Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (Qspm)

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kennyrolls
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Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) also called the decision stage is a strategic-formulation tool that uses inputs from Stage 1/ Input Stage to objectively evaluate feasible alternative strategies identified in Stage 2/Matching Stage. Stage 1 summarizes the basic input information needed to formulate strategies while Stage 2 or Matching Stage focuses upon generating feasible alternative strategies by aligning key external and internal factors. A QSPM reveals the relative attractiveness of alternative strategies and thus provides objective basis for selecting specific strategies.
In order to understand the benefits and limitations of the QSPM tool, it is important to understand the essential attributes needed for a QSPM analysis to be effective and also the steps needed to develop a QSPM analysis. This essential attributes in a QSPM analysis include the development of External Factor Evaluation Matrix (EFE) and Internal Factor Evaluation Matrix (IFE) followed by a SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) analysis, BCG (The Boston Consulting Group) and finally QSPM.
Attributes of QSPM
External Factor Evaluation Matrix (EFE): EFE is a strategic tool used to evaluate the external environment of the firm which includes the economic, social, technological, government, political, legal and competitive information. External factors are obtained after an in-depth analysis of the external environment. External factors can be divided into two categories opportunities and threats.
Internal Factor Evaluation Matrix (IFE): IFE is a strategic tool used to evaluate the internal environment of a firm. IFE is considered as one of the best strategic tool for internal audit of the firm because it can be used to audit the internal functional areas of the business such as finance, Information Technology, Marketing, Operations, Accounts e.t.c. Internal…...

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