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Race, Gender, & Leadership: What Impact Does Race and Gender Have on Leadership Advancement for Women and Women of Color?

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RACE, GENDER, & LEADERSHIP

Race, Gender, & Leadership:
What Impact Does Race and Gender have on Leadership Advancement for Women and Women of Color?
Dawn MJ Hyman
University of Baltimore

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RACE, GENDER, & LEADERSHIP

Introduction
Race and gender disparities in public leadership still plague the workplace despite the continued growth of a more diverse demographic landscape. For women and women of color, this presents a unique challenge in their aspirations for leadership positions as well as how they are perceived and behave as leaders. We will examine leadership through the context of race and gender, discuss biases, perceptions and stereotypes, compare and contrast leadership experiences between women and women of color, review leadership behavior with regards to agency, and then complete the discussion with a summary and conclusion.

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RACE, GENDER, & LEADERSHIP

Race, Gender, & Leadership:
What Impact Does Race and Gender have on Leadership Advancement for Women and Women of Color?
Depending on the definer, leadership has taken on a host of various definitions – with most depicting the use of power, authority, and influence to promote the actions of others for goal achievement (Yukl, 2009). Early on, while studies have been conducted on men and leadership, women – particularly women of color – were excluded completely from this research until the 1970’s and 1980’s (Chemers, 1997).
It’s critical to address the current scarcity of leaders – given the complex challenges of the workplace and the upcoming demographic changes within the workforce once the Baby
Boomers retire. Promoting more women to leadership positions can assist in closing this gap
(Harris, Moran & Moran, 2004; Treverton & Bikson, 2003). While women are typically in lower level managerial positions, research, however has shown that women are more than capable...

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