Free Essay

# Qso 3-5 Homework Chapter 2

Submitted By shungyi21
Words 609
Pages 3
3-5 Homework: Chapter 2
Jennifer Liu
QSO-60Q5619-Operations Management
Southern New Hampshire University
Professor Dr. Zivick
August 2, 2015

Question: 2-52

CAUSE AND EFFECT DIAGRAM

Operator Mechanical Electrical

Car will not start
Car will not start

Fuel System Environment

Question: 2-52 When developing a fishbone diagram for the possible causes of your car not starting, it is important to list all ideas of possible cause. One all the possible causes have been listed you can start to eliminate non-causes of the problem. For example, on my list one possible cause is lost key. However, if we have the key to the car then we can eliminate lost key from our diagram knowing that is no longer a likely cause of reason for the car not starting. When eliminating a possible cause, it is still best to leave it on the diagram by just crossing it out and not removing it. This allows you to return at a later time to determine if you have eliminated true causes of the problem (Dr. McNeese, n.d.). The next step would be to determine how likely each idea is an actual cause of the problem. You can do this by adding notes to each idea such as (v) very likely, (s) somewhat likely, and (n) not likely. For example, if you put gas in the car yesterday and you know the possibility of no gas is not likely, you would put (n) next to no gas eliminating that possibility (Dr. McNeese, n.d.).

Problem: 2.52 The Omega Shoe Company manufactures a number of different styles of athletic shoes. Its biggest seller is the X-Pacer running shoe. In 2008 Omega implemented a quality-management program. The company's shoe production for the past three years and manufacturing costs are as follows. Year 2008 2009 2010 Units produced/input 32,000 34,600 35,500 Manufacturing cost \$278,000 291,000 305,000 Percent good quality 78% 83% 90% Manufacturing cost per good product: 2008: Yield = 32,000(0.78) + 32,000(0.22) (0.25) = 24,960 + 1,760 = 26,720 Product cost per unit = (278,000 + 3520) ÷ 26,720 = \$10.54 2009: Yield = 34,600(0.83) + 34,600(0.17) (0.25) = 28,718 + 1,470.50 = 30,188.50 Product cost per unit = (291,000 + 2,941) ÷ 30,188.50 = \$9.74 2010: Yield = 35,500(0.9) + 35,500(0.1) (0.25) = 31,950 + 887.50 = 32,837.50 Product cost per unit = (305,000 + 1,775) ÷ 32,837.50 = \$9.34 Percentage Change: 2008 – 2009: (10.54-9.74)/10.54*100 = 7.6% decrease 2009 – 2010: (9.74-9.34)/9.74*100 = 4.1% decrease Overall decrease (10.54-9.34)/10.54*100 = 11.38%

Problem 2-6 The Colonial House Furniture Company: Stage Average Percentage Good Quality 1 87% 2 91% 3 94% 4 93% 5 93% 6 96% a. The weekly product yield for good quality cabinets = product input *0.87*0.91*0.94*.093*0.93*0.96 = 300*0.618 = 185.4 b. In order to achieve a final weekly product yield of 300 cabinets, the weekly product input + 300/(0.87*0.91*0.94*0.93*0.93*0.96) = 300/0.618 = 485.4

References: Dr. McNeese, Bill (n.d.) Analyzing Cause and Effect Diagrams Retrieved from: http://www.spcforexcel.com/knowledge/root-cause-analysis/analyzing-cause-and-effect-diagrams Russell, R., & Taylor, B. (2014) The effect of Quality Management on Productivity. Operations and Supply Chain Management (8th ed. ed) Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons (chapter 2)

### Similar Documents

#### Chapter 5 Homework

...CHAPTER 5 The following information relates to Exercises 5-11 through 5-18: Summit Manufacturing, Inc. produces snow shovels. The selling price per snow shovel is \$30. There is no beginning inventory. Costs involved in production are: Direct material \$ 5 Direct labor 4 Variable manufacturing overhead 3 Total variable manufacturing costs per unit \$ 12 Fixed manufacturing overhead cost per year \$ 180,000 In addition, the company has fixed selling and administrative costs of \$160,000 per year. Exercise 5-11. During the year, Summit produces 50,000 snow shovels and sells 45,000 snow shovels. Required What is the value of ending inventory using full costing? Fixed manufacturing overhead per unit: \$3.60 (\$180,000/50,000 units) Unit cost: \$15.60 (\$3.60 + \$5 + \$4 + \$3) Ending Inventory Value Using Full Costing: \$78,000 (\$15.60*5,000 units in ending inventory) Exercise 5-12. During the year, Summit produces 50,000 snow shovels and sells 45,000 snow shovels. Required What is the value of ending inventory using variable costing? Unit cost: \$12 (\$5 + \$4 + \$3) Ending Inventory Value Using Variable Costing: \$60,000 (\$12* 5,000) Exercise 5-13. During the year, Summit produces 50,000 snow shovels and sells 45,000 snow shovels. Required Calculate the difference in full costing net income and variable costing net income without preparing either income statement. Difference in Net Incomes: \$18,000 (\$3.60*5,000) Exercise......

Words: 1371 - Pages: 6

#### Homework Accounting Chapter 5

Words: 2511 - Pages: 11

#### Chapter 5 Homework

...MGT.400.3 Mar. 11, 2013 Chapter 5 Homework You Be the Consultant 1. Which form(s) of ownership would you recommend to the Kinseys? Explain. Due to the Kinsey's desire to minimize their exposure to potential legal and financial problems, their choice of ownership should be a corporation. 3. What factors should the Kinseys consider as they try to choose the form of ownership that is best for them? Students should list and briefly discuss the factors that every entrepreneur should consider prior to making a final decision on the form of ownership like: taxes, liability, capital, business goals, management succession and so on. Discussion Questions 1. What factors should an entrepreneur consider before choosing a form of ownership? Factors to be considered before choosing a form of ownership include: * Tax considerations – calculate the firm's tax bill under each form of ownership. * Liability exposure - how much personal liability is involved in the ownership form? * Start-up capital required - how much capital does the entrepreneur have and how much will he need? * Control - how much control is involved for each type of business organization? How much is the entrepreneur willing to give up? * Business goals - how large and profitable does the entrepreneur expect the business to be? * Management succession plans - consider smooth transition when passing company to the next generation of buyers. * Cost......

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

#### Accounting 101 Chapter 2 Homework

...ccount balance.   c.  Use source documents to identify accounts affected by external transactions.   d.  Analyze the impact of the transaction on the accounting equation.   e.  Prepare a trial balance.   f.   Record transactions using debits and credits. Learning Objective: 02­01 Identify the basic steps in measuring external transactions.   5  3  1  2  6  4                    Worksheet     Below are the steps in the measurement process of external transactions. Rank them from first (1) to last (6) by choosing the appropriate numbers in the dropdown box.     a.  Post the transaction to the T­accounts in the general ledger.   b.  Assess whether the impact of the transaction results in a debit or credit to the account balance.   c.  Use source documents to identify accounts affected by external transactions.   d.  Analyze the impact of the transaction on the accounting equation.   e.  Prepare a trial balance.   f.   Record transactions using debits and credits.   5   3   1   2   6   4   http://ezto.mheducation.com/hm_accounting.tpx?todo=printview 1/8 9/4/2014 Assignment Print View award:  2. 1.42 out of 1.42 points The following transactions occur for the Panther Detective Agency during the month of July: a. Purchase a truck and sign a note payable, \$14,000. b. Purchase office supplies for cash, \$500. c. Pay \$700 in rent for the current month.     Record the transactions. (Omit the "\$" sign in your response.)   Event......

Words: 1731 - Pages: 7

#### Chapter 2 Homework

...Alethia St. John Chapter 2 Homework PMGT 385 May 27, 2015 The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (Case Study) Bill and Melinda Gates are the co-chairs and trustees of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Their foundations provide grants to other organizations to give people the chance at healthy and productive lives that they wouldn’t have if not for the help of The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Bill and Melinda Gates have personality traits for each of the Big Five dimensions. Bill and Melinda show surgency personality dimensions. Specifically they demonstrate extraversion and high energy with determination. They are outgoing with the public and people within their foundation. They are also determined to make a difference and they not only talk-the-talk but they also walk-the-walk. They have been working towards achieving their goal of donating 95 percent of their net worth in their lifetime that will be about \$100 billion. Bill and Melinda also show agreeableness. Specifically they show traits of sociability/sensibility and emotional intelligence. Melinda and Bill strive on building social relationships with the needy people around the world. Their sensitivity to help and make a difference in individuals lives that cant help themselves due to lack of money and resources is admirable. They are aware of the world around them that they could otherwise ignore because other than mentally they are not directly affected by it. Bill is avidly involved with his......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

#### Eco Chapter 3 Homework

...ECO 251 NT1 Chapter 3 Homework 2. a) Both husband and wife being professional workers would reduce time available for a garden, therefore reducing the amount of household production. b) With the household located in the city your land area is restricted, as well as you pay a higher price for the land, this would reduce the amount of household production. c) Living in an area that has a high sales tax on food purchases would influence an increase in household production seeing as you are not taxed on what you produce. d) Living in an area with a high property tax would case a reduction in household production due to the higher costs of owning the land. 4. In an economic analysis the assumed objectives of households is to maximize their utility, the firms is to maximize their profits, and the government is to maximize their votes. 8. The cottage industry system was all based on raw materials and hand craftsmanship. The Industrial Revolution offered more machines making things under peoples operation. So production shifted from by hand and slow to faster and machine made in the Industrial Revolution. 9. a) market failure b) public good c) externality d) transfer payment e) fiscal policy 12. When you allow the market to determine how much of a good with an external cost is produced they will always overproduce these goods because their cost is always lower than the general consumers cost. 14. The difference between a quota and a tariff is that a tariff is a tax on...

Words: 292 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

#### Chapter 5 Nutrition Homework

...Food and Nutrition Chapter 5 Homework Abby Bridges, RD/LD, MS TYPE, SHOW YOUR WORK, AND USE APPROPRIATE LABELS! 1) Fat content in milk varies. Use the table to answer the questions. | Weight (g) | Fat (g) | Protein (g) | Carb (g) | Milk A (1cup) | 244 | 8 | 8 | 12 | Milk B (1 cup) | 244 | 5 | 8 | 12 | Milk C (1 cup) | 244 | 3 | 8 | 12 | Milk D (1 cup) | 244 | 0 | 8 | 12 | a) Based on weight, what percentage of each milk is fat (round to nearest whole number) *hint- grams fat/total grams A=8/272=3% B=5/272=2% C=3/272=1% D=0/272=0% b) How much energy from fat will a person get from drinking 1 cup of each milk? *hint- must know your macro range for fat... A=8x9=72 kcals B=5x9= 45 kcals C=3x9=27 kcals D=0x9=0 kcals c) How much total energy will a person get from each cup of milk? *hint- must know macro range for ALL 3 macronutrients... A=(8x9)+(8x4)+(12x4)=152kcals B=(5x9)+(8x4)+(12x4)=125kcals C=(3x9)+(8x4)+(12x4)=107kcals D=(0x9)+(8x4)+(12x4)=80kcals d) What percentage of energy in each milk comes from fat? *hint- answer from part b divided by total energy (energy! NOT grams!!) A=72/152=47% B=45/125=36% C=27/107=25% D=0/80=0% e) How might these milks be labeled at the grocery store? A=whole milk B=2% C=1% D=skim milk 2) The Daily Value for fat is 65 grams for a 2000 kcal diet. A serving of carrot cake provides 30 grams of fat. What percentage of the Daily Value is that? What does this mean? 30/65=46%,...

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

#### Acc 206 Week 5 Homework Chapter 14

Words: 593 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

#### Fin 535 Week 2 Homework Chapter 2 & 3

Words: 396 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

#### Fin 535 Week 3 Homework Chapter 4 & 5

Words: 396 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

#### Eco 100 Wk 5 Chapter 9 Homework

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

#### Week 3 Chapter 5

...Chapter: Chapter 5: IT Security, crime, Compliance, and Continuity Multiple Choice 1. ______ refers to viruses, Trojan horses, spyware, and other types of disruptive, destructive, or unwanted programs. a) Bad program b) Hacking c) Malware d) Zombie computer 2. Social networks and cloud computing increase vulnerabilities by providing _____. a) a single point of failure b) an easy way to steal data c) an easier way for data to be read over networks d) extra security over a network 3. _______ is a deceptive attempt to steal a person’s confidential information by pretending to be a legitimate organization such as PayPal. a) Inquiry b) Lying c) Phishing d) Polling 4. Some essential defenses against malware and botnet defenses include all of the following except: a) antivirus software b) constant monitoring by a human c) intrusion detection systems d) intrusion prevention systems 5. ______ fraud refers to the deliberate misuse of the assets on one’s employer for personal gain. a) Occupational b) Human c) Malicious d) Accidental 6. One of the worst and most prevalent crimes is/are _____. a) phishing b) viruses c) identity theft d) malware 7. Physical control is an example of what category of control? a) Application b) Basic c) Major d) General 8. Network Security measures involve ___ types of defenses referred to as layers. a) 4 b) 3 c) 10 d) 5 9. _____ is a......

Words: 399 - Pages: 2

#### Bmgt 321 Chapter 5 Homework

...BMGT 321 Chapter 5 Homework Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwaid.com/shop/bmgt-321-chapter-5-homework/ ACTIVITY-BASED COSTING AND ACTIVITY-BASED MANAGEMENT 5-16 (20 min.) Cost hierarchy. Forrester, Inc., manufactures karaoke machines for several well-known companies. The machines differ significantly in their complexity and their manufacturing batch sizes. The following costs were incurred in 2014: a. Indirect manufacturing labor costs such as supervision that supports direct manufacturing labor, \$825,000 b. Procurement costs of placing purchase orders, receiving materials, and paying suppliers related to the number of purchase orders placed, \$525,000 c. Cost of indirect materials, \$160,000 d. Costs incurred to set up machines each time a different product needs to be manufactured, \$365,000 e. Designing processes, drawing process charts, and making engineering process changes for products, \$287,500 f. Machine-related overhead costs such as depreciation, maintenance, and production engineering, \$950,000 (These resources relate to the activity of running the machines.) g. Plant management, plant rent, and plant insurance, \$512,000 Required: 1. Classify each of the preceding costs as output unit–level, batch-level, product-sustaining, or facility- sustaining. Explain each answer. 2. Consider two types of karaoke machines made by Forrester, Inc. One machine, designed for professional use, is complex to make and is produced in many batches.......

Words: 1967 - Pages: 8

Free Essay