Pupils' Achievement in English and Teacher Competencies

In: English and Literature

Submitted By lmcervantes
Words 1232
Pages 5
CHAPTER I
The Problem and Its Background

Introduction

For many years, educators and researchers have debated which school variables influence student achievement. As policy-makers became more involved in school reform, this suggestion takes on new importance since their many initiatives rely on presumed relationships between various education-related factors and learning outcomes. Some researches have suggested that “schools bring little influence to bear upon a child’s achievement test is independent of his background and general social context.” (Coleman et. al. 1966; Jenks et. al. 1972). Other evidence suggests that factors like class size (Glass, et. al. 1982; Mosteller, 1995), teacher qualification (Ferguson, 1991), school size (Holler, 1993), and other school variables may play an important role in influencing learning.

As new standard for new learning continues to be introduced in the country, hence, greater attention is given to the role teacher plays in student achievement. While some evidence suggests that better qualified teachers may make a difference in student learning at the school and district levels. There is also increasing inquiry into the exact predictors that affect teacher efficiency vis-à-vis student level of achievement. Teaching competence and teacher impact on students may largely determine whether or not the student will fail or succeed in his studies.

Through students’ individual differences need to be considered in the teaching-learning process, a very challenging role of improving mankind and enlightening the world to guide the young to the right path lies in the teacher’s hands. Likewise, the educational progress of our country relies on the young generation who needless to say, will bear the progeny of this country. Hence, the vital role of teachers in shaping the country’s leaders and workers lie in the…...

Similar Documents

Pupils' Achievement in English and Teacher Competencies

... teaching; 2.3 English Proficiency; 3. What is the competency level of English teachers of Marilao Central School based on the Competency-Based Performance Appraisal System for Teachers (CB-PAST)? 4. What is the English performance of Grade IV pupils based on the Regional Achievement Test during the school year 2009-2010? 5. Are there significant relationships on pupils’ achievement in English and teachers’ competencies? Research Hypotheses This study hypothesizes that there are significant relationships between the competency of the teachers and the pupils’ achievement in English IV. Significance of the Study It is always the levels of achievement of the learners the main objective of every educational institution. Any study therefore, would constitute a significant contribution to the objectives of educational process. The researcher believes that the study is significant to the following: 1. Educational System. The findings of this study will give Dep-Ed officials what training programs are to be given to teachers to increase their effectiveness as English teacher. 2. School Performance. Results of this study will help the school administrators of Marilao Central School in coming up with in-service training for English teachers to improve their skills in teaching English that eventually would lead to good results in the Regional Achievement Test and/or National Achievement Test. 3. Teachers. Findings of this......

Words: 1232 - Pages: 5

Competency

...A Database of Competencies, Behaviors, & Interview Questions Interview Generator COMPETENCY WORKSHEET Position: ® Use this worksheet to identify the core competencies that are essential for the job for which you are developing an interview guide. Select only those competencies that truly distinguish superior performance in the role overall (minimum 4; maximum 10). Use the space in the margins of the page for notes that may be helpful in isolating specific behaviors, or levels of expertise that need to be attained in the selected competency areas. Refer to the Job Analysis Process on the reverse side. I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Ability to Take Initiative/Responsibility Altruistic Orientation Anticipation/Proactive Thinking Skills Big Picture Thinking Ability Cooperate and Collaborate Capacity to Take Accountability Commitment Conflict Management Ability Critical Thinking Ability Customer Focus Delegation Skills Diplomacy Skills Drive Empathy with People Ethical Conduct Feedback Receiving Skills Functional Knowledge Interpersonal Skills Learning Attitude Listening Skills Marketing Ability Organization/Planning Skills Persistence/Perseverance Skills Problem Solving Ability Resourcefulness Risk Taking Ability Sales Ability Service Orientation Teamwork Orientation Time Management Ability I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Ability to Work Independently Analytical Skills Attention to Detail Business Mindedness...

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Teacher Pedagogic Competence in English

...Pupils' Achievement In English And Teacher Competencies Pupils' Achievement In English And Teacher Competencies CHAPTER I The Problem and Its Background Introduction For many years, educators and researchers have debated which school variables influence student achievement. As policy-makers became more involved in school reform, this suggestion takes on new importance since their many initiatives rely on presumed relationships between various education-related factors and learning outcomes. Some researches have suggested that “schools bring little influence to bear upon a child’s achievement test is independent of his background and general social context.” (Coleman et. al. 1966; Jenks et. al. 1972). Other evidence suggests that factors like class size (Glass, et. al. 1982; Mosteller, 1995), teacher qualification (Ferguson, 1991), school size (Holler, 1993), and other school variables may play an important role in influencing learning. As new standard for new learning continues to be introduced in the country, hence, greater attention is given to the role teacher plays in student achievement. While some evidence suggests that better qualified teachers may make a difference in student learning at the school and district levels. There is also increasing inquiry into the exact predictors that affect teacher efficiency vis-à-vis student level of achievement. Teaching competence and teacher impact on students may largely determine whether or not the student will fail or......

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Competency

...At least in our life we could see that several people with similar education, experience and skills were promoted into new roles. But not all of them were successful at the same level in performing this role. Why ones could do better than others? Factors such as presence of more knowledge or intellect of individuals could be one of the reasons. Nevertheless, after conducting several examinations, IQ tests and other proxies that measure intellect, participants showed poor results on work place. These traditional measures were poor at predicting success on the job. After several studies, psychologist David McClelland found a deeper measure that he labeled “competencies”. A competency is defined as an underlying characteristic of a person which enables them to deliver superior performance in a given job, role or situation. He established two key tools: criterion samples and behavioral event interviews to enable his approach. In criterion sample, he divided people to two distinct groups, star and average performers trying to understand what makes differentiated performance and success in a job. Because of its effectiveness, it was formed Hay Group’s foundation which approach was based on assessment, selection and development. In order to understand why people become successful, Behavioral Event Interviews (BEI) is no trying to understand the actions of individuals, but the thoughts and feelings that generate those actions. It identifies deep thoughts and behavior......

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

English Teacher

... |285 |64 | |Sec./10th |2001 |CBSE |Maths, Science, SS, Ger Eng,|345 |70 | | | | |Gen Pbi | | | Summary of skills • Profound knowledge of English language and ability to teach the language for all sorts of students i.e. for those who have English as their first language and those who have not • Excellent communication and written skills as well as ability to explain the text • Ability to teach English in different ways or methods i.e. Role play, language games, and dialogue methods • Highly skilled in using the different course books and material for teaching English as well as having a great passion and love for English language • Ability to use audio-visual aids for teaching English effectively and creativeness in teaching process • Ability to plan, collect material, and deliver the lessons in the class • Capacity to arrange the competitions and assess the performance of the students • Good and vast or deep knowledge of English i.e. Grammar, Literature, and Linguistics • Ability to inspire the students for desired effects in the language teaching task Technical skills Good knowledge of computer programs i.e. MS Word, PowerPoint, internet Areas of Interest: • Using self......

Words: 365 - Pages: 2

Competency

... schedule. BSN programs are university based. Upon completion of the program, they too take the same NCLEX-RN exam as the ADN graduate does (Creasia & Friberg, P. 26). Preparation is for generalists to practice nursing in beginning leadership roles in a variety of settings. The focus is on the critical thinking utilizing a theory approach. Back as early as the 1960’s, competencies were already being defined between ADN and BSN prepared nurses. The ADN nurse would perform the technical care and function as part of the health care team. The BSN was to function as the team leader. This still holds true today. Hospitals are requiring BNS degrees for nurses to advance above entry level positions. In the hospital setting where I am employed, all of the charge nurses are now required to have a BN to maintain their role as charge nurse. A degree in another are is no longer accepted, and no new charge positions are granted without a BSN. Nurses in charge roles at present that do not meet the above educational requirements are given a period of time to complete their BN or risk the chance of loosing their role. Charge nurses are called upon on a daily basis to make decisions regarding the overall function of their unit. They must be prepared to be an educator of their staff (and patients) in teaching moments that may arise. They must oversee the staff’s clinical practices and make sure that evidence based practices are being followed. They may be called upon to......

Words: 923 - Pages: 4

Competency

...STAFF COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK July 2006 The Charles Darwin University Staff Competency Framework This booklet contains the Staff Competency Framework for Charles Darwin University. The Competency Framework outlines the range of knowledge, skills and attributes required of employees of the University for proficient workplace performance. Application of the framework occurs in the context of an individual’s role, and the recognition that different competencies, and different levels of competency, are necessary to perform a given set of activities. DEFINITION Competency is defined as the ability to perform tasks and duties to the standard expected in employment. A competency standard is an industry-determined specification of performance which sets out the skills, knowledge and attitudes required to operate effectively in employment. Standards are made up of units of competency, which are themselves made up of elements of competency, together with performance criteria, a range of variables, and an evidence guide1. A competency framework describes a set of competency standards for employees and makes the expected knowledge and capabilities of employees explicit for those within and outside of the University. This set of standards has been determined by the University through a process of consultation and benchmarking. Competency frameworks are used by organisations to: • • • • • • Focus workplace performance on the organisation’s vision and values Align workplace...

Words: 3601 - Pages: 15

Pupil

... children who live in their company. Guardians are liable for damages caused by the minors or incapacitated persons who are under their authority and live in their company. The owners and managers of an establishment or enterprise are likewise responsible for damages caused by their employees in the service of the branches in which the latter are employed or on the occasion of their functions. The State is responsible in like manner when it acts through a special agent; but not when the damage has been caused by the official to whom the task done properly pertains, in which case what is provided in Article 2176 shall be applicable. Lastly, teachers or heads of establishments of arts and trades shall be liable for damages caused by their pupils and students or apprentices, so long as they remain in their custody. On Substitute Parental Authority, the Civil Code provides: Art. 349. The following persons shall exercise substitute parental authority:(1) Guardians;(2) Teachers and professors;(3) Heads of children's homes, orphanages, and similar institutions;(4) Directors of trade establishments, with regard to apprentices;(5) Grandparents;(6) The oldest brother or sister. Art. 350. The persons named in the preceding article shall exercise reasonable supervision over the conduct of the child. Art. 352. The relations between teacher and pupil, professor and student, are fixed by government regulations and those of each school or institution. In no case shall corporal......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

English Teacher

...CV Name: Farah Ali Elbalula Abd Elqadir Target Job Title: English Teacher, Translator, HR Coordinator Target Job Location: UAE; Saudi Arabia; Qatar; Kuwait, Oman Career Objective: Highly motivated teacher and seeking new challenges in which effectively utilizes my professional Experience. Looking to join a progressive organization School that has the need for a proactive person to develop the communicating standards, achievements and area of growth to students ;-Defining learning expectations and providing timely evaluative feedback on students performance ;Motivating and engaging students in meaning learning and growth ; - Implementing a variety of strategies to address students , learning strengths and area of weakness ,learning styles and various intelligences as well as learning how to learn . To obtain a position in a team role using teaching administrative programming and management skills. I have first hand teaching construction and building strong team environments and developing open communications. Strong acumen including teaching, translating, counseling, coordinating and administrating. Employment Type: Employee Employment Status: Full time Target Monthly...

Words: 477 - Pages: 2

Competency

...A distinctive competency is a competency unique to a business organization, a competency superior in some aspect than the competencies of other organizations, which enables the production of a unique value proposition in the function of the business. A distinctive competency is the basis for the development of an unassailable competitive advantage. The uniqueness differentiates this competency from all others, whether a core competency or simply a competency. Leader's responsibility regarding competency -- ""...the task of building special values and a distinctive competence into the organization is a prime function of leadership."" Source: Selznick, 1957, pp 27. Sources of distinctive competency -- Distinctive competencies, the basis for competitive advantage, can come from technology, industry position, market relations, cost, business processes, manufacturing processes, people, customer satisfaction, or just being first. The insightful integration of complementary elements of the business model is the strongest form of competitive advantage known. This is because it is so difficult for competitors to understand and even more difficult to replicate, especially when the business model elements of value, purpose, vision, culture, and identity are intertwined in a powerful business solution. Examples of distinctive competency -- Toyota has a distinctive competency in lean manufacturing. GE has a distinctive competency in management development. These companies...

Words: 1210 - Pages: 5

The Role of English Teacher in Classroom

... at Hoi An. Here they anchored, sometimes for months, waiting for the monsoon to shift homeward again. When the harbor silted up in the 1800s , a new port was built on the Han River in Danang. Time came to a halt in Hoi An , and the world passed it by. A modern night life off In a wood-fronted shop stands a woman in traditional dress who is engulfed in the light of oval- shaped lanterns made from bamboo. Outside sut two old men that are absorbed in playing Chinese chess by candle-light. These scenes of the 17th or 18th century reappear in Hoi An , a quiet and peaceful riverside town. On the 14th of every lunar month modernity seems to be replaced by mostalgia. On such an evening the whole ancient town is bathed in the warm glow of coloured slk, glass and paper lanterns instead of street lamps and fluorescent lights . In those days, Vietnamese people made lamps lit by oil. Later, variety of lanterns were introduced from Chinese and Japennese traders. Foods and a Hoi An speciality Hoi An’s cuisine is a blend of the stir-fry and noodles of the north and the spicier dishes of the south. We can order a cake eaten with shredded duck, shrimps and spices; rice paper wrapped shrimp spring rolls with chilli- spiced peanut sauce ;stir-fried vegetables and two bowls of “Cao Lau” .Prices on the menu are written in English , French and Vietnamese. The most expensive item is US$3. Most are under US$1.50. “Cao lau” is...

Words: 3064 - Pages: 13

Competency

...Quality Management Systems – An Overview TQM ISO 9000 QS 9000 Lecture Objectives Total Quality Management defined Cost of Quality ISO 9000 and QS 9000 Tools of TQM Evolution of Quality Management Six Sigma Quality Mgmt Systems Taguchi DOE SPC Inspection 1930 1950 1975 1985 1990 1995 2000 What does the term Quality really mean? Quality is the ability of a product or service to consistently meet or exceed customer expectations Historical Summary Artisanship • Closeness of producer and consumer • One person/common purpose among tasks Industrial revolution • Long supply chains • Unskilled labour • Mass production • Uniform quality • Loss of understanding of purpose Eli Whitney and Henry Ford Consumerism a response Quality has emerged now as a business strategy Total Quality Management What does total mean? Entire organization; All products and processes; All aspects (management, design, control) Not a flavor of the month (i.e. typical management fad) – Long-term perspectives, Consider the Japanese The Quality Challenge Today's economic reality: Intense global competition for sales, profits, contracts and jobs. Competition equally challenging in manufacturing and service organisations. Emphasis on controlling people has not worked. The emerging strategy: Augment TQM with Six Sigma Why is quality so difficult to deliver? Ambient temperature, vibration, humidity, supply, voltage, etc. Labor Training level Control variables Points for...

Words: 4799 - Pages: 20

Article Review: Teacher Attitudes Toward Dyslexia: Effects on Teacher Expectations and the Academic Achievement of Students with Dyslexia

...Article Review: Teacher Attitudes Toward Dyslexia: Effects on Teacher Expectations and the Academic Achievement of Students with Dyslexia A study by Bakker, Denessen, Hornstra, van den Bergh, and Voeten (2010) examined teacher attitudes toward dyslexia and the effects of these attitudes on teacher expectations and the academic achievement of students with dyslexia compared to students without learning disabilities (Bakker et al. 2010). The objective of the experiment is to examine whether students with dyslexia are indeed at risk for stigmatization by their regular education teachers, which can result in lower teacher expectations for these students, and whether lower teacher expectations can affect the achievement of students with dyslexia. Throughout this correlational descriptive research study, three research questions took emphasis: 1.) To what extent do teacher attitudes toward dyslexia predict teacher expectations for individual students with dyslexia? 2.) To what extent do teacher attitudes toward dyslexia predict the achievement of students with dyslexia? 3.) Does the association between teacher attitudes toward dyslexia and the achievement of students with dyslexia appear to be significantly mediated by teacher expectations? The results of their study were inconclusive, as they received variable results across the spelling, math, and overall academic achievement that the author(s) was unable to make a definitive correlational statement on the relationship...

Words: 543 - Pages: 3

Competency

... appropriate scaffolding to learners. It can also be argued that the human teacher is in a strong position, in particular by virtue of overall life experience and sophistication as a communicator, to both model and facilitate co-operative learning behaviors. The extracurricular activities designed by the universities facilitate students to experience authentic learning by constructing their own thoughts and applying their ideas. However, like other development initiatives, outcomes of extracurricular activities depend on student’s ability to explore and make use of the concepts they have learned. Therefore, the involvement in a program can be emphasized in two elements, what the student does, and what the institution does, pointing to activities on the part of the individual student and the institution which are related to the desired outcomes of universities (Wolf-Wendel, Ward & Kinzie, 2009). Studies have reported that extracurricular activities could benefit students where they can learn something beyond what they have learned in the classroom. In addition, students with more involvement with the programs have shown a decrease in behavioral issues, and a significant positive effect on student’s academic achievement (Hattie, 2008). These factors can relate to their study; for example, when the behavioral issues decrease, the disciplinary issues also decrease and good discipline can lead to a better academic learning process. Furthermore, another benefit for students......

Words: 5686 - Pages: 23

Competency

...How to complete competency statements Contents 1. Introduction 2. Preparation 3. Completing the application form 4. Writing competency examples 5. How competency statements will be assessed 6. Hints and tips 7. Checking your competency statement 8. A-Z of active verbs. 1. Introduction This guide can help you to write your competency statements when applying for a job. Competencies are short statements, up to a maximum of 250 words, defining the behaviour and actions needed to perform well in a particular job. Getting your competency statements right is essential as sift and interview panels will use them to assess your suitability for the job and to compare you against the other applicants. There are some general guidelines for preparing competency statements. Your examples should be: • truthful and based on fact • grammatically correct • spelled correctly 2. Preparation The specific competencies you need to write about will be detailed in the job advert. Before writing anything, you should read all the information in the job advert paying particular attention to the competences required. Make sure you have a full copy of the Civil Service Competency Framework. You should also look closely at all the information in the Job Description, so you can take this into account when writing your competency statement. Think about everything you have done and achieved over the last five years or so which relate to the...

Words: 2383 - Pages: 10