Free Essay

Purgatory

In: English and Literature

Submitted By capcom
Words 1538
Pages 7
Hell on Earth

Nothing impure can enter into the Kingdom of God (Revelations 21:27). Every person will have to pay for their sins to "the very last penny" (Luke 12:59). I'll use somewhat of a parable to explain purgatory. God is just per Scripture (John 5:30), correct? Now, let's say you have one man who leads a saintly life and another who leads a sinful life, but sincerely repents of his sins on his death bed. According to Protestants, both these men go straight to heaven after death. Is this just? I would have to answer in the negative. According to Catholic belief, the saintly man would go straight to heaven whereas the repentant man would have to be cleansed through temporal (not eternal) punishment for his sins before entering heaven. Where is this done? He can't be sent to hell because hell is eternal per Scripture (Matthew 25:46; Mark 3:29). There has to be a middle ground so to speak. This "middle" ground is purgatory. We must suffer for our sins just as Christ suffered for them (Romans 8:17; 2 Corinthians 1:5-7). If this suffering is not in this life, it has to be in the next.

Protestants say that since purgatory is not mentioned in the Holy Bible, it doesn't exist. But the Holy Trinity is not mentioned in the Bible either yet almost all mainstream Protestant denominations believe in it. Unfortunately, the King James Version of the Bible mistakenly omits the Books of Maccabees. These books were decided by the Church Fathers to be inspired of God. The Twelve Apostles used the Septuagint (Greek) canon - almost every single quote from the Old Testament that is cited in the New is from the Septuagint - this canon INCLUDES the First and Second Books of Maccabees (as well as five others). It is clear that praying for the dead to release them from the reparation of their sins is good according to the first Biblical verse quoted at the top of this page. With repentance comes reparation for sins such as "sackcloth and ashes" (Matthew 11:21; Luke 10:13). Why did God give St. Paul the pain of the stigmata (Galatians 6:17) if there is no reparation for sins? Why did St. Paul pray for a DEAD friend (Onesiphorus), if there is no Purgatory (2 Timothy 1:16-18)? Consider this - not even King David escaped punishment for his sins even though they were forgiven. What is going to happen to us when we will die? Some people never considered what it could happen to them after life. For many people, death is a redoubtable event because they do not know what to expect after their death. However, other persons, such as religious people are conscious of what to expect after their death because of their beliefs. Each religion has different ideas and different ways of looking life. Death, therefore, is viewed by different religions in many ways. Although, different religions have a distinct conception of death, they all have something in common: they all give hope to people. Among all different religions in the world, four of the most common ones - Catholic, Jewish, Islamic, and Hindu- view death in different ways.
One way in which death can be viewed comes across the Catholic religion. The Catholic believers look life after death in a prospective of three different worlds, such as Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise according to the deeds committed during life. If a person during his or her lifetime committed any sins, this person’s next world will be the Hell. The traditional view in which people refer to hell can be found in the book written by Dante Alighieri, “La Divina Commedia”. The book states that the formation of Hell was given by the crash of Lucifer (the angel that wanted to be better than God) from the sky onto the earth. Crashing on the Earth in Jerusalem, his head formed an upside down cone inside the Earth. This is where is located the Hell. In the Hell, people pay for their sins with different penitence’s (12-13). For instance, a person that committed homicide will freeze in a lake frozen by the breath of Satan (XXXIV canto). If a person during his or her life commits any sins but asks for forgiveness, then he or she will go to the Purgatory. The purgatory is represented by an island with a mountain (23). One source states that “Purgatory is very similar to Hell; the main difference is that one will eventually be released from torture. The souls that go in the Purgatory are tortured with fire. These souls remain in purgatory until they become sufficiently purified to enter heaven”(2). For example, if a soul in the purgatory asks for forgiveness and pays the punition with some tests, the soul will be released and moved immediately to Heaven (2). If a person during his or her life does not commit any sins, then he or she will go to the Paradise. The light of God illuminates the Paradise. There, the souls are totally purified and they can rest in peace. “In the Paradise, embodying the knowledge of divine mysteries bestowed by Grace, who leads the soul through the successive ascending levels of Heaven to the Empyrean, where the soul is allowed to glimpse, for a moment, the glory of God”(Divina Commedia, 27). Therefore, death is viewed in the Catholic religion in a prospective of three different worlds: Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise. Death can be viewed in the Jewish religion. In the Jewish religion, when somebody dies there will be eternal existence determined by the moral behavior and attitude during his or her course of life. “Afterlife is seen as a way to reflect the ultimate justice of human existence”(Joseph Telushkin, 2). When a person make sins in his or her life, his or her soul will be punished in a place called “Gehenna”. However, since God is filled with mercy and love, punishment is not to be considered eternal. Punishment might be self-determined on the basis of suffering in kind the suffering the person brought about (Telushkin, 3). Another way in which death can be viewed is described in the Islamic religion. For Muslims, life in this world is not everything; in the contrary, beyond death lies eternal life. One source explains that the final day of life every person accounts for what he or she has done in her life (World Religions index, 3). ‘Every man ‘s actions have we hung around his neck, and on the last day shall be laid before him a wide-open book’ (3). In addition, for Muslims the divine decree is Allah. According to Chris Richard, the author of the book “World Religions”, “All the laws that govern the universe belong to Allah, and He controls the destiny of all things, including the time and the place of each person’s birth and death: all things issue from Allah, whether sweet or bitter “. “The rightness will be rewarded with the bliss of Paradise”(Richard, 155) . Heaven is depicted in terms of worldly delights. For instance, who fallowed and accepted Allah’s guidance will be rewarded with the bliss of Paradise. In the contrary, those who refuse to accept and fallow Allah’s guidance in this present life will suffer painful punishment in hell fire. Therefore, death can be viewed in the Islamic religion. Death can also be viewed in the Hindu religion. Hindu considers that they have many incarnations ahead of them before they can find final salvation. There are three main concepts in the Hindu religion: Samsara, Moksha, and Karma. The concept of Samsara is the belief on the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. According to Chris Richard, “ The universe is also subject to cynical processes of change, from birth to death and re-creation”(32). In this context there are three functions if God, such as Brahma, the creator, Vishnu, the preserver, and Shiva, the destroyer (32). All worldly existence is subject to the cycle of samsara. Chris Richard explains a Hindu story that describes to great effect the state of being caught up in samasara (32). This story talks about a man, in a jungle infested by wild beasts, trying to escape falls in a deep pit. Fortunately, he hangs onto some creepers, avoiding a hungry elephant hunt the top of the pit and a serpent at the bottom waiting for him to drop. Even as he realizes that his life cannot last long, the man sees two mice, one black and one white, gnawing away at the creepers. At the edge of the pit is a honeycomb dripping honey, giving him sustenance. Such sweetness makes him forget the perils, but it is short- lived (32). Chris Richard states that in this pessimistic parable, the man is the soul and the jungle is existence. The wild elephant and the serpent represent death, while the mice are symbols of time, the dark and light halves of the lunar month. The honey represents pleasures, which are temporary and trivial in the midst of numerous perils (32). In addition, liberation from samsara can be found only through the pursuit

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Life After Death

...place where a person can be close to God and therefore eternally happy. At death those who embrace God will be redeemed and will be forever in his presence in heaven. There are differing views from both religious and non religious people alike about heaven. C.S Lewis in his fictional novel The Great Divorce wrote that “Heaven is reality itself. All that is fully real is heavenly”. Lewis described heaven as a more intense version of earth, where everything is more solid, heavy or harder than things on earth or in hell. He described a waterfall that sounded like “the revelry of a whole college of giants”. In Lewis’ view everything in heaven is more distinct and is in direct contrast with the darkness of the ‘grey town’ which represents purgatory or hell. Religious views of heaven are relatively different to the view presented by C.S Lewis, despite the fact that he was a Christian. In the Bible three heavens are described; the first is the sky that covers the earth; the second is where the stars, sun and moon reside; the third is unseen and is the residence of God. In Revelations 21 heaven is described as “the holy city of Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God”. It is a place of immense happiness and joy where angels, saints and God all reside together. St Paul observed that “what is sown is perishable, what is raised is imperishable”. The implication is that all those who believe in Christ will undertake a transformation after death and enter into a new life. He......

Words: 2372 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Research Paper: Divine Comedy

...as Ancient Greece. These poems depicted the events and the ideas of the time they were written in. One such epic poem was Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy. Written in the early fourteenth century the Divine Comedy takes on an allegoric view of the Christian and of the political beliefs held by Dante at the time. Dante was part of a political group in Italy known as the White Guelphs, who favored the Pope as leader over the Holy Roman Emperor. This held influence in the Divine Comedy. In trying to get these ideas out the people Dante wrote the epic poem in the vernacular of the Italian people. The Divine Comedy is centered on Dante and his two guides. The poem takes the reader on a journey with Dante and his guides through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven. This is accomplished through the poem being broken up into three main canticles. Each one of these canticles contains thirty-three cantos. The number three is an important Christian symbol as it symbolizes the Trinity. This is important to Dante in his poem due to his religious beliefs. As the reader gets a literal description on Dante’s travels, the reader symbolically gains insight on how people viewed the progression of a person’s soul toward God. The first canticle is about Dante’s and his guide, Virgil’s, descent through the ten circles of Hell. As they descend through Hell the reader learns about the 10 circles. The deeper in Hell the worse your sin is considered. The sins that represented the circles......

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Souls in Purgatory

...The Souls in Purgatory IV – GOLD Narrator: There was once an old lady who had raised a niece since she was a tiny baby. She had taught the girl to be good, obedient, and industrious, especially the souls in purgatory. As the girl grew older and very beautiful, the old woman began to worry that when she died on her niece would be left all alone in the world, a world which her niece saw only through innocent eyes. Old Lady: Dear Lord, as I daily prayed to all saint’s in heaven for our intercession in heaven to You that You might send some good man who would fall in love with my niece and marry her… then I could die in peace. Narrator: As it happens, the old woman did chores for a comadre who had a rooming house. Among her tenants there was a seemingly rich merchant who one day said: Rich Merchant: I would like to get married. If I could find a niece quiet girl who knew to keep the house tidy, and to be a good wife and mother to our children when they came. (As the old lady heard the rich merchant, her eyes opened and began to smile and scheme to her mind, for she could imagine her niece married to the niece gentleman.) (The old lady told something to the merchant) Old Lady: You could find all that you are looking for in my niece, who is a jewel, a piece of gold, and so gifted that she could even catch birds while they were flying. (The gentleman became interested) Rich Merchant (Gentleman): Hmmmm… I would like to meet your niece, may I go to your house......

Words: 1575 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Western Civ

...hell. The church took full advantage of this and collected taxes from its followers. * Followers were required to pay a 10th of their earnings to the church. This was called tithing, the people were asked to pay a 10th of income, crops, seeds, or livestock. * The church also convinced its people that they would either go to heaven, hell or purgatory after death. Purgatory was believed to be a place that the soul went to after death if one wasn’t condemned to hell and wasn’t a firm enough believer in god to go to heaven. So the person’s soul would remain in purgatory until his or her soul was purified. The important part to this was the more prayers the person received while in purgatory the faster there souls were purified. So people would buy what they called indulgences with money and in return the church would reduce the time they spent in purgatory. This was another tactic used by the church to increase its wealth and dominance. * PS 1…Tetzel’s Sermon on Preaching Indulgences How many mortal sins are committed in a day… , and those that commit them must needs suffer endless punishment in the burning pains of Purgatory. * Luther, The Ninety-Five Theses (1517) . Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ in saying "Repent ye," etc., intended that the whole life of believers should be penitence. * I believe the church was able to maintain its dominance for so long because of its ability manipulate the words of the bible. People believed they feared......

Words: 477 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Divine

... The Divine Comedy Author name University The contrast between Inferno and Purgatory First circle was Limbo. There were unbaptized and virtuous non-Christians, many wise and well-known people such as Homer, Horace, Avicenna, Cicero, Hippocrates, Socrates, Aristotle and others. In the second circle (Lust) were people, who took possession of lust. Here Dante saw Cleopatra, Semiramis, Dido, Helen of Troy. A strong wind threw their souls back and forth without a pause. The third circle (Gluttony) was for gluttons, guarded by a huge Cerberus. They laid here in mud, under the cold rain, unable to see anything around and not paying attention to each other. Here, Dante met Florentine Chacko, who died recently. In the fourth circle (Greed) were wasteful and mean people. They moved heave objects from place to place. In the fifth one (Anger) were angry and lazy people. They fought each other in Styx marsh. Dante met Filippo Argenti there. The sixth circle (Heresy) was a haven of heretics who believed that the soul dies with a body. They were burned alive in the fiery tombs. Here he met Epicurus, Emperor Frederick II, and Pope Anastasius II. The 7th circle (Violence) was the circle of violence. Here were three rings. In the outer ring, sinners were boiled in a bloody Phlegethon river. Here lived Alexander the Great, Dionysius I of Syracuse, Guy de Montfort Obizzo d'Este, Rinier Pazzo, Rinier da Corneto, and Azzolino da Romano. In the middle ring were suicides and profligates. Suicides......

Words: 685 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Hamlet's Ghost/ Influencing Obsessions

...why would someone go through the “whips and scorns of life,” grunting and sweating, when one could escape these trials and end it at any moment. Clearly, Hamlet believes that the easiest way out of his misery here on earth is by suicide. However, he realizes that the consequences of taking his own life would be to suffer in the blazing flames of hell in the afterlife. When his father’s ghost spoke to him, he told Hamlet that he would remain in purgatory “…till the foul crimes done in my days of nature are burnt and purged away” (I.v.12). The ghost also explains that he is not able to share the secrets of purgatory, secrets that would “harrow up thy soul, freeze thy young blood, make thy two eyes, like stars, start from their spheres, thy knotted and combined locks to part and each particular hair to stand on end…” (I.v.16). The fact that his father cannot even speak about the horrors of purgatory has instilled fear in the bones of Hamlet. He realizes that if he were to commit suicide, he, too, would have to endure the wrath of purgatory. Throughout his soliloquy, Hamlet weighs out the pros and cons of suicide, which demonstrates his obsession with the afterlife and death. Hamlet says that suicide is only for those who are not cowards, “…thus conscience does make cowards of us all…” (III.i.84). After speaking with his father’s ghost, he knows what would be in store for him after death, and determines that instead of taking his own life, he must persevere these hard times and......

Words: 1731 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Purgatory

...Purgatory Why do people pray for people who have died? Because they need our prays to help them reach heaven faster. Making their journey faster to heaven. Slowly they will reach heaven with our prays. But some people are in a place Christians call purgatory. Although the word purgatory isn’t said in the bible we still believe in it. When we reach it we are considered to be saved because the next step is heaven. Purgatory is a final purification of the soul after death and before heaven for those who believed in God, but were only imperfectly purified; a final cleansing of the human before one can enter into the joys of heaven Protestants believe that when a Christian dies god purifys them right away and are perfect in heaven (Fr. Ray Ryland). Most people believe that there isn’t a place called limbo or purgatory. Most people we know are there. Some say it’s not real because it’s not in the bible, but yes it is mentioned but not directly. Although we do know that it’s there and it’s our goal to get there. Purgatory is a place where we can spend our time for the sins we committed on earth. We do this to get us ready for heaven because we need a clean soul to get to heaven. The bible tells us everything about our faith. The bible has laws for us and guides us to do what is right. Although the bible never mentions purgatory we still believe that it’s a real place. It’s still a real place to Catholics. Some people say that purgatory has flames so it’s considered......

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Heresy

...of a heretical group in the early middle ages e.g the manicheans. Heretics are defined by others, never by themselves. David: What do the catholics believe? They believe in the holy trinity, the papacy, believe in being christened at birth to wash away the original sin committed by adam and eve. They believe that God is divine and that he immediately judges who goes to heaven or hell. What we must consider is to what extent the Catholic church and its leaders integrated their own rules and belief...This may be defined as a heresy within itself. Dom: What may be argued as the biggest Catholic heresy of all is actually purgatory. In the bible, there is not a single mention of purgatory and it may be argued that it was not until the 6th century that Catholic theologians began to cite information about the existence of purgatory. The concept of purgatory became much more widespread due to the fanaticism of Pope Gregory the Great who developed the doctrine through visions and revalations of purgatorial fires. It is also arguable that when monks and bishops began to translate the bible from latin that it was then placed within the teachings of the catholic church. Shaun: Equally, the believed heresy of the divinity of Jesus is also a key factor to consider here. It is argued by many historians that Jesus’ divinity was decided upon by the council of Nicea... EXPLAIN WHAT THE COUNCIL OF NICEA WAS. It has been claimed that to avoid Civil discontent, Constantine, who was one......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Divine Comedy Essay

...circles of Hell the terraces of Purgatory and the spheres of Heaven. On his journey he sees spirits either punished or rewarded for their decisions on earth. The main theme of The Divine Comedy, written by Dante Alighieri is the choices made in a man’s life and where those choices will put him after death. Dante Alighieri’s version of Hell describes all of the punishments of those condemned, in accord with their sin. On entering Hell, Dante and Virgil read a sign, describing the horrors of hell and that there is no escape. “Through me you enter the city of woes… Abandon all hope ye who enter here.” (Dante Inferno Canto III) As they travel through Hell they see all of the various punishments for the condemned. They find that each sinner is condemned to a punishment that is in relation with his or her sin. For example, the Misers and the Spendthrifts are in Circle IV. Their sins were that they worshipped money so much that they hoarded it, or had so little regard for money that they spent it wildly. Nothing is so loathed to a miser as a spendthrift. So, their punishment is to bombard each other continually with huge stones expressing the antagonism between excessive hoarding and excessive squandering. Another example is the punishment of the Thieves, their hands, which they used to steal, are cut off and their bodies are entwined with snakes or serpents. Although Hell contains grave sinners, those without very terrible sins go to Purgatory. Purgatory is the place where......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Synthesis Inferno and Purgatorio

...technically IN Purgatory but right before it (a.k.a Ante-Purgatory), it does indeed have some similarity/parallelism (but also big differences) to the first circle of the Inferno (Limbo). The key words I noticed was that Dante the wayfarer asks Virgil who are those “separate from the rest” as they approach Limbo[2] (In the Inferno). Then in the Purgatorio, Sordello leads Dante and Virgil to the Valley of the Rulers who are referred to those (spirits) who are “set apart”[3] Now speaking of Limbo in the Inferno, Virgil, who also happens to be from this place (proved by line 39, Inferno 4), refers to the inhabitants of Limbo as “those who live in longing”[4] (manifested by their constant sighing, and not any outcry of pain due to suffering unlike other Cantos in the Inferno). Logically and factually, these souls long for the Beatific Vision or entry into Paradise, but such event will never happen despite these pagans being virtuous[5] (unless Christ decides to repeat the Harrowing of Hell wherein He took some virtuous pagans in Limbo and brought them to Paradise[6]). In reference now to the Valley of the Rulers, these individuals also live in longing, but unlike the virtuous pagans in Limbo, these late-repentants will ultimately gain entrance to Paradise thanks to their accepting of Christ. I have chosen therefore to compare and contrast the similarities, parallelisms and differences between these two places in the Comedy. However what about the other levels of Purgatory and......

Words: 1514 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

My Journey in Purgatory, Hell, and Heaven

...My Journey In Purgatory, Hell, and Heaven I had a dream. I dreamed that I was able to journey hell, purgatory, and heaven. My account is I was in the purgatory with four murderers named John, Romeo, Billy, and Raymond. Day 1. They were there before I came. They were speaking to God almighty with Jesus beside him. John and Raymond were asking for forgiveness from God for the sins they made while they are living. They also said that it’s okay if he doesn’t forgive them because their sins are unforgivable. Then, they were gone. Romeo and Billy were not asking for forgiveness from God but instead, they have confidence in themselves that they will go to heaven. Then, they were gone too. One of God’s followers asks me to rest. So I went to sleep. Day 2. I went to the judging palace where I saw the four murderers talking to God in day 1. Then, God asked me: “Do you think that your sins are forgivable young man? Do you think you will go to my heaven?” I remained silent. After a while, I said: “I know that some of my sins are unforgivable but I want to go to heaven so I want to ask you to forgive me Lord. Cleanse me Lord, remove all my sins”. “Do you want to take peek in hell and heaven?”, God asked. “Yes, I would like to see hell and heaven.” I said. Then, we travelled. Day 3. I saw hell. It was horrible. It was dark and so hot in there. And I saw Romeo and Billy suffering. “They were not sincere in themselves and they didn’t ask forgiveness.”, God said. I’m sad for them. I......

Words: 622 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Why Might the Supernatural Be Part of Everyday Life? Why Did the Church Encourage These Views?

...powerful. Because people were so afraid they would be sent to purgatory for a long period of time after they die, many would try and buy their way out. Leaving the church in great wealth. The gossip of supernatural left people wanting to be close to the church as they were afraid of the unknown and what was waiting for them once they had died. Many ‘religious’ practices the church taught had dubious authenticity and left the less educated god-fearing people of the town putting any success or misfortune down to divine intervention. With many of England believing God was intervening in the affairs of the world, even as little as finding something that went missing, left the church with many ignorant followers. Fortunately for the church religion was a main point in people’s lives because it gave them hope and a chance to think there was something better after they died, after they had finished their time in purgatory. The church was a manipulative, controlling and dominant organisation in the Tudor period, that everyone followed mainly out of fear of going to purgatory after they died. Despite saying this, the Church also provided privileges they would not of been able to receive if it wasn’t there. As well as giving people in small towns an education, medical care and a strong sense of faith. This kept people throughout the town mentally strong and happy, as they truly believed after they served their time in purgatory for their original sin they would go to heaven. But......

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Divine Comedy

...Aguilar, Kryztelle Mae P. World Literature AB Psychology 05/08/2015 About the Author Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) remains Italy's greatest poet. He was born in the city of Florence, in the region of Tuscany, Italy in the spring of 1265. He wrote the Divine Comedy(Commedia) from 1308 to 1320, completing the work the year before he died. The Divine Comedy is one of literature's boldest undertakings, as Dante takes us through Hell (Inferno), Purgatory (Purgatorio), and then reaches Heaven (Paradiso), where he is permitted to partake of the Beatific Vision. Dante's journey serves as an allegory of the progress of the individual soul toward God. While Dante was critical of the Catholic Church as an institution, his writings remained faithful to his schooling by the Dominicans, where he learned the theology of St. Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274). The Divine Comedy signaled the beginning of the Renaissance. The Commedia by Dante had everlasting impact on Italy, for the Tuscan dialect became the literary language of Italy. He died in political exile in Ravenna, Italy in September 1321.  The Divine Comedy  1308-1320 INFERNO "Midway in our life's journey, I went astray  from the straight road and woke to find myself  alone in a dark wood. How shall I say  what wood that was! I never saw so drear,  so rank, so arduous a wilderness!  Its very memory gives a shape to fear.  Death could scarce be more bitter than that place!  But since it......

Words: 2447 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Aabbccdd

...course toward Paradise. Beatrice thus represents efficient grace, Lucy illuminating grace, and Mary prevenient grace. Collectively, they oppose the three visions of sin (Leopard, Lion, and She-wolf) that obstruct the Pilgrim’s path. The women logically employ the Roman poet Vergil as the Pilgrim’s guide through Hell and Purgatory. Vergil represents the achievement of pre-Christian antiquity. His poem the Aeneid (c. 29-19 b.c.e.; English translation, 1553) is the logical forerunner of the poem that Dante hopes to write. Dante, if successful in his journey as Pilgrim and Poet, will synthesize the epic of classical antiquity with the allegory of biblical literature. Understandably, the Pilgrim protests to Vergil that he is neither Aeneas nor St. Paul. This protestation reflects the Poet’s awareness of the daunting artistic task of fusing pre-Christian and Christian thought as much as it does the Pilgrim’s awareness of the long distance between Hell and Heaven. In reality, they are one and the same journey, and Dante undertakes both tasks simultaneously in The Divine Comedy. Appropriately, Vergil can guide the Pilgrim only through Hell and in the ascent of Mount Purgatory. Past that point the pre-Christian past cannot venture. St. Bernard and ultimately Beatrice will guide the Pilgrim through Heaven; yet Vergil (and the pre-Christian wisdom that he represents) offers enough direction to ensure that the Pilgrim reaches Heaven’s threshold. The sinners whom the Pilgrim beholds as......

Words: 3695 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Heaven and Hell

...purification is what Catholics call Purgatory.  Purgatory According to Catholic Church doctrine, is an intermediate state after physical death in which those destined for heaven "undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven". Only those who die in the state of grace but have not in life reached a sufficient level of holiness can be in Purgatory, and therefore no one in Purgatory will remain forever in that state or go to hell. This theological notion has ancient roots and is well-attested in early Christian literature, but the poetic conception of Purgatory as a geographically existing place is largely the creation of medieval Christian piety and imagination. The notion of Purgatory is associated particularly with the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church (in the Eastern sui juris churches or rites it is a doctrine, though it is not often called "Purgatory", but the "final purification" or the "final theosis"); Anglicans of the Anglo-Catholic tradition generally also hold to the belief, along with many Lutherans of High Church Lutheranism. Eastern Orthodox Churches believe in the possibility of a change of situation for the souls of the dead through the prayers of the living and the offering of the Divine Liturgy, and many Orthodox, especially among ascetics, hope and pray for a general apocatastasis Judaism also believes in the possibility of after-death purification and may even use the word "purgatory" to present its......

Words: 763 - Pages: 4