Premium Essay

Question of Morality

In: English and Literature

Submitted By eshhh
Words 2614
Pages 11
Throughout ages of human society, the question of morality has always been hotly debated. Many famous philosophers of iconic lands, such as Socrates, Voltaire, Confucius, and Swami Vivekananda have written and spoken volumes on the meaning of morality and its impact on human society. Their actions and judgments have helped society, such as Socrates impact on Ancient Greece or Vivekananda’s impact on Medieval Indian Society. Because of their actions, the debate of morality has helped us learn from the mistakes of previous generation and societies, and help us build our society today. Clearly, morality is very important to humans. But why is morality so important to us?

Perhaps, one reason why morality is so important is because it discriminates between actions that are seemingly “right”, and actions that are seemingly “wrong”. Not only that, but it also helps us handle a dilemma in the best way possible in order to avoid a potentially disastrous situation. For instance, many people consider a “wrong” action to be immoral. One example of action always considered immoral is lying. In general, many people consider lying, the act of not telling the truth or providing incomplete information, to be immoral. But is it always immoral to lie? Can there be situations where lying can be a moral action to take?

At first, I didn’t think so. But after a semester of reading books such as Everything Matters, The White Tiger and Someone Knows My Name along with researching articles on lying and its implications on our society, I’ve found that as long as lying is only used to escape from a dilemma, is not harmful to others, and prevents others from committing an immoral act, it’s not immoral to lie in our modern day society.

The White tiger by Aravind Adiga was a resonating book that we read this semester, and it really changed my views and judgments on morality. This book...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Morality and the Law, the Validity Question

...MORALITY AND THE LAW; The Validity Question By Nfon Mark PLAN Introduction -A general overview of Morality and the Law -Definition of Morality and the law -Principles of Morality -The validity question Body -principles of Morality in details -The principle of Truth -The principle of Courage -The principle of Compassion -The principle of Love - The principle of Forgiveness - A general overview of other principles of morality II Reasons for and against the law taking validity from Morality. -Reasons why the law most take its validity from Morality -Reasons against the Law taking validity from Morality. -conclusion with a personal view Morality and the law; the validity question The notions of Morality and the Law are as old as the biblical story of creation, where God created man and gave him rights, duties and laws to follow (Genesis 1). According to the oxford dictionary, morals is ‘concerned with or derived from a code of behavior that is considered right or acceptable in a particular society. ( morality is the degree to which something is right and good....

Words: 2663 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Are Homosexuals Moral or Immoral?

...So this suggests that morality is both subjective and objective just like values. According to an article I’ve read on the internet, homosexuality is not immoral. There were major ethnical theories presented, but I will focus on just one theory, which is utilitarianism. Utilitarianism states that morality should be guided by the results of an action. If an action leads to good results, then it is a good act, but if an action leads to bad results, then it is a bad act. This theory will tell us that homosexuality will be morally right if its consequences lead to happiness, and wrong if it ends in unhappiness. Now, the question is this: does being homosexual lead to happiness or pain? Before I answer that question, let me first discuss the possible causes of homosexuality. According to Craig Biddle, an author of books regarding morality and principles, there are three elements that causes homosexuality. Two of which are biological and environmental. Science is still inconclusive what makes some people homosexual, but it is believed that there some genes that makes them such. Most scientists would agree that being gay is not a choice. Years of research suggest that people can't change their sexual orientation because they want to, and that trying can cause mental anguish. What's more, some studies suggest that being gay may have a genetic or biological basis....

Words: 1003 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Kant vs Nietzsche Philosophy Paper

...The whole system of Kant’s morality is based on the assumption that there is an autonomous will, which is the source of moral action and decision-making. Kant refers to it as a good will, which can be regarded as good without qualification, because it is good only through its willing, i.e., it is good in itself. According to this, here arises an interesting point that explains how Kant’s system of morality affects society and its norms, including very important question of relationships among people and whether these relationships...

Words: 2047 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Blurred Morality in "A Farewell to Arms" and "Wasteland"

...Blurred Morality in “A Farewell to Arms” by Ernest Hemingway and TS Eliot’s “Wasteland” Morality, as defined by Microsoft word, are principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad behavior. Mortality, or the state of being subject to death, is also something most people see as straight forward. These definitions and most people’s general knowledge would make it seem as all decisions are either right or wrong and all behavior is good or bad but both “A Farewell to Arms” by Ernest Hemingway and “Wasteland” by TS Eliot blur these defined lines. Ernest Hemingway uses a combination of detached prose, random changes from first to second person viewpoint and from the events taking place to keep the reader from questioning the morality of his actions. Henry’s relationship with Catherine is what initially causes his morality to be called into doubt. The loss of Catherine’s fiancé makes her desperate for some type of love again which leads to the first questionable moral act by Henry. After just their first few meetings Catherine asks, “You did say you loved me, didn’t you?” Henry replies “yes” but follows it by thinking “I knew I did not love Catherine Barkley nor had any idea of loving her. This was a game, like bridge, in which you said things instead of playing cards.”...

Words: 1594 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Evaluate Nietzsche's Critique of Christian Morality

...In Friedrich Nietzsche’s “On the Genealogy of Morality,” the author addresses the historical origins and circumstances that influenced the meaning of our current moral values. Nietzsche argues that Christian morality sprung from the resentment that the weak felt for the strong, which led to the revaluation of preexisting values through the development of slave morality. This slave morality was designed for the protection and glorification of the weak and aroused sympathy and guilt in the strong, which, consequently, began to question their power and legitimacy. Nietzsche criticizes Christian morality, highlighting that it is an infective rationalization of weakness, which hinders the growth and progress of the human race. However, it could be argued that Nietzsche’s arguments are too naturalistic and can only be viable when based on an atheistic framework. In addition, despite the thorough critique of Christian morality, Nietzsche fails to offer an alternative system of morality, which questions the plausibility of his arguments. Nietzsche argues that Christianity sprung froth from Judaism and asserted that Christian morality was developed from the base motivation of what he called ‘ressentiment’, which is the feeling of hostility that the slaves held for the master race....

Words: 952 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hart's Principles Of Legality

...It was the formal principles that Hart termed as “principles of legality” and the same concept was termed by Fuller as inner morality of law. In Encyclopedia essay, Hart acknowledges the contribution made by Fuller. He even went to the extent of saying that although “principles of legality” is a term coined by Fuller, he prefers using it than the phrase “inner morality of law”. But what did Hart actually say about these principles. The answer is “very little” and much of what he said can be best described as...

Words: 2253 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Can We Be Good Without God

...| Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Religion Can Morality Exist Without Religion? | | Rajoo Kamal-Wilnoff (10781867)Sociology 321.3, Section X01Professor Bryan PukMay 28, 2014 | “Never let your sense of morals get in the way of doing what’s right.” – Isaac Asimov | Can We Be Good Without God? Can we be good without God? The question has been a controversial one throughout history and a variety of positions are apparent regarding the relationship between religion and morality. Theists undoubtedly find in God a source of moral strength and resolve which enables them to live lives that are better than those that they would live without Him, but it would seem arrogant and ignorant to claim that those who do not share a belief in God do not often live good moral lives. Should the question really be about the objectivity of moral values, and whether said moral values are simply social conventions, or mere expressions of personal preference? Are they valid independently of our apprehension of them, and if so, what is their foundation? Moreover, if morality is just a human convention, then why should we act morally, especially when it conflicts with self-interest? Are we in some way held accountable for our moral decisions and actions?...

Words: 2093 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Similarities Between Consequentalist and Non Consequential Theory of Ethics

.... | 1 | 4 | Topic 1: Introduction to Ethics * The Concept of Ethics * Ethics & Morality * Sources of Morality * Ethics & Reason * The Importance of Study Ethics | * Lecture & tutorial(F2F) | Thiroux, Jacques P (2008) Ethics: Theory and Practice. 9thed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. | 2 | 4 | Topic 2: Ethical Theories * Consequentialism & Non-Consequentialism * Ethical Egoism * Utilitarianism | * Lecture & tutorial(F2F) | Thiroux, Jacques P (2008) Ethics: Theory and Practice. 9thed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. | 3 | 4 | Topic 2: Ethical Theories * Kant’s Moral Theory * Natural Law Theory * Virtue Ethics | * Lecture & tutorial(F2F) | Thiroux, Jacques P (2008) Ethics: Theory and Practice. 9thed....

Words: 2956 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Examine the View That Morality Is Dependent on Religion.

...Examine the View that Morality is Dependent on Religion. (21 Marks) There are three main views for Morality and religion: Morality is dependent on religion, morality is Independent of religion and morality is opposed to religion. There is a myriad of reasons for and against each of these statements. Many people do believe that morality does depend on religion for reasons such as that western law was originally based on Biblical principles, for example stealing and murder. For many however the question is how morality should be linked with religious faith, even though this causes problems between secularists and religious believers. The view I’m going to explore mainly in this essay is the view that ‘morality is dependent on religion’. People who believe that religion and morality are linked would argue that you cannot have morality without religion and that all rules come from God as he is the source of Religion. This is backed up by the fact that even social laws created to run western countries are taken from religious books such as, the Bible. Many people who believe the statement morality is dependent on religion would be Absolutists and believe that we should never question moral codes or there is ever a time when moral codes should be lenient. Absolutists would have no emotion to a situation and would therefore condemn situation ethics as they would believe the answer to a problem is always the same no matter the situation....

Words: 1039 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Consider the Extent to Which Knowledge Issues in Ethics Are Similar to Those in at Least One Other Area of Knowledge

...History, Mathematics, Human sciences and others support kind of ethics, but to what extent do all of these help people to understand morality and make the right decisions? Knowing sometimes can be an advantage or disadvantage depending on the circumstances. In the case of ethics it could help or hinder people knowing what to do. On the other hand, we all search for the real life reasons which will lead us the right way. Knowledge issues are sometimes controversial in Ethics, because quite often there is a conflict between two or more branches of, for example between social morality and the religious morality. Each person accepts and follows different kind of moral rules, under different cirsumstances. The controversies in the society what is right and what is wrong are huge. We either support some rules or do not. People often argue about their beliefs, no matter if they are religious or not. Such example could be given in history. To clarify, history is the study of the human past. It is a field of research which uses a narrative to examine and analyse the sequence of historical events, and it sometimes attempts to investigate objectively the patterns of cause and effect that determine past events. On the other hand, ethics is the branch of philosophy that addresses morality, that is, what is right and wrong, good and bad, honorable and dishonorable. A link between the two could be made as the example of terrorism is used....

Words: 1210 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Divine Command Theory

...The Divine Command Theory is a clear theory on how to relate God to morality. The theory states that God commands what is right and what is wrong. Though God does not press his rules upon us, it is said that “if we live as we should, then we must follow God’s laws.” (Rachels, pg. 51) Though someone might believe in the existence of God, it is possible they can reject the Divine Command Theory. With examples such as the Euthyphro question, the Arbitrariness objection, and God’s authority, it makes it possible to reject this theory. One positive outlook to the Divine Command Theory is that people don’t need to reason about what is right or wrong and they do not need to reply on emotions because what they need to do is follow God’s commands. For example, God has commanded to be kind to thy neighbor, so with that command, why listen to instincts when we can listen to the words of God? If God had commanded us to do one good deed per day, that’s what we must listen to, not our own basic instincts on the matter. One problem with the Divine Command Theory is made evident by the famous quote: “Is an act holy because the gods command it, or do the gods command an act because it is holy?” This question is known as the Euthyphro question. Socrates’s question is about “whether God makes the moral truths true or whether he merely recognizes that they’re true.” (Rachels, pg. 52) As you can see, each of the dilemma’s horns presents a problem for the Divine Command Theory....

Words: 855 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Who Watches the Watchmen

...CWL 213 Blurred Lines In reading Watchmen, Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons’ graphic novel, it becomes clear that Moore poses to the reader, questions of morality - of right and wrong, good and evil. Through the characters, he shows that, sometimes, the delineation between the two is a sharp line, whereas sometimes it's a blur, and often times like pornography; you just know when you see it. But to Moore, these questions are vital ones because they tether the characters to each other, to humanity. Not everyone feels this way. Not every character sees the sharp line, only the blur. In the case of Ozymandias, the superhero persona of Adrian Veidt, his actions teeter on the scale of morality, performing morally reprehensible acts, claiming they are justified and serve the greater good of the world. Through Moore, and Ozymandias, a question is posed: Can evil deeds, performed with good intentions, be considered morally right? An interesting excerpt from Watchmen is a scene in chapter 12, on page 27, where Adrian, here in his Ozymandias costume, questions his actions, having just engineered an alien attack on New York, killing millions of people, yet stopping the impending nuclear war that threatened the world. “I did the right thing, didn’t I?” he asks Doctor Manhattan, a being who, by this point in the novel, has lost interest in the affairs on humans, so much as to leave “this galaxy for on less complicated” (27)....

Words: 1168 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Chapter 1 Business Ethics

...BMB2033: BUSINESS ETHICS AND VALUES Course Leader: Shaharudin Yunus COURSE NOTES TOPIC 1: Fundamentals of Values, Ethics and Morality LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of this chapter, you will be able to: Define values List the sources of value Identify the roles of values in decision-making Identify the definition of ethics Identify the nature of ethical reasoning Identify the concept of ethical standards and judgement Define morality Identify the various phases of Kohlberg's theory of moral development Identify the differences between ethics and morality Identify the similarities between ethics and morality Identify the basic unification of ethics, values and morality NATURE OF VALUES 1.1.1 Definition A small company has just employed Rizal as a marketing executive. As a fresh graduate, Rizal feels enthusiastic about the job and is determined to be a good worker. On the first day of work, new employees were briefed on how work is done. At that point, Rizal realized that some of the company's marketing strategies somewhat deceived the customers. This is just one example of ethical issues in business that we will look at in this course. Values, ethics, and morality are three concepts used in discussing 'Business Ethics and Values'. We will see how they should be applied in businesses. However, in this section, we will discuss values first....

Words: 5857 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Human Morality

...Testing human morality. What certain actions do humans take when the world comes to an end? Would someone be able to make the right decision for human survival? Would they be able to look away from morality and fulfill the duties needed to recreate a new world? Trying to figure out what steps an individual would take when placed in an apocalyptic situation is hard because of something that is very subjective, morality. Though morals do vary from person to person and society to society there are many universal moral beliefs that are based strictly on human emotions. Morality is what helps individuals make sense of their gut feelings. “After the plague” a short story written by T. Coraghessan Boyle has placed Jed the main character, in an apocalyptic situation that challenges his morals in more ways than one. The author Boyle, sets up a scenario that causes Jed to question his morality, that being said I will look at how Jed overcomes and adapts to the coming challenges after an apocalypse and how morality plays a part in his transformation from the old world to the new. To many the word morality means the definition of right and wrong, to others it is explained as the social norm set by a society. Jed is put into a situation dealing with the end of the world, as he isolates himself he realizes that things will have to change. There will no longer be phone calls to friends or families and he will be alone to figure out how to deal with the issue at hand....

Words: 1918 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

How Does Martin Amis Subvert Morality in Time's Arrow

...How does Amis subvert morality in chapter 2 Morality is the distinction between right and wrong. It is the determination of what should be done and what should not be done. Morals deal with behaviours as well as motives. Tod's morality is questioned when polar opposition is reverded for example good is evil, wrong is right and guilt is innocence. Amis does this to make the reader question on their views on morality and describe what is seen to be wrong or evil to them as something good and innocence. This links to the how Amis describes the holocaust as an ironic and humorous thing to ridicule the nazi ideology and how it was ironic as the they set out to create the perfect race and make the Germany a better place by committing genocide because in their eyes they went against their idea of the perfect race, and doing this meant exterminating millions of jews and were doing the right thing. Amis explores the theme of morality through his use of temporal inversion as this allows him to reverse ideas of morality. In chapter 2 he reverses ideas of right and wrong. We can see this when he discusses the rape of women in the ‘crisis centres’ describing the perpetrator as “the men who suddenly heal them”. The word ‘heal’ implies that the men are heroes and take them away from a life of sadness which is problematic for a reader as it reverses the idea of right and wrong as it describes the men as the innocence and sinless and the women as weak and fragile....

Words: 1039 - Pages: 5