Premium Essay

Racial Bias in Therapy

In: Social Issues

Submitted By worthey226
Words 3622
Pages 15
Racial Bias in Therapy: How to ethically treat all cultures
Heather Worthey
Liberty University

Despite how technologically advanced the United States is, the United States has a long way to go when it comes to bias. Racial bias is alive and thriving today. One's skin color does not make them less or more of a person, but some still hold onto the hatred they have for others. Some racial bias is conscious in the words and language used. Racial bias can be placed on others unintentionally by our thoughts and actions. As counselors, we have to be able to keep our bias in check. Having bias in therapy can be detrimental to our clients and to us professionally. When we let our biases cloud our judgment, we may look negatively on others when she should be trying to help them instead. Letting our biases be part of therapy can also set us up for ethical violations which could endanger our licensure. It is important that helping professionals take the time to educate themselves on racial bias and make the efforts to not let bias effect their clients and the therapy sessions.

As counselors, one will interact with many different people from many different cultural and ethnic backgrounds. Counseling is no exception to the cycles of racism, despite the education and intentions of therapists who would like to think they would never deliberately act in a racist manner toward any of their clients. Unfortunately, even when a therapist has received multicultural training, racism often is shown unconsciously in the counseling processes. One thing that is important to note is that the responsibility for keeping racism out of therapy is not limited to counselors who feel they consciously display racist tendencies. The responsibly of keeping racial bias out of therapy also extends to the counselors who are unaware of their discriminatory behaviors. This may mean that...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Diversity Issues in Career Counseling

...will give a brief overview of how bias, assumptions and diversity can impact the career counseling relationship. The impact of values, bias, and the ability to move beyond barriers in the counseling relationship is essential to successful outcomes in working with clients. The rationale for the appropriateness of multicultural counseling competency and the impact of culture in the counseling process will be discussed as will multicultural counseling in the framework of career counseling. Culture & Counseling Counseling provides support, assistance and helps individuals to transition through developmental stages and life challenges. The study of human development, personality, psychopathology and multi-cultural issues in counseling has increased this writer’s awareness of the importance of counseling in the lives of human beings. According to Kluckhohn & Strodtbeck, human beings share biological traits and characteristics that form the basis of the development of culture (Kluckhohn & Strodtbeck, 1961). Kluckhohn & Strodtbeck further contend that people feel that their beliefs and values are normal and that other people’s values are abnormal or strange (Kluckhohn & Strodtbeck, 1961). The counselor must be able to incorporate cultural values and norms of the client in the process of their approach in order to have successful outcomes. The self concept, worldview, life experience, socio-economic status, gender, development and racial identity of the client and the......

Words: 764 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...TOPIC SUBJECT HEADINGS For use in Online Catalog (OPAC) SUBJECT HEADINGS For Sample Database Searches Abortion Abortion; Pro-Choice Movement; Pro-Life Movement Abortion Acid rain SEE ALSO Pollution Acid Rain Acid Rain Adoption (interracial, unmarried persons, gays) Adoption; Gay parents; Interracial adoption Adoption AIDS AIDS (Disease); AIDS (Disease) in children AIDS (Disease); Pediatric AIDS (Disease) Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease Animal rights Animal experimentation; Animal rights Animal experimentation; Animal rights Anorexia and Bulimia SEE Eating disorders Athletes and drugs Doping in Sports Drugs and Athletes Banking Bailout (2008) Bailout Battered women SEE ALSO Wife Abuse Abused women Conjugal abuse Birth control Birth control; Contraception Birth control; Contraception Black Reparations Movement Reparations; Slavery--Law and legislation Reparations Body language Body language; Gesture; Nonverbal communication Nonverbal communication Bullying Bullying Bullying; Cyberbullying Business ethics Business ethics; Corporations - Corrupt practices Business ethics; Business enterprises, Corrupt practices Capital punishment (Death Penalty) Capital punishment; Death row Capital punishment Cancer Cancer--Prevention SEE ALSO types of cancer, such asBreast--Cancer Neoplasms--Prevention and Control;Cancer Treatment Censorship SEE ALSO Freedom of the Press Censorship;......

Words: 1762 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Psychology 101

...CHAPTER 1 some of your own emotional roadblocks on the path of cultural competence? What are your reactions to the quote by Vernon Jordan, Jr.? What were some of Mark Kiselica’s obstacles to developing cultural competence? What is your reaction to the following statement: “Without awareness and knowledge of race, culture, and ethnicity, counselors and other helping professionals could unwittingly engage in cultural oppression? What led me to become a counselor? What were my first experiences of people of color (or of Whites)? What did I learn from my family about cultural diversity and differences? What are my stereotypes and biases about individuals from other groups? Identify Mark Kiselica’s emotional roadblocks to developing cultural competence. How come Mark Kiselica over-identified with people of color? What influenced Derald Sue to go into multicultural psychology? Compare and contrast the journey's of Mark Kiselica and Derald Sue CHAPTER 2 What challenges do you think counselors face in gaining cultural competence? Would you be willing to explore your own racism, sexism, heterosexism, able-body-ism as it relates to cultural competence? If so, why? If not, why not? What is worldview? How does your worldview influence how you relate to other people, institutions, nature, time, etc.? As a counselor, how would you implement the Multidimensional Model of ultural Competence into your work with clients? What are some culturally appropriate......

Words: 1389 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists American Psychological Association Approved as APA Policy by the APA Council of Representatives, August, 2002 Copyright, American Psychological Association, 2002 Author Note: This document was approved as policy of the American Psychological Association (APA) by the APA Council of Representatives in August, 2002. This document was drafted by a joint Task Force of APA Divisions 17 (Counseling Psychology) and 45 (The Society for the Psychological Study of Ethnic Minority Issues). These guidelines have been in the process of development for 22 years, so many individuals and groups require acknowledgement. The Divisions 17/45 writing team for the present document included Nadya Fouad, PhD, Co-Chair, Patricia Arredondo, EdD, Co-Chair, Michael D’Andrea, EdD and Allen Ivey, EdD. These guidelines build on work related to multicultural counseling competencies by Division 17 (Sue et al., 1982) and the Association of Multicultural Counseling and Development (Arredondo et al., 1996; Sue, Arredondo, & McDavis, 1992). The Task Force acknowledges Allen Ivey, EdD, Thomas Parham, PhD, and Derald Wing Sue, PhD for their leadership related to the work on competencies. The Divisions 17/45 writing team for these guidelines was assisted in reviewing the relevant literature by Rod Goodyear, PhD, Jeffrey S. Mio, PhD, Ruperto (Toti) Perez, PhD, William Parham, PhD, and Derald Wing......

Words: 24938 - Pages: 100

Free Essay

A Raisin in the Sun

...A Raisin in the Sun Renee Ngala University Of Phoenix A Raisin in the Sun Culturally diverse people represent a distinct and precise set of needs than that of others within their communities, city, and state. I chose to examine concerns and challenges of one’s culture depicted by some of the actresses and actor in A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry. In this book report, I will identify the unique needs of the different characters, and propose a plan for delivering culturally competent strategies to address those issues. Lena Younger Lena Younger is the mother of Beneatha and Travis. Lena is a God fearing lady whom is a dedicated hard worker. Lena lives in a small apartment with her two children, daughter-in-law, and grandson. Lena’s strong family loyalty is apparent all through the movie. Lena is going through emotional turmoil because of the passing of her husband. She finds out that she is to inherit a lump sum of money from her husband’s life insurance policy. Lena strong ties with her church and family places her in a predicament on how to spend her money. Although Lena would love to give the money to her church, but her dedication to her family and their living condition, she decides to purchase a house big enough for her family. (A Raisin in the Sun, 1961). By Lena showing how much she values her family and spiritual beliefs, functions as a driving force for the difficult decisions she made through the movie. All decision......

Words: 1440 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Asian American Population Project

...Asian American Population Project Name:_Janice Reynolds_Unit 6, Korn_Leslie_ Capella University COUNS 5334 March 14, 2011 Janice Reynolds Abstract This Asian American Population project will critically evaluate the theories, methods and research in cross-cultural awareness that relates to the Asian American Population. This Asian American Population project t will analyzed the influence of culture on attitudes, values, perceptions, human behavior and the interpersonal relations to the Asian American Population. The writer will identify potential problem that Asian Americans encounter in a pluralistic society such as the United States of America. The personal competencies will be identified and analyzed to improve interaction with Asians American within a counseling professional setting. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Title Page 1 2. Abstract 2 3. Introduction 4 4. Define Asian American 5 5. Historical Antecedents 6 6. Potential Problems 7 7. Educational Reflection 8 8. Personal Competencies 8 10. Theories Identity Formation 9 11. Action Plan 10 12. References 11 13. Annotated Bibliography 12 In Espiritu (1992) as the United States becomes an increasingly diverse society, the need for understanding the psychological impact of the immigrant and second-generation......

Words: 3464 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Ethical Considerations Within Group Counseling Populations

...initiating therapy or continuing it. Consent should be obtained verbally and documented in writing to protect all parties involved (A.2.a). Discussion of issues raised at this time helps build rapport and reassures the client about what to expect in the counseling relationship. Issues discussed at the initial interview help to collaboratively determine whether the therapist/group is a good fit (A.2.a). This would be part of the screening process when applied to group work. Counseling should not proceed until the client has affirmed that they understand their rights and responsibilities as well as those of the therapist. (a.2.a) Such consent is generally given by the client, but may be from a parent or caregiver when the client is unable to do so. The ACA Code further alerts us to the need for balance between clients’right to make choices, their capacity to do so, and parental or familial rights and responsibilities to look out for the client’s best interests. (a.2.d) Clients should be included in decisions regarding their treatment insofar as feasible and appropriate. Disclosures included when obtaining informed consent include things that inform the therapist’s approach to counseling and/or the group’s norms: theoretical orientation, professional experience/credentialing, religious/spiritual view, modalities used such as art therapy or pet therapy. If a political agenda comes through, such as that of feminism or nationalism, this should be disclosed as well. Potential......

Words: 2051 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Investigate Coprolalia Disorder

...Investigate Coprolalia Disorder Name: Linda Ellison. Course Name and Number: PSY 303, PSK1327A Instructor: Renina Deeminter Date: COPROLALIA DISORDER, SYMPTOMS AND RELATED COMORBID CONDITIONS. Coprolalia disorder is a condition that is characterized by loud vociferous swearing, or the utterance of words that are obscene, derogatory or socially inappropriate, which is done involuntarily by an afflicted patient. It is primarily a compulsive psychological disorder, although it may manifest itself physically in involuntary motor movements e.g. jerking gestures, arm flailing, groaning and grunting, shouting obscenities etc (Mink, 2008, p. 211). This is a publication that extensively covers the recent advances in neurology; it covers Tourette’s syndrome and Coprolalia in extension. It expounds on the Coprolalia disorder, its symptoms, causes, manifestations and its relation with its comorbid disorders. Coprolalia disorder is a symptom of other malaises like Tourette’s syndrome or schizophrenia and has links with other medical disorders or conditions. The word Coprolalia stems from two Greek words, ‘kopros’, which means feces, and ‘lalien’, which means to talk. Therefore, Coprolalia is characterized by the profuse and uncontrolled usage of foul or obscene language punctuated by words related to feces. Coprolalia occurs solely or as a manifestation of several other associated comorbid conditions such as ADHD (Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder),...

Words: 2587 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Social and Cultural Diversity

...Cultural diversities are common methods of society contains an amount of individuals who have shared information of ethics, morals, views, or actions. In culture, information can be a result in skills, attitudes, belief, unlike persons, or services. In cultural diversity, there is an intellect of conduct that has been well-read from involvements or designs approved through messages after one group to the following. Sub-Culture are groups in or lesser than a cultural group which takes individuals of a dissimilar cultural family, place of residence, faith, or new thinkable factors that can transport the group together. Ethnicity shows a big part in culture as of today. Ethnicity, or cultural individuality, mentions to connect in cultural groups. Culture groups are clear by common ethnic performs, such as holidays, languages, and customs. Individuals can part the similar ethnic group then have dissimilar ethnic groups. In this paper, personal issues will be discussed within cultural diversity, understanding of the concepts, and reflects on the American Counseling Association (ACA) and National Association for Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors (NAADAC) codes of ethics. Cultural diversity is the cultural variety and cultural changes that are in the world, a culture, or an organization. It is also the presence of diverse people in a set or society. Cultural diversity (also known as multiculturalism) is a group of diverse individuals with consist of different cultures or......

Words: 2203 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Non-Pharmacological Therapy in Children

...The Use of Non-Pharmacological Therapy in Children The Use of Non-Pharmacological Therapy in Children Children’s pain is multidimensional with psychological, physiological and behavioural domains, which presents unique challenges in the assessment and evaluation. These challenges require close consideration of the child’s age, prior pain experiences, developmental, cognitive and communication levels. As nurses are responsible in the assessment of children’s pain, it is appropriate to know all methods, and techniques of alleviating this uncomfortable stimuli, thus presenting the clinical question; in children, how can non-pharmacological (complementary/ alternative) methods be more beneficial in pain management compared to non-pharmacological/conventional medicines? The purpose of this paper is to explore how non-pharmacological methods can be useful in reducing pain. The different variations of non-pharmacological interventions, adverse effects of pharmacological medication, economic factors and knowledge deficits related to nurse education of pain management will be discussed below. Non-Pharmacological Techniques Non-pharmacological techniques, or complementary therapies are considered as any intervention used for pain alleviation that are non-analgesics or other kinds of medications and can be used with or without pharmacological aid. To better understand how many of these types of procedures are effective on a cellular level, we must look at “The Gate Control...

Words: 4548 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Cultural Diversity

...Culture refers to the beliefs, ideas, traditions and behaviors portrayed by certain communities and are passed from one generation to the other. Cultural diversity involves the changes that have taken place comparing what was deeply rooted in culture in ancient times and how it has been changing with time. Psychological behavior and processes are analyzed under biological bases and is known as the biological psychology. It can also be termed as behavioral neuroscience. On the other hand, the study of the nervous system is called neuroscience. The outcomes of an action always describe the character or the behavior of a person. In learning about mechanisms and functions, study needs to be carried on the changes that take place on the behaviors of people. Improved education has made it clear to different people the rights they have and what they have to know about their well beings. This has greatly led to the changes experienced in culture. This study will major on how girls and women have changed their psychological behaviors from the basic that governed cultural beliefs to what it is now. Through education and awareness among the girls and women in the society, there has been increasingly experienced changes that influence the behavior of the people in the society, as women and girls being a part of them play a role. Changes in the recent decades have been experienced in many fields including reproductive and care giving roles, education, work, personal relationships and......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Protecting Your Child from Social Media

...children playing video games. Prevalence Although there has been a large study on violence in video gaming, there has been very little addressing the stereotypical content and its impact on its players. A stereotype is defined as a assumptions that help convey ideas or image of a particular person or thing. In gender roles, compared to female characters, males appear more frequently and engage in achieve leadership roles quicker. In games such as Grand Theft Auto and Call of Duty, there is always a male character. In a 1998 study, women in video games were perceived as sex symbols, prizes, and victims. In Grand Theft Auto women are either prosititutes, strippers, or in damsels in distress. A 2002 study showed a significantly large gender bias in video game characters. of the ideo 597 characters examined, on 82 were women. Of the 82 women, majority of them wore clothes that exposed...

Words: 1686 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...Review of the Literature and the Problem Statement A recent national survey of 123,078 college students indicated that 11% reported they had been diagnosed with or treated for depression within the past year. Further, 22% had experienced depression in the past 12 months; among those endorsing depression, 39% said that it has affected their academic performance (American College Health Association, 2013). Other research further supports that depression is a significant predictor of both lower grade point average and higher probability of drop- ping out (Eisenberg, Golberstein, & Hunt, 2009). National surveys show that a substantial minority of college students report depression (Eisenberg, Gollust, Golberstein, & Hefner, 2007; National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2012). The 2012 report from the Association for University and College Counseling Center Directors indicated that 95% of counseling center directors believe that psychological problems are a growing concern and that depression is one of the most prevalent concerns with 36% of college students affected (Mistler, Reetz, Krylowicz, & Barr, 2012). Depression is caused by a number of risk factors such as, family history, physical illness, medication and ethnicity. Some types of depression tend to run in families. However, depression can occur in people without family histories of depression too. Scientists are now studying certain genes that may make some people more prone to depression than others. Some......

Words: 1786 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Statement of Cultural Competence in Training and Educating People of Color

...STATEMENT OF CULTURAL COMPETENCE IN TRAINING AND EDUCATING PEOPLE OF COLOR It is both a privilege and a pleasure to address the National Minority AIDS Council to provide you with an essay of my credentials. My credentials for being placed in this position as candidate of the Training of Trainers span my medical academic career, which began when I was an undergraduate student of Nutrition at Hunter College in New York City. My exposure to the realities of the medical system as it relates to blacks and other minorities continued through my experiences at the Ryan White Clinic for HIV (Fulton County Government) in Atlanta Georgia and subsequently at my current home base Rainbow Preventive Services founded in September of 2007. During that time span from my undergraduate years to the present, I have not only witnessed some dramatic events and developments regarding the delivery of health care to the nation’s medically neediest populations, I have also been privileged to play a role in them. Examples are my developing a Lactation Education program at Broward County Community College, teaching Nutrition as Adjunct Faculty in Miami Dade Community College – Wolfson Campus and as a Trained Trainer for Bright from the Start Georgia Child Care Trainer and Reviewer. Ultimately founded Rainbow Preventive Services (RPS Inc.) to be located in downtown Atlanta in the near future. This agency is dedicated to decreasing healthcare disparities by preventing......

Words: 951 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Cardiovascular Disease in African American Women

...CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN Richard Allen Williams, M.D. Clinical Professor of Medicine, UCLA School of Medicine President/CEO, Minority Health Institute, Los Angeles, California Introduction Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has long been considered a disorder which principally affects men in our society; consideration of the occurrence of heart attacks in females, for example, has been largely an afterthought. In the past few years, however, it has become increasingly obvious that this is not a problem limited to males, but that it occurs with great frequency in women. We now know that CVD is the cause of death more than any condition in women over the age of 50, including cancer (1) and in fact is responsible for more than a third of all deaths in women (2). It is estimated that 370,000 women in the United States die from heart disease each year. However, our knowledge base regarding CVD in African American (AA) women has not kept pace with the accumulation of data on white females. Thus, there is a deficit of information about this subgroup and the prevalence of CVD despite the fact that black women have more risk factors for CVD than do white women (3). The purpose of this paper is to review the subject of CVD in African American women and to focus upon four principal CVD categories: Coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertension, stroke, and congestive heart failure (CHF).The impact of gender and race on each of......

Words: 2577 - Pages: 11