Premium Essay

Public Speaking Book

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Pharoh92
Words 104318
Pages 418
A BRIEF CONTENTS
PART 1 • GETTING STARTED
1. Becoming a Public Speaker 2. From A to Z: Overview of a Speech 3. Managing Speech Anxiety 4. Ethical Public Speaking 5. Listeners and Speakers

1
2 8 1 4 23 30

PART 2 • DEVELOPMENT
6. Analyzing the Audience 7. Selecting a Topic and Purpose 8. Developing Supporting Material 9. Locating Supporting Material 10. Doing Effective Internet Research 1 Citing Sources in Your Speech 1.

36
37 49 57 64 73 83

PART 3 • ORGANIZATION
1 Organizing the Speech 2. 1 Selecting an Organizational Pattern 3. 1 Outlining the Speech 4.

92
93 103 1 10

PART 4 • STARTING, FINISHING, AND STYLING
15. Developing the Introduction and Conclusion 16. Using Language

1 22
1 23 1 31

PART 5 • DELIVERY
1 Choosing a Method of Delivery 7. 18. Controlling the Voice 19. Using the Body

1 39
1 40 1 44 1 48

PART 6 • PRESENTATION AIDS
20. Types of Presentation Aids 21. Designing Presentation Aids 22. A Brief Guide to Microsoft PowerPoint

154
155 161 164

PART 7 • TYPES OF SPEECHES
23. Informative Speaking 24. Persuasive Speaking 25. Speaking on Special Occasions

1 74
1 75 188 21 7

PART 8 • THE CLASSROOM AND BEYOND 230
26. Typical Classroom Presentation Formats 27. Science and Mathematics Courses 28. Technical Courses 29. Social Science Courses 30. Arts and Humanities Courses 31. Education Courses 32. Nursing and Allied Health Courses 33. Business Courses and Business Presentations 34. Presenting in Teams 35. Communicating in Groups 231 236 240 243 246 248 25 1 253 258 262

APPENDICES
A. Citation Guidelines B. Question-and-Answer Sessions C. Preparing for Mediated Communication D. Tips for Non-Native Speakers of English Glossary Notes Index

267
268 282 284 286 290 309 323

This page intentionally left blank

A Pocket Guide to Public Speaking
THIRD EDITION
Getting Started
■ ■

Development




Organization


Starting, Finishing, and Styling


Delivery…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Book Review on Personal Development and Communication Skills

...BOOK REVIEW ASSIGNMENT Book – Personality development and communication skills. Author - Yandamoori veerendranath. ISBN-EBK0331691 Price-120/- In this book the author tries to explain a range of psychological theories,how to develop strong intellectual and emotional personality and public speaking.Besides these,the book also focuses on how to combat one’s weakness like anger and interpersonal conflicts. Veerendranath had worked in state finance corporation of Andhra pradesh.He is a playwright,novelist,movie director,personality development motivator.There are so many books based on personality development in market but the reason for choosing this book is i am ardent fan of his writings.Personally i have attended his motivation sessions and i was really impressed by his way of teaching.He explains human behaviour in various situations in a scientific way like fear of public speaking,lack of emotional stability etc. Book begins with relating one’s personality with his/her psychology.study of personality has developed various theories for assessing one’s personlaity.The theories which author had written in book explains various concepts like ego-strength,rationalisation,self-awareness,intra personal savvy,self-direction etc.His explaination on various ego states of person is worth appreciative.one example which i like in this book is my super ego wants me to be first ranker,and the id wants me to watch tv.My ego strength decides my fate.He also......

Words: 657 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Du Darfst Case Study - Marketing

...LESSONS LEARNT - KING’S SPEECH On Jun 16, 2015, Prof. J Bhatnagar showed the movie ‘King’s Speech’ in the class as part of case study. The film is based on the true story of Prince Albert’s struggle to overcome his public speaking challenges. Not only does he have a stammer in his voice, but like most people, he fears public speaking. The movie is both an entertaining, and very real depiction of the struggles most people face regarding the challenges of public speaking – not because of the King’s stammer, but because of the fear he experiences, and the steps he takes to overcome. At the end of the movie, the class was given an assignment to identify the learnings in the said movie. Based on my understanding of the movie, the learnings and the concepts that featured in the movie are covered in succeeding paragraphs. 1. The importance of the "Informal" or ‘Humour Element’ in Learning. Lionel, the speech therapist, really insists on a first name basis for their teacher - student relationship. He insists on calling the king, "Bertie". Moreover, he stresses informality and humor in the teaching environment. This is so important a concept for learning and dynamic relationship between student and teacher. Research also suggests that using a student's name during instruction can alone, raise scores and help learning, as opposed to no name being used. 2. Credentials are over valued. There is a scene at the end of the movie where the king is angry/overcome upon learning......

Words: 1318 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Overcoming Fear of Public Speaking

...To: Prof. Mellisa Rickard From: Sumit Maharjan and Raj Khatri Date: Jan 29, 2014 Subject: Proposal to write a report on how to overcome the fear of Public Speaking. Purpose To help individual overcome the fear of Public Speaking by understanding their fear and taking the plunge to get over those fears. We purpose to research and write a background report on the issues involved on overcoming the fear of public speaking. Background of the Problem Public speaking is not a talent that anyone could have. In fact, it is a way of learning skills and could build up by individual’s own will. It could be lot easier if a person enrolls himself in speaking groups, where he will be able to build up his confidence of speaking and also spruce his skills. It could be challenging at first and might sound counter intuitive. But this is the first way to alleviate one’s confidence which plays a major role in terms of speaking. However, involvement in such groups also helps to be socially active, regardless of how intimidated one is and also able to meet new people and learn new things. For some speaking in front of strangers can be completely shadowy because they don’t know the audience and get fear of getting judged for giving an appealing presentation. Despite of the fact, they should be able to take the criticism positively instead of dwelling on criticism which will lead them to success. They should always be passionate about what they do and love the negative feedback.......

Words: 822 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Public Speaking

...The Importance of Public Speaking 1. What is public speaking? a. Why is important? b. Why some people don’t do well in public speaking? c. Why is this important to my profession and myself? 2. Challenges and benefits of public speaking. a. How to improve public speaking? b. How to become an effective public speaker. c. What are the qualities of a good public speaker? 3. The foundation of public speaking. a. Inventing and development of public speech. b. Arrangement of the styles in the speech. c. The uses of public speaking. “The Importance of Speech; there never have been in the history of the world a time when the spoken word has been equaled in value and importance by any means of communication. If one traces the development of mankind from what he considers its earliest stage he will find that wandering family of savages depended entirely upon what its members said to one another. A little later when a group of families made a clan or tribe the individuals still heard the commands of the leader, or in tribal council voiced their own opinions. The beginnings of poetry show us the bard who recited to his audiences. Drama, in all primitive societies a valuable spreader of knowledge, entertainment, and religion, is entirely oral”. (Holt & Stratton, 1924) (Holt & Stratton) As the author stated public speaking is important because this is how our public figures and leaders communicate with us. Public figures in......

Words: 1654 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Jjdsn

...Skills Chairperson: Mr. Fadi EL-Hakim Textbook * Public Speaking An Audience-Centered Approach By Steven A. Beebe –Susan J. Beebe, 8th edition * Writing Research Papers By James Lester, 11th edition Course Description Most careers require some level of public speaking ability, whether it involves making a proposal to your group or management at work, making a sales presentation, teaching people how to use a product or system, or making a presentation to your employees as a manager. Sometimes we face other public speaking situations; including teaching young people how to do something, making our opinion known at a public meeting, or commemorating special events. Course Objective: The aim of this course is to help students become a more effective and responsible speaker and listener. It will encourage them to communicate more openly in different settings (speeches, group discussion, interviews, etc.). This course will also enhance effective public speaking skills, and research methodology techniques. Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to: * differentiate between the basic forms of speeches: informative and persuasive. * become articulate in speech making * increase your confidence in your public speaking ability. * learn principles of effective public speaking. * demonstrate effective aspects of speech preparation. * apply public speaking skills to a variety of speech contexts. * apply......

Words: 2104 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Relationship of Civic Engagement, Democratic Decision-Making, and Public Speaking

...The Relationship of Civic Engagement, Democratic Decision-Making, and Public Speaking Tiffaney Piper Honors Public Speaking/COM 2243 Tiffaney Piper Dr. Hal Fulmar Honors Public Speaking 6 December 2011 The Relationship of Civic Engagement, Democratic Decision-Making, and Public Speaking The relationship of civic engagement, democratic decision-making, and public speaking is something that indirectly and directly affects the lives of citizens and law makers alike. These terms go hand in hand with each other in their role in a democratic society. They create a sort of continuous triangle that keeps repeating as the cycle repeats itself. This semester we have grazed the surface, at the least, of each of these topics with our discussions from the textbook, Starship Troopers, and The New York Times. All these different mediums help us to begin to understand the deeply intertwined relationship of these three terms, each tied to the one before it to create the cycle we strive to live by. A final paper deciphering what we have learned and applying it to our roles in citizenship is my goal. I want to use this paper to break down each terms meaning, the relation of this term to citizens, and at the end explain the relationship of these terms as a whole and how their relationship affects citizens. “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country (John F. Kennedy).” One of the most remembered lines of a Presidential Inaugural in history...

Words: 2703 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Jeremy Bentham

...Philosophical Radicals were a group of like minded individuals that believed in political radicalism through Utilitarianism which stated that decisions should be made on behalf of who it would help the most. Instead of a rational approach to decisions or a idealistic approach. He was born Houndsditch, London England to a father who was a lawyer. He entered college at the ripe old age of twelve and graduated at an elderly fifteen. Bentham did not enjoy speaking in public much so he turned to writing I would imagine that since he was so young and gifted he would feel slighted when speaking in public to older crowds. He was raised as a Torie which were a conservative band of monarchists in the House of Commons in England, they believed in an established church, royal authority and wanted to preserve the traditional political structure. They also strongly opposed parliamentary reform. Bentham changed his conservitaive views after he read The First Principles of Government and the Nature of Political, Civil, and Religious Liberty a book by Joseph Priestly. David Hume also influenced Bentham, after reading Hume’s literature Bentham argued that the proper objective of all conduct and legislation is the greatest happiness of the greatest number. In other words the minority was not a priority in Bentham’s thought process. In 1798 Bentham wrote Principles of International Law where he argued that universal peace could only be obtained by first achieving European Unity. He......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Communicate

...communication centers round the usage of words, speed of delivery of words, pitch modulation and body language. Using the right tools to communicate the right messages at the right time can salvage a crises and motivate people to work towards success. Truly said, communication works but for those who work at it. In the existing globalization scenario, most of the Information Technology, I.T Enabled Services, management institutes, public and private sector, multi-national Companies, Union Public Service Commission, and State Public Service Commission are search for a right and suitable fresher for executive posts. Whatever be the recruiting criteria that I.T, ITES, industry giants had in their agenda, once this was clear a first class degree would not serve the purpose, the candidate have to satisfy the skill sets that the companies were looking for. And unanimously, the skills set that they were looking for communication skills. People in organisations usually spends 75 percent of their daily time on communication through writing, reading, listening, speaking, inter-debate etc. Effective communication is an essential component for organisation success, whether it is the interpersonal intra group organisation or external levels. A recent newspaper report said that our of very hundred interviews, only five qualified for the employability. It is not  that were technically not sound but they lacked in communication skills. Communication skills are as important as technical......

Words: 3552 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Annual Impementation Pla

...comprehension skills. | School head, teachers, parents | Literature books, different reading materials, charts, flashcards | PTCA Fund, MOOE | Php10,000 | June 2011-March 2012 | 1.Improvement pupils’ comprehension skill in both English and Filipino Improvement of pupils study habit Children and parents relationship enhanced Vacant hours used for more productive activities | Continuous encouragement of both teachers and parents in pupils’ love for readingContinuous remedial programCooperation of teachers and parents. | | | | | | | | | | | Project | Objective/s | Activities/Strategies | Personnel to be Involved | RESOURCES NEEDED ( Supplies, Materials, Equipments) | Sources of Fund | Budget | Time Frame | Success Indicator | Sustainability | 2. Programs on confidence improvement | 2.1 To improve pupils’ self-confidence and skills in public speaking | 2.1 Conduct the following: Speech choir News casting contests 2.2 Integrate games, poems, short dialogs, dramas and songs inside their respective classrooms. 2.3 Attend theater acts, educational shows or field trips. 2.4 Conduct public speaking workshops. | School head, teachers, parents | Textbooks, Hired vehicle , DVD players | PTCA Funds SEF Funds | Php 6,000 | June 2011- March 2012 | Confidence of pupils when it comes to public speaking increased Talents/ skills of pupils are enhanced in oral......

Words: 1467 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Ice Ceam

...aid of my chosen career. Looking into the source and its creditability and its accuracy in modern time’s implementation the book seems to have base. The publisher provides their product for mass learning and with authoritative and accurate information that they base their publications. Basically this book gives the reader the general knowledge of a Project Manager and the duties the Project Manager will fulfill in the field. The author says that developing your writing skills should be taken seriously as well as your speaking skills in becoming a project manager. With the success of a project ninety percent is communication (Kim, 2013). Since communication is the key role, then would it not be that speaking skills be the first to come before writing skills? Writing skills and speaking skills go hand in hand. If you can write well you can speak well, as well as if you can speak well you can write well. That is why when you are learning one you are also learning the other. In the course Public Speaking one overcomes the fear of speaking in public. Public Speaking shows one how to become clear, concise, articulate and to be fluent when speaking. Even though the course is over the internet the course exercises involves speaking to groups of people and also exercises your writing skills of punctuation. (University, 2012). With the knowledge of public speaking as a manger, to be successful at project management one key concept is to give feedback immediately (Richman, 2002) Give......

Words: 1085 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

My Chosen Career

...Management Step by Step. Looking into the source and its creditability and its accuracy in modern time’s implementation the book seems to have base. The publisher provides their product for mass learning and with authoritative and accurate information that they base their publications. Basically this book gives the reader the general knowledge of a Project Manager and the duties the Project Manager will fulfill in the field. The author says that developing your writing skills should be taken seriously as well as your speaking skills in becoming a project manager. With the success of a project ninety percent is communication (Kim, 2013). Since communication is the key role, then would it not be that speaking skills be the first to come before writing skills? Writing skills and speaking skills go hand in hand. If you can write well you can speak well, as well as if you can speak well you can write well. That is why when you are learning one you are also learning the other. In the course Public Speaking one overcomes the fear of speaking in public. Public Speaking shows one how to become clear, concise, articulate and to be fluent when speaking. Even though the course is over the internet the course exercises involves speaking to groups of people and also exercises your writing skills of punctuation. (university, 2012) With the knowledge of public speaking as a manger, to be successful at project management one key concept is to give feed back immediately (Richman, 2002)......

Words: 1325 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

We Are the Leaders of Today

...we learned about our strengths using the Strengths Finder 2.0 assessment. According to the assessment, my greatest strength is Communication. That has not always been the case. Until I got into college, I was a very shy and soft spoken kid who was terrified to talk in class or to stand out in any way. I preferred to fit in and chose not to draw attention to myself. I was not alone – the number one fear people have is public speaking; followed closely by a fear of dying. (So I guess more people would rather be in the casket than to have to give the Eulogy?) In college, I took a business communication class which required I read several books about how individuals have succeeded. The individuals highlighted in these books explained that the single greatest strength they possessed was their ability to effectively deal with people. I believe that that is effective communication. I wanted to be successful, so I became determined to develop and improve my communication skills. I had to work very hard to overcome my fear of public speaking and step outside my comfort zone. I genuinely believed that if I were to become an effective communicator, it would increase my chances exponentially for success....

Words: 338 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

How to Survive a Job Interview

...writing skills as well as my speaking skills. My first goal that I hope to accomplish this year is to better prepare myself for class/speeches. I hope to accomplish this goal by the end of the year so preparing for my speeches will become a habit and will help me to calm down before giving a speech. Right before I begin my speech my hands start to get really sweaty and I get the shakes, so I plan on trying some of the exercises that the book suggests that we do. Some of the exercises that systematic desensitization includes are: taking deep breaths, listening to calming music, walking up a flight of stairs, drinking a glass of water, etc. This will probably be one of the goals I work on the most because my nervousness affects the way I speak around people and I want to be able to talk without being afraid. Furthermore, I hope to improve my class participation by becoming an active listener and raising my hand each time a question has been asked. I know I should not be nervous to raise my hand during class, but I am always afraid of being wrong and getting embarrassed. It would be amazing if I could accomplish this goal because I think it would also help my fear of public speaking as well as helping me to participate during class. I will meet my goal by encouraging myself to raise my hand more often and telling myself that it is okay to be embarrassed sometimes. My third and final goal is public speaking apprehension. One of my biggest fears is speaking in front of a big......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Business Paper

...motivational speaking. I can also develop and sell books. The most inspiring and successful motivation speakers are those with a personal story of success that can be passed on to audiences (Marsden, ehow.com). I know this because I am currently doing speeches now and will eventually author books. I choose this path because I have always been a talker. Every since a child, I have loved to speak in front of crowds. I would love to read the Sunday school minutes. I was then introduced to Toastmasters International Speaking Club and was advised of how well of a speaker I am. I did not believe it at first. I then begin to see it because people demanded me to speak so they could hear me. I decided I could make this a career, so I started speaking. Now I am four speeches away from having my Advanced Communicator Silver with Toastmasters. Once it is obtained, I will only have one more level to reach out of five, which is the Advanced Communicator Gold. I am also working on becoming an accredited speaker through Toastmaster. Once I become an accredited speaker, I will be able to charge for my speeches versus accepting whatever donations are provided. Once my speaking career takes off, I will venture off into authoring books. I think I can sell books because I am an excellent speaker and people will want to read my books. Once they hear about me, everyone will not be able to come and see me, so I will be able to put my products over the world by selling books. I will......

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Lincoln's Leadership Strategies

...Book Review of Lincoln on Leadership, Executive Strategies for Tough Times Authored By Donald T. Phillips This report has been completed by Karie Jeisel and Gregory Heintschel DDS For Management 6013, October 2009 Book Overview Author, Donald T. Phillips, wrote Lincoln on Leadership after realizing that many strategies on effective leadership being taught to business leaders today are those which Abraham Lincoln so eloquently employed during his presidency. Phillip’s book points out fifteen different leadership principles that stand the test of time and can be taught and used to improve business strategic planning techniques, models for changing organizations and leadership performance and effectiveness. Abe Lincoln cultivated a deep understanding of the human nature of people. Through this concept, he practiced several principles that led him to meet his goals and his larger vision for the nation to remain united. By spending most of his time with people to understand their nature and motives, Lincoln used the knowledge he gained and his keen ability to persuade in a positive manner rather than using coercive power. His basic philosophy of persuasion, support and delegation was exactly the style of leadership needed to pull the country back to together during the Civil War. Abe appealed to his subordinates’ sense of self-efficacy. He knew the value of making requests and empowering others as opposed to issuing orders. Everyone today can improve his or her......

Words: 2047 - Pages: 9