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BIO 100--STUDY GUIDE--EXAM 1

STUFF TO BRING: A Scantron Form 882-E; number 2 pencil
STUFF TO KNOW:
What do all living organisms do? Surface to Volume Ratio (compare big to small organisms),
Atom (what is it and what is it made from); the 4 major elements that make up living organisms; why antioxidants are good; What are the 4 main molecules of living organisms; What are the main functions of each of these types of molecules;
Know the main organelles of the cell, and their function

Three Primary tissues; layers of the skin (2 main layers);
Two main regions of the skeleton; regions of the spine; bones of the arm and leg; ball and socket joints; three types of muscle and the function of each; the BASICS or muscle contraction; 2 types of muscle contraction; fast and slow muscle fibers, which type of athlete would have which kind of muscles?; know the three types of levers described in class, and be able to give an example or each
Immune system
Cold vs the flu; what is a virus? What is a bacteria? Which is killed by antibiotics?; know the components of the: FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE; SECOND LINE OF DEFENSE; THIRD LINE OF DEFENSE; what is immunity? How do you acquire immunity? Why is the flu a serious disease (I am not referring to the flu you typically get)

Cardiovascular system
Know the chambers of the heart; Sino-Atrial Node; Atrio-ventrical Node’ Blood flow through the heart and out to the body, and blood returning to the heart. Arteries, veins and capillaries (structure and function); the basics of the electrocardiogram (EKG); blood pressure (what is systole and diastole?) (and problems and causes of hypertension). What is a heart attack?

General Aspects of the Movie “The Human Body” (as we develop and age)
Changes in the Body-maybe as an essay…describe 5 changes the human body goes through as we go from newborn, to toddler, adolescent, young adult,...

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