deficiency Disease 11 Tobacco use, Asbestos and Lung Cancer 12 Hip Fractures 12 HIV/AIDS 13 Global AIDS epidemic 1990–2003 13 SARS 14 Conclusion 15 Bibliography 16 Introduction This essay provides a brief summary of what epidemiology is, what it is used for and discusses the major successes epidemiologist have contributed towards control and eradication of major epidemics.  The discussion will also touch on the historical context and development of the emergency of epidemiology as a science and art, and give example of some of the people that greatly contributed to the achievement scored in epidemiology studies and applications....

Words: 5070 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Public Health

...Cite and discuss a historical factor that has affected the health status and behavior of Americans. There are so many factors that contributes to the health status and behavior of Americans, from industrial revolution which brought with it an influx of immigrants, who then because of the absence of adequate planning and consideration for the density of the population resulted in the spread of infectious diseases (Wilson & Mabhala, 2009). They further noted that these unsanitary conditions led to the cholera epidemic, which took the lives of over 22,000 people, this loss of life led to the creation of the Public Health Act 1848. (2009) and a change in the behavior of American leaders. Another historical factor that affected the terrorist attacks of September 11, which took the lives of thousands and shook the confidence of a nation and its people. Some of the health status came about due to the toxins that many responders were exposed to, leaving many with various diseases and a shaken spirit. Others became affected mentally, which led to smoking. According to Boker, Billig, Kohn & Levav, “smoking is one of the many stress-related psychological reactions following terrorist” (2011). The terrorist attack of September 11, 2011, dramatically impacted the health status and behavior of Americans in diverse ways, with the deepest impact being seen in the area of mental reactions....

Words: 455 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Public Health

...Public Health 150 October 26, 2011 MIDTERM EXAMINATION Select the best answer from the multiple choice questions. There are 85 questions and 12 pages on the examination. Notify the instructor if your examination does not have 12 pages. Clearly indicate on the scan form the one best answer to each question among the answers provided. Be sure that you have selected your choice correctly on the scan form. Be sure that you have entered your name and identification number on the scan form and filled out the bubbles in the columns for the letters of your name and numbers of your identification number correctly (see front and back). Use a #2 pencil and fill all circles completely. 1. The goal of public health is to guarantee that all members of society achieve optimal health. a. True b. False The major reason(s) for the increase in longevity globally has been: a. Improved treatment of diabetes b. Adoption of more health lifestyles c. Improved sanitation d. Increasing provision of clean water e. c. and d. above According to Professor Detels, the major cause of ill health globally is: a. Smoking b. Obesity c. Poverty d. Sedentary lifestyles e. Malnutrition The major contributing factor associated with death in children under five years of age globally is: a. Pneumonia b. Measles c. Prematurity d. Under-nutrition e. Injuries The United States has led the world in increasing the average life span a. True b....

Words: 2430 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Public Health

...| | | | | |[pic] | | | | | | | |Assignment Brief | | | |101HSC | | | |BA (hons) Public Health and Community Studies | | | | | | | | | | | | |2014 / 2015 | |Module Leader: |Samena Rashid |Tutor's Name: |Margaret Gough, Craig Worrall | | | | |...

Words: 463 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Public Health

...P2 Considerably public health has developed over many years and changes occurred over time reflecting concerns on the health of the nation during each period. This changes have produced the public health system that is in place till this present time. The early reformers of social and economic conditions played a huge impact in balancing the health status of the nation in a way that, every individual will benefit from it. Health professionals increase their medical knowledge greatly relative to how diseases where spread and also various progress where made in helping to decrease the incidence of the contagious disease which killed several people. As part of P1 assignment I discussed the key aspects of the public health strategies in the UK. Several changes which took place within the Public Health System are as a result of awareness promotions and awareness which is highlighted in general by individuals and groups across the nation. The government take into considerations the health needs of the people and acts on the findings demonstrated through national statistics. The government act on these findings by passing laws that are considered to power the overall health and well-being of the nation. In the 19th century, scientist discovered that microorganisms are responsible for the killer diseases like cholera and tuberculosis, and the public health was officially lunched in an effort to provide clean water supplies and waste disposal systems....

Words: 1273 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Public Health

...THIRD WORLD COUNTRY ( MADAGASCAR) PUBLIC HEALTH STATUS Public Health Life expectancy at birth has gradually improved from an average of 37.5 years for men and 38.3 years for women in 1966 to an average of fifty-two years for men and fifty-five years for women in 1990 (for a combined average of fifty-four). Malaria remains the most serious tropical disease, although eradication campaigns against mosquitoes waged since 1948 initially resulted in spectacular declines in incidence and a dramatic decrease in the island's mortality rate during a twenty-year period. Indeed, in some regions, especially the central highlands, these campaigns were almost completely successful, although malaria continues to be prevalent in the coastal regions, especially the east coast. As prevention practices faltered during the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s, the mosquito staged a comeback. The effect on a population with a significantly reduced resistance to malaria was devastating. For example, the Malagasy Ministry of Health reported 490,000 cases and 6,200 deaths from malaria in 1985, but these figures rose--to 760,000 cases and 11,000 deaths--in 1987. As of 1994, other serious diseases included schistosomiasis, tuberculosis, and leprosy....

Words: 4070 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Public Health

...Public health spotlight on tobacco use Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them. Tobacco contains the alkaloid nicotine, a stimulant. Tobacco use is a risk factor for many diseases, especially those affecting the heart, liver and lungs, and several cancers. In 2008, the World Health Organization (WHO) named tobacco as the world's single greatest cause of preventable death. TYPES OF TOBACCO PPRODUCTS There is no safe form of tobacco use. All forms contain nicotine and can cause addiction and health problems. Mainly two types smoking and smokeless tobacco 1. Smoking tobacco https://youtu.be/c6Ul9QIfBno Cigarettes Bidis Cigars, Cigarillos and Little Cigars Electronic cigarette or E- cigarette (nicotine delivery system) Hookah Pipe 2....

Words: 3169 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Public Health

...Introduction Public Health Law is a tool for protecting and promoting the health of the public and it is guided by a set of three principles known as the Core Functions of Public Health, which includes assessment, policy development, and assurance (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012; Florida Department of Health, 2012). It plays a critical role in reducing illness and premature death. It also examines the authority of the government at various jurisdictional levels to improve the health of the general population within societal limits and norms, in addition to, improving the likelihood that citizens nationally and globally can lead healthy, long, and productive lives (Public Health Law Association, 2010; Wikipedia, 2012). The Core public health functions provided by public health law define the important role that the public health system plays, at the local, state, and national levels, in maintaining the health and safety of citizens (Minnesota Department of Health, 2012). These functions represent the spectrum of activities and responsibilities that are shared among public health system partners (Key Elements of Wisconsin’s Public Health System, 2012). Public Health Core Function Principally Addressed In the article, Public Health Law in a New Century, Lawrence Gostin mainly addressed the importance of policy development by the government in public health....

Words: 1533 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Public Health

...In the large field of public health, it is important to include peer reviews of scholarly journals in order to offer a fresh perspective among colleagues. With scholarly review and interaction amongst one another, one can receive validation in regards to whether the quality of the work is worthy of publication or not. Also, the whole point of a peer review is to provide some type of constructive feedback so that one is able to make improvements. Professional health communication amongst peers in this field is a healthy way to ensure that the quality of the publication stays and meets with in the norm that is expected in the field. I think as a public health professional, one must also learn how to receive criticism. Sometimes others in your respected field may disagree with your points but it is important to professionally understand that a peer review will only benefit your work. Furthermore, Non-Peer reviews prove to be valuable because they allow for fellow colleagues to catch mistakes that the writers may have failed to catch themselves. Non-peer reviews allows for other experts in your field to give insight on your work as well. Although it may not be a review from a scholar with credentials as high as a Phd, non peer reviews are still a good source to gather feedback. Reference: Solomon, David. The Role of Peer Review for Scholarly Journals in the Information Age. Retrieved March 28, 2013 from...

Words: 258 - Pages: 2