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Qualitative and Quantitative Research

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Qualitative and Quantitative Research- Module 2 DQ 1
Quantitative research is a process in which data is gathered systematically, analyzed and reported in numerical and statistical values in an attempt to explain what has been observed or hypothesis. The researcher is clearly aware of the specific information being sought prior to the initiation of the study and a data collection adheres to a specific, rigid framework. This system of research uses large groups for data collection and utilizes questionnaires, experimentation or other tools for this purpose depending on the subject being studied. This type of research is more accurate in the absence of variables with statistical outliers frequently discarded.
The advantage of quantitative research is precise measurements from a large data bank. Data can be collected from many participants in a short amount of time and collated. A disadvantage to this that questionnaires for this type of research are often closed with only a few answer options from which to choose.
Qualitative research is focused on subjective information. The interviewer is the primary tool for information collection however data can also be collected with other methods such as observation and questionnaires with open ended questions. This type of research utilizes a smaller population than that of quantitative research and can include focus groups as well as 1:1 interviews. The information obtained in this type of research often addresses the why of a phenomenon and can lead to a quantitative study post result. In an article published by Nurse Researcher, the qualitative study requires researchers to spend a larger amount of time in order to gain full understanding of the phenomena being investigated. Triangulation is necessary to ensure credibility of the study. The information obtained in this type of research often addresses the...

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